Marie-Madeleine Guilleboeuf, "Fille du Roi"

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Marie-Madeleine Guilleboeuf, "Fille du Roi"

Also Known As: "Madeleine Dalbeuf", "Madeleine Guilleboeuf", "Madeleine Quilleboeuf", "Marie-Madeleine Guilleboeuf"
Birthdate: (56)
Birthplace: Saint-Étienne, Rouen, Seine-Maritime, France
Death: August 6, 1711 (52-60)
Verchères, , Quebec, Canada
Place of Burial: Quebec, Canada
Immediate Family:

Daughter of Nicolas Guilleboeuf and Madeleine Vavilin ou Vauclin
Wife of Jean Plouffe, I and Louis Foisy
Mother of François Plouffe; Jean Plouffe; Geneviève Plouffe; Marie-Madeleine Plouffe; Joseph Plouffe and 3 others

Occupation: Immigration 1668 Quebec, Canada
Managed by: Private User
Last Updated:

About Marie-Madeleine Guilleboeuf, "Fille du Roi"

She is also knowned under the name of Madeleine Dalbeuf 4, Madeleine Guilleboeuf 2, 3 and Madeleine Quilleboeuf 2.


She is the daughter of Nicolas Guilleboeuf 1 and Madeleine Vavilin 1.


She is born in 1655 in Saint-Étienne, Rouen, Seine-Maritime, France 1, 2. A contract for the Marie-Madeleine Guilleboeuf and Jean Plouf's marriage was signed in may 1669. She épousa Jean Plouf, son of Antoine Plouf and Geneviève Demaists on june 24th 1669 à la paroisse Notre-Dame, Montréal, Île de Montréal, Québec, Canada 2, 5. Jean Plouf, Marie-Madeleine Guilleboeuf, Geneviève Plouf et Jean Plouf vivaient in 1681 à la seigneurie de Verchères, Verchères, Québec, Jean Plouf possédait quatre bêtes à cornes et cinq arpents de terre en valeur 2. She marries Louis Foisy son of Martin Foisy and Madeleine Beaudoin in 1707 4. She dies in 1710 6.


List of known children:

+ 1. François Plouf (1672 - ) 1 (of Jean Plouf)

+ 2. Jean Plouf (1675 - 1744) 1, 2 (of Jean Plouf)

+ 3. Geneviève Plouf (1677 - ) 1, 2 (of Jean Plouf)

+ 4. Madeleine Plouf (1683 - ) 1 (of Jean Plouf)

  5. Joseph Plouf (1687 - 1687) 1 (of Jean Plouf) 

+ 6. Louis Plouf (1691 - 1746) 1 (of Jean Plouf)

  7. Paul Plouf (1694 - 1694) 1 (of Jean Plouf) 


1. Tanguay - Volume 1, p. 60

2. Internet - Recensement de 1681 en Nouvelle-France, référant au chapitre IV du livre Histoire des Canadiens-Français de Benjamin Sulte, compilé par Jean-Guy Sénécal ( le 17 mars 1998.

3. Tanguay - Volume 1, p. 290

4. Tanguay - Volume 1, p. 233

5. Tanguay - Volume 1, p. 60, 290

6. Courriel de Jacques Dupuis - 13 mars 2004

Filles du Roi --"King's Daughters"


Between 1663 and 1673, 768 Filles du Roi or "King's Daughters" emigrated to New France under the sponsorship of the French government as part of the overall strategy of strengthening the colony until it could stand on its own without economic and military dependence on France.

In 1663, about 2,500 colonists lived in New France, for the most part on the north shore of the Saint Lawrence between Québec and Montréal. With a constant threat from the Iroquois and the more populous English colonies on the Atlantic coast, the need to populate New France became a growing concern for Louis XIV and his colonial advisors. Through the early 1670s however, men of marriageable age far outnumbered the women of marriageable age. Unable to find a wife in Québec, a great number of male immigrants returned to France after their three-year term of service expired.

Between 1634 and August 1663, while the colony was governed by the Compagnie des Cent Associés, about 262 filles à marier (marriageable girls) were recruited by individuals or by private religious groups who paid their travel expenses and provided for their lodging until they were married. But individual recruiters and private organizations had little success in enticing single women to emigrate to New France, and fewer than ten filles arrived in the colony in most years. In 1663, the King took over direct control of the government of New France and initiated an organized system of recruiting and transporting marriageable women to the colony. On September 22, 1663, thirty-six girls --the first group of Filles du Roi-- arrived in Québec.

The recruiting of Filles du Roi took place largely in Paris, Rouen and other northern cities by merchants and ship outfitters. A screening process required each girl to present her birth certificate and a recommendation from her parish priest or local magistrate stating that she was free to marry. It was necessary that the girls be of appropriate age for giving birth and that "they be healthy and strong for country work, or that they at least have some aptitude for household chores."

The cost of sending each Fille du Roi to New France was 100 livres: 10 for the recruitment, 30 for clothing and 60 for the crossing itself --the total being roughly equivalent to $1,425 in the year 2000. In addition to having the costs of her passage paid by the state, each girl received an assortment of practical items in a case: a coiffe, bonnet, taffeta handkerchief, pair of stockings, pair of gloves, ribbon, four shoelaces, white thread, 100 needles, 1,000 pins, a comb, pair of scissors, two knives and two livres in cash. Upon arrival, the Filles received suitable clothing and some provisions.

All of the Filles du Roi first landed at Québec City where 560 remained, with 133 being sent to Montréal and 75 to Trois-Rivières. While awaiting marriage, they were lodged in houses in dormitory-style settings under the care of a female chaperone or directress where they were taught practical skills and chores to help them in their future household duties. Suitors would come to the house to make their selection, and the directress would oversee the encounters.

When selecting a Fille du Roi, the suitor looked beyond outward appearances and considered the practical attributes of a bride that would be adapted or disposed to the rigors of the colony. The preference seems to have been for peasant girls because they were healthy and industrious, as opposed to city girls who were often considered lightheaded and lazy. Marie de l'Incarnation, mother superior of the Ursuline convent at Québec City and one of Québec's early female founders, requested in 1668: "From now on, we only want to ask for village girls who are as fit for work as men, experience having shown that those who are not raised [in the country] are not fit for this country."

Every Fille du Roi had the right to refuse any marriage offer that was presented. In order to make an informed decision to accept a would-be husband, the girls asked questions about the suitor's home, finances, land and profession. Having a home of one's own was one of the most important considerations for a Fille du Roi. According to Marie de l'Incarnation, "The smartest [among the suitors] began making an habitation one year before getting married, because those with an habitation find a wife easier. It's the first thing that the girls ask about, wisely at that, since those who are not established suffer greatly before being comfortable." After agreeing to marry, the couple appeared in front of a notary to have a marriage contract drawn up, and the wedding ceremony generally followed within 30 days. For the Filles du Roi, the average interval between arrival and marriage was four to five months, although the average interval for girls aged 13 to 16 was slightly longer than fifteen months.

In addition to any dowry of goods that the bride may have brought with her from France, each couple was given an assortment of livestock and goods to start them off in married life: a pair of chickens and pigs, an ox, a cow and two barrels of salted meat. The King's Gift of 50 livres is believed to have been a customary addition to the dowry, but only 250 out of 606 known marriage contracts make reference to an additional dowry given by the King. Once married, there was an incentive to have large families. A yearly pension of 300 livres was granted to families with ten children, rising to 400 livres for 12 children and more for larger families.

In November 1671, Intendant Jean Talon in a letter to the King wrote that the birth of six to seven hundred babies that year confirmed the fertility of the country. He predicted that "without further help from the girls from France, this country will produce more than one hundred marriages in the first few years and many more after that, as time goes by." Talon advised that it would not be necessary to send more girls the next year in order for the colonists to more easily give their daughters in marriage.

In 1672 France and England declared war on the Dutch republic, requiring a great deal of the attention and finances of the French government. The French authorities decided it was too costly to continue sending Filles du Roi and unnecessary since the colony's own population could provide a sufficient number of marriageable women. In September 1673 the last shipment of Filles du Roi arrived from France, and the program ended. The population of New France had risen to 6,700 people, an increase of 168% in the eleven years since the program had begun. Although the Filles du Roi represent only 8% of the total immigrants to Canada under the French régime, they account for nearly half of the women who immigrated to Canada in the colony's 150-year history.

[Source: King's Daughters and Founding Mothers: The Filles du Roi, 1663-1673 by Peter J. Gagné. Pawtucket, RI: Quinton Publications, 2001. pp 15-42]


Among the direct ancestors of Robert Perrault, grandson of Nazaire Perrault and Demerise Simoneau, are 36 women identified by Peter J. Gagné as Filles du Roi [it is likely that more will appear on this list as ancestors are located through future research] Anc = Ancestor of Nazaire Perrault (P) or Demerise Simoneau (S) Rel = Relationship to Robert Perrault Year = Year of arrival in New France Age = Age at arrival

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Marie-Madeleine Guilleboeuf, "Fille du Roi"'s Timeline

Saint-Étienne, Rouen, Seine-Maritime, France
St-Etienne,Rouen,Normandie (s-M),Fra
February 5, 1672
Age 17
Vercheres, Vercheres, Québec, Canada
November 11, 1674
Age 19
Verchères, St-François-Xavier parish Québec, Canada
September 10, 1677
Age 22
Vercheres, Vercheres, Québec, Canada
July 25, 1683
Age 28
Contrecoeur, Vercheres, Québec, Canada
February 1, 1687
Age 32
Vercheres, Vercheres, Québec, Canada
July 12, 1691
Age 36
Montreal, Montreal, Quebec, Canada
August 27, 1693
Age 38
Montréal (Notre-Dame), Quebec