About Madog Vychan ap Madog Crupl
See Peter Bartrum, http://cadair.aber.ac.uk/dspace/bitstream/handle/2160/5573/Bleddyn%20ap%20Cynfyn%204.png?sequence=1&isAllowed=y (December 26, 2016; Anne Brannen, curator)
Bartrum notes that Madog Fychan and his father, Madog Crupl, appear, according to one manuscript, to be the same person, but the dates are problematic.
See Darrell Wolcott, http://www.ancientwalesstudies.org/id200.html, for the untangling of these lines. (February 6, 2016; Anne Brannen, curator)
Please see Darrell Wolcott: The Ancestry of Owain Glyndwr; http://www.ancientwalesstudies.org/id200.html. (Steven Ferry, July 7, 2017.)
Its origins date to around 1086, when a castle L’oeuvre was recorded in William I’s Domesday Book as being built by Rainald, Sheriff of Shropshire in the Hundred of Meresberie. Before the Norman Conquest the region surrounding the castle is thought to have been a frontier outpost that saw both Welsh and Anglo Saxon mix together. No town however, was recorded until around 1272 when references appear to the settlement of Blancminster, which derives from its white stone church. Interestingly though, the Welsh were already acknowledging a ‘Creos Oswallt’ in 1254, a name that partly invokes a link with St. Oswald, the Northumbrian King who was killed at the Battle of Maeserfelth (a location reputed to be near the town) in 641 AD. Similarly, Domesday lists the tenant of nearby Brogynton as Madoc, possibly the son of Bleyddn ap Cynfyn, the Prince of Powys. Further to this the Hundred of Maersete does record fifty three Welsh tenants. This does leave the origin’s of the town as a settlement, open to debate, it could be the case that Oswestry was once a strong Welsh settlement. What is certain is that role of the Castle was an act of domination to subdue Welsh resistance, whether this resistance was because of a threat to settlements over the border or the colonisation of ‘Creos Oswallt’ by the Normans, cannot be certain.
From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Gruffydd Maelor (died 1191) was Prince of Powys Fadog in Wales.
He is known as Gruffydd Maelor I to distinguish him from his grandson, Gruffydd Maelor II (died 1269).
He was a son of Madog ap Maredudd by Susanna, daughter of Gruffudd ap Cynan. He was to be the founder of the principal ruling family of northern Powys during the 13th century.
On his father's death northern Powys was divided into two in 1160 with territory north of the River Rhaeadr being further sub-divided between Gruffydd and his two brothers, Owain Fychan and Owain Brogyntyn.
He received Maelor, also known as Bromfield, and Iâl also known as Yale, as his allotted portion of his father's realm and later added Nanheudwy, Cynllaith Owain and Lower Mochnant on the death of his half-brother Owain Fychan in 1187.
He later seized the cantref of Cyfeiliog from his nephews Owain and Meurig. His inherited and acquired lands in effect unified and reunited most of northern Powys.
He married Angharad, his cousin and daughter of Owain Gwynedd, King of Gwynedd.
Death & Issue
He died in 1191, leaving issue:
Madog, who succeeded his father.
Owen, joint ruler with his brother, died 1197.
References & Sources
Prof. T Jones Pierce MA FSA, The History of Wales (Aberystwyth)
Lloyd, History of Wales
Gruffydd Maelor I ap Madog, Prince of North Powys
b. circa 1121, d. circa 1191
Father Madog III ap Maredudd, Tywysog Powys1 b. circa 1091, d. 1160
Also called Gruffydd Maelor ap Madog. Arms: Paly of eight argent and gules over all a lion rampant sable.2 Gruffydd Maelor I ap Madog, Prince of North Powys was born circa 1121. He was the son of Madog III ap Maredudd, Tywysog Powys.1 Gruffydd Maelor I ap Madog, Prince of North Powys was the successor of Llywelyn ap Madog, Prince of Powys; Prince of North Powys.3 King of North Powys at Wales between 1163 and 1191.3 Gruffydd Maelor I ap Madog, Prince of North Powys died circa 1191. He was the predecessor of Madog ap Gruffydd, Prince of Powys Fadog; Prince of Powys Fadog.3
Madog ap Gruffydd, Prince of Powys Fadog+ b. c 1151, d. c 12361
[S272] Francis Jones, Jones, F., pg. 22, Chart IV, The House of Powys.
[S603] C.B., LL.D., Ulster King of Arms Sir Bernard Burke, B:xP, pg. lxii.
[S640] History Files, online http://homepages.tesco.net/~plk33/plk33/history.htm, CELTS OF CYMRU.