Maj. William Colbert, Cooshemataha Pyaheggo

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Maj. William Colbert, Cooshemataha Pyaheggo's Geni Profile

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Maj. William Colbert, Cooshemataha Pyaheggo

Also Known As: "Chooshemataha", "Pyaheggo"
Birthplace: Pontotoc Chickasaw Nation, Present day Pontotoc, Mississippi territory, New France
Death: 1836 (93)
Tockshish, Pontotoc County, Mississippi, United States
Place of Burial: Pontotoc, Pontotoc, Mississippi, United States
Immediate Family:

Son of Capt. James Logan Colbert; Nahettaly . Colbert, Iksa Incunnomar and Sopha Minta Hoya Nahettaly Ishtanaha
Husband of Ishtanaha Jessie Mimey Colbert; Private; Private and Mary Colbert
Father of Levi Colbert; William James Colbert, Jr; Abagail Stinnett; Mary "Polly" Moniac (Colbert); Nossaecachubby Colbert and 16 others
Brother of Joseph Colbert; Samuel Colbert; Maj. Levi "Itawamba Minco" Colbert; George Tootemastubbe Colbert, Chief to the Chickasaw Nation; Sally Love and 1 other
Half brother of James "Tonepia" Colbert; James Holmes Colbert; Susan Elizabeth Allen and NN McCoy

Occupation: Blacksmith
Label: Chickasaw
Managed by: Erin Spiceland
Last Updated:

About Maj. William Colbert, Cooshemataha Pyaheggo

Major William Colbert, a son of Logan Colbert, became a famous war chief among the Chickasaws and early in life took an active part in the political affairs of the tribe. He represented his people at Washington, upon numerous occasions, and in the very early days, was received by President Washington, in Philadelphia. At the solicitation of Washington he led a contingent of Chickasaw warriors in support of Gen. Anthony Wayne at the battle of Fallen Timbers, Ohio, on August 20, 1794, against Little Turtle and the Northwestern Confederation of Indians. Major Colbert served nine months in the 3rd Regiment of United States Infantry in the War of 1812, concluding his military career by an effective participation in the war against the recalcitrant Creeks. As a commissioner from the Chickasaws, he was a signer of the treaty of October 4, 1801,6 and the treaty at Washington, of September 20, 1816.7 By the terms of the latter treaty, he was granted an annuity of $100 for the remainder of his life and was also styled a major-general. He also signed the Chickasaw treaty of October 19, 1818.8 The major signed these treaties by mark, which would indicate his lack of any scholastic training, although he is recognized as a character of pronounced native courage, ability and fine judgment. Major Colbert married a Chickasaw Indian woman by the name of Mimey and lived at Tokshish, Mississippi,
Colbert Shoals and Colbert County on the Tennessee River are named after William. -------------------------------------------------- Ref; "Chickasaw Empire" by: Don Martins Ref; The Devils Backbone- Pilgrims & Indians of the Southwest Ref; Chickasaw Chiefs & Men, His Indian name was Choosshemataha: Chickasaw, A History His Indian name was "Pyaheggo" REf; James R. Atkinson- Records of the Old Southwest ofn the National Archives: Absrats of Records of the Chickasaw Indian Agency and Related Documents .

1794-1840 (Chicksaw Nation & Cobb Institute of Archaeology, (1997) , (PP. 124-125) (Hereafter cited as Chickasaw Agency) Ref: Alt. Death Location: Tockshish, Chickasaw Nation, Mississippi Territory  was born in Chickasaw Nation circa 1742.(32) &ltsources.htm&gt William died 30 MAY 1824 in Tockshish, Pontotoc Co., MS, at 81 years of age.(33) &ltsources.htm&gt
The best evidence of General William Colbert's death is found in some old Chickasaw Agency records. One is a receipt from Ish-ta-na-ha to Benjamin F. Smith, Chickasaw Agent, for the pension of General Colbert. The receipt is dated 15 JUL 1824, for $40 in full for, "... the amount settled on my husband Genl. Wm. Colbert by the Govt. of the U. S. up to 30th May 1834 at which time he deceased." Additionally, in Smith's Chickasaw Agency expenditure accounting on 27 SEP 1824, he list a payment to, "... Ish-ta-na-ha Colbert for the Pension of Genl. Wm. Colbert...." 

And again in his accounts accepted by U.S. auditor Wm. Stuart on 4 DEC 1824, Smith states that $40 was paid, "to the wife of Gen. Wm. Colbert in full to 30 MAY 1824." His body was interred 1827 in Pontotoc Cty Cem, Pontotoc, Pontotoc Co., MS. This date of death and burial comes from a gravestone located in the Pontotoc Cemetery, placed there at a much later date and hencethe date is very suspect.

He married twice. He married Jessie "Wayther" Moniac in Chickasaw Nation, before 1780.(34) &ltsources.htm&gt (Jessie "Wayther" Moniac is #1716.) Jessie(35) &ltsources.htm&gt was the daughter of "Dick" "Dixon" Jacob Moniac and Tuckabatche. Jessie died before 1818.(36) &ltsources.htm&gt She was not listed on the 1818 Chickasaw Roll, so she was either dead by then or no longer Colbert's wife.
He married Ish-ta-na-ha "Mimey(?)" in Chickasaw Nation, before 1824.(37) &ltsources.htm&gt Records of the old Chickasaw Agency from 1824, state that Ish-ta-na-ha collected from Chickasaw Agent Benjamin F. Smith, $40 being the sum due for 1824 up to the time of General William Colbert's death on 30 MAY 1824. (Ish-ta-na-ha "Mimey(?)" is #22877.) Ish-ta-na-ha died after 1839 in IT. Ish-ta-na-ha was baptized at in Monroe Mission, Pontotoc Co., MS, 5 JUN 1830. Religion: religion unknown.(38) &ltsources.htm&gt She sold land 31 MAR 1836 in Pontotoc Co., MS.(39) &ltsources.htm&gt She purchased land 3 MAY 1837 in Pontotoc Co., MS.(40) &ltsources.htm&gt She purchased land 12 SEP 1837 in Pontotoc Co., MS.(41) &ltsources.htm&gt She migrated in 21 NOV 1837, from MS to IT.(42) &ltsources.htm&gt She boarded the steamboat "Fox" on 14 NOV 1837 and arrived in Indian Territory on 21 NOV 1837. She was listed as a resident in the 1839 census report in IT, 1839.(43) &ltsources.htm&gt Records recently located concerning the Chickasaw Agency accounts show that Ish-ta-na-ha was the wife of Gen. William Colbert when he died and she received the last monies due him.
Other sources, including Don Martini, indicate that the name of Colbert's wife at his death was "Mimey", which could be a nickname for Ish-ta-na-ha. Conflicting evidence states that he died in Tockshish, Chickasaw Nation, MS TER, 5 MAY 1827.(44) &ltsources.htm&gt William was the eldest son of James Logan Colbert. 

He was a celebrated fighter, and was an ally of the Americans, not only against hostile Indians, but also when a struggle against Spain for the possession of the Mississippi seemed imminent, and later, when the red men and the British invaders were in league against an infant nation, (War of 1812). He was also called "Chooshemataha", "Pyaheggo" and "Billy Colbert"


William Colbert - Chooshemataha

    General William Colbert, or Chooshemataha, was a military character of consequence.  He fought for his own people against the Creeks, and, it has been stated, assisted Andrew Jackson against the same tribe.  “Old Hickory” presented him with a  

military coat, which the chief wore on important occasions until the end of his days. He lived a few miles south of Tocshish. Tocshish was south of where Pontotoc now is, and was put on old maps as “Mclntoshville.”’

    In the summer of 1780 Gov. Thomas Jefferson of Virginia, having sent instructions to place a post on the Mississippi river, with cannon to fortify it, Col. Geo. Rogers Clark with some soldiers, left Louisville and proceeded to the Iron Banks, at the mouth of the Mayfield creek, five miles below the mouth of the Ohio.  He there erected Fort Jefferson. The Chickasaws at this time were the owners of the country west of the Tennessee river, including the ground where Fort Jefferson was erected.  The Governor’s instructions to buy the site or get the Indians’ consent was not complied with, and their resentment was aroused.  They commenced to maraud and to kill members of the families that had settled around the fort.  Mr. Music’s entire family, except himself, was killed. 
    A white man was taken prisoner and forced to reveal the condition of the fort, etc.  There were about thirty men in the garrison, under Captain George.  Many of these were sick.  They were reduced in supplies of food on account of those who had taken refuge there, and the destruction of their crops near by, by the Indians.
    “In this condition, and under the lead of a Scotchman named Colbert, who had lived with and acquired a great influence over these Indians, they appeared in force, several hundred strong, and began a siege and attack upon the fort in the summer of 1781. After resistance of five days the respective leaders, Colbert and George, met under a flag of truce to try to agree on terms of capitulation, a summons to surrender within an hour having been refused.  Terms could not be arranged, and the fighting was resumed.  The issue was near at hand, as a messenger had been dispatched to Kaskaskia for aid.  A desperate night assault was made by the Indians in force. 
    "When they had advanced in short range and in close order, Captain George Owens, who commanded one of the block-houses, had the swivels loaded with rifle and musket balls, and fired them into the crowded ranks.  The fire was very destructive and the slaughter excessive.  The enemy, repulsed and disheatened, fell back to their camps. 
    "Soon after, Colonel Clark arrived with a relief force and the Chickasaw army gave up the siege. This fort was some time after abandoned, from its isolated position, and the difficulty of supplying so remote a garrison.  The evacuation was the signal for peace, which was tacitly accepted by the Indians and faithfully observed by both parties after.”[[]]
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Maj. William Colbert, Cooshemataha Pyaheggo's Timeline

August 8, 1742
Present day Pontotoc, Mississippi territory, New France
Age 10
Pontotoc Chicasaw Nation
Age 16
Chickasaw, Chickasaw County, Iowa, United States
Age 18
Age 19
Age 29
Age 37
KY, United States
Age 40
Age 93
Pontotoc County, Mississippi, United States
AL, United States