Moses Robinson, 2nd Governor of Vermont Republic, U.S. Senator

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Moses Robinson

Birthdate: (72)
Birthplace: Hardwick, Worcester, MA
Death: May 26, 1813 (72)
Bennington, Bennington, VT
Place of Burial: Bennington, Bennington County, Vermont, United States
Immediate Family:

Son of Captain Samuel Robinson and Mercy Leonard
Husband of Susannah "Sukey" Robinson and Mary Robinson
Father of Aaron Robinson; Moses ROBINSON (Jr) and Nathan Robinson
Brother of Colonel Samuel Robinson; David Robinson; Jonathan Robinson, U.S. Senator, Chief Justice of the Vermont Supreme Court and Mercy Safford
Half brother of Silas Robinson

Occupation: Politician
Managed by: Private User
Last Updated:

About Moses Robinson, 2nd Governor of Vermont Republic, U.S. Senator

Moses Robinson (March 22, 1741 – May 26, 1813) prominent Vermont political figure who served as governor during the Vermont Republic, and helped steward Vermont's transition to U.S. statehood.

Robinson was born in Hardwick, Massachusetts where he spent his childhood. As a young man he pursued classical studies. In 1761 he moved with his family to Bennington, Vermont. He soon became an important citizen of Bennington, serving as town clerk from 1762 to 1781. Meanwhile, he studied law and became active in the American independence movement, serving as a colonel in the Vermont militia during the early parts of the Revolutionary War. In 1778, when Vermont became an independent republic, Robinson became a member of the government council and the chief justice of the Vermont Supreme Court. In 1782 he was sent to the Continental Congress as a state agent to solve a boundary dispute with New York. He served on the government council until 1785 and as chief justice until 1789, when he became governor of Vermont, replacing Thomas Chittenden. Robinson served as governor until 1790 shortly before Vermont was admitted as a state to the United States.

Robinson was then elected by the Vermont General Assembly to one of Vermont's two United States Senate seats. He served in the Senate for one term, from 1791 to 1797. He became associated with the anti-administration faction and, later in his term, with the beginnings of the Democratic-Republican Party of Thomas Jefferson. After his retirement from the Senate, Robinson moved back to Bennington and practiced law. He served in the Vermont State House of Representatives in 1802. He died in Bennington, and is interred in the Old Bennington Cemetery.

Robinson is also well known for receiving a letter from Thomas Jefferson in 1801 in which Jefferson said that if Christianity were simplified, it would be a religion friendly to liberty. Moses Robinson was the older brother of Jonathan Robinson, who was also prominent in Vermont's political history.

Governor of Vermont and US Senator. Son of Samuel Robinson, Sr., one of Vermont’s first white settlers. Brother of Samuel Robinson, Jr., Revolutionary war officer and Vermont political leader. Brother of US Senator Jonathan Robinson. Grandfather of Vermont Governor John S. Robinson. Completed classical course of study. Moved to Bennington, 1761. Town Clerk, 1762-81. Studied law, admitted to bar and practiced. Married Mary Fay, daughter of Stephen Fay, a leader of Green Mountain Boys. They had six sons -- Moses, Aaron, Samuel, Nathan, Elijah and Fay. Nathan’s son John S. Robinson served as Vermont Governor, 1852-53. After Mary’s death he married Susanah Howe. Member, Vermont Council of Safety. Colonel, Militia, Revolutionary War. Led his regiment in evacuation of Mount Independence. Member, Governor’s Council 1778-85. Vermont Chief Justice, 1778-81. Vermont Agent to Continental Congress, empowered to negotiate resolution to jurisdictional dispute with New York State, 1782. Vermont Chief Justice, 1782-89. Officiated at wedding of Ethan Allen and Frances Buchanan. Confidential advisor to Chittenden-Allen faction in Haldimand negotiations. Governor, 1789-90. Upon admission of Vermont to Union was elected to US Senate, serving 1791-96. Opponent of Jay Treaty, supporter of French Revolution. Vermont House, 1802. Resumed law practice in Bennington.

(bio by: Bill McKern)

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Moses Robinson, 2nd Governor of Vermont Republic, U.S. Senator's Timeline

March 23, 1741
Hardwick, Worcester, MA
November 16, 1763
Age 22
Bennington, Bennington, VT
May 4, 1768
Age 27
Bennington, Bennington County, Vermont, United States
Age 30
May 26, 1813
Age 72
Bennington, Bennington, VT
Bennington, Bennington County, Vermont, United States