Mary "Polly" Craig

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Mary "Polly" Craig (Hawkins)

Birthdate: (87)
Birthplace: Prince William, Prince William County, Virginia, United States
Death: January 16, 1804 (87)
Clear Creek Springs, Bell County, Kentucky, United States
Place of Burial: Georgetown, Scott County, Kentucky, United States
Immediate Family:

Daughter of John Hawkins, of Oxford and Mary Hawkins
Wife of Francis B Kearby and Rev. Taliaferro "Toliver" Craig
Mother of Hawkins Kearby; John Hawkins Craig; Joyce Jossa Faulconer (Craig); Taliaferro "Toliver" Craig, Jr.; Rev. Lewis Craig, Rev. and 7 others
Sister of William Hawkins; Elizabeth Hawkins; Nicholas Hawkins; Benjamin Hawkins; Col. Joseph Hawkins and 4 others
Half sister of Elizabeth Smith; Thomas Hawkins; William Hawkins; John Hawkins; Catherine Smith and 1 other

Managed by: Private User
Last Updated:

About Mary "Polly" Craig

Alternative death date - Jan.16, 1804, Clear Creek Floyd, Kentucky


Marriage to Taliaferro Craig sr, 1732 c. in Prince William, Virginia

---------------------------------------------------- A Patriot of the American Revolution for VIRGINIA. DAR Ancestor # A027259

Bryan Station (also Bryan's Station, and often misspelled Bryant's Station) was an early fortified settlement in Lexington, Kentucky. It was located on present-day Bryan Station Road, about three miles (5 km) north of New Circle Road, on the southern bank of Elkhorn Creek near Briar Hill Road.

The settlement was established circa 1775-76 by brothers Morgan, James, William and Joseph Bryan from North Carolina. The occupants of this parallelogram of some forty log cabins withstood several American Indian attacks. The most important occurred in August 1782 during the American Revolutionary War, when they were besieged by about 300 Shawnee Indians and British Canadians under Captain William Caldwell and Simon Girty. Bryan Station was located far from a spring that the camp used for drinking water. Since the fort was surrounded by Indians, the men sent out the women to retrieve water and other resources. The Indians would not attack the women and that is why they were sent out to retrieve the water. At the time of the siege the militia did not realize just how many Indians were waiting for them outside of the fort or that these Indians had some support from the British. This attack was a surprise attack and the militia in the fort were unprepared for this attack. The attackers lifted the siege after Indian scouts reported that a force of Kentucky militia was on the way. The militiamen pursued Caldwell's force but were defeated three days later at the Battle of Blue Licks, about 60 miles (100 km) northeast.

The Lexington chapter of the Daughters of the American Revolution erected a monument in August 1896 to commemorate the importance of a nearby spring in helping preserve the fort from the attack by Indians and Canadians. The pioneer women, led by Mary "Polly" Hawkins Craig (wife of "Traveling Church" patriarch Toliver Craig, Sr.), fetched water from the spring to defend against the use of burning arrows by the attackers. If the fort had burned, the attackers could have reached the women and children sheltering there.

Located a couple of miles south of the fort's site, Bryan Station High School was named in its honor. The athletic teams compete under the name "Defenders".


James Truslow Adams, Dictionary of American History, New York: Charles Scribner's Sons, 1940 "Outline of the Battle of Blue Licks," Carlisle Mercury, August 17th 1882, University of Kentucky Special Collections,51W8

Mary Hawkins and Francis Kearby had five children: Priscilla Ann Kirby; William Kirby, who married Alley Seay; John Kirby, who married Martha; Benjamin Kirby, who married Jerusha; and Hawkins Kearby.

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Mary "Polly" Craig's Timeline

September 19, 1716
Prince William, Prince William County, Virginia, United States
Age 14
Spotsylvania County, Virginia, United States
Age 15
Spotsylvania County, Virginia, (Present USA)
March 20, 1736
Age 19
Spotsylvania, VA, USA
January 17, 1737
Age 20
Orange, Orange County, Virginia, United States
November 15, 1738
Age 22
Spotsylvania, VA, USA
June 11, 1741
Age 24
Spotsylvania Courthouse, Spotsylvania County, Virginia, United States
Age 25
Rockbridge County, Virginia, United States