Lydia Morgan Hammer

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Lydia Morgan Hammer (Mendenhall)

Birthdate: (31)
Birthplace: Bucks, PA, USA
Death: January 20, 1795 (31)
Ca New Hope Mm, New Market, TN, USA
Place of Burial: Tennessee
Immediate Family:

Wife of Isaac Franklin Hammer
Mother of Jesse Hammer; Elisha Hammer; Aaron Hammer and Jonathan Hammer

Managed by: Private User
Last Updated:
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Immediate Family

About Lydia Morgan Hammer

There are entries for her at two cemeteries in Tennessee. I don't know if either is right:

Lydia Morgan Mendenhall was born in January 1764 to Moses Mendenhall and Sarah Howell Mendenhall, in Bucks county, Pennsylvania. The family moved to Guilford County, NC in about 1778.

Lydia married to Issac Franklin Hammer in 1784, at Guilford Courthouse, Guilford County, North Carolina. They lived there until about 1793, when the family moved to New Market, Jefferson Co, TN, where they became members of the Lost Creek MM.

They moved again in mid-1794 to near Rheatown, Greene County, TN, becoming members of the New Hope MM.

On 13Jan1795, Lydia gave birth to their fourth son, Jonathan Hammer. Complications set in and Lydia died on 20Jan1765, from what was known then as "Birth Bed Fever". She was laid to rest at the New Hope MM Cemetery; now the New Hope Quaker Knobe Cemetery.

Her other three sons, born in guilford NC were:
1) Jesse - b:07Jun1785 - d: in 1860, Blount, TN m: Rebecca Howard @1805
2) Rev. Elisha - b: 01May1789 - d: 01May1847 m: a) Rachel Lewis 06Jun1810 b) Violet Wade (1790-1860)
3) Aaron - b: 30Aug1792 - d: unk m: a) Rachel Ellis on 22Mar1812 b) Mary Neal on 26Mar1826

Jonathan Hammer married to Lydia Jane Bayless on 13Mar1815, at the New Hope MM House.

Note: No marker was found in 2013 by Mountain Traveler

Burial: Quaker Knob Cemetery, Rheatown, Greene County, Tennessee, USA

Birth: Jan 1764 - Bradford, Chester, Pennsylvania
Death: Jan 20 1795 - New Market, Jefferson, Tennessee
Parents: Joshua, Lydia
Siblings: Jemima Vickers, Jonathan, Aaron, David, Hannah Sharpless, Isaac, James, Martha

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Isaac Hammer and Lydia Mendenhall in Nancy Miller Thompson Smith's 2015 book The Genealogy of the Rash and Hammer Families:


Born: 20 November 1763
Where: Orange County, North Carolina
Father: Abraham Hammer (112)
Mother: Rachel Meeting (113)
Married: (1) ca. 1784
Where: Jefferson County, Tennessee or Guilford County, North Carolina
Wife: Lydia (Mendenhall) (57)
Married: (2) 10 January 1798
Where: Jefferson County, Tennessee
Wife: Hannah Mills
Born: 16 August 1776
Father: Aaron Mills
Mother: Charity Mendenhall
Died: 30 July 1812
Where: Jefferson County, Tennessee
Married: (3) 8 December 1815
Where: Jefferson County, Tennessee
Wife: Mary Stanley Underwood (widow)
Died: After 1850
Where: Huntsville, Madison, Indiana
Died: 4 April 1837 (tombstone date)
Where: Huntsville, Madison, Indiana
Born: ca. 1764
Where: Pennsylvania (probably)
Father: (Benjamin?) Mendenhall (114)
Mother: (Hannah Wilson?) (115)
Married: ca. 1784
Husband: Isaac Hammer (56)
Died: January 1795
Where: Jefferson County, Tennessee

Children of Isaac and Lydia Mendenhall Hammer:
1. Jesse Hammer 13 July 1785
2. Elisha Hammer (28) 1 May 1789
3. Aaron Hammer 30 June 1792
4. Jonathan Hammer 20 January 1795

Children of Isaac and Hannah Mills Hammer:
5. Lydia Hammer 17 February 1799
6. Henry Hammer 22 May 1801
7. Charity Hammer (died 1815) 26 June 1803
8. Rachel Hammer 9 February 1806
9. John Hammer (died 1836) 15 January 1808
10. Nathan Hammer 3 February 1810
11. Laban Lee Hammer 11 January 1812

Children of Isaac and Mary Stanley Hammer:
12. Hannah Hammer 27 December 1816
13. Isaac Aaron Hammer 9 May 1818
14. William Hammer (died age six)
15. Delilah Hammer (died age four)
16. Joanna Hammer (died age two)

Isaac Hammer was born November 20, 1763, in Orange County, (now Randolph County) North Carolina. His birth date is recorded in the Friends Lost Creek MM in Jefferson County, Tennessee. (Hinshaw, William Wade, Encyclopedia of American Quaker Genealogy, Vol. I, Edward Brothers, Inc, Ann Arbor Michigan, 1936, p. 1) When Isaac was a young man, he experienced the beginnings of the British Colonies’ growing unrest. His parents were members of the Cane Creek MM in Orange County.

“Because of their Quaker faith, no Hammers in this line served in the military during the Revolutionary War. However Isaac, a young boy of seventeen, ran into difficulty with a British officer about the time of the battle at Guilford County Courthouse in North Carolina in 1778.” (Record of the Cane Creek Monthly Meeting) This was later known as the Battle of Alamance, at which his father Abraham was a “Regulator.” (Refer to Abraham and Lydia Mendenhall Hammer in the Table of Contents)

“During the War of the American Revolution, in about the year 1778, the Tories impressed Isaac into the British Army. He was about fifteen years old, and being a Quaker, refused to serve. For such refusal, he was struck over the head with a Saber, the scar of which was a memento of moral heroism he carried through life. Finally, through the entreaties of his mother, together with his youth and doubtful value as a recruit to the Tory Army of George III, he was released, to the great joy of his mother, and the satisfaction of his friends as well as his own.” (Dr. Marion R. Hammer, Biography of Jesse and Curtis Hammer, Newton, Iowa, 1930. Note: This was his second book. This record is also documented by the Cane Creek Friends MM.)

This recorder researched in the North Carolina Friends MM Archives which are housed in a vault in the Guilford College Library in Greenville. The foregoing record may be found there in the Cane Creek Friends MM of Orange County. This record makes Isaac Hammer’s decedents eligible for membership in the Sons of the American Revolution or the Daughters of the American Revolution.

Isaac Hammer married Lydia (Mendenhall?) ca. 1784. Their first child, Jesse Hammer, was born July 13, 1785. Where they married was not recorded. The Lost Creek MM was established in May of 1797, in New Market, Jefferson, Tennessee. However, only three books of MM have survived: one book of births, one of deaths and marriages, one book of men’s meetings (1797-1731), and one book of women’s meetings (1817-1873).

When the MM was established Isaac Hammer and family, Mordecai and Hannah Marshall Mendenhall, Sr., their son, Mordecai Mendenhall, Jr. and his wife, Phebe Cannady, as well as well as several members of the Mills family, were organizing members. (ibid., Hinshaw, “Lost Creek Monthly Meeting”)

Lydia Mendenhall Hammer was born ca. 1764, and died in 1795 in Jefferson County, Tennessee after the birth of her fourth son. There were several Mendenhalls in the Lost Creek MM in Jefferson County; they came there from the Cane Creek MM in Orange County, North Carolina, and also the Hopewell MM in Guilford County, North Carolina. Isaac Hammer knew the Mendenhall families before he came to Tennessee, and he and Lydia may have married in North Carolina. Family tradition states that she was a cousin to Charity Mills, the daughter of Aaron and Charity Mendenhall Mills who married Isaac Hammer after Lydia’s death. A thorough search of the Mendenhall and Mills families found one “Lydia” who was the right age to have married Isaac Hammer, although there were several children named “Lydia” in both families. This Lydia Mendenhall was born ca. 1760. She was the daughter of Benjamin and Hannah Wilson Mendenhall. Her father Benjamin was the son of Joseph and Ruth Gilpin Mendenhall. Joseph was the third son of Benjamin and Ann Pennell Mendenhall. There are very few records concerning the family aside from the names and approximate birth dates of their four children. (Able, Russell Newlin, A Mendenhall - Newlin Alliance, pp. 103 - 106, pub. by Russell Newlin Able, 1989) However, there is no proof that she is the right Lydia, and the record states, perhaps in error, that she died young.

There are many Friends records that are missing. Prior to “1850 Quakers did not have their vital statistics recorded in civil offices.” (ibid., Hinshaw,“ Foreword”.) Mr. Hinshaw endeavored to find and copy as many of the records as he could. Still, some records were lost, and as other ones are found, they are published. Since she was married before the Lost Creek MM began, she would not have been recorded as a Mendenhall child.

Dr. Marion R. Hammer (Jesse1, Elisha2, Isaac3) of Newton, Iowa, went to Tennessee and North Carolina in the early 1900's to learn what he could from research and family members still living there. After his journey, he wrote a large book in 1920. Dr. Hammer wrote another book in 1930 which added additional Hammer members, and reaffirmed his earlier findings. He was the founder of the Hammer Genealogical Society, which he actively pursued the rest of his life. He named Lydia Mendenhall the first wife of Isaac Hammer, his great grandfather. He did not find her parents’ names, but learned that she was “a cousin to Charity Mills.”

However, no positive traces of Lydia Mendenhall’s parents have been found. The Mendenhall family was from Concord Township, Delaware (then Chester County, Pennsylvania). Benjamin Mendenhall, Jr. (1691-1740) married Lydia Roberts, the daughter of Owen and Mary Roberts. They were the progenitors of almost all the Mendenhalls in North Carolina and Tennessee. He had a brother, John Mendenhall (1659-1758), of Delaware County, Pennsylvania who may have been the forefather of Lydia Mendenhall. (New Jersey Microfilm, No. 420)

Isaac Hammer’s first Land Grant was issued September 20, 1787, in that part of North Carolina that became the State of Tennessee. Isaac Hammer, perhaps with his wife, Lydia, and young son Jesse, journeyed along the newly accessible Cumberland Gap trail. When Daniel Boone cleared the wilderness trail to Kentucky, it opened the ancient buffalo and Indian trail into Tennessee. When this recorder visited this historic area, I gazed in wonder at the deep canyon. It was awesome to imagine the long train of settlers winding through that narrow wilderness trail with their goods loaded on horses and donkeys to find a new home in Tennessee.

“In 1754 a small colony from North Carolina tried to settle here, but it was soon driven out by the Indians. Three years afterward there was another settlement at Fort Louden, on the Tennessee River, thirty miles from Knoxville. In 1760 the Indians captured the fort, and the colonists surrendered on condition that they be allowed to return to North Carolina; but they were butchered the following day.

“When the treaty of peace was made between England and France, in 1763, the restless spirit of adventure led many from North Carolina and Virginia to return to the area. Settlements were made on the Watauga and Holston Rivers in 1769, 1771 and 1772, called the Watauga Association.

“The settlers composing this association were the commonwealth of Tennessee, and as early as 1772, they decided to establish some kind of government for the protection of the colony, and to dispense justice among themselves. ‘They were the first men of American birth,’ said Theodore Roosevelt, ‘to establish an independent community on the Continent.’”

“In 1776 the territory was represented in the Colonial Assembly of North Carolina, and the region was officially called the District of Washington, the first place in America named in honor of Washington. In 1777 Washington district became Washington County and embraced the whole of the present State of Tennessee.

“North Carolina ceded the territory of what is now Tennessee, to the General Government February 25, 1790, and it was accepted by Congress on April 2. Willam Blount was appointed by President Washington, governor of this territory, June 8, 1790.”

(Note: William Blount was of Royal Descent, as are the descendants of Daniel and Ruth Muncy Rash, who married Hammers and Janeways in Iowa.) “On June 1, 1796, Tennessee was admitted into the Union, and was the first State carved out of the territory belonging to the United States.” (Hammer, Thomas Jefferson, The Biography of Seth Hammer, 1917, Los Angeles, California, pp.6,7)

There was a land grant on record for Isaac Hammer in the state of North Carolina in the part that became Green County, Tennessee. The first one dated September 20, 1787, for 200 acres lying in the County of Green on the Fork of Tuckaho Creek, costing 100 shillings (Grant # 458); however, he was likely there before that time. This deed reads in part: “a Certain parcel of land containing two hundred acres be the same more or less lying and being on a creek known by the name of Lost Creek. Bounded as follows: Beginning at a pine thence West seventy six poles to a black oak South one hundred and fifty nine to a post oak East seventy six poles to a pine the same course continued one hundred and twenty six poles to a stake thence North one hundred and fifty nine poles thence West to the Beginning.” (Tennessee State Archives) His second deed was dated July 12, 1794, for 200 acres of land in North Carolina adjoining the land that he had previously purchased. (ibid.) Jefferson County, Tennessee, where the Hammers lived, was taken from Green County and Hawkins County in 1792 (Grant # 676). On February 22, 1795 in North Carolina Isaac Hammer purchased 250 acres near the head of Weavers Spring, south of the Holston River in that part of Hawkins County that became Jefferson County. (Grant #676) [Early Land Grants are recorded in the Land Grant Office of the State Division of Archives]

“Isaac Hammer’s House was built in 1793 on the old stage road. Isaac Hammer was a pioneer preacher of the Church of the Brethren. The renovated log building is now owned and occupied by Mr. and Mrs. Sam Humphreys. The house is a two story structure with a basement.” (Alderman, Pat, The Overmountain Men, 1970, The Overmountain Press, Johnson City, Tenn., p. 252.) This entry includes a picture of Isaac Hammers house, which was located near the Holston River. The Holston River “enters the historical picture early in the white man’s westward expansion. Settlers were staking claims along the headwaters of the Holston River before the French-Indian War.” (ibid., Hammer, Thomas Jefferson)

In 1796, the year Tennessee was admitted into the Union, Isaac Hammer purchased two tracts of land in Jefferson County. The first deed was issued February 25, 1796 for 200 acres lying on Lost Creek. The second deed was issued October 19, 1796, for 129 acres on Cap Creek. (Tennessee State Archives) This recorder made a copy of these deeds. The deed descriptions were typical, but interesting. The first of these deeds reads in part: “a Certain parcel of land containing two hundred acres be the same more or less lying and being on a creek known by the name of Lost Creek. Bounded as follows: Beginning at a pine thence West seventy six poles to a black oak South one hundred and fifty nine to a post oak East seventy six poles to a pine the same course continued one hundred and twenty six poles to a stake thence North one hundred and fifty nine poles thence West to the Beginning.”

“Isaac Hammer was a hatter and tailor by trade, and it is further said of him that he used no liquor, tobacco or profanity. (op. cit., Hammer, Thomas) He married his second wife, Hannah Mills, on October 1, 1798 at the Lost Creek MM in Jefferson County. She was the daughter of Aaron and Charity Mendenhall Mills. Hannah was born in Guilford County, North Carolina on August 16, 1776. Her family were members of the Friends Deep River MM. (op. cit., Hinshaw, pp., 1771) Isaac was appointed “overseer” on December 21, 1799 of the Lost Creek MM. Hannah was chosen assistant clerk of Lost Creek MM on March 19, 1803, and on July 23, 1803 she was appointed “overseer.” An “overseer” had pastoral care of the Monthly Meeting members. Isaac was appointed Elder on January 31, 1807. On March 28, 1807 Hannah was recommended for church Elder. She died January 30, 1812 in Jefferson County, Tennessee. (op. cit., Hinshaw, Lost Creek MM) They were the parents of seven children.

The parents of Hannah Mills Hammer were early members of the Friends Church, and their families married several members of this lineage, and also related lines. Aaron Mills was born December 22, 1794, the son of Henry Mills and Hannah Thornburgh. He married Charity Mendenhall who was born January 18, 1754. She was the daughter of Mordecai and Charity Beeson Mendenhall.

On December 8, 1815, a marriage bond was issued at Knoxville, Tennessee signed by Simon Adamson for Isaac to marry a young widow, Mrs. Mary Stanley Underwood. On October 20, 1815, he was “complained of for accomplishing his marriage contrary to discipline. This meeting therefore disowns him from being a member of our Society and the clerk is directed to furnish him with a copy of this minute.” (Lost Creek MM) A year later on October 26, 1816, “Isaac Hammer requests to be joined in membership with Friends, and he being present at this meeting grants his request.” (ibid, Hinshaw, Lost Creek MM) He and Mary parented five more children.

On March 27, 1830 Isaac Hammer requested a transfer from the Lost Creek MM to the Duck Creek MM in Henry County, Indiana. He was received at the Duck Creek MM on April 21, 1831. His sons, John Hammer, was received July 26, 1832 and, Jonathan Hammer, on December 20, 1832 by the Duck Creek MM. However, they likely traveled together, but did not transfer their certificates until later. The other Duck Creek MM record of a John Hammer who died there on March 14, 1836, was the son of Elisha and Elizabeth Moore Hammer who married Nancy Anne York. (Heiss, Willard, Abstract of Records of Society of Friends in Indiana, Book VII, pt. 4, pp 158, 180.) Other children who came to Indiana were: Lydia who married Hezekiah Morgan, Henry who married Frances Perkins, Nathan who married Ruth Lee, and Laban who married Rachel Cox. The 1840 Federal Census of Madison County listed the Hammer family living in Anderson Township with Mary the widow as its head. She was born in South Carolina and living with a Roach family. Isaac Hammer died in Huntsville, Madison, Indiana on April 4, 1837. (Indiana State Historical Society, Unpublished Cemeteries of Madison County.) His name was the first burial listed.

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Lydia Morgan Hammer's Timeline

January 1764
Bucks, PA, USA
July 13, 1785
Age 21
May 1, 1789
Age 25
Orange Co., NC
June 30, 1792
Age 28
January 20, 1795
Age 31
Ca New Hope Mm, New Market, TN, USA
January 30, 1795
Age 31