Neriglissar (Nergal-Sharezer) of Babylon

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Neriglissar (Nergal-Sharezer) of Babylon

Death: -556
Immediate Family:

Son of Bel-shuma-ishkun
Husband of ? and Kashshaya (Kashshaia) of Babylon
Father of Labash-Marduk

Managed by: FARKAS Mihály László
Last Updated:

About Neriglissar (Nergal-Sharezer) of Babylon

Neriglissar: king of ancient Babylonia, ruled 559-556.

Another official named in Jeremiah 39:3 is also known from cuneiform sources as ­Nergal-Sharezer. Jeremiah 39:13–14 goes on to say that he was instrumental in releasing Jeremiah from the Courtyard of the Guard where he was being held as prisoner. Nergal-Sharezer was married to Nebuchadnezzar’s daughter Kashshaia and later became king of Babylon (559–556 BC), the Neriglissar of the classical sources (Wiseman 1985: 10–12; Leick 1999: 122).

In addition to Nebo-Sarsekim, Nebuchadnezzar and Nergal-Sharezer, the name of yet another Babylonian official has turned up in a Babylonian text. His name is Nebuzaradan. He played a significant role in the events of 587 BC. Nebuzaradan was a high-ranking military official, called “Captain of the Guard” in the Biblical text, perhaps reporting directly to Nebuchadnezzar. He was responsible for supervising the burning of the city (2 Kgs 25:8–9; Jer 39:8a 52:12–13), tearing down the defenses (2 Kgs 25:10; Jer 39:8b 52:14), deporting 832 captives to Babylon (2 Kgs 25:11; Jer 39:9; 52:15, 29), plundering the Temple (2 Kgs 25:15; Jer 52:17–19), and rounding up Judean officials to appear before Nebuchadnezzar (2 Kgs 25:18–21; Jer 52:24–27).