Marie-Jeanne des Prez, b4 SM

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Marie-Jeanne des Prez, b4 SM

Also Known As: "Therond; Maria Joanna du Preez"
Birthdate: (88)
Birthplace: Béthune, Artois, France
Death: circa 1763 (84-92)
Kaapstad, Caap de Goede Hoop, Suid Afrika
Immediate Family:

Daughter of Hercules des Prez, SV/PROG and Cecilia d'Atis, SM/PROG
Wife of Jacques Therond, SV/PROG
Mother of Marie Theron, b1; Jacques Theron; Elisabeth Theron; Pierre Theron, b4; Jean Theron, b5 and 2 others
Sister of Elisabeth des Prez, b1 SM; Hercule des Prez, b2; François-Jean des Prez, b4; Jacquemine des Prez, b5 SM; Maxmilianus Dezpretz and 4 others

Managed by: Lorriane Mariana Pretorius
Last Updated:

About Marie-Jeanne des Prez, b4 SM

MHC Du Preez, p16, The Du Preez Family in South Africa

Marie-Jeanne, born in 1675 at Bethune, France, was the following child. She married Jacques Therond and by doing so became the maternal ancestor of all the Therons in South Africa. She wrote little verses about each of her children and these have been preserved. Just like Elisabeth, she could write in both French and Dutch. After a marriage of nearly 43 years she died in 1763 at the age of almost 88 years - an achievement for someone who had to survive two smallpox epidemics. According to J.G. le Roux the next child to be born was François-Jean.

Passenger List for Huguenot Ship "De Schelde" De Schelde left for Cape February 19, 1688, 140 feet long, arrived Table Bay June 5, 1688, no deaths nor any sickness on board, put in at St. Jago for repairs June 22-30, 1688

- 23 Huguenots - no list

  • Abraham Beluse [Bleuset, Bluse) of Calais, Picardie
  • Hercule Des Prez (Courtrai, Flandres)
  • Cecilia Datis du Preez (Courtrai, Flandres)
  • Elizabeth Des Pres (age 18)
  • Hercule Des Pres Jr. (age 16)
  • Marie-Jeanne Des Prez (age 13)
  • Francois-Jean Des Prez (age 11)
  • Jacqueline Des Prez (age 9)
  • Philippe Des Prez (age 7)
  • Suzanne De Vos
  • Antoine Gros, Dauphine
  • Pierre Jacob (of Calais)
  • Suzanne Jacob (age 17)
  • Daniel Jacob (age 15)
  • Sara Jacob (age 11)
  • Marie Le Fevre
  • Guillaume Nel
  • Jean Nel (age 1)
  • Jeanne Nel (age 1/2)
  • Charles Prevost
  • Abraham Prevost (age 17)
  • Anne Prevost (age 6)
  • Elisabeth Prevost (age 5)
  • Jacob Prevost (born at Table Bay)
  • Daniel Terrier

Source: Coertzen, Pieter - "The Huguenots of South Africa 1688-1988", Tafelberg Publishers Limited, Cape Town, 1988

The First Du Preez's in South Africa     

Hercules, the Du Preez forefather, was married to Cecilia d'Atis (1650-1720). On April 18, 1690, Hercules des Prez received 510 Gulden from the Dutch East-Indian Company. He lived on the farm De Zoete Inval. (De Soete Inval), now Paarl station and east of it. The farm was promised to him in 1692 and formally allocated 15/10/1697. Hercules died in 1695 whereafter Cecilia D'Atis married Pierre Dumont.


a) Elizabeth (born 1670): Marries Pieter Jansz van Marseveen (Marcevene) Children: Anna (marries Abraham Prevost), Cecilia (marries Charles du Plessis), Pieter.

b) Hercule (1672 - 9 May 1721): Member of "Hof van Landdrost en Heemraad van Stellenbosch", captain of the "Burgher Kavallerie". Refuses to appear in court for his opposition against Governor Willem Adriaan van der Stel. He is sentenced in his absence to five year in exile in Mauritius and a fine of £41 13s 4d. Certified incapable ever to hold a public or military position. Arrested on February 4, 1707. Released together with Adam Tas and other "burgers" shortly before departure to Mauritius. Sign his name as "des Pres".

Married to:

1. Marie le Febre (Fevre) (1651-1701). 1 son and 1 daughter.

2. Cornelia Villion (Viljoen).

c) Marie-Jeanne (born 1675 or 1678): Married to Jaques Therand (Jacques Theron from Nismes)(1668-1739). Call her self as "from Bethun"‚ in her will. 5 Sons and 3 daughters.

d) Francois-Jean (born 1677) Married to Marie Cordier. Two sons.

e) Jacquemina (Jaquemine)(1679-?) From Lille in Flanders. Married to Abraham Vivier. 4 Sons and 5 daughters.

f) Philippe (born in Kortryk, 1681) Fled from Bethuné‚ in Artois. Live on the farm De Klippenvallei (Klip Vallei), currently the area North-east of the sportsfields in Wellington. Allocated 1699. Owns also Artois and De Hoop in Land van Waveren below the Witsenberge, near Wolseley, in the Tulbagh district (both allocated 1714). He married Elizabeth Prevost in 1696 (born 1683, daughter of Charles Prevost: she came to the Cape from Marcq (Marck) near Calais with a brother and sister).

Source: The first Du Preez's in South Africa (

Des Prez in Boucher

North-west of Ath is Courtrai in Flanders, a town on the Lys associated with the Des Prez family which reached the Cape on the Schelde in 1688. Courtrai was held by the French between 1668 and 1678. ..The Des Prez party consisted of Hercule des Prez, born about the year 1645, his wife Cecile (Cecilia) Datis, some five years his junior, and six children: Hercule, Elisabeth, Jacquemine (Jacomina), Marie-Jeanne, Philippe and Francois-Jean. The place of origin of the Des Prez family is uncertain, but Athis southwest of Mons may provide a clue to the earliest beginnings of the Datis family. Later generations would certainly not have remained confined to the village from which they presumably took their name and it is interesting to find in the church registers of Oostburg in the United Provinces a reference in 1748 to the marriage there of a Marie-Catherine Dathee (sic) from the Saint-Quentin generality of Picardy.

It is, however, certain that the Des Prez family was living in the Courtrai district when the town was a French possession. The daughter Elisabeth was baptized in the Sint-Maartens church there on August 31, 1670, with Charles Loridon and Ludovica (Louise) Pittens as godparents. In the same church on July 4, 1677 Francois-Jean was christened, taking the name of his godfather Francois Loridon. The godmother on that occasion was Jeanne, or Johanna van Neste, of a family well represented in the local church registers. It is probable that, as with other French-speaking settlers from Flanders, the Des Prez party was at home in the Flemish language.

The family must also have lived at some time in Bethune in the province of Artois, since it is known that Marie-Jeanne des Prez was born there. If the date of her birth, 1675, is correct, this would indicate a temporary move there from Courtrai. It is possible that Philippe des Prez was also born in Bethune, as he gave the name Artois to his farm in the Land van Waveren. On the other hand, this could be taken to indicate that the Des Prez family had its origins in that province. It is also evident that Hercule des Prez and his wife were once resident in Lille, where Jacquemine was born. Graham Botha gives Courtrai as the birthplace of both Hercule des Prez and his son of the same name, but no confirmation of this has been discovered.

Hercule des Prez and his family were at Flushing in Zeeland by 1686, together with his wife’s brother Nicolas Datis. On August 29 of that year the two men applied to the municipal authorities to join the Sint- Jans guild of tailors without payment of the usual charges. The request points to the necessity of guild membership for obtaining remunerative employment as an artisan, as well as to the financial difficulties in which so many refugee families found themselves. It also provides evidence of the trade followed by the Cape settler, an occupation in keeping with his background in the textile centres of the north-east. The Flushing authorities were prepared to accept the applicants as paying members and to admit them to citizenship when they had taken the required oath.

The refuge in Flushing enabled Hercule des Prez and his wife to practise openly the Calvinist faith and on February 11, 1688, eight days before they sailed with their children on the Schelde, they were given an attestation of membership by the minister and elders of the Walloon church in Flushing. They had, in the words of the document, “fait ouverte profession de la Religion Reformee, et vescu avec edification au milieu de nous, frequentant les sainctes assemblies et participant au Sacrement de la saincte Cene du Seigneur”. The attestation was signed by the pastor Andre Lombard and, in the name of his colleagues, by the church elder Daniel de Groot.

… The voyage to the Cape on the Schelde brought the Des Prez and Prevost families close. Elisabeth des Prez stood godmother at the shipboard baptism of Jacob Prevost, with the ship’s captain as godfather; Philippe des Prez was later to marry Charles Prevost’s daughter Elisabeth.

  • Boucher.M (1981). French speakers at the Cape: The European Background. Pretoria, UNISA. CHAPTER NINE Cape settlers V: from Flanders to Alsace on the turbulent frontier pp269-271
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Marie-Jeanne des Prez, b4 SM's Timeline

Béthune, Artois, France
February 19, 1688
Age 13
Courtrai, Flanders
August 7, 1698
Age 23
Caap de Goede Hoop, Suid Afrika
July 7, 1699
Age 24
Paarl, Breede River DC, Western Cape, South Africa
June 7, 1705
Age 30
Paarl, Drakenstein, Caap de Goede Hoop, Suid Afrika
August 10, 1709
Age 34
Caap de Goede Hoop, Suid Afrika
April 30, 1712
Age 37
May 11, 1716
Age 41
Paarl, Drakenstein, Caap de Goede Hoop, Suid Afrika
August 27, 1718
Age 43
Paarl, Drakenstein, Caap de Goede Hoop, Suid Afrika