Greek, Ancient: Mιθριδάτης, Arabic: مهرداديکم
|Also Known As:||"Mihrdat", "مهرداديکم", "Mehrdād"|
|Birthplace:||440 BCE, (Phrygia), Turkey|
|Death:||Died in Bet. 387-367 BCE, (Cius), Mysia, Turkey|
|Occupation:||of Phrygia, [Eurgetes], Born: abt. 340 BC Died: 266 BC, 9HB1-L39|
|Managed by:||Private User|
About Mithridates I Ctistes, king of Pontus
Mithridates I of Parthia
Mithridates or Mithradates I (Ancient Greek: Μιθριδάτης or Μιθραδάτης, Persian: مهرداد Mehrdād) (ca. 195 BC? - 138 BC) was the "Great King" of Parthia from ca. 171 BC - 138 BC, succeeding his brother Phraates I. His father was King Phriapatius of Parthia, who died ca. 176 BC). Mithridates I made Parthia into a major political power by expanding the empire to the east, south, and west. During his reign the Parthians took Herat (in 167 BC), Babylonia (in 144 BC), Media (in 141 BC) and Persia (in 139 BC).
Mithridates I's son,
- Phraates (138–128 BC), succeeded him on his death as Great King.
Mithridates I of Pontus
Mithridates I Ctistes (in Greek Mιθριδάτης Kτίστης; reigned 281–266 BCE) was the founder (this is the meaning of the word Ctistes, literally Builder) of the kingdom of Pontus in Anatolia.
Mithridates is said to have been of the same age as Demetrios Poliorketes, which means he was born in the mid-330s BCE. In 302 or 301 BC, shortly after having executed the young man's kinsman (possibly his father or grandfather) and predecessor Mithridates of Cius, the diadoch Antigonus became suspicious of the son who had inherited the family dominion of Cius, and planned to kill the boy. Mithridates, however, received from Demetrius Poliorketes timely notice of Antigonus's intentions, and fled with a few followers to Paphlagonia, where he occupied a strong fortress, called Cimiata. He was joined by numerous bodies of troops from different quarters and gradually extended his dominions in Pontus and created the foundations for the birth of a new kingdom, which may be judged to have risen about 281 BCE when Mithridates assumed the title of basileus (king). In the same year, we find him concluding an alliance with the town of Heraclea Pontica in Bithynia, to protect it against Seleucus. At a subsequent period, Mithridates is found acquiring support from the Gauls (who later settled in Asia Minor) in order to overthrow a force sent against him by Ptolemy, king of Egypt. These are the recorded events of his reign, which lasted for thirty-six years. He was succeeded by his son Ariobarzanes. He seems to have been buried in a royal grave near the kingdom's capital, Amasia. Next to him would be buried all the kings of Pontus until the fall of Sinope in 183 BCE.
According to Appian, he was eighth in descent from the first satrap of Pontus under Darius the Great and sixth in ascending order from Mithridates Eupator. However, this point is controversial since Plutarch writes that eight generations of kings of Pontus stemmed from him before Roman subjection.
Mithridates I Ctistes, king of Pontus's Timeline
440 BCE, (Phrygia), Turkey
Bet. 387-367 BCE, (Cius), Mysia, Turkey