About Morgan ap Caradog
- Archaeologia Cambrensis : a record of the antiquities of Wales and its Marches and the journal of the Cambrian Archaeological Association (1846)
- Morgan was alive in 1206, and dead in 1209, so that he probably died in 1207-8 ; in which case, if only of age at his father's presumed death, he would have been seventy-nine years old. The Welsh pedigrees marry Morgan to Wenllian, daughter of Ivor Bach, and give him, besides Lleisan and Morgan-Gam, five sons and two daughters.
- V. Lleisan ap Morgan, lord of Avene, was no doubt of age in 1204, when he was in command of two hundred Welshmen : ....
- .... Lleisan seems to have died, without issue, before 1228, leaving his brother Morgan his heir.
- V. 2. Morgan ap Morgan, the next lord of Avene, was no doubt the well known Morgan Gam (cam or gam meaning "the crooked," — camus, and applied either to bandy legs, as in the hero of Agincourt ; or, as in the present instance, to a squint caused by the loss of an eye). When a son bore his father's name, it was the universal custom in Wales to give him a to-name by way of distinction ; and this was usually derived from some personal peculiarity, as "Vachan" or "Bach" (the less), "Tew" (the fat), "Coch" (the red), "Ddu" (the black) ; all of which, and many others, were in frequent use. This practice makes it almost certain that Morgan ap Morgan bore some distinguishing epithet, and highly probable that he was the Morgan Gam of the Margam charters. ....
- In his confirmation charter to Margam, reprinted here, Morgan ap Morgan, with his brothers Lleisan and Owen, alludes to his claims on the new castle at Newcastle, as possibly to be decided by ....
- It is not known when Morgan Gam was born, but this event may safely be placed as early as 1180, since in 1204 his elder brother, Lleisan, was in military command. Morgan does not appear to have adopted his brother's political views, for in 1227 he was in arms against the Earl of Gloucester ; and being taken, was sent to England, and kept there till the next year. ....
- Morgan Gam affixes his seal, as lord of Avene, to Rose Coh's charter (75, B. 40), which, though without date, cites a deed of 1234. Bishop Elias tests the charter, and he died May 1240 ; but, in truth, Morgan Gam himself died, say the Annals of Tewkesbury, in February 1240, and was buried at Margam. (Ann. de Theok. in loco.) Hence the mandate of Henry III to the Welsh chieftains in 1245 is addressed "filio Morgan Gam."
- The patent roll of 5 Edward III (1331) adds some further information about Morgan Gam. It states that Matilda, daughter of Morgan Gam, married Gilbert de Turbervill, and had from her father in frank marriage the manor of Landimor in Gower, which was afterwards claimed by another Gilbert de Turbervill, their descendant and heir, whose elder male line ended in two co-heirs, whose representatives became, through the elder, Scurlage and Mansel ; and through the younger, De la Bere and Basset. (Rot. Pat. 5 Ed. Ill, p. 8.) This connexion with Gower is further supported by an Inquisitio p. m. of 13 Ed. II (No. 62), which shews that John de Braose had given the vills of Leisaneston and Kettehill (in Gower) to Morgan Gam.
- Thomas de Avene's borough charter of 1349 mentions Morgan Vychan and Sir Lleisan as sons of Morgan Gam.
- VI. Sir Lleisan ap Morgan Gam, lord of Avene. The repetition of this name in (probably) three succeeding generations, in each as Lleisan ap Morgan, and in the first two dying childless, has created considerable confusion in the genealogy. It was exceedingly popular in the family ; and its occurrence in the neighbourhood of Neath, renders very probable the claim of some of the older families in that valley to descend from the house of Avene.
- Among the valuable collection of Welsh MSS. preserved at Peniarth, is a book of Glamorgan pedigrees particularly strong in those of the pure Welsh families, and unusually ample in the details of the cadet branches. The handwriting is of the age of Charles I. This volume contains the following pedigree of the house of Avene, which is here given because, though in some important points incorrect, it is that usually received by the Welsh.
- II. JESTYN ap GWRGAN by Angharad, daughter of Elystan Gloddryd, his second wife, had — 1, Caradoc; 2, Madoc, lord of Ruthyn ; 3, Rees, lord of Solven ; 4, Riwallon; 5, Geraint; 6, Nest, married Einon ap Collwyn ; 7, Gwenllian, married Trym ap Maenarch ; 8, Morgan Hir.
- III. CARADOC ap Jestyn married Gladys, daughter of Griffith ap Rhys ap Twdor, and had — 1, Morgan; 2, Retherch ; 3, Meredyth ; 4, Bredyr ; 5, Wrgan Hir.
- IV. MORGAN ap Caradoc married, first, Gwenllian, daughter of Ivor Petit, lord of Senghenydd ; and second, daughter of Madoc ap Cynan. By Gwenllian he had — 1, Morgan; 2, Lleisan; 3, Owen; 4, Cadwell; 5, Morgan Gam, whose daughter and heir, Maud, married Sir Paen Turberville.
- V. MORGAN VYCHAN, lord of Avan, married, first, Jennett, daughter of Elidur ap Rhys ; and second, Ellen, daughter of Grono ap Einon, lord of Cilvae, by whom he had — 1, Lysan ; 2, Rees, who married Maud, daughter of Edward de Sully by a daughter of Adam ap Ivor Hir, and was ancestor of Thomas of Brigan ; 3, Howell; 4, Hopkin ; 5, Jevan ; 6, Gladys.
- VI. Sir LLEISAN de Avan married a daughter of Sir Thomas de Barry, and had
- VII. Sir JOHN de Avan, married a daughter of Sir Thomas de Barry, and had
- VIII. THOMAS de Avan, who gave the lordships of Avan, Cilvae, and Sully, to the lord of Glamorgan. He married a daughter of Sir John Blunt of the North, and had — 1, Thomas de Avan ; 2, Morgan.
- IX. MORGAN de Avan married a daughter of Brayn of the Forest, and had
- X. WILLIAM de Avan married a daughter of Llewelyn ap Jevan Mady, and had
- XI. JENKIN de Avan married Eva, daughter of Morgan ap William, and had
- XII. ELIZABETH, who married William Mathew.
See Darrell Wolcott, the Pedigree of Cynddelw Gam, for the untangling of these lines: http://www.ancientwalesstudies.org/id94.html (March 2, 2016; Anne Brannen, curator).
Please see Darrell Wolcott: Pedigree of Cynddelw Gam of Ystrad Alun; http://www.ancientwalesstudies.org/id94.html; [#209] (Steven Ferry, November 29, 2017.)
Morgan ap Caradog's Timeline