Macute or Matthew Pratt
|Also Known As:||"Matthew"|
|Birthplace:||Aston Clinton, Buckinghamshire, , England|
|Death:||Died in Weymouth, Norfolk County, Massachusetts|
Son of Thomas Pratt and Elizabeth Pratt
|Managed by:||Private User|
Matching family tree profiles for Macute or Matthew Pratt
About Macute or Matthew Pratt
- The Pratt family : a genealogical record of Mathew Pratt, of Weymouth, Mass., and his American descendants, 1623-1889 by Pratt, Francis Greenleaf, 1850-1894
- I. MATHEW PRATT, b. — ; d. Aug. 29, 1672.
- (m. Elizabeth Bate?)
- 9 1 1 THOMAS, b. before 1628; d. April 19, 1676.
- 51 2 2 MATTHEW, b. 1628 d. Jan. 12, 1713.
- 50 2/1 3 JOHN, b. — ; d. Oct. 3, 1716.
- 3 4 SAMUEL, b. — . ; d. — , 1678.
- 4 5 JOSEPH, b. June 10, 1037 ; d. Dec. 24, 1720.
- 7 5 6 ELIZABETH, b. — ; d. Feb. 26, 1726.
- 8 6 7 MARY, b. — ; d. — .
- 5 7 (II.) ELIZABETH PRATT, of Weymouth (dau. of I. Mathew) ; b. — ; d. Feb. 26, 1726; m. Nov. 22, 1656, Wiiliam Chard, Town Clerk of Weymouth. Elizabeth was his second wife. Grace, his first, d. Jan. 23, 1655. He was a schoolmaster.
- Children : .... etc.
- 6 8 (II.) MARY PRATT (dau. of I. Mathew), b. — ; m. Thomas White, of Braintree, son of Thomas, of Weymouth. He was a freeman, 1681; d. Apr. 11, 1706.
- Children: .... etc.
- 1 9 (II.) THOMAS PRATT, of Weymouth (son of Mathew), b. before 1628; m. Mary — .
- .... etc.
- 2/1 50 (II.) JOHN PRATT, of Weymouth (son of I. Mathew), b. — ; d. Oct. 3, 1716; m. Oct. 9, 1656, Mary Whitman; she d. July 10, 1716, aged 82, dau. of John Whitman.
- .... etc.
- 2 51 (II.) MATTHEW PRATT, of Weymouth (son of I. Mathew), b. 1628; d. June 12, 1713; m. June 1, 1661, Sarah Hunt (b. July 4, 1640; d. Aug. 3, 1729), dau. of Enoch and Sarah.
- In his will, dated June 4, 1713, he mentions his "brother John Pratt" and "cousin William Pratt."
- Cotton Mather, in his "Magnalia," Vol. 1, page 495, thus refers to him in connection with the ministry of Thomas Thatcher ;
- "One Matthew Prat, whose religious parents had well instructed him in his minority, when he was twelve years of age became totally deaf through sickness, and so hath ever since continued. He was taught after this to write, as he had been before to read; and both his reading and his writing he retaineth perfectly, but he has almost forgotten to speak ; speaking but imperfectly, and scarce intel-
- ligibly, and very seldom. He is yet a very judicious Christian, and being admitted into the communion of the church, he has therein for many years behaved himself unto the extreme satisfaction of good people in the neighborhood. Sarah Prat, the wife of this man, is one also who was altogether deprived of her hearing by sickness when she was about the third year of her age ; but having utterly lost her hearing, she has utterly lost her speech also, and no doubt all remembrance of everything that refers to language. Mr. Thatcher made an essay to teach her the use of letters, but it succeeded not ; however, she discourses by signs, whereat some of her friends are so expert as to maintain a conversation with her upon any point whatever, with as much freedorn and fullness as if she wanted neither tongue nor ear for conference. Her children do learn her signs from the breast, and speak sooner by her eyes and hand than by their lips. From her infancy she was very sober and modest ; but she had no knowledge of a Deity, nor of anything that concerns another life and world. Nevertheless, God, of his infinite mercy, has revealed the Lord Jesus Christ, and the great mysteries of salvation by him, unto her, by a more extraordinary and immediate operation of his own spirit unto her. An account of her experiences was written from her, by her husband ; and the elders of the church employing her husband, with two of her sisters who are notably skilled in her way of communication, examined her strictly hereabout ; and they found that she understood the unity of the divine essence, and trinity of persons in the Godhead ; the personal union in our Lord, the mystical union between our Lord and his church ; and that she was acquainted with the impressions of grace upon a regenerate soul. She was under great exercise of mind, about her internal and eternal state; she expressed unto her friends her desire for help ; and she made use of the Bible, and other good books, and with tears remarked such passages as were suitable to her own condition. Yea, she once, in her exercise, wrote with a pin upon a trencher, three times over, 'Ah, poor soul ! ' and therewith, before divers persons, burst into tears. * * * She was admitted into the church with the general approbation of the faithful * * * and her carriage is that of a grave, gracious, holy woman."
- Children : .... etc.
- Mathew "Macute" Pratt
- Birth: 1595 Aston Clinton, Buckinghamshire, England
- Death: Oct. 29, 1672 Weymouth, Norfolk County, Massachusetts, USA
- Wife: Elizabeth Bate Kingham (daughter of William Kingham and Catherine Bate) Married her on November 9, 1619 in Aston Clinton, Buckinghamshire, England
- **PP - "Chapter IV - The Immigrant Macuth Pratt"
- "Mathew married Elizabeth Bate Kingham in Aston Clinton on November 9, 1619. She was baptized at Aston Clinton on August 17,1600, daughter of William and Catherine (Bate) Kingham. All records in the New World refer to Elizabeth's maiden name as "Bate" rather than "Kingham".
- Elizabeth's parents, William and Catherine "Bate" Kingham were married on December 2, 1592. Her father was baptized in Aston Clinton on November 25, 1571. Her grandfather John Kingham was married to Elizabeth Bachiler on Jan 30, 1567, second marriage. Her grandfather's first marriage produced Thomas, baptized August 22, 1566.
- Mathew and Elizabeth Pratt started their adventure in the New World just three years after they were married, when they joined Lord Gorge's group and set sail from Plymouth. They were accompanied by her uncle, Edward Bate and his wife, Susanna.
- In the summer or early autumn of 1623, one Captain Robert Gorges, representing his father, leading a company of about 120 persons, including several families and Mathew Pratt, arrived and decided to settle in practically the same location the Weston Company had occupied, and for the same purpose of establishing a trading post. They also hoped to found a properous colony different from that at Plymouth.
- The second company had a grant from the Council (British) of New England which allowed a coast line of ten miles, and estendd thirty miles inland. Capt. Gorges held a commission as governor-general, and associated with him were Rev. William Morrill and his assistant Rev. William Blaxton, both of the Church of England, Capt. Francis West, in the capacity of admiral, Christopher Levet, Esq. as a judicial officer, a council of which the Plymouth Governor was to be a member ex-officio, and such other officers as Robert chose to appoint from time to time.
- What prompted 28 year old Mathew to join Lord Gorges Company and come to New England in 1623 is not clear. As it was just seventeen years before the Civil War, religion may have contributed to his decision. Being the youngest son with little chance of inheritance could have influenced him. Devon is the home of the seadogs like Drake and Hawkins with stories of the recent defeat of the Spanish Armada and the great promise that the new world held may have fired the imagination of adventuresome young lads like Mathew.
- Law and order was fairly maintained, but the unwelcome attitude of the Plymouth people, due to Church of England control of the expedition, the hardships of pioneering life (especially during the winter), the uncertainty of sustaining friendly relations with the indians, and the prospect of a long and tedious struggle to attain the dazzling prosperity pictured by the promoters of the enterprise, were considerations sufficient to dull the ardor of the leader; so after a few months he decided that he did not care to remain longer, and with some of his company, including nearly all the officials, the gov-general of the day returned to England early in the spring of 1624.
- Others went to Virginia and some joined the Plymouth Colony.
- Quite a number, however, remained and bravely resolved to continue the settlement.
- It is known that Phinehas was in Plymouth at this time, however, if he and Mathew ever met it is unknown.
- Those who decided to remain, like the 29 year old Mathew, at Wessagusset immediately found themselves in a most serious emergency. They had little sympathy with the Pilgrims because of religious differences, and there were no other communities that attracted them favorably. They greatly preferred their present location and were confident of ultimate prosperity.
- Therefore, there was but one course to pursue - they must organize to secure common interests and welfare. The only form of government with which they were well acquainted was that of a sovereign imposing his will upon a dependent and loyal people who had had no opportunity or preparation for political undertakings. A government in which they had no voice did not please them. They desired to exercise their own will and to govern themselves, even though under extraordinary conditions.
- The exact date of relinquishment of the Gorges government is not given, but it is known to have occurred in the spring of 1624. That made it necessary to take speedy action for the protection and peace of the people of Wessagusset.
- The first mention of Mathew Pratt is found in the records of "possessions" which dates about 1643. This was a list of land owners which had listed not only records of land ownership but a section in which old residents were listed. It is here that we find the reference to Macute Pratt as "an old resident". The names of Macute, Macuth, Macaeth, Micareth and Mathew have all been linked to the line that we are tracing.
- (Pratt Genealogy 1889. pg 19)
- Mathew had twenty acres granted to him "in the mill field" (now East Weymouth) and eighteen acres on the west side of "mill River." Mathew was made a freeman of the Massachusettes Bay Colony on May 13, 1640 and in February of 1648 he was chosen a "townsman." (Selectman)
- He made his will on March 25, 1672 and was proved April 30, 1673. (Pratt Genealogy 1889, p. 19)
- Bearing in mind that the will of Mathew Pratt is over 300 years old, it gives us an insight into the times of our first American forefather, Mathew. Try and read the will with what you might perceive the thoughts and dreams of Mathew to be on that 25th day of March 300 years ago. (Sulfolk Probate 12149-50)
- The Will of Mathew Pratt:
- "Mathew Pratt of Weymouth, being in health of body and having a competent use of his understanding and memory does make this to be his last will and Testament as folloe & saith -
- First, I doe and bequeath my Soul to God that gave it, & after my decease my body to be decently buried and all my Debts honestly paide, and then all my worldly goods I dispose of thus -
- I doe give to my loving wife Elizabeth Pratt all my whole Estate recall and personall, which is hereafter exprest, that is for her natural life.
- I doe give to my Son Thomas Pratt after my wives decease, these parcells of land as folloe, four acres of land that did belong to Shaw's house and my share of land that I bought of James Nash & that fifteen acres I bought of Deacon John Rogers & I doe give her that little Island in the fresh pond. I doe give him ten acres in the Cedar Swamp plaine which was a part of my great lott; Ad I doe give him my share in the two acres & half of Salt Marsh at Hollie, upon the condition hee shall pay to my Daughter Chard at my wives decease four pounds.
- I doe give to my Son Matthew Pratt at my wives decease these parcells of house & land as follow my now dwelling house with all my houseing and all my Orachard & my land adjoining twenty acres bee it more or less. Ad I doe give him ten acres in the Cedar Swamp plaine which is also a part of my great lott provided hee pay to my Daughter Chard or her assignees three pounds at my wives decease.
- I doe give to my Son John Pratt an ewe and lamb.
- I doe give to my Son Samuel Pratt twelve acres of land neere his house. Four acres of it was William Brandems & eight acres of it was John Gurney's & when hee hath fenct it out as far as it is pasture hee shall have it and not before. & I doe give him one acre of Salt Marsh by John Pratt's house at my decease. And I doe give him that part of my common lott laide out to mee at Smell Brooke: Ad I doe give him my two acres of Swamp lot where it is in the woods. Ad hee shall have one Cow instead of that spot I thought hee should have in my Orchard.
- I doe give to my Son Joseph Pratt that lott that was first Edward Bennetts at the pond twenty acres bee it more of less.
- I doe give to my Daughter Chard seven pound sterling in good pay at my wives decease, which is to bee paide by Thomas Pratt & Matthew Pratt as above is expressed: Ad I doe give to her Daughter Johannah Chard my best bed & Coverlid at my wives decease.
- I doe give to my Daughter White after my wives decease all that parcell of land that I have in land which is of Marsh & upland about three or four acres which is all except that which is above given to my Son Thomas Pratt & I doe give her two Ewes at my decease -
- I doe give to my Son Thomas Pratt's Daughter Sara five pounds at my wives decease.
- I doe give to Thomas Pratt's son William Pratt that halfe mare and her increase that is between Thomas Pratt & myself to be decided at my decease.
- I doe appoint my loving wife to bee my Sole Executrix to fulfill all this my last will & to have full power improve my whole Estate for her life & at her decease to give what she leaves to my Children & their Children as she shall then please.
- I doe desire the Reverend Pastor Mr. Samuell Torrey & my Kinsman Elder Edward Bate & my Son Thomas Pratt to bee the Overseers to see that this my will bee in all points fullfilled; I doe also comit full power into the hands of these Overseers to sell or dispose of any thing that I have left to my wife; if shee shall have need of it for her comfortable livelihood; but not otherwise to dispose of any land but as above expressed and hereunto I have set my hand & Seal the twenty-fifth of March 1672."
- Signed Sealed in the presence of us
- EDWARD BATE
- THOMAS DYER
- An Inventory of the Estate of Mathew Pratt who deceased August 29, 1672, & apprasied by us who were called thereunto the 12th of the 10th month 1672, &c. &c.
- Here follows a Inventory amounting in all to
- Some of the items are:
- Twelve acres near Sam Pratt's house
- In the possession of Sam Pratt before the decease of his father Mathew Pratt ten year or upward. Given in marriage - more ten acres of woodland at Smell Brook & two acres of Swamp purchased by Samuell Pratt of his father Mathew Pratt about 5 year before the sd (said) Mathew's death - 20 acres above mentioned was halfe of it paide for before the decease of the sd (said) Mathew Pratt by Joseph Pratt his Sonne in & the whoe 20 acres was possest by the saide Joseph Pratt about seven yeare before the saide Mathew's decease - the reason why the saide Mathew Pratt mentioned these lands in his will was because hee gave them noe deeds of gift of the aforesaid lands -
- Although records were not kept in detail in the early 1600's, we do find certain accounts worth mentioning:
- 1636 - At "A General Court holden at Boston the 7th day of 10th month, December, A.D. 1636," land was granted to Mathew as follows: "Twenty acres in the Mill field, twelve of them first given to Edward Bate, and eight acres to hemself, all of it bounded on the east with the land of John Gill, on the west with the land of Richard Waling, on the north with the Rocky Hill, on the south with the land of Richard Addames and Thomas Baly. Also eighteen acers of upland, first given to Edward Bennett, now in the possession of Mathew Pratt, bounded on the east with the Mill River, on the west with John Whitmarsh's lot, on the north with the Mill ground, on the south with the Pond."
- 1637 - Joseph Pratt, borne June 10, 1637, son of Mathew.
- 1648 - In February, 1648, he was a "townsman," (selectman).
- 1651 - Mathew Pratt was granted a lot on the east side of Fresh Pond, February 3, 1651.
- 1657 - "January 11, 1657 - At a meeting of the Townsmen it did appear that upon account that Mathew Pratt, and his son Thomas Pratt, had entered 22,000 of boards, the Father 15,000 and son 7000, due to the Towne, 1. 9s. 6d."
- 1658, 1660, 1663, etc. - Land is granted to Mathew Pratt.
- 1660 - In May of 1660, "The Towne is indebted to several persons for service in and upon account as follows: To Mathew Pratt for a Wolfe and Woodpecker, paid in boards, 1. s6. d8.
- 1662 - Joseph Pratt, the youngest son, lived with his father until his marriage, 1662.
- 1709 - "Mathew Pratt and son-in-law, William Chard."
- INDIAN PROBLEMS
- The Pratts had problems with the Indians almost from the start with Phinehas being pursued by Indians as he escaped to Plymouth from Wessagusset in 1622.
- Certainly, the biggest impace on the Pratt family was King Philip's War, Metacomet of the Massasort Tribes, which was started by the execution of three Indians by the English for the murder of one Sausaman, an Indian Missionary who was friendly to the English. On June 24, 1675, the Indians made an attack upon Swansea in Plymouth Colony, killing a number of the inhabitants.
- On the night of February 25, 1676, the Indians burned seven houses and barns in Weymouth. Two months later, on April 19th, Mathew's son, Sargt. Thomas Pratt was killed by Indians "as they lay skulking up and down the swamps and holes to assault any that occasionally looked ever so little into the woods." On April 20th, five houses in Hingham were burned.
- The death of King Philip on August 12, 1676, practically ended the war so far as the Weymouth area was concerned, although the fighting continued elsewhere until the spring of 1678.
- There is no doubt that Mathew's other sons served in this war, which was bloody and devasting in the extreme. The colony suffered more in proportion to their numbers and strength than in the Revolutionary struggle in 1776. Six hundred men fell in battle and three hundred perished. Six hundred buildings were burned. One man in eleven of the areas-bearing people were killed and one house in every eleven was burned.
- Weymouth was attacked three times in fourteen months.
- On December 4, 1676, the town's stock of guns and ammunition consisted of one hundred and twenty-eight flints, one hundred and forty-three pounds of powder, five hundred and eighty-four bullets and fourteen pounds of shot.
- From: "missgerry" Subject: Re: [PRATT] Macuth Pratt Date: Sun, 25 May 2003 21:20:36 -0700 References:
I have the following publication: "The Pratt Family. A Genealogical Record of Mathew Pratt of Weymouth, Mass. and his American Descendants. 1623-1889. " By Francis G. Pratt, Jr., Member of The New England Historic Genealogical Society. published Boston, Mass. 1890. I will quote parts of this relative to Mathew Pratt. Introduction, page 8: "An attempt has been made in these pages to follow out with a good degree of accuracy the genealogy of the Pratt family, especially as connected with Mathew of Weymouth. He was probably related to Joshua Pratt, who settled at Plymouth in 1621, coming over in the second vessel, and to Phineas Pratt, who came over in 1622 and settled at Weymouth, but afterwards at Plymouth and Charlestown. These three, who were Pilgrims, are spoken of by the historians as probably brothers, though the relationship cannot be positively established. Besides these there was John of Dorchester, who came over later, but was contemporaneous with them." Introduction, Page 8: "The sources of information from which the facts in this book have been derived are various, but they are such as cannot be questioned. Town and city registers, historical memorials, private family journals, handed down from generation to generation and religiously preserved, registers of probate in many cities and counties, early recorded wills, ancient church records, and monumental tablets in old burial places, have all contributed to the information contained in these pages. This large field of research has been patiently explored by Mr. Ernest B. Pratt, to whom much credit is due for his long and enthusiastic effort." Page 11: "The Pratts of Weymouth by Hon. Gilbert Nash, Historian of the Town of Weymouth. The name of Pratt occurs upon the records of Weymouth more frequently than that of any other name, and the family has had from the early settlement a larger membership than any other family, and at the present day it counts its numbers among the largest. The original planter Mathew, whose name is sometimes spelled upon the records Macute, Macuth, Micath, and Micareth, but evidently the same individual, was undoubtedly among the earliest settlers of the town, and came, possibly, or rather probably, with the Gorges Company, although there is no positive evidence of the fact. Yet the fact that his name appears upon no subsequent list, and he is found among the list of land-owners in about 1643, the first recorded list, and recognized as 'an old resident,' makes the probability almost a certainty. He may have been a near relative of Phinehas Pratt, who was a member of the Weston Colony of 1622, yet the connection does not appear upon any reocrd, nor is any connection traced between him and Aaron Pratt of Cohasset, except by marriage, or any of the many families of the name who were among the earliest settlers of New England. Like many another family of the old town of Weymouth, whose permanent settlement by the Gorgest Company dates about the beginning of August, 1623, next after Plymouth in the Massachusetts Bay territory, its origin is lost with the records of that Company." Page 12: [continuation of above] "The records of the first three generations taken from the town and county books (there are no early church records to be found) are quite full and complete, more so than those of almost any other family in the town, the planter Mathew leaving a will now upon record. His eldest son, Sergeant Thomas, killed by the Indians April 10, 1676, has records in Suffolk Probate Court identifying his family. His second son Matthew also left a will which is recorded, naming his children, who, with his wife Sarah Hunt, were deaf and dumb, as noticed by Cotton Mather. The third son, John, a cooper, left no children, but is identified by his will. His fourth son, Samuel, a carpenter, married a daughter of John Rogers and had eight children, whose names are recorded in his will (names of the sons). The will of Joseph, the fifth son, names four sons and son-in-law, Aaron Pratt. " Page 18: "Genealogical Memoir of Matthew Pratt (Earliest Settler of the Name in Weymouth, Massachusetts), and his American Descendants. 1888. Page 19: Mathew Pratt
- Family links:
- Elizabeth Bate Kingham Pratt (1593 - 1667)
- Thomas Pratt (1623 - 1676)*
- Matthew Pratt (1629 - 1713)*
- John Pratt (1634 - 1716)*
- Samuel Pratt (1636 - 1679)*
- Joseph Pratt (1639 - 1720)*
- Mary Pratt White (1665 - 1706)*
- Burial: Olde Cemetery, Weymouth, Norfolk County, Massachusetts, USA
- Find A Grave Memorial# 130091973
- From: http://www.findagrave.com/cgi-bin/fg.cgi?page=gr&GRid=130091973
- BATES, Elizabeth
- b. 11 MAR 1618/9 Lydd, Kent, England
- d. 18 FEB 1678/9 Weymouth, Norfolk, Mass.
- Father: BATES, James
- Mother: GLOVER, Alice
- Spouse: PRATT, Matthew
- b. 1614 England
- d. 29 AUG 1672 Weymouth, Norfolk, Mass.
- PRATT, Matthew
- PRATT, Thomas
- PRATT, John
- PRATT, Joseph
- PRATT, Elizabeth
- PRATT, Samuel
- PRATT, Mary
- PRATT, Sarah
- From: http://www.genealogyofnewengland.com/f_1c1.htm#63
Early settler of Weymouth, Massachusetts.
He came to Weymouth either 1623 with Robert Gorges co. or in 1635 "Mar. Elizabeth Bate bapt 11 Mar 1620, Lydd, Kent, Eng., dtr of Andrew and gr'dtr of Andrew Sr."
Had 7 children with Elizabeth, including Samuel.
if Elizabeth was not baptised as an adult in preparation for voyage to America, she had to be second wife and not Mother of all Matthew's children.
From Pratt, Francis Greenleaf; Gilbert Nash; and E. Granville (Ezra Granville) Pratt. The Pratt family: a genealogical record of Mathew Pratt of Weymouth, Mass., and his American descendants, 1623-1888. (Salt Lake City, Utah: Genealogical Society of Utah, 1963), pages 19, 21.
'In the first records of Weymouth he is frequently referred to as Macute Pratt and Mathew Pratt, the names being interchangeable in the same record; but his signature to the will is spelled Mathew.' [sic, see Nicholson postingS2.]
'The will of Mathew Pratt was recently found on file in the Suffolk County Probate Office at Boston. It is dated March 25, 1672, probated April 30, 1673, .. and is as follows:--
Mathew Pratt of Weymouth, ...' 'An Inventory of the Estate of Mathew Pratt who deceased August 29, 1672, & appraised by us who were called thereunto the 12th of the 10th month 1672, ...'
The Macute (not Matthew) Pratt who died in Weymouth in 1672 was NOT the son of Phineas Pratt (one of the alternatives in Ancestral File HB4X-NW). They were contemporaries (both born approx. 1590-1600). Macute was from Aston Clinton in Buckinghamshire, and was unlikely to have been baptized in Kent as indicated in the Andestral File record.
A son was killed by Indians.
The Pratt family went to England from Normandy where in 1096 a member of the family joined the Crusaders.
See "Descendants of Edward Small, Vol 2, revised edition of 1934".
Emigration: 1628 Weymouth, Norfolk, MA
Macute or Matthew Pratt's Timeline
November 15, 1595
Aston Clinton, Buckinghamshire, , England
June 7, 1629
Aston Clinton, Buckinghamshire, England, United Kingdom
February 12, 1631
Weymouth, Norfolk, Massachusetts, USA
Weymouth, Norfolk, MA
January 22, 1636
Aston Clinton, Buckinghamshire, England
June 10, 1637
Weymouth, Massachusetts Bay Colony