Madog ap Maredudd, Prince of Powys
|Also Known As:||"Prince of Powys", "Madog Maredydd", "Madawc mab Maredud", "Madawg ap Meredydd", "Madg ap Mredd"|
|Death:||Died in Winchester, Hampshire, England|
|Place of Burial:||St. Tysilio, Meifod, Montgomeryshire, Wales|
Son of Maredudd ap Bleddyn, Brenin of Powys and Hunydd verch Einudd
|Occupation:||Burial St. Tysilio, Meifod, Montgomeryshire, Wales, aka Madawc ap MEREDITH; Prince/King of POWYS, King of Powys, Prince of Powys|
|Managed by:||Private User|
About Madog ap Maredudd, Prince of Powys
See Darrell Wolcott, "The Pedigree of Cynddelw Gam," http://www.ancientwalesstudies.org/id94.html for untangling and clarification of these lines. (January 18, 2016, Anne Brannen, curator)
Madog ap Maredudd
From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia - http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Madog_ap_Maredudd
Madog ap Maredudd (died 1160) was the last Prince of the entire Kingdom of Powys and for a time held the Fitzalan Lordship of Oswestry.
Madog was the son of Maredudd ap Bleddyn and grandson of Bleddyn ap Cynfyn. He followed his father on the throne of Powys in 1132. He is recorded as taking part in the Battle of Lincoln in 1141 in support of the Earl of Chester, along with Owain Gwynedd's brother Cadwaladr ap Gruffydd and a large army of Welshmen. https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Battle_of_Lincoln_(1141)
In 1149 he is recorded giving the commote of Cyfeiliog to his nephews Owain Cyfeiliog and his brother Meurig. The same year Madog was able to seize Oswestry from William Fitzalan.
Defeat by Gwynedd
At this time the King of Gwynedd, between 1149 to 1150, Owain Gwynedd was exerting pressure on the borders of Powys, despite the fact that Madog was married to Susanna, Owain's sister. Madog made an alliance with Ranulf, Earl of Chester, but Owain defeated them at Coleshill in 1150 and took possession of Madog's lands in Iâl (English="Yale"]. In 1157 when King Henry II of England invaded Gwynedd he was supported by Madog, who was able to regain many of his lands, though he had to return the Lordship of Oswestry to William Fitz Alan. Madog died in 1160, and was buried in the church of St. Tysilio at Meifod, the mother church of Powys.
Madog's eldest son, Llywelyn, was killed soon after his father's death and Powys was shared between a number of sons and nephews. Powys was never subsequently reunited, being separated into two parts Powys Fadog and Powys Wenwynwyn. Madog's death enabled Owain Gwynedd to annex part of northern Powys. The poet Cynddelw Brydydd Mawr in his elegy on Madog said:
While Madog lived there was no man
Dared ravage his fair borders
Yet nought of all he held
Esteemed he his save by God's might ...
If my noble lord were alive
Gwynedd would not now be encamped in the heart of Edeyrnion
The Mabinogion tale The Dream of Rhonabwy is set during Madog's reign. The central character, Rhonabwy, is one of Madog's retainers sent to bring in Madog's rebellious brother Iorwerth. His titular dream contrasts his own time with the grandeur of King Arthur's period.
* Llywelyn ap Madog
* Gruffydd Maelor
* Gwenllian ferch Madog, married Rhys ap Gruffydd, prince of Deheubarth
* Marared ferch Madog, married Iorwerth Drwyndwn and was the mother of Llywelyn the Great
1. ^ Gantz, Jeffrey (translator) (1987). The Mabinogion, pp. 177–191. New York: Penguin. ISBN 0-14-044322-3.
* John Edward Lloyd (1911). A history of Wales: from the earliest times to the Edwardian conquest. Longmans, Green & Co.
* Ancestral Roots of Certain American Colonists Who Came to America Before 1700 by Frederick Lewis Weis, Line 176B-26
Madog ap Maredudd b abt 1091, Powys, Wales, d 1160, Winchester, Hampshire, England. He md Susanna verch Gruffydd abt 1130, daughter of Gruffydd ap Cynan and Angharad verch Owain.
Children of Madog ap Maredudd and Susanna verch Gruffydd were:
Gruffydd-Maelor ap Madog, Lord of Bromfield, b abt 1146.
Marared verch Madog b abt 1150, Aberffraw Castle, Anglesey, Wales. She md Iorwerth-Drwyndwn ap Owain abt 1168, son of Owain-Gwynedd ap Gruffydd and Gwladys verch Llywarch.
Madog III ap Maredudd, Tywysog Powys1,2,3,4
b. circa 1091, d. 1160
Father Maredudd I ap Bleddyn, Tywysog Powys5,2 b. 1047, d. 1132
Mother Hunydd ferch Einudd of Dyffrin Clwyd6,2 b. circa 1066
Madog III ap Maredudd, Tywysog Powys was the successor of Maredudd I ap Bleddyn, Tywysog Powys; Prince of Powys.7,8 Madog III ap Maredudd, Tywysog Powys was born circa 1091 at Montgomeryshire, Wales. He was the son of Maredudd I ap Bleddyn, Tywysog Powys and Hunydd ferch Einudd of Dyffrin Clwyd.5,2,6 Madog III ap Maredudd, Tywysog Powys married Susanna ferch Gruffudd ap Cynan o Gwynedd, daughter of Gryffydd ap Cynan, King of Gwynedd and Angharad ferch Owain of Tegeingl, before 1129.9 Prince of Powys Fadog at Wales between 1132 and 1160.2,10 Chronicle of Ystrad Fflur 1160: "In this year Madog ap Maredudd, prince of Powys died at Winchester."11 Madog III ap Maredudd, Tywysog Powys died in 1160 at Winchester, Hampshire, England. "Madoc Powysorum princeps obiit."9,2,12,13 He was the predecessor of Llywelyn ap Madog, Prince of Powys; Prince of North Powys.14
Llywelyn ap Madog, Prince of Powys b. c 1120?, d. c 116314
Gruffydd Maelor I ap Madog, Prince of North Powys+ b. c 1121, d. c 11915
Susanna ferch Gruffudd ap Cynan o Gwynedd b. circa 1095
Margred ferch Madog o Powys+ b. c 11299,2
Gwenllian verch Madog o Powys+ b. c 11291
[S278] DfAdam, online unknown url, The Line of Bleddyn ap Cynfyn, 97.
[S483] Stewart Baldwin, Llywelyn ap Iorwerth's ancestors in "Baldwin-Llywelyn," listserve message Dec 1998.
[S491] Welsh genealogy, manuscript, last quarter of 13th century unknown repository, 3.
[S490] Llywelyn ap Iorwerth and some of his contemporaries, manuscript, early 13th - 14th Century unknown repository, 29.
[S272] Francis Jones, Jones, F., pg. 22, Chart IV, The House of Powys.
[S278] DfAdam, online unknown url, The Line of Elystan ap Gwaithfoed, 86.
[S485] Various, Annales Cambriae, "B" MS. of AC (BL MS. Cotton Domitian A.1), between 1088 and 1103.
[S640] History Files, online http://homepages.tesco.net/~plk33/plk33/history.htm, CELTS OF CYMRU, 1075 - 1132.
[S206] With additions and corrections by Walter Lee Sheppard, Jr. and assisted by David Faris Frederick Lewis Weis, Weis: AR 7th ed., 176-6.
[S640] History Files, online http://homepages.tesco.net/~plk33/plk33/history.htm, CELTS OF CYMRU, King of Powys & Prince of Wales.
[S1383] The Chronicle of Ystrad Fflur, online www.webexcel.ndirect.co.uk/gwarnant/hanes/chronicle/chronicleintro.htm, 1160.
[S485] Various, Annales Cambriae, "B" MS. of AC (BL MS. Cotton Domitian A.1) .
[S1383] The Chronicle of Ystrad Fflur, online www.webexcel.ndirect.co.uk/gwarnant/hanes/chronicle/chronicleintro.htm.
[S640] History Files, online http://homepages.tesco.net/~plk33/plk33/history.htm, CELTS OF CYMRU.
Stories: Cynddelw Brydydd Mawr
Stories: (Welsh: "Cynddelw the Great Poet") 1155-1200 outstanding Welsh poet of the 12th century, court bard to Madog ap Maredudd, prince of Powys (d. 1160), and then to Madog's enemy Owain Gwynedd, prince of Gwynedd (d. 1170). The extant poems ascribed to him (about 50), composed in the Welsh bardic tradition of deliberate archaism, include a small amount of religious verse and a large number of eulogies to the chief princes throughout Wales. Cynddelw seems, therefore, to have been the chief bard of all of Wales.
Madoc ap Maredudd / Madog ap Maredudd was the last king of Powys.
Courtesy of fantastically full family tree cf.:
Hughes of Gwerclas 1/2/3/4:
- 12663-Welsh Medievel Database.
Note-Brenin translates king.
TITLES- Prince of Powys Lord of, History of the Princes, The Lords Marcher and the Ancient Nobility of Powys Fadog Accession to Powys in 1132 Source-Fryde, Handbook of British Chronology(page 54)
LIVING-1138-He put, Cynwrig, illegitimate son of Owain Gwynedd to death Source= Lloyd,History of the Princes etc (vol 1, page 111)
PROPERTY- Lord of Oswestry Source-Derbyshire Feudal History, Received from his father, Powys Fadog Source- Lloyd, History of the Princes etc.(vol1,page108) Lord of Powis Vadoc, and of Oswestry Source- J. Morris, Shropshire Genealogies, (Vol 2, Page 911) He built the castles to Oswestry, Caerinion, Caraghota and Overton Madoc. Source- J. Morris, Shropshire Genealogies-Vol 2, page 911.
DEATH: He was prison in Winchester, where he died in 1159. Source- Lloyd, The History of the Princes etc,(vol 1-pages 119-120)
NOTES: He was last to rule over the whole of Powys. An elegy to Madog written by Gwalchmal ap Mellir is Found written in Welsh and (some translation into English) on pages 128-147, Vol 1 of Lloyds, History of the Princes etc
See Darrell Wolcott, "The Pedigree of Cynddelw Gam," http://www.ancientwalesstudies.org/id94.html for untangling and clarification of these lines. (January 16, 2016, Anne Brannen, curator)
Madog ap Maredudd, Prince of Powys's Timeline
Mechoin, Montgomeryshire, Wales
Mechoin, Montgomeryshire, Wales