Col. Nathaniel Gist

public profile

Is your surname Gist?

Research the Gist family

Col. Nathaniel Gist's Geni Profile

Share your family tree and photos with the people you know and love

  • Build your family tree online
  • Share photos and videos
  • Smart Matching™ technology
  • Free!


Col. Nathaniel Gist

Birthdate: (63)
Birthplace: Baltimore, Baltimore, Maryland
Death: 1796 (62)
Clarke, Kentucky, United States
Place of Burial: Canewood, Edmonson, Kentucky
Immediate Family:

Son of Capt. Christopher Gist and Sarah Gist
Husband of Judith Cary Scott
Partner of Wer-Teh
Father of Thomas Nathaniel Gist; john jolly; Sequoyah (George Gist); Sarah Howard Bledsoe; Henry Cary Gist and 6 others
Brother of Richard Gist; Violetta Cromwell; Anne Gist; Thomas Gist and Nancy Gist

Managed by: Private User
Last Updated:

About Col. Nathaniel Gist

Nathaniel Gist

A Patriot of the American Revolution for VIRGINIA with the rank of COLONEL. DAR Ancestor # A045442

  • b. October 15, 1733, Baltimore County, Maryland
  • d. 1796, Canewood, Clark County, Kentucky
  • parents: Christopher Gist & Sarah Howard

"served as colonel, Virginia Continental Line, 1777; was taken prisoner at Charleston, and retire, 1781" - DAR lineage book, vol. 154, page 151.


Marriage 1 Wut-teh (Wurteh) Paint Clan (Bird Clan) b: ABT 1744


  1. George "Sequoyah" Gist (Guess) b: ABT 1775 in Tuskegee,, Cherokee Nation

Marriage 2 Judith Cary Bell b: 1750 in , Virginia Married: ABT 1783 in , Buckingham Co., Virginia Children

  1. Sarah Howard Gist b: ABT 1784/1785 in , Buckingham Co., Virginia
  2. Henry Cary Gist b: ABT 1786 in , Buckingham Co., Virginia
  3. Judith Bell Gist b: ABT 1788 in , Buckingham Co., Virginia
  4. Thomas Nathaniel Gist b: ABT 1790 in , Buckingham Co., Virginia
  5. Anna Maria Gist b: ABT 1791 in , Buckingham Co., Virginia
  6. Davidella C. (Dandella) Gist b: ABT 1793 in , Buckingham Co., Virginia
  7. Elizabeth Violet H."Eliza" Gist b: 1793/1795
  8. Maria Cecil Gist b: 18 Jul 1797 in Canewood, Bourbon Co., Kentucky


Info added per DARs "Lineage Book of the Charter Members" by Mary S Lockwood and published 1895 stating he was "a colonel and grigadier of the Virginia Line"

Sequoyah's father was either white or mixed-race white and Cherokee. Sources differ as to the exact identity of Sequoyah's father, but many (including Mooney) suggested that he was possibly a fur trader, who would have been a man of some social status and financial backing. Based on available documentation, for decades historians believed that Sequoyah's father was Nathaniel Gist, a commissioned officer with the Continental Army associated with George Washington.

Allegiance - United States, Service/branch - Infantry, Years of service - 1755–1760 and 1777–1783. Rank - Colonel. Battles/wars fought in - Braddock's Expedition (1755), Forbes Expedition (1758), Cherokee War (1760), Battle of Paulus Hook (1779), and Siege of Charleston (1780).

Brief Biography

Nathaniel Gist (15 October 1733 – 1812) was born in Maryland and fought during the French and Indian War and the American Revolutionary War. He was reputed to be the father of Sequoyah the famous Cherokee by Wut-teh. Like his father Christopher Gist (1706–1759), Nathaniel became a frontiersman and he once briefly traveled with Daniel Boone. He served in Braddock's Expedition in 1755 and the Forbes Expedition in 1758. The outbreak of the American Revolution found him on the frontier. At first suspected of sympathizing with the British, he convinced the Americans of his loyalty.

George Washington, a close friend of his father, authorized him to form Gist's Additional Continental Regiment in January 1777. Gist probably participated in Light Horse Harry Lee's Paulus Hook Raid in 1779. He and his regiment were captured at the Siege of Charleston in May 1780. After the war, he took an American wife Judith Cary Bell (1750–1833) and the couple had four daughters, one of whom married Francis P. Blair. He is variously said to have died in 1796, 1812, or at the end of the War of 1812. He is confused with his uncle Nathaniel Gist (1707–1780). He was a first cousin of Mordecai Gist.

Lineage Book - National Society of the Daughters of the American ..., Volume 36 'Daughters of the American Revolution - 1912

Nathaniel was the son of Captain Christopher Gist[, himself famous as an explorer of the West in 1750 and as guide to the young George Washington in the Ohio River Region. His personal journals are considered the bedrock of history of the West for the earliest emigrant times.

Nathaniel had a brilliant career in the southeast Indian Nation; trading in 1750's, later as Lieutenant to Major George Washington in 1755. Due to his intimate negotiations with the Stuarts, agents, and Old Hop, and other chiefs, he was suspected of being a double agent in the Revolutionary War Years, 1770's and came close to hanging; but Gist was diplomatically reunited with Geo. Washington who elevated him to Colonel of a Continental regiment. He retired in January, 1781.

view all 16

Col. Nathaniel Gist's Timeline

October 15, 1733
Baltimore, Baltimore, Maryland
Age 24
Tuskeegee, Monroe, Tennessee
Age 51
Buckingham, Floyd, Virginia, USA
Age 52
Buckingham, Virginia, USA
Age 54
Buckingham, Virginia, USA
Age 56
Buckingham, Virginia, USA
Age 57
Buckingham County, Virginia, United States
Age 59
Buckingham , Virginia