NANDAGOPA SURASENA

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NANDAGOPA SURASENA

Birthdate:
Death: Died in Dwarka, Jamnagar, Gujarat, India
Cause of death: OLD AGE
Immediate Family:

Son of Shurasena and Wife of Shurasena
Father of SRIKRISHNA; Krishna The Lord; GADA VASUDEVA; SARANA VASUDEVA; DURMADA VASUDEVA and 3 others
Brother of DEVABHAGA SHURA SENA; DEVASHRAVA SHURA SENA; ANAKA SHURA SENA; SRINJAYA SHURA SENA; KAKANIKA SHURA SENA and 10 others

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About NANDAGOPA SURASENA

SRIKRISHNA'S ADOPTED (FOSTER) FATHER

Nanda (mythology)


Nanda and Yashoda pushing baby Krishna on a swing. Nanda (Sanskrit: नंद) or Nandagopa, according to the Harivamshaand the Puranas, was the head of the gopas (a tribe of cowherds referred as Holy Gwals).It is said that Nand Baba owned 9 lakhs of cows.[1] Nandvanshis or Ahirs [2][3][4] are descendants of Nand. The night of Krishna's appearance or birth, Vasudeva (Krishna's father) brought Krishna to Nanda for Krishna's childhood years. Nanda brought up both Krishna and Balarama. Nanda was married to Yasoda. Krishna derives his name Nandanandana (meaning son of Nanda) from him. According to the Bhagwat Purana Nand Baba was a yadu kula kshatriya(yadav) by caste.[5][6] Nandvanshi Ahirs are found in Central Doab,[7][8] West ofYamuna.Claims origin from Mathura.[9] Central or Middle Doab consists of Etah, Aligarh, Mainpuri, Etawah, Kanpur, Hathras, Farrukhabad,Firozabad, Mathura and Agra.[10]

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Birth (mythology)

Krishna was the eighth son of Devaki and Vasudeva. Based on scriptural details and astrological calculations the date of Krishna's birth, known as Janmashtami,[3] is 19 July 3228 BCE and departed on 3102 BCE. Krishna belonged to the Vrishni clan of Yadavas from Mathura,[4] and was the eighth son born to the princess Devaki, and her husband Vasudeva. Mathura (in present day Mathura district, Uttar Pradesh) was the capital of the Yadavas, to which Krishna's parents Vasudeva and Devaki belonged. King Kansa, Devaki's brother,[5] had ascended the throne by imprisoning his father, King Ugrasena. Afraid of a prophecy that predicted his death at the hands of Devaki's eighth son, Kansa had the couple locked into a prison cell. After Kansa killed the first six children, and Devaki's apparent miscarriage of the seventh (which was actually a secret transfer of the infant to Rohini as Balarama), Krishna was born. Since Vasudeva knew Krishna's life was in danger, Krishna was secretly taken out of the prison cell to be raised by his foster parents, Yasoda [6] and Nanda, in Gokula (in present day Mathura district). Two of his other siblings also survived, Balarama (Devaki's seventh child, transferred to the womb of Rohini, Vasudeva's first wife) and Subhadra (daughter of Vasudeva and Rohini, born much later than Balarama and Krishna).

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NANDAGOPA SURASENA's Timeline

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Mathura, Mathura, Uttar Pradesh, India

SRI KRISHNA

The Slaying Of Kamsa
Here in 'Mathura, Kamsa was beginning to feel more and more alarmed. Keshi, another rakshasa whom he sent, was also killed. Kamsa threw Vasudeva and Devaki into the prison and planned to invite Krishna to Mathura and kill him there. He, therefore, sent his cousin Akrura to Brindavan to bring Krishna. Akrura was a great devotee of Krishna. He told Krishna of Kamsa's evil intentions. Krishna rejoiced. He said, "Let us all go to Mathura." With him went Akrura, Balarama, Nanda and some other gopalakas.
The news of the visit of Krishna spread in Mathura. So everywhere there was curiosity, excitement and joy.
As Krishna and Balarama were approaching the palace a big elephant of the name Kuvalayapida rushed towards Krishna. Kamsa had deliberately stationed the elephant there to kill Krishna. Krishna cut off the trunk. The huge animal fell down and died.
As the brothers approached Kamsa's court two wrestlers, Mushtika and Chanura by name, stepped forward. They were famous all over the country for their wrestling. They were very strong. The spectators were filled with pity and murmured, "Poor boys! What can they do against these rocklike? Wrestlers!"
Krishna took on Chanura and Balarama took on Mushtika. And the two wrestlers were killed. When he saw his two formidable wrestlers killed by the boys, Kamsa was bewildered and filled with fear. Krishna pounced on Kamsa, caught hold of his hair and pushed him to the ground. Kamsa tried to get up to save himself. He tried to fight. But Krishna killed him. The people of Mathura sighed in relief. They celebrated Krishna's victory with great joy because Kamsa had been a tyrant. Krishna did not ascend the throne, but crowned Ugrasena, his grandfather.
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About Krishna

Krishna Kills Kamsa



This is Kamsa Tila, the place where Krsna killed Kamsa. Tila mean hill, and it was upon this hill that Kamsa was sitting when Krsna pulled him from his dias. Our temple, Sri Kesavaji Gaudiya Matha, is situated in part of Kamsa's wrestling arena, and it is also where Krsna and Balarama killed the elephant demon.
Kamsa was very, very cruel. He had invited all of Krsna's relatives -- Ugrasena, Vasudeva, Devaki, Nanda Baba, and some of the sakhas -- to the wrestling arena. He wanted Krsna killed in front of them, as this would add to his happiness. When Krsna dragged Kamsa from the dias, He was pulling him by the hair, because Kamsa had caught Devaki by the hair on her wedding day. Krsna then threw him on the ground and jumped onto his chest. Because Krsna' s body contains all of the universes, the weight of all of the universes was felt by Kamsa at that time. He specifically jumped on Kamsa's chest because Kamsa had struck Vasudeva on the chest with rocks during the time he was in prison.
Because Kamsa had the strength of one hundred thousand elephants, there was doubt that he was really dead. Some thought that perhaps he was just unconscious. Therefore, to show everyone that he was dead, Krsna pulled him around the wrestling arena. When Kamsa's body was later dragged down to the ghata, it made a gully called panca-pada which is now the sewage drain behind the Matha. After Krsna killed Kamsa, He went to the jail and unchained Devaki and Vasudeva. Vasudeva and Devaki offered prayers, addressing Krsna as Bhagavan. After this they asked Him, "What sinful activities could we have done that You left us for ten and a half years, and that we were put into chains in Kamsa's jail?" Krsna replied, "O Ta, father." Krsna called him 'Ta,' and at the same time He called Yogamaya to cover Vasudeva so that he would think Krsna his own son. Without doing this He could not continue His lila. Thus covered by Yogamaya, Vasudeva thought, "O my son", and he forgot about his previous question. When Yogamaya covers the devotees for lila, she is known as Samukha Mohini. When she covers the conditioned souls, however, she is called Bahirmukha Mohini, or Mahamaya. Vasudeva Krsna had appeared in the heart of Vasudeva, and Vasudeva had impregnated Devaki by mantra. This is called sambhanda-jnana. The guru gives his disciple a relationship with Krsna by mantra.
Ugrasena now called Krsna to make Him the King of Mathura, but Krsna said that He could not be King because the Yadus had been cursed never to become kings. Krsna told Ugrasena that he was in the Bhoja dynasty, and therefore he should be the King.
As these incidences transpired, Nanda Baba was waiting at the bank of the Yamuna. He was thinking that Devaki and Vasudeva must be showing Krsna and Balarama so much affection that They would not want to go back to Vrndavana with him. They came in the evening, and each sat on his knee. Krsna sat on his right side, and Baladeva sat on his left. He asked Them, "Why did you wait three days to come? Do You think You are the sons of Devaki and Vasudeva?" They replied, "No, father. As soon as We were born, Devaki and Vasudeva made us leave their house, whereas you have fed us from a young age". Whoever shows love and affection is the parent. Nanda Baba was so kind that he was thinking, "How can I take them from Devaki and Vasudeva? Maybe Baladeva can stay to pacify Devaki." When he suggested that, however, Baladeva said that He could not stay without Krsna.

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Dwarka, Jamnagar, Gujarat, India