Marie-Madeleine Després

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Marie-Madeleine Després

French: Madeleine Audet (Després)
Birthdate: (59)
Birthplace: St-Sauveur, Paris, Ile-de-France, France
Death: December 18, 1712 (55-63)
St-Jean, Isle d'Orleans, Montmorency, Québec
Place of Burial: St. Jean,l'île d'Orléans,Quebec
Immediate Family:

Daughter of François Després; François Despré and Madeleine LeGrand
Wife of Nicholas Audet dit Lapointe and Nicolas Audet dit Lapointe
Mother of Joseph Audet dit LaPointe; Nicolas Audet; Pierre Audet dit Lapointe; Jean-Baptiste Audet dit Lapointe; Marie-Madeleine Audet dite Lapointe and 4 others

Occupation: Fille du Roy, Fille du Roi
Managed by: Private User
Last Updated:

About Marie-Madeleine Després

Probably an orphan as she was supported by the King of France in Canada as one of the Filles du Roi.

Les Filles Du Roi

The filles du roi, or King's Daughters, were some 770 women who arrived in the colony of New France (Canada) between 1663 and 1673, under the financial sponsorship of King Louis XIV of France. They were part of King Louis XIV's program to promote the settlement of his colony in Canada. Some 737 of these women married and the resultant population explosion gave rise to the success of the colony. Most of the millions of people of French Canadian descent today, both in Quebec and the rest of Canada and the USA (and beyond!), are descendants of one or more of these courageous women of the 17th century.

Most were single French women and many were orphans. Their transportation to Canada and settlement in the colony were paid for by the King. Some were given a royal gift of a dowry of 50 livres for their marriage to one of the many unmarried male colonists in Canada. These gifts are reflected in some of the marriage contracts entered into by the filles du roi at the time of their first marriages. Of the nearly 1000 women who undertook the journey, about 800 made it to Canada. They were promised 50 livres if they married a soldier or farmer and 100 livres if an officer. There were very few of the latter simply because there were very few officers who needed help in finding a girl of their own choice.

The girl was usually selected by her parish priest on recommendation from the Sisters in charge of an orphanage, where she had learned to read and write. It is notable that many of the girls were literate whereas the men they would marry were not. Now she had to be outfitted for the voyage and to begin her future life. Historian Douville and Casanova may be quoted as follows: “To this statutory grant (the dowry) other essential expenses were added. The first disbursement was set at 100 livres: 10 for personal and moving expenses, 30 for clothing and 60 for passage. In addition to the clothing allowance, the following were furnished: a small hope chest in which to put 1 head dress, 1 taffeta handkerchief, 1 pair of shoe ribbons, 100 sewing needles, 1 comb, 1 spool of white thread, 1 pair of stockings, 1 pair of gloves, 1 pair of scissors, 2 knives, 1,000 pins, 1 bonnet, 4 lace braids and 2 livres in silver money. On arrival in Canada, the Sovereign Council of New France provided the girls with some clothing suitable to the climate and some provisions drawn from the King’s warehouse.”

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Marie-Madeleine Després's Timeline

St-Sauveur, Paris, Ile-de-France, France
September 13, 1672
Age 19
Sainte-Famille, Île d'Orléans, Québec, Canada
June 22, 1674
Age 21
November 17, 1675
Age 22
Ste-Famille, Isle d'Orléans, Montmorency, Quebec
October 1680
Age 27
Ste-Famille,l'île d'Orléans,Quebec
August 28, 1682
Age 29
St Jean, Ile-d'Orleans, Quebec, Canada
April 10, 1684
Age 31
Saint-Jean, Québec, Canada
December 10, 1686
Age 33