Michael I Rangabe, Byzantine Emperor

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Michael I Rangabe, Byzantine Emperor

Also Known As: "Μιχαήλ Α' ο Ραγκαβέ", "император Михаил I Рангабе", "Michael I Rangabe", "Μιχαήλ Α΄ Ραγγαβέ"
Death: January 11, 844
Immediate Family:

Son of Theophylaktos Rangabe
Husband of Procopia, Byzantine Empress consort
Father of Constantia; Theophylactos Rangabe, Byzantine co-Emperor; Staurakios Rangabe; Saint Ignatius, Patriarch of Constantinople; Theophano Rangabe and 1 other

Occupation: Byzantine Emperor from 811 to 813
Managed by: Henn Sarv
Last Updated:

About Michael I Rangabe, Byzantine Emperor

Possible descendants: Modern genealogists in search of descent from antiquity have theorised Michael I and Prokopia could be ancestors to later Byzantine Emperors or nobility.

For example, David Hughes has theorised [2]such a descent by which Theophylaktos was father to a daughter, named Melissena. Melissena married Inger Martinakios. Inger was father to Eudokia Ingerina. Only the relation between Inger and Eudokia seems to be confirmed by primary sources.

Another theory presented in the book Plantagent Ancestry (1928) stated that Theophylaktos was father to a son,Prokopios. Prokopios was father to Anna, supposed wife of Leon Skleros. Leon and Anna then being parents to Niketas Skleros and grandparents of Bardas Skleros. However there are several uncertainties in trying to trace the ancestry of this rival emperor.

Michael I Rangabes (Greek: Μιχαήλ Α΄ Ραγκαβές, Mikhaēl I Rangabes) (died January 11, 844) was Byzantine Emperor from 811 to 813.

Michael was the son of the patrician Theophylaktos Rangabes, the admiral of the Aegean fleet. He married Prokopia, the daughter of the future Emperor Nikephoros I, and received the high court dignity of kouropalatēs after his father-in-law's accession in 802.

Michael survived Nikephoros' disastrous campaign against Krum of Bulgaria, and was considered a more appropriate candidate for the throne than his severely injured brother-in-law Staurakios. When Michael's wife Prokopia failed to persuade her brother to name Michael as his successor, Michael's supporters forced Staurakios to abdicate in his favor on October 2, 811. Michael I attempted to carry out a policy of reconciliation, abandoning the exacting taxation instituted by Nikephoros I. While reducing imperial income, Michael generously distributed money to the army, the bureaucracy, and the Church. Elected with the support of the Orthodox party in the Church, Michael diligently persecuted the iconoclasts and forced the Patriarch Nikephoros to back down in his dispute with Theodore of Stoudios, the influential abbot of the monastery of Stoudios. Michael's piety won him a very positive estimation in the work of the chronicler Theophanes the Confessor.

In 812 Michael I reopened negotiations with the Franks, and recognized Charlemagne as basileus (emperor) without saying anything else. In exchange for that recognition, Venice was returned to the Byzantine Empire. However, under the influence of Theodore, Michael rejected the peace terms offered by Krum and provoked the capture of Mesembria (Nesebar) by the Bulgarians. After an initial success in spring 813, Michael's army prepared for a major engagement at Versinikia near Adrianople in June. The Byzantine army was turned to flight and the emperor's position was seriously weakened. With conspiracy in the air, Michael preempted events by abdicating in favor of the general Leo the Armenian and becoming a monk (under the name Athanasios). His sons were castrated and relegated into monasteries, one of them, Niketas (renamed Ignatios), eventually becoming Patriarch of Constantinople. Michael died peacefully in January 844. http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Michael_I_Rangabe