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Marie-Jeanne Oudin

Also Known As: "Oudin", "Odin", "Oudain", "Houdin", "Houdain", "Ouidon", "Oden", "Houden"
Birthplace: Saint-Merri, Paris, Isle de France, France
Death: before March 29, 1721
L'Ange-Gardien, Québec, Canada
Place of Burial: L'Ange-Gardien, Québec, Canada
Immediate Family:

Daughter of Antoine Oudin and Madeleine de la Bussière
Wife of François Gariépy
Mother of Marie-Ursule Gariépy; Marguerite Gariépy; Charles Gariépy; Louise Gariépy; François Gariépy and 8 others
Sister of Catherine Oudin and Pierre Oudin

Managed by: Private User
Last Updated:

About Marie Oudin


per :

Marie Houdin (1639 -)

She is also known as Marie Jeanne Odin 4, Jeanne Odin 3, Marie Odin and Marie Oudin 1, 2.

She is the daughter of Antoine Oudin and Madeleine DelaRussière.

She was born in 1639 in the parish of Saint-Merry, Paris, Ile de France, France [1]. The marriage contract of Marie Houdin and François Gariépy was signed on 15 July 1657 by Guillaume Audouart of Saint-Germain 7. She married François Gariépy, son of Jean Gariépy and Jeanne Daragon on 13 August 1657 in Notre-Dame, Québec, Capitale -Nationale, Quebec, Canada 1, 3, 8 [2]. She was appointed to the census in 1667, aged 26 years. Gariépy, Marie-Madeleine Gariépy, Catherine Gariépy, Charles Gariépy and Marie Houdin lived in October 1681 at François Gariépy's house in the Seigneurie de Beaupré, Montmorency, Quebec. Sick 54 years of age on June 10, 1692 at Hôpital Hôtel-Dieu, Quebec, Quebec. She was ill 70 years old on August 25, 1710 at Hôpital Hôtel-Dieu, Quebec. She died in 1713 at L'Ange-Gardien, Montmorency 8.

She died between 16 January 1713 and 29 March 1721 [3].

List of his known children: + 1. Catherine Gariépy (1677 -) (by François Gariépy) + 2. Marie-Madeleine Gariépy (1671 - 1695) Gariépy) + 4. Louis Gariépy (1673 -) (by François Gariépy) + 5. Charles Gariépy (1661 - 1738) by François Gariépy + Gariépy (1667 -) (by François Gariépy) 10. Geneviève Gariépy (1669 - 1727) (by Francois Gariépy) 9. Alexis Gariépy François Gariépy) (French Edition) by François Gariépy (French Edition) by François Gariépy (French Edition) by François Gariépy (1660 - 1764)

Marie was a Filles a Marier=:

Between 1634 and 1663, 262 filles à marier or “marriageable girls” emigrated to New France representing one quarter of all the single girls arriving in New France through 1673. They were recruited and chaperoned by religious groups or individuals who had to assure and account for their good conduct. In general, they were poor, although there were some members of the petty nobility among their ranks. Filles à Marier As opposed to the Filles du Roi who emigrated between 1663 and 1673, the filles à marier came alone or in small groups. They were not recruited by the state and did not receive a dowry from the King. They were promised nothing but the possibility of a better life. If they survived the perils of the crossing, they lived with the daily threat of death at the hands of the Iroquois. If they survived the Iroquois, they had to deal with the hard life of subsistence farming, harsh winters spent in a log cabin that they may have helped build, epidemics of smallpox and “fever” and difficult and often dangerous childbirth.

Crossing the Atlantic was a dangerous undertaking in the 1600s, and it is estimated that 10% of all passengers en route to New France died during the crossing. Sickness and disease were the main factors contributing to deaths at sea. Passengers were forced to share the hull with livestock that was either being shipped to the colony or served as meals during the crossing. While the passengers may have been permitted on deck during good weather and calm seas, storms forced their confinement to the hull where they were shut in not only with the livestock, but also with the odor of latrine buckets, seasickness and the smoky lanterns used for lighting. The climate and close quarters fostered the rapid spread of diseases such as scurvy, fever and dysentery. Under such conditions, very little could be done for those who were suffering. The method for dealing with the dead was to sew them up in their blankets and throw them overboard during the night.

The filles à marier chose to emigrate under perilous conditions to a wilderness colony because the advantages offered by the colony were great enough to make them forget the dangers of the crossing and rude character of colonial life. In France, the girls would have had little or no choice in their marriages because arranged marriages were the norm for the artisan and working classes as well as for the elite. Parental consent was required for men under the age of 30 and women under the age of 25. Young girls were placed in convent schools or pensions only to await a marriage in which they had no choice or to become a nun. In New France, these women could choose whom they wanted to marry and had the freedom to change their minds before the marriage took place.

Most of the filles à marier belonged to the rural class and were the daughters of peasants and farmers. A small number were from urban families, the daughters of craftsmen, day laborers and servants, while an even smaller number were the daughters of businessmen, civil servants, military men and the petty nobility. Their average age was 22, and more than one-third had lost at least one parent. About 20% were related to someone who was already a colonist. Most were married within a year of their arrival in New France. While waiting to find a husband, many of the girls lodged with religious communities –either the Ursulines in Québec City or the Filles de la Congrégation Notre-Dame in Montréal– although about 100 filles à marier lodged with individuals.

Peter J. Gagné has defined the qualifications to be considered a fille à marier as follows:

Must have arrived before September 1663 Must have come over at marriageable age (12 thru 45) Must have married or signed a marriage contract at least once in New France or have signed an enlistment contract Must not have been accompanied by both parents Must not have been accompanied by or joining a husband [Source: Peter J. Gagné, Before the King’s Daughters: The Filles à Marier, 1634-1662, (Pawtucket, RI: Quinton Publications, 2002), pp 13-38]

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Marie Oudin's Timeline

Paris, Isle de France, France
Paris, Isle de France, France
July 8, 1658
Age 17
Québec, Québec, Canada
March 23, 1660
Age 19
Québec, Québec, Canada
December 18, 1661
Age 20
Château-Richer, Québec, Canada
March 14, 1664
Age 23
Château-Richer, Québec, Canada
March 11, 1665
Age 24
Château-Richer, Québec, Canada
March 26, 1667
Age 26
Québec, Québec, Canada