About Maria de Castela e Aragão, rainha consorte de Portugal
D. Maria de Aragão e Castela ou D. Maria de Trastâmara y Trastâmara (Córdoba, 29 de Junho de 1482 - Lisboa, 7 de Março de 1517) foi uma princesa aragonesa, segunda esposa de D. Manuel I, a qual viria a ser rainha de Portugal desde 1501 até à sua morte.
Name: Maria Aragon
Birth: 29 JUN 1482
Death: 7 MAR 1517 in Portugal
Maria of Aragon (Mary of Aragon or Mary of Spain or even Mary of Castile) (June 29, 1482 - March 7, 1517) was an Aragonese princess, second wife of Portuguese King Manuel I and because of that queen consort of Portugal from her marriage on 30 October 1500 until her death.
She was the third surviving daughter of Isabella of Castile and Ferdinand II of Aragon (the Catholic monarchs). Her eldest sister Isabella of Asturias was the first wife of Manuel I, but her death in 1498 created a necessity for Manuel to remarry; Maria became the next bride of the Portuguese king, reaffirming dynastical links with the future Spain, that in 1580 lead to a dynastical crisis in Portugal that made Philip II of Spain king of Portugal as Philip I (See: Struggle for the throne of Portugal and Iberian Union). Queen Maria was able to bear a multitude of surviving children.
Maria of Aragon, Queen of Portugal
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Maria of Aragon
Queen consort of Portugal
Tenure 30 October 1500 – 7 March 1517
Spouse Manuel I of Portugal
John III of Portugal
Isabella, Holy Roman Empress
Beatrice, Duchess of Savoy
Louis, Duke of Beja
Cardinal Afonso of Portugal
Henry of Portugal
House House of Trastamara
Father Ferdinand II of Aragon
Mother Isabella I of Castile
Born 29 June 1482
Died 7 March 1517 (aged 34)
Burial Belem Monastery of Sao Geronimo
Religion Roman Catholic
Maria of Aragon (Mary of Aragon or Mary of Spain or even Mary of Castile) (29 June 1482 – 7 March 1517) was a Spanish infanta, and the second wife of Portuguese King Manuel I, making her the queen consort of Portugal from her marriage on 30 October 1500 until her death. She was the mother of 10 children, eight of whom reached adulthood.
* 1 Family
* 2 Marriage
* 3 Appearance
* 4 Death
* 5 Ancestry
o 5.1 Children
* 6 References
She was born at Cordoba on 29 June 1482, the third surviving daughter of Isabella I of Castile and Ferdinand II of Aragon (the Catholic monarchs). She was the fourth of five surviving children, and had a twin sister, who was stillborn. Her sister was Catherine of Aragon, wife of Henry VIII of England and mother of Mary I of England. Another sister, Joanna, married Philip, Duke of Burgundy and was mother of Charles V, Holy Roman Emperor.
Maria did not inherit the insanity that ran in the royal family, and had thus affected her sister, Joanna, who was known as Joanna the Mad.
As a princess of Spain, her hand in marriage was very important in European politics; before her marriage to Manuel I of Portugal, her parents entertained the idea of marrying her off to King James IV of Scotland. This was at a time when her younger sister Catherine's marriage to Arthur, Prince of Wales, was being planned. Ferdinand and Isabella thought if Maria was Queen of Scotland, the two sisters could keep the peace between their husbands. These plans, however, came to nothing. Her eldest sister Isabella, Princess of Asturias, was the first wife of Manuel I, but her death in 1498 created a necessity for Manuel to remarry; Maria became the next bride of the Portuguese king, reaffirming dynastical links with the future Spain. Manuel and Maria were married in Alcazar de Sal on 30 October 1500, and together they had 10 children; eight of whom reached adulthood, including King John III of Portugal, Isabella, Holy Roman Empress, and Beatrice, Duchess of Savoy.
In 1580, the dynastical links from the marriage led to a dynastical crisis in Portugal that made Philip II of Spain king of Portugal as Philip I (See: Struggle for the throne of Portugal and Iberian Union).
Maria was of a very fair complexion, had blue eyes, and her hair colour was of a shade between reddish-blonde and auburn; these were typical features in members of the Trastámara family who were descendants of Peter I of Castile.
Maria died in Lisbon on 7 March 1517, and was buried at Belem Monastery of Sao Geronimo.
Her marriage with Manuel produced the following children:
Castilian and Leonese royalty
House of Trastámara
Escudo Corona de Castilla.png
Eleanor, Queen of Navarre
Ferdinand I of Aragon, Valencia and Sicily
Henry III and II of Leon
Maria, Queen of Aragon, Valencia, Sicily and Naples
Alfonso, Prince of Asturias
Henry IV and III of Leon
Joan, Queen of Portugal
Isabella I with Ferdinand V
Isabella, Queen of Portugal
John, Prince of Asturias
Joanna the Mad
Maria, Queen of Portugal
Catherine, Queen of England
Name Birth Death Notes
John III 6 June 1502 11 June 1557 succeeded Manuel as 15th King of Portugal.
Infanta Isabella 24 October 1503 1 May 1539 married Charles V, Holy Roman Emperor.
Infanta Beatrice 31 December 1504 8 January 1538 married Charles III, Duke of Savoy.
Louis, Duke of Beja 3 March 1506 27 November 1555 Unmarried but had illegitimate descendants, one of them being Anthony, Prior of Crato, a claimant of the throne of Portugal in 1580 (See: Struggle for the throne of Portugal).
Ferdinand, Duke of Guarda 5 June 1507 7 November 1534 Married Guiomar (Guyomare) Coutinho, Countess of Marialva (?-1534).
Infante Afonso 23 April 1509 21 April 1540 Cardinal of the Kingdom.
Infanta Maria 1511 1513
Infante Henry 31 January 1512 31 January 1580 Cardinal of the Kingdom who succeeded his grandnephew King Sebastian (Manuel's great-grandson) as 17th King of Portugal. His death triggered the struggle for the throne of Portugal.
Edward, Duke of Guimarães 7 October 1515 20 September 1540 Duke of Guimarães and great-grandfather of John IV of Portugal. Married Isabella of Braganza, daughter of Jaime, Duke of Braganza.
Prince Anthony 9 September 1516 1516 He might have been a son of Eleanor, Manuel's third wife (rather than of Maria) though not with this date
Her widowed husband remarried yet once more,in 1518, also this time from her family: Maria's niece Eleanor of Habsburg.
Isabella of Aragon, Princess of Asturias Queen Consort of Portugal
30 October 1500 – 7 March 1517 Succeeded by
Eleanor of Habsburg
v • d • e
Infantas of Aragon
Sancha, Countess of Urgell · Infanta Urraca · Teresa, Countess of Provence
Infanta Isabella · Petronila
Dulce, Queen of Portugal
Constance, Holy Roman Empress · Eleanor, Countess of Toulouse · Infanta Dulce
Violant, Queen of Castile · Constance, Infanta Juan Manuel of Castile · Infanta Sancha · Isabella, Queen of France · Infanta Maria · Infanta Eleanor
Elizabeth, Queen of Portugal · Yolanda, Duchess of Calabria · Sancha, Queen of Naples* · Infanta Isabella* · Infanta Blanca of Ayerbe · Teresa, Lady of Fraga
Maria, Infanta Peter of Castile · Constance, Duchess of Peñafiel · Isabella, Duchess of Austria · Infanta Blanca · Violante, Lady of Segorbe · Constance, Queen of Cyprus** · Elisabeth, Duchess of Bavaria** · Infanta Catherine** · Margaret, Countess Palatine of the Rhine** · Beatrice, Lady of Marchena · Maria, Countess of Ampurias · Infanta Teresa of Jérica · Infanta Constanza of Ayerbe · Maria, Laby of Ayerbe
Constance, Queen of Majorca · Infanta Isabella · Eleanor, Queen of Cyprus · Juana, Infanta Fernando Manuel of Castile · Blanca, Countess of Cardona · Eleanor, Queen of Aragon** · Beatrice, Countess Palatine of the Rhine** · Infanta Constance** · Infanta Euphemia** · Infanta Violante** · Blanca, Countess of Ampurias** · Eleonor, Countess of Caltabellotta** · Infanta Constance** · Isabella, Marchioness of Montferrat* · Infanta Esclaramunda* · Alice, Countess of Ibelin* · Beatrice, Lady of Cocentaina · Ventura, Viscountess of Illa and Canet · Elsa, Lady of Almonacid · Juana, Countess of Carrión
Constance, Queen of Sicily · Joanna, Countess of Ampurias · Infanta Maria · Infanta Beatrice · Eleanor, Queen of Castile · Isabella, Countess of Urgell · Isabella, Countess of Cardona · Infanta Blanca of Ribagorza · Joanna, Countess of Cardona · Violante, Countess of Prades · Infanta Joanna of Prades · Infanta Constance of Prades · Infanta Eleanor of Prades · Timbor, Viscountess of Cabrera · Infanta Eleanor of Ampurias · Mary of Sicily**
Joanna, Countess of Foix · Yolande, Duchess of Anjou · Infanta Eleanor · Infanta Antonia · Infanta Margaret · Infanta Beatrice of Urgell · Infanta Eleanor of Urgell · Cecilia, Countess of Modica · Infanta Isabella of Urgell · Infanta Eleanor of Prades · Infanta Isabella of Prades · Joanna, Countess of Prades · Margarida, Queen of Aragon · Infanta Timbor of Prades
Isabella of Urgell, Duchess of Coimbra · Eleanor, Princess of Salerno · Joanna, Countess of Cardona · Infanta Catherine of Urgell
Maria, Queen of Castile · Eleanor, Queen of Portugal
Blanche II of Navarre · Infanta Maria · Eleanor of Navarre · Joanna, Queen of Naples
Isabella, Queen of Portugal · Joanna · Maria, Queen of Portugal · Catherine, Queen of England
Eleanor, Queen of France · Isabella, Queen of Denmark-Norway · Mary, Queen of Hungary · Catherine, Queen of Portugal
- also a princess of Majorca
- also a princess of Sicily
v • d • e
Portuguese royal consorts
Maud of Savoy (1146-1157) · Dulce of Aragon (1185-1198) · Urraca of Castile (1211-1220) · Mécia Lopes de Haro (1246–1248) · Matilda of Boulogne (1248–1253) · Beatrice of Castile (1253-1279) · Elizabeth of Aragon (1282-1325) · Beatrice of Castile (1225-1257) · Inês de Castro (1360) · Leonor Telles de Menezes (1372-1383) · Philippa of Lancaster (1387-1415) · Eleanor of Aragon (1433-1438) · Isabella of Coimbra (1447-1455) · Joanna of Castile (1475–1479) · Eleanor of Viseu (1481-1495) · Isabella of Aragon (1497-1498) · Maria of Aragon (1500 -1517) · Archduchess Eleanor of Austria (1518-1521) · Archduchess Catherine of Austria (1525-1557) · Archduchess Anna of Austria (1580) · Archduchess Margaret of Austria (1598–1611) · Princess Élisabeth of France (1621-1640) · Luisa de Guzmán (1640-1656) · Princess Marie Françoise of Savoy (1666-1668) & (1683) · Countess Palatine Maria Sophia of Neuburg (1687-1699) · Archduchess Maria Anna of Austria (1708-1750) · Infanta Mariana Victoria of Spain (1750-1777) · Infanta Carlota of Spain (1816-1826) · Archduchess Maria Leopoldina of Austria (1826) · Auguste de Beauharnais (1835) · Prince Ferdinand of Saxe-Coburg and Gotha (1836-1837) · Princess Stephanie of Hohenzollern-Sigmaringen (1858-1859) · Princess Maria Pia of Savoy (1862-1889) · Princess Amélie d'Orléans (1889-1908)
1. ^ Charles Cawley, Medieval Lands, Aragon
2. ^ Cawley
3. ^ a b Lundy, Darryl, thePeerage, http://www.thepeerage.com/p10588.htm#i105871, retrieved 2007-10-25
4. ^ a b Lundy, Darryl, thePeerage, http://www.thepeerage.com/p11347.htm#i113464, retrieved 2007-10-25
5. ^ a b Lundy, Darryl, thePeerage, http://www.thepeerage.com/p329.htm#i3286, retrieved 2007-10-25
6. ^ She was the daughter John of Gaunt, 1st Duke of Lancaster to his first wife Blanche of Lancaster, making her half-sister of Katherine of Aragon's maternal great-grandmother Katherine of Lancaster, daughter of John of Gaunt, 1st Duke of Lancaster to his second wife Constance of Castile.
7. ^ Lundy, Darryl, thePeerage, http://www.thepeerage.com/p11433.htm#i114328, retrieved 2007-10-25
This page was last modified on 31 July 2010 at 23:54.
Maria de Castela e Aragão, rainha consorte de Portugal的年谱
Cordova, Cordova, Andalucía, Spain
Valladolid, Valladolid, Castilla y León, Spain
Madrigal de las Altas Torres, Ávila, Castilla y León, Spain
Portalegre, Portalegre, Carithana
Lisbon, Lisbon, Portugal
Lisbon, Lisbon, Portugal
Lisbon, Lisboa, Portugal
Abrantes, Santarém District, Portugal