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Mary Scarburgh (Harmar)

Also Known As: "Scarburgh", "Cade", "Littleton", "Charlton", "Swarburgh"
Birthplace: London, Middlesex, England
Death: December 15, 1691
Immediate Family:

Daughter of John Harmar of London and Unknown Harmar
Wife of Cade and Colonel Edmund Scarburgh, Il
Mother of Tabitha Hill; Colonel Charles Scarburgh; Matilda West; Colonel Edmund Scarburgh and Littleton Scarburgh
Sister of Thomas Harmar; Richard Harmar; Elizabeth Harmar and John Harmar

Managed by: Private User
Last Updated:

About Mary Scarburgh

Mary, wife of Col. Edmund Scarburgh, was NOT a Littleton, or a Charlton, or a Pott(s). She has been plausibly identified as the daughter of a John Harmer who was some sort of cousin to the two John Harmers (uncle and nephew) who were Greek professors at Oxford University. (She isn't the daughter of either of the professors, because the older one had no children and the younger one was a little *too* young to be a plausible father for her.)

Mary Scarburgh's will was probated on 15 Dec 1691 in Accomack, Virginia.


  1. Col. Edmund Scarburgh (II), (AKA Scarborough), son of Capt. Edmund [1] Scarburgh (I) and Hannah "Butler" [nee Smith - she was widowed at least once before marrying Edmund Scarburgh], circa 1639 at Accomack Co, VA.3


  1. Tabitha Scarburgh+ b. 1640, d. Dec 1717. Married John Smart. Other marriages seen.
  2. Col. Charles Scarburgh (I)+ b. 1643, d. b 6 Oct 1702. Married Elizabeth Bennett
  3. Matilda Scarburgh (Quaker)+ b. 1645, d. 3 Jan 1721. Married John West
  4. Littleton Scarburgh b. a 1646, d. b 25 Mar 1672.
  5. Col. Edmund Scarburgh (III)+ b. 1647, d. b Apr 1712. Married 1) Ursula Whittington 2) Elizabeth Edwards


Whoever she was, she was not the daughter of Sir Edward Littleton (dates do not compute). Her current placement is based on and evolved from a theory from the Miles Files. Note that there is still a Littleton connection, although it is now indirect.

Edmund Scarborough also had three daughters by Ann Taft or Toft, starting circa 1662. (Apparently he was committing adultery with Ms. Taft/Toft as the Other Woman.)


Mary's will was dated 14 June 1691 and witnessed by Edward Marten, Tully Robinson, Richard Bayley (1) (2); At the time she was living at the house of Antony West, her grandson, at Merry branch (1) (2). Her legacies were to her grandson Anthony and his heirs her two slaves and if they should die first, the slaves were to go to her daughter Mathilda West (1) (2). Other legacies were to her son Charles Scarburgh, her daughter Tabitha Custis, son Edmund Scarburgh, grandson Edmund (son of Edmund), granddaughter Mary West, granddaughter Tabitha Custis, with other bequests to grandson Anthony West and daughter Mathilda West (1) (2) whom she named as executors of her will. By October 1691, she had become very unhappy with her son Charles and made a proviso to her will in which she revoked all bequests to Charles because he neglected her in her languishing sickness (1) (2). Her will was proved in Accomack Court 15 Dec 1691 where Tully Robinson was one of those who gave oath (1) (2).


  • (1). Virginia Wills; GPC 1982 (975.5 P2v) p869-870
  • (2). Virginia Magazine of History and Biography, Vol XI, 1903, p222

From the Miles Files

Mary Cade or Harmer (Cade or Harmer?) F, b. 1610, d. before 15 December 1691 Charts Descendants of Capt. Edmund Scarburgh (Burgess at Jamestown) Ancestors of William Taylor White (the Boy in the Iron Coffin)

Mary was born in 1610 at England.1,2 Thomas Teackle Upshur, a noted Eastern Shore genealogist from the late 1800's, showed her as Mary Cade. She did have a great-granddaughter named Mary Cade Wise who was born just a few years after Mary Scarburgh died. Sutherland McColley of 5 West Mountain Road, Sharon, CT 06069-2257 in an Email of 16 Dec 2010 states that he believes she may have been Mary Harmar, christening at Westminster, London, England 26 Dec 1613. Her father being "Prof" John Harmar of Oxford University a brother to Charles Harmar, Gent, who married Ann Southey. Ann, of course later married Col. Nathaniel Littleton.

Charles Harmar and Capt. Edmund Scarborough were associated and were members of the 1st council of Accomack. The Capt went to Cambridge and Charles's brother went to Oxford. Certainly an arranged marriage between the Capt.'s son Edmund II and Charles' niece would have been reasonable. Mary is definitely not a Charlton, Pott, or Littleton.

"Prof" John Harmar and sons John and Thomas "of Jamestown" had an adjoining property in Northampton with Scarborough and Littleton. Prof John travels on the same ship with Edmund II's sister Katherine who married Randall Revell. It would have been advantageous for Edmund II to have married into a family with a church connection while later gaining a royal connection though his brother Sir Charles - the physician to the Kings.

She married Col. Edmund [3] Scarburgh (II), son of Capt. Edmund [1] Scarburgh (I) and Hannah Smith, circa 1639 at Accomack Co, VA.3 As of circa 1639,her married name was Scarburgh.3

Mr. Littleton my love remembered. I recd ye Letter & (?) to (?) Ye towe [2] ewes unto my coosen (cousin) Mellinge takeing his receipt this (?) note (?) ye discharge. (?). your lovinge friend Mary Scarburge. July 22 1657. Recd by mee William Mellinge of Mr. Edward Littleton by order & (?) oof Mrs. Mary Scarburge towe (2) ere (ewe) lambs being given by the last will & testament of Mrs. Ann Littleton (decd) unto Littleton Scarburge sonne to Collenll Edm. Scarburgh & Mary his wife. August 11 1657 (From Northampton Co. VA Deeds, Wills, etc. 1655-1657, Book VII page fol. 24 (or 214), provided by Cynthia McDaniel, 5 Oct 2007) (NOTE: Evidently Mary was a cousin of William Mellinge.).

On 20 Jul 1671 in a deposition in a case between Capt. West and Ambrose White, Mrs. Mary Scarburgh aged about 61 years declared that about two weeks ago at the house of Ambrose White, she found Capt. West, the constable, searching for lost goods. On the floor was a bag and one Holland shirt that West claimed to be his. White claimed that he had bought the cloth from West before he went to Nevis ...2

On 17 July 1675 in Accomack County Court, deposition of Mary Scarburgh aged about 65 years: In January or February 1672, Mary was present when Jno. West bought a sloop from James Fowkes. Before the bargain Mary heard West say that the sloop was much damaged by worms. Fowkes answered that not only was it worm eaten, but two or three planks were very swollen and must be replaced. Fowkes said it was easily done, and that he would do the work for 500 lbs tobacco. On these terms, West agreed to pay 95 pounds sterling for the sloop. Signed 8 July 1675, Mary Scarburgh.4

She made a will on 14 June 1691 at Accomack Co, VA. She was shown as Mary Scarburgh, now resident at the house of Anthony West at Merry Branch. To grandson Anthony West. To his daughter Matilda. To daughter Matilda West. Son Charles Scarburgh. Daughter Tabitha Custis. Son Edmund Scarburgh. To grandson Edmund Scarburgh (under 12), son of Edmund Scarburgh. Granddaughter Mary West. Granddaughter Tabitha Custis. Daughter Matilda West and grandson Anthony West residual legatees and executors. Witt: James Alexander, Edward Marten, Tully Robinson, Richard Bally Jr. - Codicil: Revoking legacy to son Charles Scarburgh on account of his neglect. (Codicils dated 30 Sep 1691 & 16 Oct 1691).5,6 Mary died before 15 December 1691 at Accomack Co, VA.5,6

Family Col. Edmund [3] Scarburgh (II) b. 1617, d. May 1671 Marriage* She married Col. Edmund [3] Scarburgh (II), son of Capt. Edmund [1] Scarburgh (I) and Hannah Butler, circa 1639 at Accomack Co, VA.3


  • Tabitha [9] Scarburgh+ b. 1640, d. Dec 1717
  • Col. Charles [10] Scarburgh (I)+ b. 1643, d. b 6 Oct 1702
  • Matilda [13] Scarburgh (Quaker)+ b. 1645, d. 3 Jan 1721
  • Littleton [12] Scarburgh b. a 1646, d. b 25 Mar 1672
  • Col. Edmund [11] Scarburgh (III)+ b. 1647, d. b Apr 1712


  1. [S623] M.D. & Jean M. Mihalyka William R.M. Houston, Colonial Residents of Virginia's Eastern Shore (Whose Ages Were Proved Before Court Officials of Accomack and Northampton Counties), p. 91.
  2. [S698] JoAnn Riley McKey, Accomack Co, VA, Court Order Abstracts, 1671-1673, Volume 3, p. 7.
  3. [S1001] Upshur, Thomas Teackle Upsher Research.
  4. [S699] JoAnn Riley McKey, Accomack Co, VA, Court Order Abstracts, 1673-1676, Volume 4, p. 127 (17 Jul 1675 Court).
  5. [S570] Stratton Nottingham, Accomack Co, VA, Wills & Administrations, 1663-1800, p. 20 (will of Mary Scarburgh).
  6. [S2063] Sutherland McColley, Sutherland McColley's Application to the Order of the Crown of Charlemagne, and follow-up Email of 6 Jan 2011.
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Mary Scarburgh's Timeline

December 26, 1613
London, Middlesex, England
December 26, 1613
Westminster, Middlesex, England
May 30, 1639
Accomac Shire, Virginia
Northampton County, Virginia, Colonial America
Accomack County, Virginia, Colonial America
Northampton County, Virginia, Colonial America
December 15, 1691
Age 77