Major General Philemon Dickinson (New Jersey Militia), U.S. Senator

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Major General Philemon Dickinson (New Jersey Militia), U.S. Senator's Geni Profile

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Philemon Dickinson

Birthplace: Talbot Co, MD
Death: Died in Trenton, NJ
Place of Burial: Friends Burying Ground Trenton Mercer County New Jersey, USA
Immediate Family:

Son of Judge Samuel Dickinson and Mary Dickinson
Husband of Mary Dickinson
Father of Samuel Dickinson
Brother of John Dickinson, Signer of the US Constitution, President of Pennsylvania, President of Delaware and Thomas Dickinson
Half brother of Henry Dickinson; William Dickinson; Walter Dickinson; Samuel Dickinson; Elizabeth "Betsy Dickinson and 4 others

Occupation: General, NJ Militia, Am Rev
Managed by: Alissa Ann Smith
Last Updated:

About Major General Philemon Dickinson (New Jersey Militia), U.S. Senator

Philemon Dickinson (April 5, 1739 – February 4, 1809) was an American lawyer and politician from Trenton, New Jersey. As a brigadier general of the New Jersey militia, he was one of the most effective militia officers of the American Revolutionary War. He was also a Continental Congressman from Delaware and a United States Senator from New Jersey.

Dickinson was born in Maryland. When he was one, his family moved to Delaware. He was educated by a private tutor until he went to the University of Pennsylvania, from where he graduated in 1759. He then studied law, and was admitted to the bar, but never practiced. In 1767, Dickinson moved to Trenton, New Jersey. On 14 July 1767, he married his first cousin, Mary Cadwalader (1746–1781). They had two children; Samuel (1770–1837) and Mary (1768–1822). He served as an officer during the American Revolutionary War, rising to the rank of Major General in the New Jersey Militia.

In 1782 and 1783, he represented Delaware at the Continental Congress. In 1783-84 he was elected to the New Jersey Legislative Council from Hunterdon County where he served as Vice-President of Council both years. He was a member of the commission that selected the site for the national capital in Washington, D.C. in 1784. When William Paterson resigned from the United States Senate, Dickinson was chosen by New Jersey to finish Paterson's term. He served in the senate from November 13, 1790 to March 4, 1793. After his service in Congress, he returned to look after his estates until he died in 1809, and was buried at Friends Burying Ground in Trenton.

Commanding general of the New Jersey militia during the Revolutionary War, a delegate to the Continental Congress, and a U.S. Senator, Philemon Dickinson was born at "Crosiadore," near Trappe, Maryland on April 5, 1739, a younger brother of John Dickinson. After graduation in the first class from the college of Philadelphia in 1757, he studied law, but never practiced. In 1767 he moved to an estate, "The Hermitage," near Trenton, New Jersey. At the beginning of the Revolutionary War in 1775 he was commissioned a colonel of the Hunterdon County militia. In 1776 he was elected as a delegate to New Jersey's Revolutionary provincial congress. In January 1777 Dickinson led 400 of his militia in a raid on a British foraging party near Somerset Court House, New Jersey, capturing about forty wagons of supplies and several prisoners. In June 1777 he was appointed major general in command of all New Jersey militia, a post he held throughout the rest of the war. Dickinson's militia took part in the battle of Monmouth in 1778, helping obstruct the retreat of the British to New York. When his cousin John Cadwalader dueled General Thomas Conway on July 4, 1778, Dickinson was Cadwalader's second. Dickinson represented New Jersey in the Continental Congress in 1782-83, and the following year served on the commission to choose the site for a national capital. He was elected by the New Jersey legislature as a U.S. Senator in 1790-93, and after that retired to his estate, "The Hermitage," where he died on February 4, 1809. Revolutionary Generals By S. Maner


Birth: Apr. 5, 1739 Trappe (Talbot County) Talbot County Maryland, USA Death: Feb. 4, 1809 Trenton Mercer County New Jersey, USA

Polititian. A multiple state patriot, along with his brother John, during the forming of our nation. After moving to Trenton, New Jersey in 1767 he was appointed as a Delegate to the New Jersey Provincial Congress in 1776. That same year he was commissioned a brigadier general of the New Jersey State Militia. Later promoted to Major General and served throughout the Revolutionary War in that capacity. He was appointed by his brother John, then the 5th Governor of Delaware, in 1782 to represent Delaware as a member of the Continental Congress and served through 1783. Was chosen by the Continental Congress as a member of the commission to choose a site for the national capital in 1784. Was elected as a United States Senator from New Jersey in 1790 and held that office from from November 23, 1790 to March 3, 1793. Retired to private life after leaving the Senate. (bio by: Russ Pickett)

Family links:

 Samuel Dickinson (1689 - 1760)
 Mary Cadwalader Dickinson (____ - 1776)

 Mary Cadwalader Dickinson (____ - 1791)*

 Samuel Dickinson (1770 - 1839)*

 John Dickinson (1732 - 1808)*
 Philemon Dickinson (1739 - 1809)
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Burial: Friends Burying Ground Trenton Mercer County New Jersey, USA

Maintained by: Find A Grave Originally Created by: Russ Pickett Record added: May 19, 2003 Find A Grave Memorial# 7461819

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Major General Philemon Dickinson (New Jersey Militia), U.S. Senator's Timeline

April 5, 1739
Talbot Co, MD
April 6, 1770
Age 31
Philadelphia, PA
February 4, 1809
Age 69
Trenton, NJ
February 4, 1809
Age 69
Friends Burying Ground Trenton Mercer County New Jersey, USA