Mary Anne Brooker, Convict "Lady Juliana" 1790

Is your surname Brooker?

Research the Brooker family

Mary Anne Brooker, Convict "Lady Juliana" 1790's Geni Profile

Share your family tree and photos with the people you know and love

  • Build your family tree online
  • Share photos and videos
  • Smart Matching™ technology
  • Free!

Mary Anne Brooker (Wade), Convict "Lady Juliana" 1790

Also Known As: "Mary Harrigan"
Birthdate: (82)
Birthplace: Southwark, UK
Death: December 17, 1859 (82)
Fairy Meadow, , New South Wales, Australia
Place of Burial: Wollongong, NSW, Australia
Immediate Family:

Daughter of George Wade and Mary Wade
Wife of Edward Teague Harrigan, Convict "Salamander" 1791 and Jonathon Brooker, Convict "Atlantic" 1791
Mother of Edward Harrigan, Infant; Sarah Mary Ray - Boon; William Brooker; Edward Harrigan; John Brooker and 3 others
Sister of George Wade

Occupation: (a) Convict. Sentenced to be hung. Transported to Australia for life, aged 11 years ! (b) Street Sweeper - Wollongong.
Managed by: Private User
Last Updated:

About Mary Anne Brooker, Convict "Lady Juliana" 1790

The trial of Mary Wade, aged 11, and Jane Whiting, aged 14, was an extraordinary one. They were tried at the 14 Jan 1789 Old Bailey sessions on a capital charge of highway robbery.

Both girls were ragged children who frequented the Treasury building on Whitehall to beg for halfpence from passers-by.

On 5 Jan Mary Phillips, an eight year old shoemaker's daughter who lived in Charles Street, was sent by her brother to fill a bottle of water at the public wash house adjoining the Treasury building. The two girls approached the child and Wade said she would fill the bottle for her, but dropped and broke it. They said they would replace it if she would follow them up a passage to a privy where they told her to take off her clothes. They ran off with her frock, cap and tippet, leaving the child shut up in the privy crying and wearing only her petticoats. It was already dark and a woman with a lamp came in with washing and sent the girl home.

The girls pawned the frock at James Kimber's rather disreputable pawn shop on Great Almonry for 18p. They were arrested the following week when Catherine McKillen, who often begged with them, reported them to the police after a local woman complained that Wade had robbed her. McKillen said she had heard Wade say 'I wish I had not done it' to which Whiting retorted 'it was through you it was was your own fault. Wade then allegedly said 'I was in a good mind to have chicked ‎[her]‎ down the necessary, and I wish I had done it'. She also said that Wade had been arrested previously for stripping a child 'and chucking her in a ditch' but had been released because of her youth.

Although only 8, the evidence of the victim on oath was accepted by the court. She told the judge the girls had not beaten or hurt her. The judge reprimanded Wade's mother when she appeared in the witness box to speak for her daughter. Mrs Wade said she was married to a drover. 'I hardly can ask you how your child has behaved' the judge said, ' for I am afraid you are as much in fault as she is, by not taking proper care of her, and keeping her at home, and making her industrious; letting her run about the streets, was the sure way to lead to the place where she is now'.

Mrs Wade replied 'It is the other girl that induces her out, when my back is turned, to go a begging with her. I never brought her up to go a begging; all the butchers know me well. I have a great family of them'. The judge told her 'I hope you will take better care of the rest, or else they will all come to the gallows'.

The judge then told the jury that 'the very circumstance of such a child falling into the hands of two strangers, young as they are standing over her and stripping her, does seem to be equivalent to holding a pistol to the breast of a grown person..the tender years of these persons may be a circumstance to be attended to in other views, but...I think it would be a dangerous thing to society, to lower the offence below the rank of actual robbery'.

A guilty verdict was returned and the girls were sentenced to death. It is highly unlikely that there was any serious intention to execute them and the reprieve to transportation for life which followed in April was probably a matter of course. A life sentence was nevertheless a very severe one for girls of such a young age and the authorities may have decided to make an example of them ‎[this was at the time when child labour was widespread]‎. They were both among a group of women sent from Newgate Gaol on 7 May 1789 for embarkation aboard the ship 'Lady Juliana'. Old Bailey transcript 22 Apr 1789: The following Prisoners accepted the conditions mentioned in his Majesty's pardon, viz. To be transported during the term of their lives. Lidia Jones; Elizabeth Shakespeare; Esther Thornton; Catherine Heyland; Ann Steel; Elizabeth Smith; Mary Wade; Jane Whiting.

Mary sailed on the ship 'Lady Juliana' which departed England on 29 Jul 1789 and arrived in the colony on 3 Jun 1790. Each member of the crew soon took a 'wife' from the convicts.

Jonathan Brooker and Mary were living together by 1806. The couple lived in the Hawkesbury area until about 1813 when Brooker was granted 60 acres in the Airds district.

Mary lived with her son Edward at Fairy Meadow in later life. At her death, the Illawarra Mercury commented that she was the matriarch of the largest white family in Australia, with more than 300 descendants at the time of her death ‎(now numbering in the thousands)‎.

Who was Mary Wade?

Mary Wade came to Australia as a 11 year old convict girl. She was one of a boatload of convict women sent to the two year old colony of New South Wales in 1790.

At age 16, she gave birth to her first child, Sarah Wade.

Mary Wade is reputed to have given birth to 21 children in her childbearing years but only seven survived to have children of their own. Those seven children lived through much better times than Mary and were quite prolific in their child rearing.

When Mary died in 1859 at the age of 82, she had over 300 living descendents and was considered one of the founding mothers of the early settlers in Australia. Tens of thousands of Australians, including our present Prime Minister, Kevin Rudd, trace their lineage back to that little convict girl, Mary Wade.

Early descendents seemed to congregate in the Wollongong and Riverina regions, but today they are scattered all over the world.

Mary was born on 5th October 1777 in Southwark, London. She was christened on 21st December 1777 at St Olaves Bermondsey. She died on 17th December 1859 aged 82, at Fairy Meadow, NSW and is buried at St Pauls Church of England Cemetery, Wollongong, NSW.

Her trial was on 14th January 1789, where she was sentenced to death for stealing a frock from an 8 year old girl. Mary was 11 at the time. She spent 93 days in the infamous Newgate prison before being transported on the Lady Juliana (Second Fleet) for an 11 month voyage across the ocean to Sydney, where she arrived on 3rd June 1790. She was then sent on to Norfolk Island on the Surprise, arriving on 7th August 1790.

She had 2 children on Norfolk Island - Sarah in 1793 and William in 1795 (believed to be Jonathan Brooker's son). When they came back to Australia, Mary lived with Teague Harrigan and they had a son, Edward, in their tent on the banks of the Tank Stream in Sydney in 1803. Teague left to go on a whaling expedition in 1806 and never returned.

Mary later lived with Jonathan Brooker, having more children. There is no record of them having married. They were given their Certificates of Emancipation in 1811 and 1812 and eventually settled in Airds with their family. Life on the land was difficult and their property and crops were lost in 1823 in a bushfire.

The family became destitute and pleaded to the Governor of the time, Governor Brisbane, for aid. They eventually resettled in the Corrimal area of Illawarra. Jonathan died in 1833 and Mary lived for another 26 years, remaining in the Illawarra area.

The graveyard Mary was buried in was made into a rest park. The tombstones were laid flat on their graves and covered with soil. Lawn was laid over the area and roses were planted. The area has a low stone wall around it and the entrance has a plaque which reads " City of Wollongong, Erected to the Memory of Pioneers of this District, Who Here Lie at Rest."

At the time of her death, Mary had over 300 living descendants. She is therefore known affectionately as one of the founding mothers of Australia.



view all 18

Mary Anne Brooker, Convict "Lady Juliana" 1790's Timeline

October 5, 1777
Southwark, UK
December 21, 1777
Camberwell, Greater London, UK
Age 14
Sydney, NSW, Australia
September 22, 1793
Age 15
Norfolk Island
December 10, 1796
Age 19
Norfolk Island
August 20, 1803
Age 25
Sydney, New South Wales, Australia
June 24, 1809
Age 31
Windsor, New South Wales, Australia
December 7, 1810
Age 33
Hawkesbury River
November 28, 1812
Age 35
Windsor, Hawkesbury, NSW, Australia
May 30, 1814
Age 36
Campbelltown, New South Wales, Australia