Mariota Cardney

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Mariota Cardney

Scots Gaelic: Maired Cairney, French: Mariote de Cardeny
Also Known As: "Mariote", "Marion", "Cardny", "de Cardeny"
Birthplace: Cardeny, Perthshire, Scotland
Death: Scotland
Immediate Family:

Daughter of John Cardeny of that Ilk
Partner of Robert II, King of Scots and Alexander MacNaughton, of Dunderawe, Chief of Clan MacNaughton
Mother of Walter Stewart of Cardney and of Cluny; Alexander Stewart of Innerlunan; James Stewart of Abernethy and Kinfauns; Sir John Stewart of Cardney,Kgt. and Donald MacNaughton, Dean of Dunkeld & Dunblane
Sister of Robert de Cardeny, Bishop of Dunkeld

Managed by: Harold Allen Buell, Jr.
Last Updated:

About Mariota Cardney

Marion (Mariota) (Maired) Cardney was born in Perthshire, say 1350.



Mariota Cardney was a daughter of John Cardney and sister of Robert Cardney, bishop of Dunkeld.

She became one of the several mistresses of Robert II King of Scots, and by him had a son John. In return for her 'services to the Crown' Mariota received a Charter for the lands of Burleigh and Easter Balingall, dated 17 March 1373.


From History of the Stewarts | Famous Stewarts The Stewart Society

King Robert II has also many illegitimate children with several mistresses, including four sons with his favorite Mariota Cardeny, daughter of Sir Cardeny, and [later the] widow of Alexander Mac Naugthon

  1. Alexander Stewart, of Innerlunan, Canon of Glasgow
  2. Sir John Stewart, of Cairdney, of Kincleven and of Arntully, d. 1466
  3. James Stewart, of Abernethy and of Kinfauns
  4. Walter Stewart, of Cardney and of Cluny

Her son by Alexander MacNaughton was Donald MacNaughton, Dean of Dunkeld & Dunblane


From Electric Scotland

The family of Steuart of Dalguise, Perthshire, are descended from Sir John Stewart of Arntullie and Cardneys, also designed of Dowallie, the youngest [SIC Walter was youngest] natural son of King Robert II of Scotland, by Marion or Mariota de Cardney, daughter of John de Cardney of that ilk, sister of Robert Cardney, bishop of Dunkeld from 1396 to 1436.

Sir John de Ross, First of Cairdeney, Father of the Cairneys

The first Cairney, was Sir John de Ross, who became "de Cardney of that Ilk" in 1375. And Mariota, the King's mistress, was his daughter. In his charter of Cardney from the King, he is, styled "dilectus consanguineus noster" which could be taken as referring to Euphemia Ross, the Queen. " This phrase "dilectus consanguineus noster" refers to the descent noted from Maud Bruce, which makes him already a cousin of the king, and not by the marriage or "in-law" relationship pertaining to Euphemia, who is not derived from the Bruce marriage (Earl Hugh having married twice). Sir John's main mark on history appears to have been his children. Robert de Cairney, brother of Mariota, was made Bishop of Dunkeld in 1398:


From link to Rotuli Scaccarii Regum Scotorum: The Exchequer Rolls of Scotland, Volume 4 By Scotland. Court of Exchequer. Appendix to Preface.

Mariot, daughter of John Cardney of that ilk, sister of Robert Cardney, Bishop of Dunkeld, and mistress of the King, had in the year 1372 two charters, with remainder to her children by the King, whom failing to her lawful heirs. By the one were conveyed to her the lands of Tolyry, Burelly (Burleigh), Easter Ballingall, Schenevall, and Milnnthort, in the sherifhlom of Kinross; by the other the two Clyntres, \Veltonn, and Watertoun in Aberdeen shire.l There are payments and furnishings to her in the accounts of 1380.2 Several charters to the King's children by her, granted in 1378 and 1382-3, occur in the records. She had certainly three, and apparently four sons by the King

  • Alexander Stewart, who on 3th January 1377 8 had, on resignation of Richard Mowat, a charter of Inverlunan in Forfaishire, erected into a barony, with remainders, failing his issue, to James and John Stewart, also designed sons of the King by Mariot Cardney;a and on 15th January 1382-3, a charter of Lunan, also on resignation of Richard Mowat, and of Pitfour in Buchan, the order of substitution in this instance being first to James and then to John There are remainders to Alexander in charters granted to his brothers James and John of the same date.
  • James Stewart, who obtained on 25th December 1372 a grant of the reversion to an annuity from Abernethy enjoyed by Margaret Countess of Angus.1 He had, on 15th January 1382 3, a. charter of the east half of Kinfauns, Rate, and Mill of Forteviot, containing remainders to his brother Alexander and John.2 In the Chamberlains account of 1391 a payment occurs to James and John Stewart, the Kings brothers.3
  • Sir John Stewart of Cardney. On 15th January 1382-3, John Stewart, the King's son by Mariot Oardney, had a charter of Kinclevin, Ervyntoly (Arntully), Tulibeltyn, and Dulmernok, with remainders to his full brothers Alexander and James In the Chamberlains account of 1394 occurs a payment of L10 to Master Robert of Cardney, to the expenses of the Kings brother John Stewart, studying at Paris 5 There are remainders to this John Stewart in the above mentioned charters of 1378 and 1382-3 granted to his full brothers James and Alexander, and his half brother John. Robert III. granted a charter of the two Cardneys in Perthshire to his brother John Stewart 3 which is said by Duncan Stewart to have been dated 12th February 1399, and to have contained a reversion to a younger brother named Walter.7 Sir John Stewart of Cardney was made a knight at the coronation of James 1.8 -Arntully and Cardney continued to be pos sessed by his descendants.
  • Walter. In the charter of the Cardneys to John Stewart there is said to have been a reversion to his brother Walter, whom failing to the Crown. The absence of all mention of Walter in the charters of January 1382 3 seems to suggest that he was not born till after their date.

From MacFarlane Families and Connected Clans Genealogies

Mariote de Cardny, 'one of King Robert the Second's Mistresses by whom he had many children' (Macfarlane, II, p. 302), had a charter from the king of the two Clyntres, etc., in the sheriffdom of Aberdeen in 1372 (RMS., I, 506 She received what were probably Buchan lands in 1372, the year of the death of her grandfather William, Earl of Ross. These lands, which the Earl of Ross had inherited from a Comyn co-heiress, had been taken from William and his brother Hugh "by force and fraud" by David II and given to Sir Walter Leslie and his wife, Euphemia, Countess of Ross. Their son Alexander, Earl of Ross, married a Stewart, a granddaughter of Robert II of the Albany line, but the line failed and Ross passed through an heiress to the MacDonalds.

"Mariota de Cardney is mentioned in the Treasurer's accounts for various sums of money in 1380 for buying napery for her use, and sums are also allowed for her son James for fees at St. Andrews College, 1384." (The Scottish Antiquary, or, Northern Notes and Queries 103-4).

She is mentioned in The Story of the Stewarts "She received lands from King Robert in the counties of Kinross and Aberdeen, with remainder to her three sons above named, and they also had remainder in the grant of lands to their half-brother, the red Stewart of Dundonald. Various entries appear in the Exchequer Rolls of the tie relative to expenses paid on her account" King Robert's grant of the lands of Cardney is said to have contained a reversion in favour of a fourth son of Mariote de Cardney, Walter Stewart.

After the King, she was mistress of Alexander, the chief of the MacNaughtans and thus gave us the next (illegitimate) Bishop of Dunkeld, Dr. Donald MacNaughtan. So then she was both sister and mother to the Bishop of Dunkeld in her lifetime. [2]


  1. MacNaughton, Irvine Douglas Levarre-Waters (1937-1993), (
  2. Cairney History, Christopher Thomas Cairney, MA, MA, PhD, (


  • link to A Genealogical and Heraldic Dictionary of the Peerage and Baronetage of the British Empire, Volume 42, Part 1 Henry Colburn, 1880 - Baronetage. Page 109 (cix) "He also had several natural sons, of whom Sir John Stewart, made hereditary Sheriff of Bute and Arran, was ancestor of the Earls and Marquesses of Bute; and Sir John Stewart, of Cardney and Arntullie (whose mother was a dau. of Sir John Cardney, of Cardney), was ancestor of the Stewarts, of Cardney and Dalguise"
  • link to The Scots Peerage, Scotland, House of Stewart, Kings of > Robert II. "Robert II. had also a number of illegitimate sons, eight of whom are named in the records of the time. 5. Alexander Stewart of Inverlunan. 6. James Stewart of Kinfauns. 7. Sir John Stewart of Cardney. 8. Walter Stewart."
  • link to The Scottish Antiquary (or, Northern Notes and Queries) 7. 103 "King Robert II. of Scotland had issue by Mariota de Cardney. She is said to have been a daughter of Sir John de Ross, son of the Earl of Ross, who assumed the name of Cardney on obtaining from Robert II. the lands of Cardney, 19th June 1375, in which charter he is styled 'dilectus consanguineus noster', the king having married Euphemia Ross. Mariota got charters of various lands from the king, and bore to him four sons."
  • link to "Modern Athens! Displayed in a Series of Views: Or Edinburgh in the Nineteenth Century:: Exhibiting the Whole of the New Buildings, Modern Improvements, Antiquities, and Picturesque Scenery, of the Scottish Metropolis and Its Environs," John Britton, Thomas Hosmer Shepherd Jones & Company, 1829 - Architecture. Page 104 "JOHN STEUART, ESQ.""The progenitor of the present family, possessing the barony of Dalguise, was Sir John Steuart, of Cardney, Lord of Dowallie, son of King Robert II., by Mariotta, daughter of John de Cardennie, or Cardney, of Ilk, in Perthshire. He married Jane, daughter of Sir John Drummond, of Stobhall, and sister of Annabella, queen of Robert III. His first charters appear to be dated in the year 1382, when he inherited, by his mother, the barony of Cardney, and other lands."
  • link to The Historical Castles and Mansions of Scotland: Perthshire and Forfarshire By Alexander Hastie Millar. Page 113. "The earliest charter referring to Kinfauns which we have found duly registered is dated 1371, and is a confirmation by Robert II. of certain teinds, from the estate to the monastery of Scone. In 1382 this monarch granted the east half of the lands of Kinfauns to James Stewart, the third of his four natural sons by Mariota de Cardney; while at the same time he bestowed the west half of Kinfauns on Walter Stewart, his youngest son by the same mother. James Stewart of Kinfauns was a notable personage in his time, having held the important post of Keeper of Edinburgh Castle in 1398, but as he died without issue the estate reverted to the Crown ..."
  • link to Collections concerning the Scottish History, preceding the death of King ...By Sir James DALRYMPLE. Page 37
  • link to Magna Carta Ancestry: A Study in Colonial and Medieval Families, 2nd Edition .... " ... Marion de Cardney, daughter of John de Cardney, of Cardney and Foss, and sister of Robert de Cardney, Bishop of Dunkeld ..."
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Mariota Cardney's Timeline

Perthshire, Scotland
Age 7
Age 20
Dundonald, Ayrshire, Scotland
Age 23
Age 27
Dundonald, South Ayrshire, Scotland
Age 30