Malcolm MacEth, Earl of Ross

Ross, Moray, Scotland

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Máel Coluim mac Áeda, Earl of Ross

Also Known As: "Malcolm II MacHeth Jarl of Ross", "Malcolm Earl of Ross", "Earl of Ross", "1st Earl of Ross"
Birthdate:
Birthplace: Scotland
Death: Died in Morayshire, Scotland
Place of Burial: Ross, Moray, Scotland
Immediate Family:

Son of Angus (or Hugh) Aodh Maceth
Husband of Unknown sister of Somerled
Father of Gormflaeth (Hvafleva) MacEth; Hugh MacEth and Ferquhard MacEth, Earl of Ross

Occupation: Mórmaer of Ross, Real or alleged son
Managed by: Sharon Doubell
Last Updated:

About Malcolm MacEth, Earl of Ross

Timeline of chronicled events in the lives of Malcolm MacEth, Earl of Ross & Malcolm MacAlexandair

as we have reconstructed it, using Alasdair Ross's excellent research work in 'The Identity of the Prisoner of Roxburgh: Malcolm son of Alexander or Malcolm MacEth?' in S. Arbuthnot, K. Hollo, and A.Ross (editors), Festschrift: Essays in honour of Professor Colm Ó Baoill, (forthcoming, 2004). which the author was kind enough to allow us to peruse. http://dspace.stir.ac.uk/handle/1893/2634#.VoaNgPl97IU Translations below, are, for the most part, by Alisdair Ross.

  • 1130: Angus, Mórmaer of Moray dies
  • 1130: Áed, Mórmaer of Moray disappears from record.
  • 1130: (Angus, Mórmaer of Moray and Malcolm MacAlexandair entered Scotland with five thousand armed men, attempting to gain control of the kingdom. Then Edward, son of Siward who had been a thane of Mercia in King Edward's time, himself a constable and a kinsman of David I, king of Scots, mustered the army and fell without warning on the enemy forces. In the course of the conflict he killed the earl of Moray and shattered his troops, killing some and putting the rest to flight. He and his forces, triumphant at their victory, hotly pursued the fugitives into the territory of Moray which no longer had a lord and defender, and with God's aid conquered the whole of that extensive duchy. Orderic Vitalis (c1141):
  • 1130: (In the same year Angus, Mórmaer of Moray, with Malcolm MacAlexandair, illegitimate son of Alexander I, King of Scots, who was brother of David I, king of Scots and had reigned before him, and with five thousand armed men entered Scotland, and wished to reduce the whole region to himself. At that time David I, king of Scots was present in the court of the king of the English; but Edward, his kinsman and leader of his knighthood, went against them with an army and slew Angus, Mórmaer of Moray, and overthrew, captured and routed his troops. Then he entered Moray, which lacked a defender and a lord; and control of the whole spacious region was, with God's help, through Edward made subject thenceforth to the religious King David.) Robert de Torigni, abbot of Mont-Saint-Michel’s World Chronicle: (c1154 -86)
  • 1153: David I, king of Scots dies & Máel Coluim IV mac Eanric, King of Scots becomes king at 12yrs old
  • 1153: (Somerled, King of the Hebrides and his nephews, the sons of Malcolm MacAlexandair, allied with themselves very many men, and rebelled against Máel Coluim IV mac Eanric, King of Scots, and disturbed and disquieted Scotland to a great extent.) Holyrood Chronicle (c1200 - 1355)
  • 1153: (Now in the first year of his reign Somerled, King of the Hebrides the under-king of Argyll and his nephews, that is the sons of Malcolm MacHeth, gathering to themselves a very large following, rose in rebellion against Máel Coluim IV mac Eanric, King of Scots and threw a large area of Scotland into turmoil. That Malcolm was the son of MacHeth, but he used to assert untruthfully that he was the son of Angus, Mórmaer of Moray. Angus with all his people was killed by the Scots at Stracathro while laying waste his own locality in the time of David I, king of Scots of blessed memory. After his death the aforesaid Malcolm MacHeth rose in rebellion against David I, king of Scots under the pretence of a son intending to avenge the death of a father. After looting and laying waste the adjoining areas of Scotland, he was finally captured, and was confined in close custody by the aforesaid David I, king of Scots in the tower of the castle of Marchmont. Meanwhile, as Somerled, King of the Hebrides was continuing to stir up civil strife, his nephew, one of the sons of Malcolm MacHeth called Donald, was captured by some of King Malcolm‟s loyal followers at Whithorn, and was imprisoned in the same tower of Marchmont as his father. After his capture, his father Malcolm made his peace with the king in the following year, but Somerled, King of the Hebrides still continued to work his wicked ways among the people.) 'Gesta Annalia I, (c.1250) THE VERACITY OF THIS TEXT DISCREDITED BY ROSS AS A MANGLING OF PREVIOUS TEXTS
  • 1160-62 (King Máel Coluim IV mac Eanric, King of Scots to Malcolm, earl of Ross; command to protect and maintain monks of Dunfermline, and cause them to have their rights by land and water as they had in time of King David.) Regesta Regum Scottorum, i, Acts of Malcolm IV, ed. G.W.S. Barrow (Edinburgh, 1960) no. 179


This is supposed to be Malcolm as son of Aed and younger brother of Oengus of Moray. He is *not* a De Ros from Holderness in Yorkshire, and has been assigned far too many wives and children.

  • 20 November 1160 X 13 September 1162 (King Malcolm to Malcolm, earl of Ross; command to protect and maintain monks of Dunfermline, and cause them to have their rights by land and water as they had in time of King David.) Regesta Regum Scottorum, i, Acts of Malcolm IV, ed. G.W.S. Barrow (Edinburgh, 1960) no. 179 http://db.poms.ac.uk/record/source/97/#


EARL of ROSS (MALCOLM MacEth)


The earldom of Ross was first created in 1162 by Malcolm IV King of Scotland in favour of Floris III Count of Holland who had married his sister, but withdrawn from him. It was then granted to Malcolm MacEth, probably illegitimate son of Alexander I King of Scotland. After his death in 1168, it was more than fifty years before the earldom was granted again, to Ferquhard MacTaggart.


MALCOLM, illegitimate son of ALEXANDER I King of Scotland & his mistress --- ([1105/15]-). Orderic Vitalis names "Melcofus" bastard son of King Alexander[1]. Robert of Torigny records that "Aragois comes Morefie cum Melcolmo notho filio Alexandri fratri regis David" invaded Scotland in 1130[2]. same person as …? MALCOLM MacHeth (-23 Oct 1168[3]). John of Fordun’s Scotichronicon (Continuator) records that "Malcolmus filius Macheth" lied to claim he was "filium Angusii comitis Moraviæ" who was killed "tempore…regis David…apud Strucathroth a Scotis" and, after his alleged father’s death, rebelled against King David who imprisoned him "in turre castri de Marchemond, quond nunc Roxburgh nuncupator"[4]. Duncan suggests that these two persons were different, Malcolm MacHeth being the son of "Aed" or "Heth" who witnessed two charters in the early years of the reign of King David I[5]. It appears that Heth was the same person as Beth Mormaer [of Fife]. The Chronicle of John of Fordun (Continuator - Annals) records that "Malcolm Macheth" made peace with the king the year after his son was captured[6]. John of Fordun’s Scotichronicon (Continuator) records that Malcolm MacHeth made peace with King Malcolm the year after his son was captured[7]. He was created Earl of Ross in 1162 or before[8]. m ([1130]) [--- of Argyll, daughter of ---]. Her parentage and marriage are confirmed by John of Fordun’s Scotichronicon (Continuator) records that "Summerledus regulus Ergadiæ et sui nepotes, filii…Malcolmi Macheth" rebelled against King Malcolm IV in the first year of his reign[9]. This assumes that the term "nepos" should be interpreted as "nephews" in that source. Her marriage date is estimated assuming that it is correct that her husband was imprisoned from 1134, before which his two children must have been born. There would be no such restriction on the date if Malcolm son of King Alexander I and Malcolm MacHeth were two different persons as suggested by Duncan[10].

. HVORFLAED [Hvafleda or Gormflaeth/Gormlath] (before 1134-). Orkneyinga Saga records that “Hvarflod, the daughter of Earl Malcolm of Moray” was the second wife of Earl Harald[14]. The Chronicle of John of Fordun (Continuator - Annals) records that "Harald the earl" was "goaded on by his wife, the daughter of Mached" to rebel against King William in 1196[15]. m as his second wife, HARALD Maddadsson Jarl of Orkney, son of MADDAD [of Scotland] Earl of Atholl & his second wife Margaret of Orkney (1134-1206).

http://fmg.ac/Projects/MedLands/SCOTTISH%20NOBILITY%20LATER.htm#MalcolmMacEthdied1168 [The sons have been removed as current academic theory suggests that they belonged to Malcolm MacAlexander - not Malcolm MacEth See Project Malcolm MacHeth vs Malcolm MacAlexandar


This is Malcolm as son of Oengus, last of the Loarn Earls of Moray. He has been paired up with a sister of Somerled, rightly or wrongly, and assigned a daughter who was temporarily married to Haraldr Maddadson of Orkney. (He was Earl of Ross, not Moray - King Malcolm IV fobbed him off with a small piece of his birthright.)


Notes It is now most interesting to know who the ancient Earls of Ross, from whom the Mackenzies are really descended, were. The first of these earls of whom we have any record is Malcolm Mac Heth to whom Malcolm IV. gave Ross in 1157, with the title of Earl of Ross, but the inhabitants rose against him and drove him out of the district [this may be a mis-remembrance of the way the Cumbrians rebelled against Bishop Wimund]. Wyntoun mentions an Earl "Gillandrys," a name which we believe is derived from the common ancestor of the Mackenzies and Rosses, "Gilleoin-Ard-Rois," as one of the six Celtic earls who besieged King Malcolm at Perth in 1160. Skene is also of opinion that this Gillandres represented the old Celtic earls of Ross, as the clan bearing the name of Ross are called in Gaelic Clann Ghilleanrias, or descendants of Gillandres, and may, he thinks, have led the revolt which drove Malcolm Mac Heth out of the earldom. We have seen that the first Earl of Ross recorded in history was Malcolm Mac Heth, to whom a precept is found, directed by Malcolm IV., requesting him to protect the monks of Dunfermline and defend them in their lawful privileges and possessions. The document is not dated, but judging from the names of the witnesses attesting it, the precept must have been issued before 1162. It will be remembered that Mac Heth was one of the six Celtic earls who besieged the King at Perth two years before, in 1160. [ http://www.fullbooks.com/History-Of-The-Mackenzies1.html ]


Sources [S386] Macdonald genealogy, Roddy Macdonald of the Clan Donald Society of Edinburgh, (http://www.clandonald.org.uk/genealogy.htm), genealogy/d0001/g0000032.html#I2532 (Reliability: 3)


Note: This account conflates two different men, Malcolm MacEth and son of Alexander.

ROSS EARLDOM [S.] II. 1162?

1. Malcolm MacEth, illegitimate son of Alexander I [S.],(d141) in 1124, upon Alexander's death, fought two battles for the Crown, against his uncle David I.(e-141) In 1130 the "Earl" of Moray and Malcolm again entered Scotland; the "Earl" was defeated at Stricathrow, Moray became a province of Scotland, and Malcolm MacEth a fugitive. He was captured in 1134, and imprisoned in Roxburgh Castle.(f-141) Liberated after not less than 23 years' imprisonment, as Malcolm Maceth he witnessed a charter of Malcolm IV. He was created EARL OF ROSS in or before 1162; for [1160-62] as Malcolm, Earl of Ros, he received the King's command to protect the monks of Dunfermline.(a-142) He presumably m. a sister of Sumerled, lord of Argyll.(b-142) His death, as Malcolm Mackbeth, Earl of Ross, is recorded on 23 October 1168.(c-142)

  • (d-141) Orderic (1075-1143), (ed. Le Prévost), vol. iii, p. 403, where the Editor’s note is wrong; Robert de Torigni, in _Chron. of Stephen_, &c., Rolls Ser., vol. iv, p. 118. An authority with _personal_ knowledge (see _Priory of Hexham_, Surtees Soc., p. lxxiii, and his Letter upon the death of David I in Twysden, _Hist. Angl. Scriptores Decem_, pp. 347-50), Aelred of Rievaulx, describing (_de Standardo, Chron. Stephen_, p. 193) the effort of Robert de Brus to dissuade his old friend David I [S.] from fighting the English, represents Brus as calling MacEth _paterni odii et persecutionis heredem_. He has been alleged to be son of Angus, “Earl” of Moray (cf. Le Prévost, note on Orderic, _loc. cit_.), who in 1130 invaded Scotland with Malcolm. When Angus was slain, Moray was left without a defender and lord (_Idem_, vol. iii, p. 404); which implies that Malcolm was not his son. See also the notes, _Chron. of Holyrood_ (ed. Anderson, Scot. Hist. Soc.), pp. 129, 130.
  • (e-141) Orderic, _loc. cit_.
  • (f-141) _Chron. de Mailros_, Bannatyne Club, p. 69. He appears to have remained there till given his liberty by Malcolm IV in 1157 (_Chron. of Holyrood_, _loc. ult. cit._, where he appears as Mabeth). In 1153 Sumerled, lord of Argyll, with his nephews, sons of Malcolm, invaded Scotland; in 1156 Donald, Malcolm’s son, was captured at Whithorn and imprisoned with his father (_Idem_, pp. 125, 128).
  • (g-141) Next after 3 Earls, and followed by Walter FitzAlan and Robert de Brus. The charter (_Registrum de Dunfermelyn_, Bannatyne Club, p. 40) has been dated [1157—59].

[Ref: CP XI:141-2]


THE ANCIENT EARLS OF ROSS

Ross was not one of the ancient provinces or earldoms of Scotland, but was comprehended in the great district of Moray, and was ruled by the same Jarls or Earls as that territory.(1-230) But in a writ dated between November 1160 and September 1162 there appears on record

I. Malcolm, Earl of Ross, to whom King Malcolm IV. directed a letter placing the monks of Dunfermline under his protection.(2-230) Some doubts have been cast on his identity, but there is good reason to believe that he is identical with Malcolm MacEth, who also appears before 1160 as a witness to one of King Malcolm's charters.(3-230) He had, for former insurrection against David I., been imprisoned in Roxburgh Castle, but in 1154 Somerled, Lord of Argyll, with his nephews, Malcolm's sons, invaded Scotland, and caused a civil war, which lasted until the King released Malcolm in 1157(4-230) and, according to an English chronicler, 'gave him a certain province.' Mr. Skene, in his Celtic Scotland, expresses an opinion that this was Ross, part of the territory of Moray, from the ancient rulers of which he claimed descent. He is not to be confounded with the Wimund whose remarkable career is narrated by William of Newburgh.(1-231) If, as is probable, he was made Earl of Ross in 1157, he may have been the 'Gillandres,' one of the six Earls who, according to Wyntoun, joined in the opposition to Malcolm IV. after his return from Toulouse.(2-231) 'Gillandres' has been supposed to be a different Earl of Ross, but as 'Gillandres' or 'Ghilleanrias' was the patronymic of the Earls of Ross in the time of Wyntoun, it is not improbable that he applied it to Malcolm. The latter died 23 October 1168.(3-231) Malcolm married a sister of Somerled, Lord of Argyll*, and had issue, with others, a son Donald, who was imprisoned with his father, and a daughter Gormlath, or Hvarfleda, married to Harald, Earl of Caithness. (See that title, and also Moray and Reay.)

  • (1-230) Vol. vi. of this work, 280.
  • (2-230) _Reg. de Dunfermelyn_, 25; Ernald, Bishop of St. Andrews, is a witness, which determines the date.
  • (3-230) _Ibid._, 24.
  • (4-230) _Chron. Sancti Crucis_.
  • (1-231) _Chronicles of Stephen, etc._, Rolls ser., i. 72-75; cf. _Scot. Hist. Review_, vii. 32.
  • (2-231) Wyntoun, Laing's edition, ii. 196.
  • (3-231) _Chronicle of Holyrood_. [Ref: SP VII:230-1]
  • Prior to the 12th century when chroniclers called Somerled, "Lord of the Isles", he had inherited & assumed the title of Thane or Regulus (Lord) of Argyll (he is also referred to as King of Argyll & King of the Isles/south Isles in some accounts - Norwegian titles).

Notes about the Earldom of Ross

According to CP, the 1st Earl of Ross was Florence III Count of Holland, who m. Ada, sister of Malcolm IV of Scotland, and the Earldom of Ross was created for his benefit. He d. in 1190 in Antioch on Cursade. Ada d. in 1206. Per SP, "it is probable" Malcolm was made Earl of Ross in 1157 by Malcolm IV. Per SP, Florence III, Count of Holland became Earl (in title only) in 1161 on his marriage to Ada, sister of Malcolm IV & William the Lion. SP counts the 1st Earl of Ross as Ferquhard Macintagert, so created by Alexander II ca 1225. It seems a rather odd decision considering that the 1st earl (per SP) was preceeded, per SP, by two others historically known to be earls of Ross. Perhaps it is due to a technicality – the 1st _extant_ writ of creation names Ferquhard. All of this of course is counter to CP IX:140-1 which names Florence 1st Earl in 1162 & Malcolm 2nd Earl curiously "in or before 1162" & Ferquhard 3rd Earl possibly before 12 Dec., 1225.

He is sometimes said to have been Mormaer of Moray [Ref: Paget p. 153], but this assumes he was son of Angus, the previous Mormaer [Ref: Burke's Peerage 1999 I:469], which he was not per CP XI:141(d).

Scots Peerage, Vol V, p. 30 seems to identify Malcolm the earl of Ross with Malcolm MacBeth who was claiming the earldom of Moray. Vol VI, p. 284 on Moray says the it was Eth or Beth, earl of Moray who was the ancestor of Malcolm MacEth, earl of Ross. Eth the earl died after 1128. In SP VII, p. 230 Malcolm earl of Ross, supposedly identical with Malcolm MacEth, was around from 1154 to 1168 and was made earl around 1157. On the other hand Alexander I died in 1124, some thirty years before Malcolm earl of Ross came to prominence, which seems rather a long time in those genearally [sic] shorter lives. [Ref: Tim Powys-Lybbe 11 Apr 2003 msg to SGM]


The Correct History of Clann MacAoidgh (The Clan Mackay)

(by Dr. Gary Mckay)

This is a message posted at the Clan Mackay, USA discussion forum by Dr. Gary McKay on May 09 1999.

Dear All, As I have noted a general fallacy running through many of the supposed "histories" of the Clann MacAoidgh, I shall generate an abbreviated one for all. Please note that I am in the middle of a five year effort at annotating the "Book of Mackay" and currently have access to the papers of Dr. Ian Grimble, Historian of the Strathnaver and il D'uath M'hic Aoidh ("Land of the Mackays"), now deceased sadly. As a blood relative, and I do not refer to political associations or military alliances, the following is historically true and verifiable:

1) Around 710 A.D., three separate tribes leave Ireland from a region known as Dalriada and land in what is now known as Argyll and the southern Hebrides. One of the tribes is known as the C'nel Lorne, the progenitors of Clann MacAoidh. The C'nel Lorne are descended from Aedh, grand-son of the Irish king N'iall.

2) Around the year 1100 A.D., the C'nel Lorne move up the Great Glen (the Loch Ness divide) to the present day region of the Moray after centuries of battle with the C'nel Gabhrain. The Mac Aedh (then Gaelic spelling...) left in Argyll become a later war sept of the Clan Ranald of McDonald, later known as the "Lords of the Isles".

3) The Mac Aedh/Mac Aed/Mac Heths (all variations of the Gaelic pronunciation of the time) become a virtual separate kingdom around the Moray Firth on Scotland's middle north eastern coast, becoming known as the "Mormaers", or Great Rulers (of Men). However, in the 1200's their power was broken after the grandson of MacBeth, by virtue of Lulach (or Gormflaith) his wife, challenged one of the early Scottish kings. The Mormaers were banished over the far northwestern Munros (Mountains) into the region of the Strathnaver.

4) The Strathnaver at the height of the Clann MacAoidgh (modern Gaelic spelling) stretched from Assynt in the west to Loch Naver, to the borders of Ross-shire and just west of present day Thurso. From late 1200s until the middle 1400s, the power of the Aoidgh was unchallenged particularly after the battle of Drum na Cub in the shadow of Ben Loyal, when Iain Abrach Mackay led a party of 500 men into battle againt men of the Sutherland (Clann Suderland). Some 1500 Suderlands were killed, virtually the entire war group. These Suderlands were NOT related to the later infamous Sutherlands of the Clearances of the 1800's.

5) Throughout the 1500s and 1600s the Clann Aoidgh was under constant pressure from the Gordon-Huntly Clann (later assuming the name Sutherland by royal decree) throuch fractricidal policies. The Chiefs of Mackay always backed the Crown and WERE NOT at anytime Jacobites. ONLY those whom remained as septs of the Clan MacDonald were Jacobites. The famous Mackay's Regiment came into being in the middle 1600's, fighting as mercenaries in Holland and Germany for William the Orange. In 1688, the Chief of Mackay through his support behind William fully, thus ending the House of Stewarts reign as Kings of Scotland and England.

6) The Clann Mac Aoidgh declined throughout the 18th and 19th century due to the avarice of the Suitherland's, a failure of land reform policy of the newly united "Kingdom", and the lure of America.

7) In the year 1999 in Sutherland County, which comprises one-quarter of the original "Strathnaver", there are only 2,126 inhabitants. In 1825 at the beginning of the worst years of the "Clearances", there were 26,245 inhabitants. Some 76 percent were blood relation Mackay's and were Gaelic language speakers as their ancestors had been for 2000 years. While "mythical" historians relate a relation to the Clann Mhoirgunn (Morgan), it remains that and nothing more.

While certain portions of the Coat of Arms and later colors may have been adapted, they have nothing to do with the Aoidgh's actual history. Per political and military septs allied to the Clann Mac Aoidgh, they are as numerous throughout history as the colors of the rainbow, from Frasers to Mackenzie, to Grant and Blair. Thus, it is quite okay for one to "ally" himself to any modern "Clan" should they so desire. However, in doing so one is an anachronist (or one who portrays history) and not per se following the "modern" conventions of some form of "blood" relationship. (That is merely a commentary on the situation as I see it here in Scotland!)

Finally, on tartan. Tartan was not specific to Clann but to region--thus, the Gunn colors are similar to Mackay etc. There is a very specific regional sett called "Strathnaver Mackay" which is dyed in the actual known colors of that region (heather brown and grey-blue) in the same pattern. (I have them, much nicer than the "modern" Mackay I think, but only an opinion!) Should you desire to come to Scotland, travel to Edinburgh, thence to Thurso, thence to Bettyhill, where there is the Clan Mackay Museum at the Farr Bay Church in Sutherland County.

To finish, Clann M'hic Aoidgh is one of the most famous and certainly oldest of the true Gaelic Clanns. If you are blood related, then you may count King Niall of Ireland, King David of Scotland, and Macbeth as your relations--not to mention a legion of Barons, Lords, and Knights and can be justifiably proud. I close with the words of the original Clann M'hic Aoidgh motto and inscribed on the tomb of The Scourie-Mackay at Balnakiel Church in Durness, "Bi Tren, Bi Treun!" Be True, Be Steadfast! Cheers, Dr. Gary Mckay Barra Suite Dept. of Archaeology and Geography Univ. of Edinburgh Edinburgh Scotland EH8 9XP Scotland, UK 011 44 131 650 2532

In c. 1130, both Malcolm MacHeth (MacEth) and Earl Angus rebelled against King David I when he imposed new feudal laws upon the Moraymen's pre-existing ancient kingdom. In the rebellion that followed, Earl Angus was defeated and slain but Malcolm MacHeth (MacEth) escaped to the isles where he was protected by Somerled, Lord of the Isles. There, Malcolm MacHeth (MacEth), married Lord Somerled's sister, who gave birth to Donald and Gormiath (Blue eyes) MacHeth (MacEth), c. 1130. While scholars believe that Gormiath MacHeth (MacEth) married Harold Maddadarson, Norse Earl of Orkney and Caithness.

The Mackaymen's rebellion continued without interruption from c. 1130 to c. 1134, until Malcolm MacHeth (MacEth) was captured and imprisioned by King David I, at the Roxburgh Castle. Twenty-two years later, his son, Donald MacHeth (MacEth), was captured in a similar Mackaymen's rebellion hence imprisoned along with his father at the Roxburgh Castle, c. 1156. One year later, Malcolm MacHeth (MacEth) was released from the Roxburgh Castle prison by Malcolm IV and given the title of First Earl of Ross, c. 1157.

This title was later rescinded as punishment due to the Morymen's rebellious disloyalty to King David I. Then, Malcolm IV: (1) banished the ancestors of the Mackay's from their ancestral home, and (2) gave the Mackay's ancient land to Normans and Saxons who were loyal to the Crown. Here, the Mackay's men, women, and children fled north, while others escaped into Argyll, Islay, and Galloway. Note, according to Scots Peerage c. 1910, the first of the MacEths to settle in the Strathnaver region was Iye MacEth, Chamberlain to Walter de Baltrodi, Bishop of Caithness. This Iye (Aodh) Walter de Baltrodi produced a daughter, Conchar.

========

"The Book of McKee," pg 271 - pedigree from William Skene, D.C.L., LL.D., Historiographer-Royal of Scotland, in "Celtic Scotland," Edinburgh 1890; this shows the history of Scotland as being the Irish Kings; also from "The Mackays of Strathnaver," pg 305a;

Malcolm was created Earl of Ross in 1157 by King Malcolm, his mother's brother; then deposed by the inhabitants circa 1160; The Highland Clans (941 D2mo) gives his death date.

"The Book of McKee", pg 265 states: "In 1134..Olave, the Norwegian king of the Isle of Man, granted lands in that island to Yvo, abbot of the monastery at Furness, to found another Cistercian monastery at Russin, and Brother Wymundus was sent with some monks to fill it..[who] so pleased the barbarous natives with the sweetness of his address and openness of his countenance, being also of a tall and athletic make, that they requested him to become their bishop and obtained their desire...A short time later...he announced that he was the son and rightful heir of Angus Mac Eth, earl of Moray, who was wrongfully murdered in 1130 by King David...[Skene in footnote states:] Malcolm Mac Eth was born 'in obscurissimo Angliae loco,'... acted as a scribe to certain monks, connoting above-average education... [was] 'de Schid,' or Skye...[did] his father Angus Mac Eth ... spirit him away as a tender youth to relatives in Skye before his fatal expedition against the Scot king David sometime prior to 1130 A.D."

Parentage information from Blackcastle Manuscript 1832 quoting Vide Collectanea de Robus Albanicis in Iona Club Transactions, V 1, p 341. He is known as "Moddan" in the Norwegian chronicles.

McKee p 24 states "It appears to be historically documented that in 1039, King Duncan gave all Caithness to his nephew Moddan, whose descendant also named Moddan flourished circa 1100, and was referred to at that time as 'Moddan the noble man of Dolum Katanesi.' Katanesi is a variant of Caithness."


Malcolm MAC ETH Earl of Ross

[2595]

ABT 1120 - 1168

BIRTH: ABT 1120, Scotland [2593]

DEATH: 1168, Moray, Ross, Scotland [2594]

Father: Hugh or Angus (Aodh) Mac Eth

Mother: Sister of King Malcolm IV

Family 1 : Mariotte (Margaret) Sister of Somerled

MARRIAGE: ABT 1142, Scotland

Donald MAC ETH 
Gormlath MAC ETH 

+Ferquhard MAC ETH Earl of Ross

+Hugh (Mackie) MAC ETH


Earl of Ross

married the sister of Somerled

-----------------------------------

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Malcolm Macbeth (Mackbeth) d. 23 October 1168

Person:141525

Full Tree Descendants (Inventory)


Lineage

Macbeth

Sex

Male

Full name (at birth)

Malcolm Macbeth

Other last names

Mackbeth

Other given names

Milcolm

Parents ♂ Hugh Farquarson (Macbeth, Melbaeda) [Macbeth] b. < 1070? d. 1093

♀ Grouch MacLulach [Loarn]

Events


child birth: ♂ Donald MacHeth [Macbeth]

child birth: ♀ # Gormflaeth MacEth [Macbeth]

1145 child birth: Morven, Argyle, Scotland, ♂ Angus Macrory (MacKay) [MacRoy] b. 1145 d. 1210


1157 ? 1168 title: Earl of Ross


23 October 1168 death:

Notes


In c. 1130, both Malcolm MacHeth (MacEth) and Earl Angus rebelled against King David I when he imposed new feudal laws upon the Moraymen's pre-existing ancient kingdom. In the rebellion that followed, Earl Angus was defeated and slain but Malcolm MacHeth (MacEth) escaped to the isles where he was protected by Somerled, Lord of the Isles. There, Malcolm MacHeth (MacEth), married Lord Somerled's sister, who gave birth to Donald and Gormiath (Blue eyes) MacHeth (MacEth), c. 1130. While scholars believe that Gormiath MacHeth (MacEth) married Harold Maddadarson, Norse Earl of Orkney and Caithness.


The Mackaymen's rebellion continued without interruption from c. 1130 to c. 1134, until Malcolm MacHeth (MacEth) was captured and imprisioned by King David I, at the Roxburgh Castle. Twenty-two years later, his son, Donald MacHeth (MacEth), was captured in a similar Mackaymen's rebellion hence imprisoned along with his father at the Roxburgh Castle, c. 1156. One year later, Malcolm MacHeth (MacEth) was released from the Roxburgh Castle prison by Malcolm IV and given the title of First Earl of Ross, c. 1157.


This title was later rescinded as punishment due to the Morymen's rebellious disloyalty to King David I. Then, Malcolm IV: (1) banished the ancestors of the Mackay's from their ancestral home, and (2) gave the Mackay's ancient land to Normans and Saxons who were loyal to the Crown. Here, the Mackay's men, women, and children fled north, while others escaped into Argyll, Islay, and Galloway. Note, according to Scots Peerage c. 1910, the first of the MacEths to settle in the Strathnaver region was Iye MacEth, Chamberlain to Walter de Baltrodi, Bishop of Caithness. This Iye (Aodh) Walter de Baltrodi produced a daughter, Conchar.


From grandparents to grandchildren


Grandparents

♂ Lulach MacGilllecomgain birth: 1032 title: King of Scotland death: 17 March 1057, Essie, Strathbogie, Scotland

♂ Farquar MacBeaton birth: < 1057?

♀ Finnghuala de Aeongus

Grandparents

Parents

♂ Hugh Farquarson (Macbeth, Melbaeda) birth: < 1070? marriage: title: Thane of Cromarty death: 1093

♀ Grouch MacLulach

Parents


3

♂ Angus MacHeth

♀ Gruoch MacAedh (MacHugh, Mackay) marriage: ♂ William FitzDuncan (Uilleam macDonnchada)

♀ Gillebridesdotter

♂ # Malcolm Macbeth (Mackbeth) title: 1157 ? 1168, Earl of Ross death: 23 October 1168

3

Children

♂ # Harald Maddadsson (Maddadsson) birth: 1130 marriage: ♀ # Aufrica MacSomerled death: 1206

♀ # Gormflaeth MacEth marriage: ♂ # Harald Maddadsson (Maddadsson)

♂ Angus Macrory (MacKay) birth: 1145, Morven, Argyle, Scotland death: 1210, Bute, Strathclyde, Scotland

♂ Donald MacHeth

Children

Grandchildren

♂ Seamus (James) Macrory birth: 1190, Bute, Scotland death: 1210, Bute, Men Skye, Strathclyde, Scotland

♂ Kenneth MacEth death: 1215

♂ Thorfinn Haraldsson (Maddadsson, Macmaddad)

♂ David Haroldsson (Maddadsson, Macmaddad)

♂ John Haraldsson (maddadsson, macmaddad)

♀ Gunnhild Haraldsdotter (Macmaddad)

♀ Herberg Haraldsdotter (Macmaddad)

♂ Henrik Haraldsson (Madisson, Maddadson)

♂ Haakon Haraldsson (Maddansson)

♀ Helena Haroldsdotter

♀ Margaret Haroldsdotter

Ψ Langleiv ? (Langley)

Grandchildren

Aeongus

Delisle

Loarn

MacRoy

Macbeth

Madison

view all

Malcolm MacEth, Earl of Ross's Timeline

1120
1120
Scotland
1135
1135
Age 15
Roxburn Castle, Morayshire, Scotland
1155
1155
Age 35
of Ross, Scotland
1165
1165
Age 45
of Galloway, Scotland
1168
1168
Age 48
Morayshire, Scotland
1168
Age 48
Ross, Moray, Scotland
????