Montgomery Blair, U.S. Postmaster General

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Montgomery Blair, Sr.

Birthdate:
Birthplace: Lexington, Fayette County, Kentucky, United States
Death: Died in Silver Spring, Montgomery County, Maryland, United States
Place of Burial: Rock Creek Cemetery Washington District of Columbia
Immediate Family:

Son of Francis Preston Blair and Elizabeth "Eliza" Violet Howard Blair
Husband of Mary Elizabeth Blair
Father of Woodbury Blair; Gist Blair; Montgomery Blair; Maria Blair and Minnie Richey
Brother of Juliet Blair; Elizabeth Blair Lee; JAMES Blair and Maj. General Francis Preston Blair, Jr., (USA), U.S. Senator

Managed by: Private User
Last Updated:

About Montgomery Blair, U.S. Postmaster General

http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Montgomery_Blair

Montgomery Blair (May 10, 1813 – July 27, 1883), the son of Francis Preston Blair, elder brother of Francis Preston Blair, Jr. and cousin of B. Gratz Brown, was a politician and lawyer from Maryland. He was a loyal member of the Cabinet of Abraham Lincoln during the American Civil War. Blair was hot-tempered, and in 1864 he launched an all-out attack against Republican liberals.

Blair was born in Franklin County, Kentucky. His father, Francis P. Blair, Sr., was, as editor of the Washington Globe, a prominent figure in the Democratic Party during the Jacksonian era. Blair graduated from the United States Military Academy in 1835, but after a year's service in the Seminole War, he left the Army, studied law, and began practice at St Louis, Missouri. After serving as United States district attorney (1839–43) and as judge of the court of common pleas (1834–1849), he moved to Maryland in 1852 and devoted himself to law practice principally in the United States Supreme Court. He was United States Solicitor in the Court of Claims (1855–58) and was associated with George T. Curtis as counsel for the plaintiff in the Dred Scott v. Sandford case of 1857.

The Blairs, like many other nationalist Democrats, but unusually for politicians from the border states, had abandoned the Democratic Party in the wake of the Kansas-Nebraska Act and had been among the founding leaders of the new Republican Party. In 1860 Montgomery Blair took an active part in the presidential campaign on behalf of Abraham Lincoln. After his election, Lincoln invited Blair to be part of his cabinet as Postmaster-General. Lincoln expected Blair, who advocated taking a firm stance with the southern states, to help balance more conciliatory members of his cabinet.[1] Blair served as Postmaster-General from 1861 until September 1864, when Lincoln accepted an earlier offer by Blair to resign. Lincoln's action may have been a response to the hostility of the Radical Republican faction, who stipulated that Blair's retirement should follow the withdrawal of John C. Frémont's name as a candidate for the presidential nomination in that year. Regarding Lincoln's action, Blair told his wife that the president had acted "from the best motives" and that "it is for the best all around." After he left the cabinet, Blair still campaigned for Lincoln's re-election and Lincoln and the Blair family retained close ties.[2]

Under Blair's administration, such reforms and improvements as the establishment of free city delivery, the adoption of a money order system, and the use of railway mail cars were instituted — the last having been suggested by George B. Armstrong (d. 1871), of Chicago, who from 1869 until his death was general superintendent of the United States railway mail service.

Differing from the Republican Party on the Reconstruction policy, Blair gave his adherence to the Democratic Party after the Civil War, along with his brother, who was the Democratic vice presidential candidate in 1868.

His manor in present-day Silver Spring, Maryland was named Falkland. It was burned by Confederate troops during their thrust towards Washington, D.C. He died at Silver Spring. Montgomery Blair's wife was Mary Woodbury, a daughter of Levi Woodbury. Together, they were the great-grandparents of actor Montgomery Clift.

Montgomery Blair was featured on a U.S. postage stamp issued in 1963.

http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/List_of_people_on_stamps_of_the_United_States

Works

Speech on the Causes of the Rebellion (1864)

Honors

Montgomery Blair High School in Silver Spring, Maryland.


http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Montgomery_Blair

20th United States Postmaster General

In office

March 5, 1861 – September 24, 1864

Preceded by Horatio King

Succeeded by William Dennison, Jr.

--------------------------------------------------------------------------------


Born May 10, 1813(1813-05-10)

Franklin County, Kentucky

Died July 27, 1883 (aged 70)

Silver Spring, Maryland, U.S.

Political party Republican, Democratic

Spouse(s) Mary Elizabeth Woodbury Blair

Alma mater United States Military Academy

Profession Lawyer, Politician

Military service

Service/branch United States Army

Battles/wars Seminole War

Montgomery Blair (May 10, 1813 – July 27, 1883), the son of Francis Preston Blair, elder brother of Francis Preston Blair, Jr. and cousin of B. Gratz Brown, was a politician and lawyer from Maryland. He was a loyal member of the Cabinet of Abraham Lincoln during the American Civil War. Blair was hot-tempered, and in 1864 he launched an all-out attack against Republican liberals.

Life

Blair was born in Franklin County, Kentucky. His father, Francis P. Blair, Sr., was, as editor of the Washington Globe, a prominent figure in the Democratic Party during the Jacksonian era. Blair graduated from the United States Military Academy in 1835, but after a year's service in the Seminole War, he left the Army, studied law, and began practice at St Louis, Missouri. After serving as United States district attorney (1839–43) and as judge of the court of common pleas (1834–1849), he moved to Maryland in 1852 and devoted himself to law practice principally in the United States Supreme Court. He was United States Solicitor in the Court of Claims (1855–58) and was associated with George T. Curtis as counsel for the plaintiff in the Dred Scott v. Sandford case of 1857.

Lincoln met with his cabinet on July 22, 1862 for the first reading of a draft of the Emancipation Proclamation.

The Blairs, like many other nationalist Democrats, but unusually for politicians from the border states, had abandoned the Democratic Party in the wake of the Kansas-Nebraska Act and had been among the founding leaders of the new Republican Party. In 1860 Montgomery Blair took an active part in the presidential campaign on behalf of Abraham Lincoln. After his election, Lincoln invited Blair to be part of his cabinet as Postmaster-General. Lincoln expected Blair, who advocated taking a firm stance with the southern states, to help balance more conciliatory members of his cabinet.[1] Blair served as Postmaster-General from 1861 until September 1864, when Lincoln accepted an earlier offer by Blair to resign. Lincoln's action may have been a response to the hostility of the Radical Republican faction, who stipulated that Blair's retirement should follow the withdrawal of John C. Frémont's name as a candidate for the presidential nomination in that year. Regarding Lincoln's action, Blair told his wife that the president had acted "from the best motives" and that "it is for the best all around." After he left the cabinet, Blair still campaigned for Lincoln's re-election and Lincoln and the Blair family retained close ties.[2]

Under Blair's administration, such reforms and improvements as the establishment of free city delivery, the adoption of a money order system, and the use of railway mail cars were instituted — the last having been suggested by George B. Armstrong (d. 1871), of Chicago, who from 1869 until his death was general superintendent of the United States railway mail service.

Differing from the Republican Party on the Reconstruction policy, Blair gave his adherence to the Democratic Party after the Civil War, along with his brother, who was the Democratic vice presidential candidate in 1868.

His manor in present-day Silver Spring, Maryland was named Falkland. It was burned by Confederate troops during their thrust towards Washington, D.C. He died at Silver Spring. Montgomery Blair's wife was Mary Woodbury, a daughter of Levi Woodbury. Together, they were the great-grandparents of actor Montgomery Clift.

Works

Speech on the Causes of the Rebellion (1864)

http://www.mrlincolnswhitehouse.org/inside.asp?ID=84&subjectID=2


The eldest son of Francis P. Blair, Montgomery Blair was born in Kentucky in 1813, where he received his early education. Having been appointed to West Point by President Andrew Jackson, Blair was graduated from the Academy in 1835. He served briefly in the Seminole War before resigning his commission and returning to Kentucky to study law at Transylvania University.

Blair moved to St. Louis, Missouri, in 1837, practiced law, and served in a variety of offices during the 1840s, including mayor of St. Louis. In 1853, however, he moved to Maryland where he practiced law, chiefly before the Supreme Court. A Democrat, he was associated with the free-soil wing of the party, which advocated the non-extension of slavery. He won attention from antislavery advocates for his legal efforts on behalf of the slave, Dred Scott, whose petition for was denied by the Supreme Court in 1857.

By 1860, Blair had joined the Republican Party, and he attended its Chicago convention as a delegate from Maryland. President Lincoln's selection of Blair as postmaster general was a recognition of his border state residence, former Democratic affiliation, family connections, and service to the party.

http://www.tulane.edu/~sumter/Blair.html

http://www.findagrave.com/cgi-bin/fg.cgi?page=gr&GRid=2937

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Montgomery Blair, U.S. Postmaster General's Timeline

1813
May 10, 1813
Lexington, Fayette County, Kentucky, United States
1850
May 28, 1850
Age 37
1852
September 1, 1852
Age 39
1854
May 12, 1854
Age 41
1860
September 10, 1860
Age 47
1865
March 14, 1865
Age 51
1883
July 27, 1883
Age 70
Silver Spring, Montgomery County, Maryland, United States
????
Rock Creek Cemetery Washington District of Columbia