About Michael de la Pole, 1st Earl of Suffolk
Michael de la Pole (c. 1330 – 1389) was an English financier, Lord Chancellor of England, and Earl of Suffolk.
He was the oldest son of Sir William de la Pole (d. 1366) and Catherine Norwich, daughter of Sir Walter Norwich. His younger brother was Edmund de la Pole (Captain of Calais).
His father was a wool merchant from Hull who became a key figure during the reign of Edward III: after the collapse of the Bardi and Peruzzi families, he emerged as Edward's chief financier. Michael enjoyed even greater popularity at court than his father, becoming one of the most trusted and intimate friends of Edward's successor, Richard II.
He was appointed Chancellor in 1383, and created Earl of Suffolk in 1385, the first of his family to hold any such title. However, in the late 1380s his fortunes radically altered, in step with those of the king. During the Wonderful Parliament of 1386 he was impeached on charges of embezzlement and negligence, a victim of increasing tensions between Parliament and Richard.
Even after this disgrace, he remained in royal favour, although soon fell foul of the Lords Appellant. He was one of a number of Richard's associates accused of treason by the Appellants in November 1387. After the Appellants' victory at Radcot Bridge (December 1387) and before the so-called Merciless Parliament met in February 1388, De La Pole shrewdly fled to Paris, thus escaping the fate of Sir Nicholas Brembre and Chief Justice Robert Trefilian. He remained in France for the remainder of his life. Sentenced in his absence, his title was stripped from him.
Jean Froissart's references to de la Pole in the Chroniques (II.173) portray a devious and ineffectual counsellor, who dissuaded Richard from pursuing a certain victory against French and Scottish forces in Cumberland, and fomented undue suspicion of John of Gaunt, 1st Duke of Lancaster.
De la Pole's descendants by Catherine Wingfield were key players in the political life of the next two centuries at Wingfield Castle in Suffolk:
His son Michael de la Pole, 2nd Earl of Suffolk was a supporter of Henry IV and opponent of Richard. He regained his father's title on Henry's accession in 1399, and died at the Siege of Harfleur.
His eldest grandson Michael de la Pole, 3rd Earl of Suffolk died at the Battle of Agincourt.
His younger grandson William de la Pole, 1st Duke of Suffolk was appointed Lord Chamberlain under Henry VI, before being murdered in exile.
His great-great grandson was Edmund de la Pole, 3rd Duke of Suffolk, who led a botched rebellion against Henry VII in 1501.
^ a b Powicke, F. Maurice and E. B. Fryde Handbook of British Chronology 2nd ed. London: Royal Historical Society 1961 p. 85
^ J.S. Roskell, The Impeachment of Michael de la Pole, Earl of Suffolk in 1386 in the Context of the Reign of Richard II (Manchester: Manchester University Press, 1984) ISBN 0-7190-0963-4
^ Jean Froissart, Memoirs of the Life of Froissart: with an essay on his works ; and a criticism on his history, trans. by Thomas Johnes (London: Nichols and Son, 1801)
- 'Sir Michael de la Pole, Lord de la Pole, 1st Earl of Suffolk, Admiral of the Northern Fleet1,2,3,4,5
- 'M, #23010, b. circa 1330, d. 5 September 1389
- Father Sir William de la Pole, 4th Earl of Suffolk, Admiral of England, Baron of the Exchequer d. 22 Jun 1366
- Mother Katherine de Norwich d. 28 Jan 1382
- ' Sir Michael de la Pole, Lord de la Pole, 1st Earl of Suffolk, Admiral of the Northern Fleet was born circa 1330; Age 59 in 1389. He married Catherine Wingfield, daughter of Sir John Wingfield and Eleanor Glanville, circa 1360.3,4 Sir Michael de la Pole, Lord de la Pole, 1st Earl of Suffolk, Admiral of the Northern Fleet died on 5 September 1389 at Paris, France.
- 'Family Catherine Wingfield d. 1415
- Sir Thomas de la Pole+ d. 21 Aug 1420
- Sir Walter de la Pole+ d. bt 1433 - 1434
- Anne de la Pole+6,4,5 b. c 1360, d. 30 Mar 1412
- Sir Michael de la Pole, 2nd Earl Suffolk, 2nd Lord de la Pole, Justice of the Peace for Norfolk & Suffolk+7,3,8 b. c 1367, d. 18 Sep 1415
- 1.[S1458] Unknown author, Wallop Family, p. 364.
- 2.[S11568] The Complete Peerage of England, Scotland, Ireland, Great Britain, and the United Kingdom, by George Edward Cokayne, Vol. XII/1, p. 437-440.
- 3.[S16] Douglas Richardson, Magna Carta Ancestry, 2nd Edition, Vol. II, p. 40-41.
- 4.[S16] Douglas Richardson, Magna Carta Ancestry, 2nd Edition, Vol. II, p. 182-183.
- 5.[S16] Douglas Richardson, Magna Carta Ancestry, 2nd Edition, Vol. IV, p. 318.
- 6.[S5] Douglas Richardson, Plantagenet Ancestry, p. 402.
- 7.[S5] Douglas Richardson, Plantagenet Ancestry, p. 687-689.
- 8.[S6] Douglas Richardson, Plantagenet Ancestry: 2nd Edition, Vol. III, p. 281.
- From: http://our-royal-titled-noble-and-commoner-ancestors.com/p766.htm#i23010
- 'Michael de la Pole, 1st Earl of Suffolk1
- 'M, #24047, b. circa 1330
- Last Edited=21 Jul 2009
- ' Michael de la Pole, 1st Earl of Suffolk was born circa 1330.2 He was the son of Sir William de la Pole. He married Katherine Wingfield, daughter of Sir John Wingfield and Eleanor de Glanville, before 18 October 1361.3
- ' He was created 1st Earl of Suffolk [England] in 1385.1
- 'Children of Michael de la Pole, 1st Earl of Suffolk and Katherine Wingfield
- 1.William de la Pole4 d. 1390
- 2.Michael de la Pole, 2nd Earl of Suffolk+5 b. b 1367, d. 18 Sep 1415
- 3.Richard de la Pole4 b. c 1377, d. 1403
- 4.Sir Thomas de la Pole+4 b. c 1378, d. 8 Aug 1420
- 1.[S8] Charles Mosley, editor, Burke's Peerage and Baronetage, 106th edition, 2 volumes (Crans, Switzerland: Burke's Peerage (Genealogical Books) Ltd, 1999), volume 1, page 14. Hereinafter cited as Burke's Peerage and Baronetage, 106th edition.
- 2.[S6] G.E. Cokayne; with Vicary Gibbs, H.A. Doubleday, Geoffrey H. White, Duncan Warrand and Lord Howard de Walden, editors, The Complete Peerage of England, Scotland, Ireland, Great Britain and the United Kingdom, Extant, Extinct or Dormant, new ed., 13 volumes in 14 (1910-1959; reprint in 6 volumes, Gloucester, U.K.: Alan Sutton Publishing, 2000), volume XII/1, page 437. Hereinafter cited as The Complete Peerage.
- 3.[S6] Cokayne, and others, The Complete Peerage, volume XII/1, page 440.
- 4.[S3853] Peggy Wishon, "re: de la Pole Family," e-mail message to Darryl Roger LUNDY (101053), 21 July 2009. Hereinafter cited as "re: de la Pole Family."
- 5.[S6] Cokayne, and others, The Complete Peerage, volume XII/1, page 441.
- From: http://www.thepeerage.com/p2405.htm#i24047
- 'Michael De La POLE (1° E. Suffolk)
- 'Born: ABT 1330
- 'Acceded: 6 Aug 1385
- 'Died: 1389
- 'Buried: Carthusian Priory, Hull
- 'Notes: Lord De La Pole, The Complete Peerage vol.XIIp1.p.437-440
- Father: William De La POLE (Sir)
- Mother: Margaret (Catherine) De NORWICH
- 'Married: Catherine De WINGFIELD BEF 18 Oct 1361
- 1. Michael De La POLE (2º E. Suffolk)
- 2. John De La POLE (Canon of York)
- 3. Anne De La POLE
- 4. Margaret De La POLE
- 5. Elizabeth De La POLE
- 6. Thomas De La POLE (Sir Knight)
- 7. William De La POLE
- 8. Richard De La POLE
- From: http://www.tudorplace.com.ar/DeLaPOLE.htm#Michael De La POLE (1° E. Suffolk)
Michael de la Pole, 1st Earl of Suffolk's Timeline
Wingfield, Suffolk, England
Kingston-upon-Hull, Yorkshire, England
Of, Hull, York, England
Of, Hull, York, England
Hull, Yorkshire, UK
Of, Hull, York, England
Hull, Yorkshire, England