Lithuanian: Malkolmas Aleksandro sūnus
|Also Known As:||"Malcolm", "Alexander's son", "Máel Coluim mac Alaxandair or Máel Coluim mac Alasdair"|
|Birthplace:||Ross, Morayshire, Scotland|
|Death:||(Date and location unknown)|
Son of Alexander I, King of Scots and NN mistress of Alexander of Scotland
|Managed by:||Private User|
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About Malcolm MacAlexandair
- 1124: Alexander I, King of Scots dies
- 1124: (Alexander I, King of Scots, died, and his brother David I, king of Scots took up the government of the kingdom. Malcolm MacAlexandair, a bastard son of Alexander I, King of Scots, made a bid for his father's kingdom, and instigated two bitter wars against him; but David I, king of Scots, being wiser, more powerful and wealthier, defeated him and his supporters) Orderic Vitalis (c1141)
- 1130: Áed, Mórmaer of Moray disappears from record.
- 1130: (Angus, Mórmaer of Moray and Malcolm MacAlexandair entered Scotland with five thousand armed men, attempting to gain control of the kingdom. Then Edward, son of Siward who had been a thane of Mercia in King Edward's time, himself a constable and a kinsman of David I, king of Scots, mustered the army and fell without warning on the enemy forces. In the course of the conflict he killed the earl of Moray and shattered his troops, killing some and putting the rest to flight. He and his forces, triumphant at their victory, hotly pursued the fugitives into the territory of Moray which no longer had a lord and defender, and with God's aid conquered the whole of that extensive duchy. Orderic Vitalis (c1141):
- 1130: (In the same year Angus, Mórmaer of Moray, with Malcolm MacAlexandair, illegitimate son of Alexander I, King of Scots, who was brother of David I, king of Scots and had reigned before him, and with five thousand armed men entered Scotland, and wished to reduce the whole region to himself. At that time David I, king of Scots was present in the court of the king of the English; but Edward, his kinsman and leader of his knighthood, went against them with an army and slew Angus, Mórmaer of Moray, and overthrew, captured and routed his troops. Then he entered Moray, which lacked a defender and a lord; and control of the whole spacious region was, with God's help, through Edward made subject thenceforth to the religious King David.) Robert de Torigni, abbot of Mont-Saint-Michel’s World Chronicle: (c1154 -86)
- ? One of the Máel Coluims married a sister of Somerled, King of the Hebrides, king (or lord) of Argyll. If it were Malcolm MacAlexandair, then this must have been prior to his capture and imprisonment in 1134.
- 1153: David I, king of Scots dies & Máel Coluim IV mac Eanric, King of Scots becomes king at 12yrs old
- 1153: (Somerled, King of the Hebrides and his nephews, the sons of Malcolm MacAlexandair, allied with themselves very many men, and rebelled against Máel Coluim IV mac Eanric, King of Scots, and disturbed and disquieted Scotland to a great extent.) Holyrood Chronicle (c1200 - 1355)
- 1153: (Now in the first year of his reign Somerled, King of the Hebrides the under-king of Argyll and his nephews, that is the sons of Malcolm MacHeth, gathering to themselves a very large following, rose in rebellion against Máel Coluim IV mac Eanric, King of Scots and threw a large area of Scotland into turmoil. That Malcolm was the son of MacHeth, but he used to assert untruthfully that he was the son of Angus, Mórmaer of Moray. Angus with all his people was killed by the Scots at Stracathro while laying waste his own locality in the time of David I, king of Scots of blessed memory. After his death the aforesaid Malcolm MacHeth rose in rebellion against David I, king of Scots under the pretence of a son intending to avenge the death of a father. After looting and laying waste the adjoining areas of Scotland, he was finally captured, and was confined in close custody by the aforesaid David I, king of Scots in the tower of the castle of Marchmont. Meanwhile, as Somerled, King of the Hebrides was continuing to stir up civil strife, his nephew, one of the sons of Malcolm MacHeth called Donald, was captured by some of King Malcolm‟s loyal followers at Whithorn, and was imprisoned in the same tower of Marchmont as his father. After his capture, his father Malcolm made his peace with the king in the following year, but Somerled, King of the Hebrides still continued to work his wicked ways among the people.) 'Gesta Annalia I, (c.1250) THE VERACITY OF THIS TEXT DISCREDITED BY ROSS AS A MANGLING OF PREVIOUS TEXTS
- 1156: (Donald mac Malcolm son of Malcolm MacAlexandair was captured at Whithorn and imprisoned with his father) Holyrood Chronicle (c1200 - 1355)
- 1156: (Donald mac Malcolm son of Malcolm MacAlexandair was captured at Whithorn and imprisoned in the keep of Roxburgh with his father.) The Chronicle of Melrose (- 1270)
Timeline as we have reconstructed it, using Alasdair Ross's excellent research work in 'The Identity of the Prisoner of Roxburgh: Malcolm son of Alexander or Malcolm MacEth?' in S. Arbuthnot, K. Hollo, and A.Ross (editors), Festschrift: Essays in honour of Professor Colm Ó Baoill, (forthcoming, 2004). which the author was kind enough to allow us to peruse. http://dspace.stir.ac.uk/handle/1893/2634#.VoaNgPl97IU Translations above, are, for the most part, by Alisdair Ross.
King Alexander I had one illegitimate son by an unknown mistress:
a) MALCOLM ([1105/15]-after 1158). Orderic Vitalis names Malcolm as bastard son of King Alexander. Robert of Torigny records that "Aragois comes Morefie cum Melcolmo notho filio Alexandri fratri regis David" invaded Scotland in 1130. Malcolm fought two battles challenging his uncle David for the crown of Scotland. He was captured in 1134, imprisoned in Roxburgh castle until 1158. same person as …? MALCOLM MacHeth (-23 Oct 1168). Duncan suggests that Malcolm, son of King Alexander I, and Malcolm MacHeth were two different persons, the latter being the son of "Aed" or "Heth" who witnessed two charters in the early years of the reign of King David I. He was reconciled with King Malcolm IV in 1157. Malcolm MacHeth was created Earl of Ross in 1162 or before.
King Duncan I & his wife, Sibylla of Northumbria, had:
1. MALCOLM (1031-killed in battle near Alnwick, Northumberland 13 Nov 1093, buried Tynemouth, later transferred to Dunfermline Abbey, Fife, and later still to Escorial, Madrid). He succeeded in 1058 as MALCOLM III "Caennmor/Bighead" King of Scotland. Cawley’s Medlands
[m] [firstly] ([before 1058]) Ingiborg.
King Malcolm III & Ingiborg had two children:
1. DUNCAN ([1060/65]-murdered Monthechim/Mondynes, Kincardineshire 12 Nov 1094, bur Dunfermline Abbey, Fife).
King Duncan II & his wife had one child:
a) WILLIAM FitzDuncan ([1091/94]-[1153/54]).
2. DONALD ([1060/65]-killed in battle 1085).
m ---. The name of Donald's wife is not known.
Donald & his wife had [one possible child]:
a) LADHMANN (-killed in battle 1116).
King Malcolm III & his second wife, Margaret, had eight children:
3. EDWARD (-Edwardsisle, near Jedburgh 16 Nov 1093, bur Tynemouth St Albans).
4. EDMUND (-after 1097, bur [Montacute]).
5. EDGAR (-[Dundee or Edinburgh Castle] 6 Jan 1107, bur Dunfermline Abbey, Fife).
6. ALEXANDER ([1077/78]-Stirling Castle 23, 25 or 27 Apr 1124, bur Dunfermline Abbey, Fife). He is named, and his parentage given, by Roger of Hoveden, who lists him fourth of the sons. The Chronicle of John of Fordun names "Edward, Edmund, Ethelred, Edgar, Alexander and…David" as the sons of King Malcolm and his wife. Robert of Torigny records that "Alexander frater eius" succeeded in 1107 on the death of "Edgarus rex Scotiæ". He succeeded his brother in 1107 as ALEXANDER I "the Fierce" King of Scotland. Florence of Worcester records that "Alexanderfrater eius" succeeded his brother King Edgar in . The Continuator of Florence of Worcester records the marriage "VII Kal Mai"  of "Alexander rex Scottorum". "Alexander…rex Scottorum filius regis Malcolmi et regine Margerete et…Sibilla regina Scottorum filia Henrici regis Anglie" reformed Scone Abbey by charter dated to [1114/15], witnessed by "Alexander nepos regis Alexandri, Beth comes, Gospatricius Dolfini, Mallus comes, Madach comes, Rothri comes, Gartnach comes, Dufagan comes, Willelmus frater regine, Edwardus constabularius, Gospatricius filius Walthef, Ufieth Alfricus pincerna". The Chronicle of the Picts and Scots dated 1251 records that "Alexander" reigned for 17 years and 3 months, died "in Crasleth", and was buried "in Dumferline".
m (before [1114/15]) SIBYL, illegitimate daughter of HENRY I King of England & his mistress [---/Sibyl Corbet] (-Island of the Women, Loch Tay, Perthshire 12/13 Jul 1122, bur Island of the Women, Loch Tay). William of Malmesbury records the marriage of Alexander to the unnamed illegitimate daughter of King Henry, but adds "there was…some defect about the lady either in correctness of manners or elegance of person", which appears to imply mental retardation. "Alexander…rex Scottorum filius regis Malcolmi et regine Margerete et…Sibilla regina Scottorum filia Henrici regis Anglie" reformed Scone Abbey by charter dated to [1114/15]. Her name is confirmed by various charters, including the charter dated to  under which "Alexander…Rex Scottorum filius Regis Malcolmi et Reginæ Margaretæ et…Sibilla regina Scottorum filia Henrici regis Angliæ" made grants. Considering the date of her marriage, it is unlikely that she was born much later than . The Complete Peerage suggests that she was the daughter of Sibyl Corbet, both because of her name and also because of the possible co-identity between "…Willelmo fratre reginæ…", who witnessed the charter dated 1124 under which "Alexander…Rex Scottorum" granted jurisdiction to the prior of Scone, and "…Willielmo fratre meo…" who witnessed the charter dated to [1163/75] under which "Reginaldus, Henrici Regis filius, comes Cornubiæ" granted property to "Willielmo de Boterell, filio Aliziæ Corbet, materteræ meæ". However, this co-identity is not ideal from a chronological point of view. William, brother of Renaud Earl of Cornwall, died after 1187. If he was the same person as the brother of Sibyl Queen of Scotland, he could only have been a child when he subscribed the Scottish charters in which he is named. In addition, as noted in the document ENGLAND KINGS, it is possible that William, brother of Earl Renaud, may have been his uterine brother, in which case it is unlikely that he would have been chosen to accompany the queen to Scotland. Another factor is that the birth of Herbert FitzHerbert, son of Sibyl Corbet by her marriage, is estimated to [1125/35] (see the document UNTITLED ENGLISH NOBILITY). This means that he could only have been Sibyl´s half-brother if she had been a young girl at the time of her marriage. On the other hand, "Robert Corbet" witnessed charters in Scotland which are dated to late in the reign of King Alexander and the early years of the reign of his brother King David (see UNTITLED ENGLISH NOBILITY). If Robert Corbet was Queen Sibyl´s maternal grandfather or her maternal uncle, this could account for his presence at the Scottish court at the time. The Extracta ex Cronicis Scocie records the death in 1122 "apud Lochtay cellam canonicorum de Scona" of "Sibilla…regine Scocie uxor regis Alexandri, filia Henrici Beuclerk regis Anglie". Cawley’s Medlands
King Alexander I had one illegitimate son by an unknown mistress:
a) MALCOLM ([1105/15]-after 1158). Orderic Vitalis names Malcolm as bastard son of King Alexander. Robert of Torigny records that "Aragois comes Morefie cum Melcolmo notho filio Alexandri fratri regis David" invaded Scotland in 1130. same person as …? MALCOLM MacHeth (-23 Oct 1168). Duncan suggests that Malcolm, son of King Alexander I, and Malcolm MacHeth were two different persons, the latter being the son of "Aed" or "Heth" who witnessed two charters in the early years of the reign of King David I. He was reconciled with King Malcolm IV in 1157. Malcolm MacHeth was created Earl of Ross in 1162 or before. Cawley’s Medlands
7. ETHELRED (-before , bur [St Andrew´s Church, Kilremont]).
8. EADGYTH (1079-1 Jun 1118).
m (11 Nov 1100) as his first wife,
9. DAVID (-Carlisle 24 May 1153, bur Dunfermline Abbey, Fife).
10. MARY (-31 May 1116 or 18 Apr 1118, bur Bermondsey Priory).
Malcolm, Alexander I's son (Medieval Gaelic: Máel Coluim mac Alaxandair or Máel Coluim mac Alasdair) was an unsuccessful pretender to the Scottish throne. He is a relatively obscure figure owing primarily to the scarcity of source material, appearing only in pro-David English sources, which label him a "bastard".
When Alexander I died in 1124, his uncle David I seized the throne with the help of King Henry I of England and David's own Norman retainers. Orderic Vitalis reports that Máel Coluim mac Alaxandair "affected to snatch the kingdom from [David], and fought against him two sufficiently fierce battles; but David, who was loftier in understanding and in power and wealth, conquered him and his followers".
Máel Coluim's war against David and Henry may have involved the death of David's eldest son. Before recounting the war against Máel Coluim, Orderic Vitalis reported the death of this son at the hands of an exiled Norwegian priest; but Orderic's account is so obscure that it is difficult to make anything of it. The priest was reportedly a member of David's household, and was put to death by being bound to the tails of four horses. Whether or not the two events were connected, Máel Coluim escaped unharmed into areas of Scotland not yet under David's control, and there gained shelter and some measure of support; when Máel Coluim mac Alaxandair renewed his claim to the throne six years later, he had the support and protection of the king of Moray.
In 1130, Máel Coluim enters the scant sources once more. Máel Coluim now had the backing of Óengus of Moray. King Óengus was David's most powerful "vassal", a man who, as grandson of King Lulach of Scotland, even had his own claim to the kingdom. Máel Coluim and Óengus' forces had advanced into Angus when they were met by David's Mercian constable, Edward; the ensuing Battle of Stracathro took place near Brechin. According to the Annals of Ulster, 1000 of Edward's army, and 4000 of Óengus' army, including Óengus himself, died. According to Orderic Vitalis, Edward followed up the killing of Óengus by marching north into Moray itself, which, in his words, "lacked a defender and lord"; and so Edward, "with God's help obtained the entire duchy of that extensive district". However, this was far from the end of it. Máel Coluim again escaped, and four years of this continuing Scottish "civil war" followed; for David this period was quite simply a "struggle for survival".
It appears that David applied for and obtained extensive military aid from his patron, King Henry. Ailred of Rievaulx relates that at this point a large fleet and a large army of Norman knights, including Walter l'Espec, and [?] were sent by Henry to Carlisle to assist in David's attempt to root out his Scottish enemies. The fleet seems to have been used in the Irish Sea, the Firth of Clyde and the entire Argyll coast, where Máel Coluim was probably at large among supporters. By 1134 Máel Coluim was captured and imprisoned in Roxburgh Castle.
Malcolm MacAlexandair's Timeline
Ross, Morayshire, Scotland
Moray, Scotland, United Kingdom
November 5, 1932
March 13, 1934
April 8, 1954