Maria Kickers, SM/PROG

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Maria Kickers, SM/PROG

Also Known As: "Maria Cornelis", "Maria Botha", "Botha"
Birthdate:
Birthplace: Amsterdam, Government of Amsterdam, North Holland, Netherlands
Death: Died in Stellenbosch, Breede River DC, Western Cape, South Africa
Immediate Family:

Daughter of Jan Cornelius Kickers
Wife of Friedrich Botha, SV/PROG
Ex-wife of Jan Cornelisz
Partner of Ferdinandus Appel b2
Mother of Theunis Botha; Willem Botha, b2; Catharina Botha, b3 SM; Jacobus Botha, b4; Johannes Botha, b5 and 3 others

Occupation: Married 29 June 1717, Orphan, Housewife
Managed by: Cecilia Engela Helena Simonis
Last Updated:

About Maria Kickers, SM/PROG

Note: Maria Kickers had nothing to do with Jan Coenraadsz Visser. During her divorce proceedings, and again in the adultery case of 16 November 1706, she stated that all her children had been fathered by Friedrich Both. See below and on http://www.e-family.co.za/ffy/g5/p5168.htm

But, regarding her affair with Ferdinand Appel, see Theunis Botha

Her youngest child, Anna, was baptised in c. March 1702 at Stellenbosch as the daughter of Botha. - JS


  • Birth Date 1663
  • Death Date 12/2/1723
  • First Name Maria
  • Last Name Botha
  • Maiden Name Kickers
  • Gender Female
  • Birth Location Oude Beyerland, Amsterdam, Netherlands
  • Death Location Stellenbosch, Cape, South Africa

Maria Kickers, certainly made up for unknown parentage, by having an eventful life. You will notice that she married Friedrich Botha after several of their children were born. In fact she was still married to Jan Cornelisz when Botha fathered some [all] of her children.

Criminal records show that she and Botha were charged and convicted of several offences viz, adultery [She had not been given leave to marry again after her divorce from Jan Cornelisz - the adultery charges related to her relations with Botha, whom she eventually married on 21 June 1714 at Stellenbosch. - JS], assault and cattle rustling. They were both sentenced to banishment to Mauritius for ten years, although they reappear again in the Cape after two years.

The case also shows that she had an extra marital affair with a man called Frederik Appel. [This was mere gossip and conjecture and cannot be relied upon - JS]


Wees meisie Web se Maria Friedriech Both getroud. 21 June 1717. Stellenbosch http://home .mweb.co.za/el/elijo


Maria Kickers born Amsterdam 1

Her first marriage was to Jan Cornelius van Outbeierland. The marriage ended in divorce.

Before the Council of Justice, in 1700, in the business of the divorce, she declared all her children from the existing marriage had been engendered not by her husband (due to his incapacity) but by Frederick Boot, and that her husband himself encouraged this ('en dat haren man haar daartoe selfs aanleijding soude hebben gegeeven').

The muster roll of 1701 (dated 31st January 1702) lists Frederik living in Stellenbosch with eight children, and Maria listed on her own but also in Stellenbosch , apparently living apart from them.

In 1706 she and Frederick were found guilty of co-habiting, as far as I can gather because this still constituted adultery on her part, even though her husband had divorced her in 1700, presumably because she was not given leave to marry again. Before this court she declared, rather en- dearingly, it seems to me, that she and Frederick had sworn troth to each other, just as though they were truly married to each other and that they

In 1713 Jan Cornelis van Oudbeijerland died and they were free to marry. (he divorced her in 1701. He was granted the right to remarry but she was not.)

- Richard Ball http://www.ballfamilyrecords.co.uk/lombard/I411.html


Huwelik

NGK Kaapstad

ao' 1683 eodem dito (den 11 Julii) Jan Cornelisz van Outbeierlant vryman, en Maria Kickers Jonge dochter.

Egskeiding:

Cabo de Goede Hoop

Vrijdag den 22' Januarij 1700

Jan Cornelisze van Oudbeijerland vrijburger aan Stellenbosch woonagtig, eijscher in cas van divorcie. Contra desselfs huijsvrouw Maria Kickers ged[aagd]e

...

De gedaagdesse antwoordende, segt en bekendt all hare kinderen staande huwelijck, niet bij den eij[se]r haren man; (vermits desselvs onbequaamheijdt) maar bij een ander, te weeten den voorn[oemde] Frederick Boot, te hebben geprocrëeert ...

...

Den E.A. Rade van Justitie, partijen gehoort, soo meede de genoemde Frederick Boot die het voor[zegde] feijt rondelijck confesseerde, en gelet op der gedaagdessen eijge vrijwillige confessie, doend regt &a, separeert de banden van hun eij[se]rs en gedaagdesses huwelijck, en gemeenschap van goederen, admitteert den eij[se]r met een andre te mogen trouwen, en cond[emneer]t de gedaagdesse in de costen.

Int Casteel de Goede Hoop datum ut s[upra] mij present

Melchior Kemels [rt] & secret[ari]s 1700.

[Record of Divorce Proceedings, (folio) 77; CJ 3-22, Court of Justice; Court of Justice, Western Cape Archive Repository on http://www.e-family.co.za/ffy/p7773.htm]

Convicted of adultery

16 November 1706

Sij persisteerde bij haare gedane confessie en sustineerde dat se met beloften en trouw die se mal- kanderen onder vier oogen geswooren hebben, so wel alsof se met den anderen in huwelijk waren getreeden kunnen volstaan, en dat se dierhalven als man en vrouw eenige jaren met den anderen hebben geleefd, en vleeschelijk geconverseert hebbende tesamen in deese boelasie agt kinderen geprocreert (Crim. en Civ. 1701-'08, 16 Nov. 1706. p 47)

Botha aan d' E. Compe. nogh ten agteren zijn

Cabo de Goede Hoop

Dingsdagh den 13e September 1718, voormiddags.

Den land-drost, Sr. Jacob Voet, ingevolge de ordres van den Wel Edele Heer Gouverneur en voorige besluijten van desen Raad ten dien subjecte genomen, zigh geinquireert hebbende naer soodanige menschen als tot nogh toe aan de leeningh rol diverse penningen schuldigh en onder de districten van Stellenbosch en Drakensteijn sorteerende waren, ende dies bevindinge in geschrifte den hoogh gem. Edele Heer Gouverneur ter handen gesteld zijnde, heeft Zijn Edele 't selve in Raade geproduceert, bestaande in desen inhoud: Volgens extract uijt de leeningh rollen zouden d' ondergesche. uijt dien hoofde aan d' E. Compe. nogh ten agteren zijn de daar voor g'extraheerde sommen, namentlijk:

...

Jan Conelisz. van oud Beijerland, wiens wede., door de wandelingh Maria Bombam gent., in leeven en desselfs dogter getrouwt is met Jan Barentsz. Siger, als mede nogh drie sonen, Theunis, Jacobus en Willem Bota.... ƒ81:05:-

[Resolutions of the Council of Policy of Cape of Good Hope Cape Town Archives Repository, South Africa Reference code: C. 47, pp. 32-42. on http://databases.tanap.net/cgh/]

__________

Theunis Botha, b bef 15 April 1686. Called Botha after his mother, Maria Kickers' , 1700 divorce from Jan Cornelisz (who is shown as his father on the birth certificate). At which time she said her 7 children were Frederich Botha's. However, a recent DNA study by the University of Pretoria reveal him to have been the biological son of Ferdinandus Appel.

mtDNA results from descendant: www.familytreedna.com/public/CapeDutch/default.aspx?section=mtresults 226190 Els Maria Kickers, 1660 - 1723 Haplogroup: H HVR1 Mutations:A16129G, T16187C, C16189T, T16223C, G16230A, T16278C, C16311T, T16356C HVR2 Mutations:G73A, C146T, C152T, C195T, A247G, 522.1A, 522.2C, 315.1C

"Haplogroup H is the most common and most diverse maternal lineage in Europe, in most of the Near East and in the Caucasus region" http://www.eupedia.com/europe/Haplogroup_H_mtDNA.shtml


Some of Maria Botha's children were in fact fathered by Ferdinandus Appel and it is unclear which of the two men in her life, Botha or Appel fathered Cornelia. Famous "Bothas" who have now been found to be "Apples" are Louis Botha (first president of South Africa) and P.W. Botha (later president of South Africa). All of Apple's children were given the name Botha.

Between 11 June 1683 and 1700 Maria Kickers and Jan Cornelisz were legally married, but at the same time, from at least 1687 Frederich Both and Maria were lovers, apparently with the agreement of Jan. During divorce proceedings in 1700 Maria conceded that eight of her children, that is Theunis Botha, Willem Bootha, Catrijna Both, Cornelia Botha, Anna Bota, Maria Botha and Johannes Botha were fathered by Frederich Both(a) with the apparent encouragement (aanleijding) of her spouse, Jan Cornelisz, at the time. All of these offspring subsequently used the surname Both(a). However, in 1689 two women alleged that Theunis, Maria's oldest child, was fathered by Ferdinandùs Appel. This is born out by modern DNA tests, which have shown that direct patrilineal descendants of Theunis tested positive for the same Y-DNA haplogroup as direct patrilineal descendants of Appel Maria Kickers was a witness A DNA study has found that male descendants of Maria Kickers are from two different Y-chromosome DNA haplogroups. Known descendants of Theunis Botha share the same Y-chromosome DNA as a direct descendant of Ferdinandus Appel, while descendants of the other sons have different Y-chromosome DNA - most likely that of Friedrich Both. This evidence supports an allegation made by two women in 1689 that Theunis, Maria's oldest child, was fathered by Ferdinandus Appel. Maria subsequently testified that all her children were fathered by Both and not her husband Jan Cornelisz aka Jan Bombam. Read the attached article by Jaco Greeff who did the DNA study. with Theunis Botha.

Many published sources have included Maria Kickers as one of the orphan girls sent to the Cape. She could not have been, as the only known orphan girls arrived in 1688, and she was already at the Cape at the time of her marriage on 11 July 1683

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Maria Kickers, SM/PROG's Timeline

1655
1655
Amsterdam, Government of Amsterdam, North Holland, Netherlands
1686
April 15, 1686
Age 31
Stellenbosch, Cape Winelands, Western Cape, South Africa
1687
November 2, 1687
Age 32
Stellenbosch, Cape Of Good Hop, South Africa
1690
May 7, 1690
Age 35
Stellenbosch, Western Cape, South Africa
1692
1692
Age 37
Cape, South Africa
1695
May 1, 1695
Age 40
Cape of Good Hope
May 1, 1695
Age 40
Drakenstein
1696
1696
Age 41
Stellenbosch, Breede River DC, Western Cape, South Africa