Matthias Haydn

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Matthias Haydn

Birthdate: (64)
Birthplace: Hainburg, Darmstadt, Hesse, Germany
Death: September 12, 1763 (64)
Rohrau, Bruck an der Leitha, Lower Austria, Austria (Broken ribs in an accident)
Immediate Family:

Son of Thomas Haydn
Husband of Maria Haydn and Maria Anna Haydn
Father of Franziska Haydn; (Franz) Joseph Haydn; Michael Haydn; Anna Maria Haydn; Anna Katharina Haydn and 2 others

Occupation: Master wheelwright, Village mayor (Marktrichter)
Managed by: Private User
Last Updated:

About Matthias Haydn

Matthias Haydn (31 January 1699, Hainburg, Lower Austria – 12 September 1763) was the father of two famous composers, Joseph and Michael Haydn. He worked as a wheelwright in the Austrian village of Rohrau, where he also served as Marktrichter, an office akin to village mayor.

Life

Matthias (or Mathias) was born in Hainburg, a small town not far from Rohrau, to Thomas Haydn, also a wheelwright. He served an apprenticeship as a wheelwright and then in 1717 left Hainburg on the traditional travels of the journeyman. This period of his life lasted ten years, and took him among other places to Frankfurt am Main. He returned once to Hainburg (1722), a fact known because he applied there for a copy of his birth certificate.

On his final return in 1727 he became a master wheelwright and joined the guild of wheelwrights in Hainburg. However, he settled in nearby Rohrau, where he built a house for himself. The following year he married Maria Koller, aged 21, who had worked as an "under-cook" in the palace of Count Harrach, the aristocratic patron of Rohrau. The couple had twelve children, of whom six died in infancy. The eldest, a daughter named Franziska, was born in September 1730; she lived until 1781. Joseph was second, born either 30 March or 1 April 1732[4] and Michael was sixth, born 14 September 1737. A third son, Johann Evangelist, was born 23 December 1743.

Maria died 22 February 1754, aged 47. The following year Mathias remarried, to "his servant girl of nineteen", whose maiden name was Maria Anna Seeder. The second marriage produced five children, none of whom survived to adulthood.

Mathias lived on to 1763. This was long enough to see both of his composer sons reach professional success: Michael was a Kapellmeister at Grosswardein, and Joseph had become Vice-Kapellmeister (in fact, Kapellmeister in all but name) for the fabulously wealthy Esterházy family in Eisenstadt. Haydn biographer Georg August Griesinger wrote (1810):

   Haydn's father thus had the pleasure of seeing his son in the uniform of [the Esterházy] family, blue, trimmed with gold, and of hearing from the Prince many eulogies of the talent of his son.

Griesinger goes on to relate how Mathias died:

  A short time after this visit, a wood pile fell on Meister Mathias while he was at work. He suffered broken ribs and died soon hereafter.
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Matthias Haydn's Timeline

1699
January 31, 1699
Hainburg, Darmstadt, Hesse, Germany
1730
September 1730
Age 31
1732
March 31, 1732
Age 33
Rohrau, Bruck an der Leitha, Lower Austria, Austria
1737
September 14, 1737
Age 38
Rohrau, Bruck an der Leitha, Lower Austria, Austria
1739
1739
Age 39
1741
1741
Age 41
1743
December 23, 1743
Age 44
1763
September 12, 1763
Age 64
Rohrau, Bruck an der Leitha, Lower Austria, Austria