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Mary Carter (Field)

French: Mary Campbell
Birthplace: Hartford, Hartford, Connecticut, USA
Death: Died in Deerfield, Franklin, Massachusetts, USA
Immediate Family:

Daughter of Zecheriah Field, Sr. and Mary Field
Wife of Joshua Carter, Jr.
Mother of Samuel Carter; Joshua Carter; Abigail Carter; Anthony Carter; Judith Carter and 2 others
Sister of Zechariah Field, Jr.; John Field; Sgt. Samuel Field and Capt. Joseph Field
Half sister of Sarah Field; William Field, I; Thomas Field; Robert Field; John Field and 5 others

Managed by: Private User
Last Updated:

About Mary Carter

  • 'New England families, genealogical and memorial: a record of the ..., Volume 2 edited by William Richard Cutter
  • Pg.719
  • (IX) John (2) Field, son of Richard and Elizabeth Felde, was born about 1535, at East Ardsley, and married, in 1560, Jane, daughter of John Amyas. She died August 30, 1609, and he died May, 1587. He was an eminent astronomer, and introduced into England in 1557 the Copernican system, against the opposition of the scientist of his day, and in recognition of this service to astronomy a sphere was later added to and surmounted the family coat-of-arms.
    • (X) John (3), son of John (2) and Jane Field, was born about 1568, in Ardsley, and moved away before attaining his majority. Record of his death has not been found.
      • (XI) Zachariah Field, grandson of John (2) Field, the astronomer, American ancestor of the Field family, was born in 1596, at East Ardsley, Yorkshire, England. The Field famly has usually taken the liberal side of religious and political questions, and in 1629 Zachariah Field left England on account of the persecutions of the dissenters, and landed in Boston, settling in Dorchester, In 1636 he was one of the Rev. Thomas Hooker's congregation, which settled in Hartford, Connecticut. With the more liberal members of the church he removed to Northampton, Massachusetts, in 1659. He was engaged in the mercantile buseness and had a large trade with the Indians. He was one of the original twenty-five proprietors of Hatfield, same colony, and was a member of the committee which laid out the lands. He received a grant of land there in 1661 and resided there until his death, June 30, 1666. He married, about 1670, ____. Their children were: 'Mary', Zachariah, mentioned below; John, Samuel, Joseph.
  • ______________

Mary Field Carter was born about 1643 in Harford, Connecticut to Zachariah and Mary (Stanley) Field. She married Joshua Carter, Jr. on October 4, 1663 and they resided in Deerfield. Some sources list her death as June 18, 1675 at the age of 32.

Deerfield was the northernmost Colonial settlement in Massachusetts and was vulnerable to attack from hostile tribes. In 1675, King Philip's War erupted between some Native American tribes and Massachusett Bay colonists. Though tensions had been brewing for years, the immediate cause of the war was the killing of John Sassamon, a liaison between the Wampanoag and the Colonists.

In June 1675, the hostilities escalated to a series of mutual settlement burnings and attacks between Natives and Colonists. Suspicions multiplied. The fury of the attacks drove settlers to abandon their homes in Deerfield by September. However, the settlers were left without food and supplies for the winter.

As the memorial of the Battle of Bloody Brook tells it: "Lacking food for winter, the settlers dispatched some eighteen teamsters, under the guard of Captain Thomas Lothrop and about seventy newly recruited soldiers, to retrieve a gathered harvest of grain from their fields. Joshua Carter, Jr., Mary's husband was one of the teamsters.

The men loaded the harvest without incident and possibly began to feel too safe. On September 18, 1675, they attempted to haul the grain back to Deerfield. After traveling some distance, the convoy stopped to rest. The inexperienced soldiers laid their firearms in the carts of grain and picked some wild grapes nearby to eat...While the colonial troops rested, the Native Americans attacked. As many as ninety colonial soldiers and teamsters were killed. Many, but not all, of their names have been preserved...

The battle took place near Deerfield Village on the banks of Muddy Brook, afterward called Bloody Brook. The dead soldiers and teamsters were buried in a mass grave nearby. The bloodshed led the remaining settlers swiftly to abandon Deerfield. For years after the war's end, settlers' attempts to reclaim the land provoked attacks by Native Americans. The settlers gradually prevailed...The mass grave was marked in 1838 with a flagstone bearing Lothrop's name and an inscription about the event..."


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Mary Carter's Timeline

Windsor, Connecticut, USA
Hartford, Hartford, Connecticut, USA
February 27, 1664
Age 21
Deerfield, Hampshire, Massachusetts, USA
Age 21
Northampton, Hampshire Co., MA
February 11, 1666
Age 23
Deerfield, Hampshire, Massachusetts, USA
June 6, 1668
Age 25
Windsor, Hartford, Connecticut, USA
Age 27
North Hampton, Hampshire, Massachusetts, USA
Age 30
North Hampton, Hampshire, Massachusetts, USA
Age 31
Deerfield, Franklin, Massachusetts, USA