About King VIRĀTA of Matsya kingdom
KING OF MATSYA WHERE PANDAVAS LIVED DURING 13 tH YEAR OF EXILE.
Matsya or Machcha (Sanskrit for fish), classically called the Mese(pron.: /ˈmiːziː/), was the name of a tribe and the state of the Vedic civilization of India. It lay to south of the kingdom of Kurus and west of the Yamuna which separated it from the kingdom of Panchalas. It roughly corresponded to former state ofJaipur in Rajasthan, and included the whole of Alwar with portions ofBharatpur. The capital of Matsya was at Viratanagara (modern Bairat) which is said to have been named after its founder king Virata. In Pāliliterature, the Matsya tribe is usually associated with the Surasena. The western Matsya was the hill tract on the north bank of Chambal. In early 6th century BCE, Matsya was one the solasa (sixteen) Mahajanapadas (great kingdoms) mentioned in the Buddhist text Anguttara Nikaya, but its political clout had greatly dwindled and had not much of political importance left by the time of Buddha. The Mahabharata (V.74.16) refers to a King Sahaja, who ruled over both the Chedis and the Matsyas which implicates that Matsya once formed a part of the Chedi Kingdom. Meenas are considered the brothers and kinsmen of Virata, the ruler of Virat Nagar. The descendents of Lav Rama's eldest son ruled this area (from Rajorgarh) led by powerful Bargujar Kings till 11th century CE.