Mary Venner - Butler, convict "Queen" 1791

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Mary Venner - Butler (Mandeville), convict "Queen" 1791

Birthplace: Ireland
Death: Died in Parramatta, New South Wales, Australia
Place of Burial: Parramatta, New South Wales, Australia
Immediate Family:

Wife of Boze Venner
Partner of Joseph Butler, convict "Neptune" 1790
Mother of Anne Venner

Managed by: Kathleen Margaret Cobcroft
Last Updated:
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Immediate Family

About Mary Venner - Butler, convict "Queen" 1791

The Third Fleet Convicts on the Queen - Sailed April 1791 from Cork, Ireland Arrived 27th September 1791 Embarked - 133 Males, 21 Females

Entry 5347 Name Mandeville, Mary Status Convict Crime Untraced Court Kilkenny, Ireland Date 1790 Sentence 7 Years

Mary arrived on the "Queen" in 1791 after having been tried in Kilkenny County, Ireland in 1790. She was sentenced to 7 years transportation. She was aged 35. She departed Cork, Ireland onboard the "Queen" in April 1791, with 133 male and 21 other female convicts and arrived in Sydney on the 27th September 1791. The ships captain was Richard Owen.

She had been previously married to Boze Venner (QV) and baptized a daughter, Anne by him in 1793, but had left Venner by 1795.

By early 1795 Mary Mandeville was living with Butler.

On a grant adjoining that of Butler's lived William Pawson (QV) and his wife Mary (formerly Smith). On the 9th July, 1795 Mary Mandeville and Mary Pawson quarrelled furiously over a pair of chains Pawson had lent Butler. That night the Butler house was destroyed by fire, the couple also lost 350 bushels of corn in the blaze. Mary Mawson was charged with starting the fire but was acquitted at the Sydney Court of Criminal Jurisdiction on the 20th July 1795. In the court Mary Mandeville admitted that the quarrel had involved much abuse on both sides; she added that Mary Pawson had left "clapping her hands as she said, you bloody, bloody whore, before this day in a month I will give you a warm arse". Whether this was said as a scream of abuse or in a low threatening tone is not clear.

Judge-advocate David Collins, in "An Account of the English Colony in New South Wales" (published 1798): "A criminal court was assembled on the 20th for the trial of Mary Pawson, a settler's wife at the river, for the crime of arson. On the trial there was strong evidence of malice in the prisoner against the wife of the owner of the house; but not any that led directly to convict her of having set the house on fire. She was therefore acquitted; but the adjoining settlers disliking such a character in their neighbourhood, the husband, who had nothing against him but this wife, sold a very good farm which he possessed on a creek of the river, and withdrew to another situation, remote and less advantageous." In 1807 William Pawson was charged with embezzling corn entrusted to him by the government. In the Land and Stock Return of 1819 he appears with 95 acres. He is not mentioned in the 1828 Census. William and Mary appeared to have remained together, although the Pawson name disappeared from the region, suggesting they were childless.

Mary Manderville was not injured in the fire, but she died a few months later. Her burial was registered as St Johns, Parramatta on the 2nd September, 1795 less than seven weeks after the trial.

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Mary Venner - Butler, convict "Queen" 1791's Timeline

April 25, 1793
Age 27
New South Wales, Australia
September 2, 1795
Age 29
Parramatta, New South Wales, Australia
September 1795
Age 29
Parramatta, New South Wales, Australia