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Mary Toothaker's Geni Profile

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Mary Toothaker (Allen)

Also Known As: "Mary Allen Toothacher"
Birthdate: (51)
Birthplace: Andover, Essex County, Massachusetts, Colonial America
Death: August 5, 1695 (47-55)
Billerica, Middlesex County, Province of Massachusetts, (Present USA) ("slain by Indians")
Immediate Family:

Daughter of Andrew Allen and Faith Allen (Ingalls)
Wife of Dr. Roger Toothaker, Salem Witch Trials
Mother of Nathaniel Toothacher; Martha Emerson; Allin Toothacher; Dr. Roger Toothaker; Sarah Whitaker and 3 others
Sister of Sarah Holt; Martha Carrier; Hannah Holt; Elizabeth Allen; Andrew Allen, Jr. and 1 other

Occupation: Salem Witch Trials
Managed by: Private User
Last Updated:

About Mary Toothaker

Note : On May 18th, 1692, the conspiracy of accusers in Salem Village filed a complaint against Dr. Roger Toothaker. They charged him with afflicting, among others, Elizabeth Hubbard, servant of his rival, Dr. William Griggs, Of Salem Village. Dr. Toothaker was arrested and sent to Boston Prison.

On May 28th, the Salem Village conspitacy filed a complaint again his wife, Mary (Allen) Toothaker, his young daughter, Margaret Toothaker and his sister-in-law, Martha (Allen) Carrier of Andover. On May 31st, they were arrested and imprisoned in Salem.

On July 23rd, 1692, Mary’s daughter, Martha (Toothaker) Emerson, was accused and arrested. Mary Toothaker, now a widow, made a confession before the magistrates at Salem. Mary confessed to having made a covenant with the Devil in the past May for protection from the Indians.

About a week later,on August 1, 1692, the Indians attacked Billerica, and at least 6 persons were slain. The Indians returned a few days later and burned down the deserted Toothaker farm.

On August 5, 1692, Mary’s sister, Martha (Allen) Carrier was condemned by the court of Oyer and Terminer, and on August 10, she was hanged at Salem.

On February 1, 1693, at the Superior Court of Judicature at Charlestown for Middlesex County, Mary Toothaker was found not guilty in a trail by jury. Her daughter, Margaret, was also released. In 1695, the Indians raided Billerica. They killed widow Mary Allen Toothaker and carried off Margaret, now 12, who was never heard of again.

Roger, son of Roger and Margaret Toothaker, was born 1634 in England. He married Mary Allin, a daughter of Andrew Allin and Faith Ingalls, at Billerica on 9 June 1665. Roger was a physician, although possibly more of a self taught herbalist by today's standards, and Mary was a midwife. Billerica Records show that on 12 March 1682/3 and on 15 December 1684 the town Selectmen intervened for Roger to take care of his family, which he apparently ignored as the family received aid from the town.

This family had quite an involvement in the witchcraft trials at Salem. In those times doctors would often blame untreatable illnesses on witchcraft. Dr. Toothaker had claimed to many people that his daughter (Martha Emerson) had killed a witch. On 18 May 1692 Salem filed a complaint against Dr. Roger Toothaker for witchcraft, and he was taken to Boston Prison. He had been accused by Elizabeth Hubbard, Ann Putnam, Jr., and Mary Walcott, who had accused many of witchcraft. Elizabeth Hubbard was the 17 year-old servant of Dr. William Griggs of Andover, a rival doctor. Dr. Griggs was a witchcraft conspirator, he used his 17 year-old servant to accuse many of witchcraft. On 28 May, Mary Toothaker, her 9 year-old daughter Margaret, Martha Carrier (Mary Allin Toothaker's sister) of Andover, and Elizabeth (Jackson) Howe of Ipswich Farms (a cousin in law) were arrested for witchcraft. Roger died 16 June 1692, in Boston Prison, he had probably been tortured. There is not a record of torture, it was most likely covered up as 24 men inspected the body to confirm he died of natural causes.

Mary Toothaker was examined by John Hawthorne on 30 July 1692. She said that she feared the Indians so much that she had made a pact with the Devil to protect her. Of course knowing how the Witchcraft Trials were conducted, the confession was either fabricated or coerced, though she probably did greatly fear the Indians. The area had been attacked by the Indians numerous times in the preceding few years. Her and her daughter Margaret stayed in prison. Two days after the examination the Indians attacked Billerica, burning the vacant Toothaker house. At the end of January 1693 the were freed and went back home to the burned out house. Mary Toothaker went on helping sick people. Martha Carrier was condemned and hanged as a witch, on the testimonies of many people, including Roger Toothaker's son Allin. This family again suffered in the Indian massacre of Billerica of 5 August 1695. Mary Allin Toothaker was killed, and daughter Margaret was captured by the Indians, never to be seen again.

children all born at Billerica, Massachusetts

Nathaniel b. 27 April 1666 d. 18 May 1683 Billerica

Martha b. 23 July 1668 d. 14 January 1725/6 Haverhill, Mass. m. Joseph Emerson 16 July 1690 Haverhill, Mass.

Allin b. 17 September 1670

Roger b. 27 November 1672

Sarah b. Circa 1674

Mary b. 7 June 1675 d. 14 October 1675 Billerica

Mary b. 28 September 1676 d. 5 December 1683 Billerica

Andrew b. 4 October 1679

Margaret b. 31 January 1682/3 Captured by Indians 5 August 1695 at Billerica

"Sex in Middlesex: Popular Mores in a Massachusetts County, 1649-1699."

"The Toothaker family, in finicial and disciplinary with Billerica selectmen in 1683 and 1684, suffered severly during the witchcraze of 1692-93; Mary (Wife of Roger), the sister of Martha (Allen) Carrier executed at Salem on 19 Aug. 1692, was acquitted on 1 feb 1693. Roger, described as a doctor, had died at the gallows in June 1692; two of their children, Margaret and Jason were also accused. [Roger] Tooothaker who was fifty-eight in 1692, was accused of teaching Margaret supernatural methods of killing witches. Mary confessed to succumbing the temptations of Satan in 1690... She was accused of inflicting Timothy Swan and Mary Warren. Mary Toothaker....on 5 Aug. 1695 when she was killed by Indians and her daughter captured."

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Mary Toothaker's Timeline

Andover, Essex County, Massachusetts, Colonial America
April 27, 1666
Age 22
Billerica, Middlesex County, Massachusetts
July 23, 1668
Age 24
Billerica, Middlesex County, Massachusetts
September 17, 1670
Age 26
Billerica, MA, United States
November 27, 1672
Age 28
Billerica, Middlesex County, Massachusetts Bay Colony
November 15, 1675
Age 31
Billerica, MA, United States
September 28, 1676
Age 32
Billerica, MA, United States
October 4, 1679
Age 35
Billerica, Middlesex, MA
January 13, 1683
Age 39
Billerica, Middlesex County, Massachusetts