About Major Crawley P. Deak (USA), U.S. Marshal for the Territory of Arizona
Crawley P. Dake (1836-1890) - Union soldier during the Civil War and U.S. Marshal for Arizona Territory from 1878 to 1882. Dake was born at Kenfield, Ontario, Canada in 1827 but moved with his family to Ogdensburg, New York when he was a child. When he grew up he operated a retail store in Michigan but when the Civil War broke out, he raised a company of soldiers and was commissioned in the 5th Michigan Cavalry. He served at Gettysburg and in several other major actions until he was wounded and retired as a major in August, 1864.
He then worked for the Internal Revenue Service for a time before being appointed as the U.S. Marshal for Arizona Territory on June 12, 1878. For the first two years, he dispatched a number of posses to the Mexican border, attempting to control the lawlessness taking place there. Working for him were a number of well known frontier characters including Leslie Blackburn, Virgil and Wyatt Earp, Joseph Evans, Joe Phy and others.
On November 27, 1879, Dake deputized Virgil Earp to help resolve ongoing problems with lawless Cowboys in eastern Pima County. In an interview after he left the area, Virgil said, "The first stage that went out of Prescott toward Tombstone was robbed. Robberies were frequent and became expensive." Dake was criticized when he was unable to resolve a long-simmering feud between the Earps and Cowboys in the newly formed Cochise County and due to Virgil Earp's participation in the Gunfight at the O.K. Corral on October 22, 1881. The acting attorney general ordered Dake to take action against the Cowboy faction, but he was replaced in July, 1882.
Dake remained in Arizona, living in Prescott, managing mining and business interests until his death on August 9, 1890.