About Max Reib Rubenstein
Max, Gabriel, and Leah were full siblings it appears. Gabriel and his wife helped Max and Fanny give away Sarah at her wedding to Sam Gould. Gabriel is mentioned as Max’s brother in the description of the wedding. We have significant shared DNA with Gabriel’s descendants.
We have even more significant DNA with Leah Reib’s descendants who remember visiting their Rubenstein relatives and there is no doubt that Leah was a full sister to Max.
J.J. and Eugene are mentioned as step brothers to Gabriel in one newspaper article. Geneva Ida is mentioned as Gabriel’s sister however and she is much younger.
We haven’t worked out the details yet and there’s some confusion regarding the father’s name on the gravestones of the various Reib (or aka Rubenstein) siblings. Menachem or Nachum or Menachem Nachum.
Update - based on a significant DNA match, we have found some additional Reibs born in the second half of the 19th century, who immigrated to America and who lived in some of the same cities as Max Reib and Gabriel, namely in Alton, IL and Saint Louis, MO. These 3 - 4 siblings -- Jacob Jean (JJ), Eugene Lester, Meyer, Leah, and Geneva Ida-- also had the name Rubenstein at times, had a father named Menachem / Menachem Nachum / Nachum, were blood relatives of Weintraub, and were known as relatives and in touch with some of Max Reib and Gabriel's children.
Based on the above and the records we have found and family stories and DNA, I am tentatively assuming that Jabob Jean (came to America as Jacob Rubenstein), Eugene L., Meyer, and Leah Reib were at least half siblings and perhaps full siblings to Max and Gabriel. Jacob Jean Reib may in fact be the Jacob Rubenstein who emigrated with Feige and Nachum Rieb and their small children Shaya (Shaya) and Cirele (Sarah).
I have also hypothesized that Gabriel Rubenstein was Max's brother. Gabriel (Lippe) arrived with Charles and Mary Fryer and their children. He lived in the same three towns as Max and was in business with Max in all three towns. From DNA we know that Gabriel's descendants are close cousins. Gabriel's grandson changed their name back to Reib.
Surnames Reib, Rubenstein, Rosenberg, Weintraub, and Fryer
Update - based on DNA from the descendants of Gabriel (Lippe / Lipmann)'s sister, Leah Reib, we now know that at least Leah, Gabriel and Max were siblings. His obituary states that Geneva Reib was also their sibling and that J.J. and Eugene Reib were Gabriel's step brothers.
Here is what we know about the parents' names of the Reibs:
- Max Reib Rubenstein born 1858 - fether's Hebrew name Menachem Nachum (gravestone)
- Gabriel (Lippe) Rubenstein born 1864 - father's Hebrew name Nachum (gravestone)
- J.J. Reib born ? - father's Hebrew name Menachem (gravestone)
- Eugene Reib born ? - no information found
- Leah Reib born 1878, father's Hebrew name Menachem Nachum (gravestone) / Nathan Reib (death certificate)
- Geneva Ida Reib born ? - father Nathan Reib and mother Adele Rosenberg (Social Security)
- Meyer Reib born 1881 - father Menachem Nachum (gravestone) / Charles Reib and Ida Weintrub (death certificate) [Note: the informant was probably staff from the institution where Meyer died]
The surnames Reib and Rubenstein were used by several of the siblings. J.J. also went by Rubenstein earlier in his life in America.
Rosenberg is the name taken by the brother of Rosa Rubenstein (nee Rubenstein), wife of Gabriel Rubenstein (nee Reib). And it also appears as the maiden name of Geneva Reib's mother.
Weintraub / Wintrob / Weintrub are cousins of Max Reib Rubenstein (see his profile). Some of their Weintraub cousins lived in Muscatine with Max and Gabriel (Mary Fryer and Oscar Wintrob). Other Weintraubs lived with Max Reib Rubenstein's daughter, Sarah Gould, years later. Another Weintraub was the father of Harold Brodkey, who was adopted by Max Reib Rubenstein's daughter, Doris Rubenstein Brodkey.
Fryer is the surname of Charles Fryer who married Mary Wintrob, who seems to be the sister of Oscar Wintrob and is the daughter of Meyer Wintrob and Rivka Reib. Charles and Mary Fryer, Oscar Wintrob, Max Reib Rubenstein and wife Fannie Rubenstein, and Gabriel (Lippe) Rubenstein were early Jewish settlers and community leaders of Muscatine, Iowa together. Lippe came to America with the Fryers and I believe that J.J. Reib came to America with Max Reib Rubenstein and his young family.
What we know about Max Reib Rubenstein
Arrived New York City on 23 Jun 1885 Nachum Rieb shipping out of Hamburg, on the Moravia. From Volinsky, age 26, a dealer. Also on line below Jacob Rubenstein, a dealer, from Volinsky, age 16.
Born Mordechai Reib, probably in Volhynia, Ukraine, circa 1859. All we know about his father is his name: Menachem Nachum. Even Max Reib Rubenstein's surname is a question mark, since Reib is uncommon and most of the families with similar names are from the Siauliai district of the Kaunas Province in Lithuania. Both Mordechai and his father have names that indicate that the family were Chasids, likely followers of the Chernobyl Twersky Rebbe, who Max Reib Rubenstein's father seems to have been named for.
Max may have had a brother, Gabriel, but if so, the family was unaware of this. Gabriel, Max, and Max Bieber were in business together for several decades from the time Max and Fannie immigrated to Muscatine. Gabriel Rubenstein's son or grandson changed his name to Reib (or possibly changed his name back to Reib). It may be that Gabriel's wife was named Rubenstein and that Gabriel and Max were Reibs and their wives were Rubensteins. There are still many mysteries surrounding Max.
About Jews in Iowa:
"MUSCATINE has an organized Orthodox Jewry with all the necessities belonging thereto Charles Fryer L Rubenstein and Oscar Weintrauber landed in that beautiful little city in 1882 and when their number increased they have organized the congregation Bnai Moses 1890 and notwithstanding their common poverty during the early days they have managed to build a little synagogue buy two Sepher Torath and engage the services of a minister who acted as schochet chazan and teacher. They number about fifty families and are blessed with many and goad children. For a time nearly all of them continued as peddlers but now a number of them are engaged in various business enterprises and are doing quite well. Mr J Bleeden whose services were engaged immediately after the formation of their congregation continues among them as their schochet even unto this day. SL Cohen Charles Fryer and Greenblatt Brothers are among the leading merchants of Muscatine while M Isaacson L Diamond and B Goldstein are the leaders in congregational and charitable work among the peaceful hard working Jews of that growing city."
Note: Charles Fryer is a relative by marriage of Max Reib Rubenstein. L Rubenstein is presumably Max Reib Rubenstein. Oscar Weintrauber is likely Oscar Weintraub, likely the brother-in-law of Mary Fryer and also a relative of Max Reib Rubenstein.
From: The Jews of Iowa by Simon L. Glazer, 1903 (Google Books)
Also about life in Muscatine:
"...On March 10, 1890 t the first Congregation and what was to be the only one in Muscatine history was founded. It was called B'nai Moses. The Articles of Incorporation were signed by Mr. M. Rubenstein, B. Shames, Jacob Wolff and B. Goldstein. The other charter members were Isaac Helman, Hyman Share, Louis Siegel, Joe Siegel, Simon Lief lander, E. Powelanky and Charles Smith. The Congregation was very poor and money had to be borrowed for a charter. The Articles of Incorporation are quite interesting (see page 146). The name used is "Congregation of Israel of Moses Meier." The "Bible" is the Torah Scroll. Jake and Charles Smith were designated to build the Synagogue which they probably started in 1891.
Meanwhile Joseph Bleeden had arrived in New York from Europe. After a few months there, he came to Muscatine to join his landsleite , his townsmen from Europe, and he became the Rabbi of Muscatine's Jewish Community. Religious services and classes were held in his home at
Max once opened a garage with Sam Gould, his son in law.
Alton Ill Progressive Auto Service $50 000 to operate a garage Samuel Gould Max Rubenstein Jacob B Kahn
UPDATE: Nachum Rieb, age 26, arrived on 23 June 1885 on the Moravia to New York, sailing from Hamburg. He is listed as "Russian," but no birth place is listed for him in the U.S. manifest. While the Hamburg manifest is interpreted as having his origin as "Wolensky, Russia," it may be from the person below him (Jacob Rubenstein). Feige Rieb and her two children were also on the Moravia, leaving Hamburg on June 10, 1885!
Also on the Moravia, next to or close to Nachum Rieb were Jacob Weintraub, age 17 and Jacob Rubenstein age 16. Finally, on the same ship but not next to Nachum Rieb was Jankel Rubinstein age 22.
- Image 9 - Feige, Cirel, Schaie Rieb (from Belorodki)
- Image 12 - Jankel Rubinstein, age 22 from Kovno
- Image 13 - Jacob Weintraub, Nachum Rieb, and Jacob Rubinstein (latter from Wolensky)
Volhynia (Volhynia, Wolin, Volinskaya, Wolyn, Wolina, Wolinsk, Volinski, Wolinski, Volenskii, Wolenskj, Wolenskja, Volin, Volyn)
A Russian Guberniya until 1917 and now is an Oblast. Polish province of Wolyn between WW I and II. Today, it is located in northwestern Ukraine. Zhitomir is the main city. The area was designated a Guberniya with the partition of Poland in the last few years of the 18th century. Volhynia Guberniya has been written as: Volhyn, WVolyn. WVolin, Volinskaya, Wolinski, Wolina. It is situated in the northwestern part of Ukraine, bounded by Volhynia Guberniya on the south, Galicia (Austria-Hungary) on the southwest, Congress Poland on the west, Grodno and Minsk Guberniyas on the north and Kiev Guberniya on the east. In 1921, the Treaty of Riga returned the western portions of Volhynia to Poland and the remainder was absorbed into the Soviet Union. By 1945, the western portion of Volhynia was back under Soviet rule.
UPDATE: The Reib - Rubenstein descendants have significant shared DNA with a Reiben / Rubin descendant from Zagare, which is one of the towns where the settlers from Muscatine came from, so there appears to indeed be a connection between the Reiben / Rib / Reeb family of Zagare / Vieksniai and our Reib - Rubenstein family of supposedly Belogorodka, Ukraine.
UPDATE: Max and Fanny (Feige) were apparently REALLY from Belogorodka, Russia (Ukraine). I have found this location listed on three different records now - ship manifests for Feige and two children (Schaie and Arel/Cirel) in 1885 spelled Belogorodki, Russland, passport application for Max in April 1912 spelled Baloguodker, and ship manifest of his arrival in New York on 5 Sep 1912 - spelled "beligrodz". I assume that he went home because someone died.
UPDATE: Max and Fanny were divorced when he died in 1922 according to his death records from Greeneville, Tennesee. They were married legally in Missouri in 1919 which is rather surprising.
UPDATE Oct 2011: I have found another Weintraub relative of Max and Fanny -- Meyer Weintraub married to Mary Weintraub, living in St. Louis with their four children (Eva, Herman, Sarah, and Lily). Meyer lived first with Samuel Gould and Sarah Rubenstein Gould in Alexander, Illinois where he stated that he was a "cousin" of the head of household in 1910.
Another update: I found that there was a large immigration to Rock Island, Illinois, St. Louis and Chicago of families from Belogorodka!! This is what Max put down on his passport application. Was he from there or did he choose that place because there were others from there that he knew?
Another update: I may have found Samuel Gould's older brother, Simon J Gould, reportedly "from Leckava" according to a descendant married to Rosa Schoop (Shub) from Leckava, living in Muscatine, Iowa. This would explain how Sarah Rubenstein married Samuel, if the Rubensteins knew the Goulds and Schoops in Muscatine or in Rock Island where they apparently lived later. Max Schoop, Abraham and Samuel Fryer are buried in the Tri City Cemetery where those from Rock Island were buried.
UPDATE Sept 2011: The families of Muscatine, Iowa were from a number of villages in the Shavli, Kaunas region -- Leckava, Skuodas, Zagare, and Kykoliai for certain. Leckava is the shtetl that appears to have contributed the majority of the Muscatine immigrants. It is likely that the Rubenstein, Reib, Weintraub, and Freyer/Fryer families were from either Leckava or nearby Vieksniai.
The names in the Bnei Moshe Cemetery from early Muscatine are echoed strongly in the lists of families from these towns:
- Leckava - Light/Licht, Becker, Lifflander, Levin, Hurwich, Urdangen, Hellman, Rubenstein, Glick
- Skuodas - Urdangen, Hurwich
- Kykoliai - Greenblatt, Povalonki, Glattstein, Cohen, Rubenstein
- Vieksnai - Reeb, Rib, Ryb, Ribas, Rubenstein
- Zagare - Rieben, Reiben, Blieden (Bleeden)
(Viekšniai, Lithuania -- Alternate names: Viekšniai [Lith], Vekshne [Yid], Vyekshnya [Rus], Wieksznie [Pol], Veckshna, Vekshni, V'yekshnyay, Viyekshnyay, Viekšnių, Vekshnyay, Vekshnya. Region: Kovno)
The three earliest settlers were Rubenstein, Fryer, and Weintraub(er).
Mary Fryer, wife of Charles Fryer (see below) of Muscatine was born Malka Weintraub to Meyer Weintraub and Rebecca Reib. It is likely that Malka Weintraub (b. 1851) was Max Rubenstein's cousin. The third early settler mentioned in the book about Jews in Muscatine was Oscar Weintrauber!! So Rubenstein, Weintrauber, and Fryer, the three early settlers of Muscatine, were related by marriage and appear to have been from the Shavli province of the Kaunas district in Lithuania (which I believe is very close to Courland) and is on the border with Latvia.
Link to the List of Early Settlers in Muscatine Buried in Bnei Moshe Cemetery. Fascinating. Click on the links in the list to see short obituaries with places of origin and relationships.
Newest update (February 2010) - Max Reib may have been called "Samuel" according to Sandy Besser, son of Ida Rubenstein. Fannie's Yiddish name was "Feiga". Sandy (Sanford) was named for Samuel (Max) Reib Rubenstein.
Max was born in Russia. He noted on his entry and other official documents that his place of birth was Belogorodka, Ukraine. He emigrated to the U.S. in the 1880s, ending up first in Muscatine, Iowa, where Jacob Rubenstein was born, and then in Alton, Illinois. I believe he also lived in Rock Island, Illinois where another of his sons was born, before ending up in Alton.
[Note - the other person I met whose family is from Belogorodkay, Kievsky had relatives who settled in Rock Island, Illinois also. See below for accounts of the early settlement in Iowa by Jews from Suwalki and also from cities like Kiev in what is now Russia.]
Max claimed to have lived in Muscatine, Iowa from 1885 - 1912 on his passport application. However that is unlikely given other records of him living in Rock Island and then in Alton, Illinois.
He was naturalized in Muscatine, Iowa on 2 November 1889.
He sailed from Hamburg on the German American Lines and arrived in the U.S. on June 15, 1885. In Muscatine he was a rag dealer and resided at 400 Mulberry. He lived in Muscatine from 1885 to 1889 - 90 at least.
Another Rubenstein, G. Rubenstein, a peddllers supplies dealer, also lived in Muscatine at the same time at 318 E. 2nd street. I believe this is Gabriel Rubenstein who later also lived in Alton, Illinois with his family. This is likely a relative of either Max or Fannie, but not Max's brother since no one in the family was aware of him.
On 25 March 1912, Max Rubenstein was 54 with grey eyes, dark hair, and stood 5'8" with a large mouth and oval face and dark complexion. He swore an oath of allegiance in Madison County, Illinois, in order to be able to travel abroad. I presume that he visited Belogorodka. His witness was James Smith. Max lived at 523 Belle Street, Alton, Illinois in 1912.
He was an alderman, member of the Madison County Board of Supervisors and member of the Republican County Central Committee. He died in a hospital in Greenville, Tennessee. None of his family were with him when he died. His son, Moses Rubenstein, also an alderman, was enroute to attend to his father when the news of his death came.
Max Rubenstein died after a nervous collapse. He had been staying in Eagle Pass, Texas for a long time and during his stay had crossed over into Mexico. He suffered a collapse there. A few weeks before his death, the family were apprised of his bad condition and when they investigated found that it was not as serious as represented. He was being taken to a hospital in Baltimore but his condition deteriorated and they took him off the train in Greenville, Tennessee.
FORMER ALDERMAN MAX RUBENSTEIN SENT TO STATE HOSPITAL
==Source: Alton Evening Telegraph, September 11, 1917==
Former Alderman Max Rubenstein, one of the best aldermen the city of Alton ever had, was committed to the Alton State Hospital today by order of Judge H. B. Eaton of the County Court, who held a special session of the court at the State Hospital. Rubenstein had been held in detention at police headquarters on complaint of members of his family, and Judge Eaton agreed to come over after him. He has been sick for a few years, and his mental breakdown was attributed to that. During the time the former Alderman was in the police headquarters, he spent much of his time telephoning to friends about the city. It was said by Dr. Zeller that he believed he would be able to restore the mental poise of the former alderman. The failure of Rubenstein's health undoubtedly began from worry over the death of his daughter, Mrs. Sam Gould, a few years ago. He had gone to many placed in the hope of benefitting his health.
The Jews of Iowa. Samuel Glazer (Google Books)
"MUSCATINE has an organized Orthodox Jewry the necessities belonging thereto Charles Fryer, L. Rubenstein and Oscar Weintrauber landed in that beautiful little city in 1882 and when their number increased they have organized the congregation Bnai Moses 1890 and notwithstanding their common poverty during the early days they have managed to build a little synagogue buy two Sepher Torath and engage the services of a minister who acted as schochet chazan and teacher They number about fifty families and are blessed with many and good children For a time nearly all of them continued as peddlers but now a number of them are engaged in various business enterprises and are doing quite well Mr J Bleeden whose services were engaged immediately after the formation of their congregation continues amlong them as their schochet even unto this day SL Cohen Charles Fryer and Greenblatt Brothers are among the leading merchants of Muscatine while M Isaacson L Diamond and B Goldstein are the leaders in congregational and charitable work among the peaceful hard working Jews of that growing city.
ROCK ISLAND ... Orthodoxy cannot gain any stronghold in Davenport and few orthodox Jewish families who are uncompromising are living in Davenport have to cross the Mississippi to Island in order to enjoy good old fashioned Judaism is as hard for a Davenport Jew to be an orthodox it is for a Rock Island Jew to be a reformer and whether or Illinois has the best of Judaism the future will chronicle Rock Island is a unique little Jewish community It is a in the full meaning of the word All keep Sabbath evening puts a holy garb over that part of Rock where stands the beautiful little schule Through every of a Jewish habitation lurk the Sabbath candles Every maiden wears the identical blush of her ghetto in the hands of exile One forgets he is in the rushing of the Trio City when he comes into the little synagogue beholds young and old gracing the Sabbath in a orthodox way Here again the European Jew sees the of ancient Judaism winking unto him from every from the almemer through the candlesticks but behold the tapers of electricity which burst through the chandeliers marks the great change The Jewry which now numbers five hundred Jewish souls was founded in 1881 by Mr Morris who came fromi Slabody Province Suwalk and the outbreak in Southern Russia left so many of the Jews homeless quite a number of them came to Rock Island in search of a home and bread Mr Morris became the dealer while all other Jews were his peddlers Since Mr Morris became an influential business man while all the other Jews of Rock Island are faring quite prosperously They teach their children as they were instructed themselves and for Jewishness Rock Island remains matchless among the smaller Jewish communities in America Among the others who have taken care of the weal of the Rock Island Jewry are Simon Louis Jacob Taxman N Baker and S Silverman The latter is of the old type Jewish teachers who sacrificed his health in his efforts to perpetuate Judaisrn among the young Americans
Max Reib Rubenstein is buried in Chesed Shel Emeth cemetary on Olive Street in St. Louis Missouri in Section 12. You can Google the cemetary. I plan to make a visit to see both the Peoria Frankel and the St. Louis Rubenstein graves. There are about 50 Rubensteins bured in Chesed Shel Emeth. Other than Fannie Rubenstein, my great grandmother and Max's wife, I am not sure which of these are relatives. Fannie is also buried in Section 12. The dates do not seem to match:
Charles Rubenstein 1887 - 1969 (our Charly Rubenstein was born in 1882 and I believe is buried in Miami Dade County)
[Charly was a prominent businessman in Little Rock, Arkansas. I'm not sure where he's buried. Perhaps he did retire to Florida.]
Ida Rubenstein 1889 - 1971 (our Ida Rubenstein was born a decade later and I doubt very much that she was alive without us knowing about her in the 1950s and 1960s)
[Note - Ida was alive, married to Herbert Besser, and living near brother Charly in Little Rock, Arkansas. I don't know why I have no memory of hearing about her as a child. But her photograph is very familiar to me so I assume I met her when I was a child.]
Sarah Rubenstein 1890 - 1960 (our Sarah was born in 1885 and again, we would have known her if she'd been alive in the 1950s and 1960s). Our Sarah died very young, leaving a small son behind, sometime between 1910 and 1917. She was married to Samuel Gould. I have updated her profile with information about her marriage and son.
By the way, Jay J Rubenstein was named Jacob and called Jake in some of the census statements I saw. Doris was named Dora. Charles looks to have gone by Charly and later as an adult by Charles C Rubenstein.
DAVIS et al. v. COHN et al. (Court of Appeals at St. Louis, Mo. Nov. 25, 1902.)
ACTIONS ON FOREIGN JUDGMENT — ALLEGATIONS OF FOREIGN STATUTES—EMPLOYMENT OF ATTORNEY.
1. In an action to recover costs adjudged In favor of plaintiffs in a final decree in equity in a foreign state, it is not necessary to plead the statute authorizing the awarding of costs.
2. In an action to recover costs adjudged to plaintiffs and against defendants in the final decree in a suit in a foreign state, in which defendants, without service of process, appeared and answered by attorney, it is not necessary to prove that defendants directly employed the attorney.
3. A decree in a suit In equity in a foreign state, awarding costs in favor of plaintiffs therein, may be enforced by an action.
Appeal from St Louis circuit court; W. C. Douglas, Judge.
Action by Samuel C. Davis and others against Wolf Cohn and others. From a Judgment for plaintiffs, certain of the defendants appeal. Affirmed.
The suit was commenced before a Justice of the peace on the following complaint, omitting caption: "Plaintiffs, John T. Davis and Andrew Sproule, for cause of action state that they are, and were at the times hereinafter mentioned, copartners under the firm name of Samuel C. Davis & Company; that heretofore, to wit on the ninth day of March, 1897, a cause was pending in the circuit court in and for Menard county and state of Illinois, on the equitable side of said court, wherein these plaintiffs were complainants, and defendants herein Wolf Cohn and Louis Cohn, copartners as W, Cohn & Bro., Max Rubenstein, Max Bleber, and G. Rubenstein, copartners as M. Bieber & Company, Max Llpschitz and Morris Lipscbitz, copartners as M. Llpschitz & Co., and Joseph Romansky, were defendants, which cause had for Its object the setting aside of certain confessions of Judgment heretofore made by defendants W. Cohn & Bro. to the other named defendants therein; that on said date in said suit a final decree was rendered setting aside said confessions of Judgment, and also decreeing that the defendants in said cause, who are also defendants herein, should pay the costs of said proceeding as taxed by the clerk of said circuit cour* of Menard county, Illinois. Plaintiffs state that defendants had theretofore entered their appearance In said cause, and said judgment and costs was a personal judgment against all of these defendants. Plaintiffs state that the total amount of the costs in said cause was four hundred and three dollars and thirty-eight cents ($403.38), and that defendants have not paid any part of said amount; that the costs incurred by complainants in said cause amounted to two hundred and fifty-eight dollars and thirty-three cents ($258.33), and for this amount a cost bill was issued against the complainants In said cause, who are plaintiffs herein; that plaintiffs were compelled to pay and have paid said amount of two hundred and fifty-eight dollars and thirty-three cents; that plaintiffs have requested defendants to pay said amount, but defendants have refused. Wherefore plaintiffs pray judgment against defendants Wolf Cohn and Louis Cohn, copartners as W. Colin & Bro., Max Rubenstein, Max Bieber, and G. Rubenstein, copartners as M. Bieber & Co., Max Lipschltz and Morris Lipsehltz, copartners as M. Lipschitz & Co., and Joseph Romansky, for said sum of two hundred and fifty-eight dollars and thirty-three cents, with Interest from the date of the filing of this suit, and for their costs." All the defendants were not served with process. Of those on whom service was had, the justice of the peace rendered judgment against Max Lipschitz and M. Bieber. They appealed to the circuit court. On a trial anew in the circuit court plaintiffs again recovered judgment, from which, after an unavailing motiqn for new trial, defendants appealed.
Likely not useful -
And even more importantly, on a census document, Fanny answered "Kiev" to where she was born. That is very important because there are two Belogorodka, Ukraine. I am in touch with another person whose family is from Belogorodka Kievsky, which is 20 km outside of Kiev and on the Irpin River and there is an historic castle.
Belgorod Kievsky (Russian: Белгород Киевский; Ukrainian: Білгород Київський) was a city-castle of Kievan Rus' on the right bank of Irpin River. The city was quite prominent in the 10th-12th centuries but ceased to exist after 1240 destruction of Kiev by Mongols. Currently there is a small village of Bilohorodka, Kiev Oblast near the location of the defunct city  .
The city is first mentioned in chronicles in 980. In 991 Vladimir I of Kiev built there his castle. According to the chronicle Belgorod was the favourite residence of Vladimir I who moved there a lot of his people including his three hundred concubines. The right bank of the Irpin River was the land of Drevlyans who resisted Kievan Princes, thus, establishing of the castle might be intended to consolidate the power of Kiev over the drevlians. The castle also protected Kiev from the nomads of the Great Steppe.
In 997 the new castle survived the long siege by Pechenegs and protected Kiev from Pechenegs' attack. According to the Primary Chronicle there was a famine in the city during the siege and the residents assembled a veche or assembly to decide whether they should surrender to pechenegs. Veche decided to continue the defence of the city that eventually led to the victory. It was the first mention of veche in Russian chronicles. Later veche became the main form of government in Novgorod Republic and other states in the Northern Rus.
In the 11th century the city became a bishop seat. Belgorod bishop was first mentioned in Primary Chronicle in 1088. In the 12th century the city plays the same role as earlier Pereyaslav and Novgorod: it became the seat of the heir of the Grand Duke of Kiev. Since Belgorod was very close to Kiev the Grand Duke could control his heir and the heir could move to Kiev on a very short notice if required. The tradition started with Vladimir II Monomakh who transferred there his son Mstislav in 1117. Mstislav became the Grand Duke of Kiev is 1125. In 1140 the city was taken by Vsevolod II of Kiev who gave it to his brother, Sviatoslav Olgovich. In 1146 Belgorod was taken by Iziaslav Mstislavovich who became the Grand Duke of Kiev in 1151. In 1159 Belgorod became the seat of Mstislav Izyaslavovich who became the Grand Duke of Kiev in 1167.
The most prosperity the city achieved under Rurik Rostislavich, the ruler of Kievan Rus, who made the city his capital. In 13th century after the Mongol invasion of Rus' Belgorod degraded and after destruction of Kiev in 1240 Belgorod ceased to exist. There is still a small village Bilohorodka/Belogorodka near the ruins of the city that keeps its name.
The ruins of the city (the Gorodische) is a place of important archaeological excavation. Most of it is not excavated yet. The area of Gorodische is 110 hectares. According to historian A. Chlenov the place is particularly important as it is: 1) The only drevlian fortress surviving almost intact (with its walls, etc.); 2) The only fortress of 10th century Rus of such preservation; 3) The biggest survived fortress of that epoch.
1. ^ a b c d e f g h i j Белгород — «форпост града Киева» by Vladimir Gripas Den' 2 March 2007 (Russian)
2. ^ Belgorod Kievsky article in the Great Academic Dictionary (Russian)
3. ^ a b c d e крепость Белгород Киевский article on the site of Defunct cities of Russia (Russian)
О Max Reib Rubenstein (русский)
4. ^ Аникин Д.В. Исследование языковой личности составителя "Повести временных лет" "Осада печенегами Белгорода в 997 (6505) г."
Max Reib Rubenstein's Timeline
August 19, 1858
probably Bilogorodka, Volhynia, Ukraine
May 11, 1882
Bilohorodka, Zaslav, Volhynia, Russia
April 15, 1892
October 12, 1896
Alton, Illinois, United States
August 7, 1922
August 7, 1922
University City, St. Louis County, MO, USA