About Capt. Nicholas Olmsted
(Information from Genealogy of the Olmsted Family in America)
Nicholas Olmsted was baptized in Fairsted, England on February 15, 1612. His parents were James Olmsted and Joyce Cornish. Nicholas came to the America in 1632 on the ship "Lyon" with his father James, his brother Nehemiah, and cousins Richard, Rebecca, and John. They were among the original settlers of Hartford which was officially founded in 1636 along with the colony of Connecticut (also called the River Colony).
During this period, however, friction between the new settlers and the Pequot Indians of Connecticut was growing. In 1636 Massachusetts settlers accused a Pequot Indian of murdering a colonist and in retaliation they burned a Pequot village in what is now Block Island in Rhode Island. Sassacus, the head chief of the Pequots, began to gather his warriors. The Hartford settlers decided to attack first. In May 1637 the General Court decided to attack a large Pequot village and fort at what is now Mystic, Connecticut.
The population of Hartford at that time consisted of only 800 people but by May 9 ninety men had been formed into a raiding party under the command of Captain Mason. Nicholas and his cousin Richard were included in the party. They embarked on three small boats which they rowed or sailed down the Connecticut River to its mouth. There they were joined by seven Narraganset and many Pequot Indians under the rival Pequot chief Uncas. (Uncas and his followers would later be called Mohicans and Uncas would later be idealized as the perfect Indian in James Fenimore Cooper's novel The Last of the Mohicans). As a result of the Indian reinforcements or perhaps because of some information they brought 20 men were sent back to Hartford.
On June 5, 1637 they attacked the sleeping Indian village and fort. Lieutenant Thomas Bull and Nicholas Olmsted snuck up to the wooden fort walls and set it on fire. When the Pequots discovered what was happening they "ran about as most dreadfully amazed" as Captain Mason would later write. The rest of the raiding party started burning the village and killed about 600 men, women, and children. Only two townsmen were killed and twenty wounded.
The remaining Pequots were defeated in a battle near Fairfield the same year and the survivors were sold into slavery in Bermuda. The colonists would have no more problems with the natives until King Philip's war 40 years later.
Both Nicholas and Richard received land grants for their part in the battle. On September 28, 1640 Nicholas married Sarah Loomis. Sarah was born in 1617 in England to Joseph Loomis and Mary White.
They had the following children in Hartford:
Sarah - born 1641; died November 7, 1709
Mary - born November 20, 1646
Rebecca - born March 12, 1647 or 1648
John - baptized February 3, 1649 or 1650; died young
Samuel - born 1653; died January 13, 1726 in East Haddam, Connecticut
Joseph - born 1654; died October 5, 1726
Mabel Elizabeth - born ?; died October 12, 1681
Thomas - born ?; died May 28, 1741
In 1646 Nicholas was chosen "Surveyor of Highways" and for nine years between 1653 and 1683 he was "townsman" for the north side of Hartford. In 1672 and 1673 he was a deputy to the General Court.
Sarah died in 1667. Nicholas then married Mary Lord, the widow of Dr. Thomas Lord who had lived in Wethersfield, Connecticut.
In August of 1673 the Dutch Netherlands restated their original claim to Connecticut and the settlers feared that the Dutch might send in troops. Some 160 men were quickly organized for defense and Nicholas was appointed Lieutenant but the Dutch threat quickly dissipated.
King Philip's war started in 1675. It began after Chief Massasoit of the Wampanoog Indians died. He had been a good friend of the early Plymouth colonists (the Pilgrims) and other Massachusetts settlers but relations with his two sons, Alexander and Philip, soured. When Philip became chief (king) in 1662 he began to plot against the colonists because he felt that his people could only survive if the colonists were driven out. On June 20, 1675 he attacked the town of Swansea in Massachusetts.
The Governor of Connecticut, John Winthrop, Jr., directed the colony's defense. His son, Waite, was put in charge of the troops and in July he sent Lieutenant Nicholas Olmsted to New London and Huntington with the troops from Hartford. Later on August 26, 1675 Nicholas was made Captain. The war was costly to the New England colonists with approximately 1,000 colonists killed and 12 towns destroyed. In August 1676 the colonists along with a large force of Narraganset Indians trapped Chief Philip hand his men in a swamp near Kingston, Rhode Island. In the following battle Chief Philip and most of his men were killed. Even after this battle the war sputtered on for two more years until the Wampanoog Indians made peace.
Nicholas OLMSTED - bap. Feb. 15, 1612, Fairsted, Essex, England; d. Aug. 31, 1684, Hartford, CT (will dated Aug. 20, 1683 and proved Nov. 25, 1684). Son of James OLMSTED and Joyce CORNISH. To Boston and Hartford with father. Served in Pequot War. Surveyor of highways; 1646; townsman for North side between 1653 and 1683; Corporal 1658; freeman 1669; deputy to General Court 1672 and 1673. Served in King Philip's War and made Capt. Aug. 26, 1675. Married first Sep. 28, 1640, Hartford, CT Sarah LOOMIS (b. 1617, Essex, England; d. 1667, Hartford, CT), daughter of Joseph LOOMIS and Mary WHITE. Sarah was the mother of all children of Nicholas, except his youngest. Nicholas married second about 1667/8. Mary - Possibly surnamed THURSTON and/or she was perhaps the widow Mary LORD. She was not the widow of Dr. Thomas LORD, whose widow married Gregory WOLTERTON as his third wife. Mary was the mother of Nicholas' youngest child.
Captain. FIRST CONNECTICUT CAVALRY In 1658, Major John Mason, Commander-in-Chief of the military forces of Connecticut Colony, organized a troop of horse of thirty-seven members: Nicholas Olmstead of Hartford
August 14th, 1673, with the prospect of a war with the Dutch, the Court ordered that the respective Troops in the colony, with "500 Dragoones, be prepared and fitted for service forthwith." In case of sending a force out of the country, the following officers were appointed: HARTFORD County, Benj. Newbery, Capt.; Nich. Olmstead, Lieut.; John Wadsworth, Ensign. NEW LONDON, James Avery, Capt.; Thos. Tracy, Lieut.; John Denison, Ensign. NEW HAVEN, Robert Treat, Capt.; Thos. Munson, Lieut.; Saml. Newton, Ensign. FAIRFIELD, Mr. Thos. Fitch, Capt.; Jehu Burr, Lieut.; Matthew Sherwood, Ensign. The following November Major Talcott was appointed Commander-in-chief of all the forces; Major Robert Treat, second in command; Thos. Bull superseded Capt. Newbury; Wm. Curtice was appointed instead of Mr. Fitch; Capt. Nash succeeded Major Treat; and Thos. Trowbridge was made Commissary.
Capt. Nicholas Olmsted/Olmstead, served in the Pequot War in 1637, Captain (King Philip's War) 1675, a Townsman of Northside Hartford for 9 years between 1653 and 1683. He was Corporal of the Hartford Troop of Horse in 1658, Freeman and Rate Maker in 1669, and Deputy to the General Court in 1672 and 1673.
Nichalos's fifth great grandson designed Centeral Park, in New York city and also Woodland Park, in Seattle, Washington.
Will of Nicholas Olmstead 20 Aug 1683 , Hartford, Connecticut
In the name of God Amen, I Nicholas Olmsted of Harttford in the Colony of Coneticut do make this my last will and Testament revoking and annulling all other wills foremerly made by word or deede: being in health of body and of perfeckt remembrance yet not knowing how soone my sollem change may come: allso knowing itt is my duty to set my house in order before I dye: I do therefore giue my spiret unto God that gaue itt mee and my body to comely buriall: and as for that part of my estate God hath graciously giue mee in this worlde I do after my just depts being payed and funerall expences discharged dispose of as followeth: I giue unto my louing wife fiue pounds a yeare during her widdow hood after mee: and fouer pounds p the yeare after her marraige during her naturall life: to be payed her yearely by my son Samuell forty shillings by my son Joseph forty shillings and by my son Thomas twenty shillings: and by the same rate of proportion if itt be fouer pounds p annum: I giue unto my louing wife one cow as her owne proper estate and two swine and sum poultry and order my son Samuell and my son Thomas to keepe her one cow as long as shee remayns my widdow.-and do giue her free liberty to keepe two swine and sum poultry in my yardes: I do furder giue unto my louing wife all her fyer wood as long as shee remains my widdow to bee provided for her one third partt by my son Tho. and two parts by my son Samuell: I giue my wife the use of my parlor and the chamber ouer the parlor with what sellerage shee may want allso the use of my ouens and the well: with the use of any of my housall goods shee wanteth whilst shee remayns my widdow and liueth in my house: but if she marry or remoue from my house my will is that these housall goods bee returned to my son Thomas.....
I giue unto my louing son Samuell Olmsted my dwelling house in Harttford after my desease onely the use of sum part of itt vnto his mother as is aboue exprest: and do furder giue unto my son Samuell halfe my barne and all that part of my home lott not giuen to my son Tho: I giue the other halfe of the barne to my son Tho. and I giue my barne yard eaqually to my son Samuell and to my son Thomas with my well in the same: I giue my son Thomas that past of my home lott nixt Mr Haynes and Mr Hookers home lotts: to bee diuided from my son Samuells partt of my home lott as followeth from the barne to the Highway to bee deuided by the fence that fences in the barne yards: and aboue the barne from the midle of the barne flower uppon a just bredth up to Jerremyah Addams Home lott: the remainder of my home lott I giue unto my son Samuell and His Heires foreuer:....
I giue vnto my son Thomas my meadow lott in the long meadow lying betwene Decon Butlers and Lt Joseph Wadsworths land: I giue unto my son Thomas my upland lott in the west diuision in Harttford on the west side the great riuer to him and his Heirs foreuer....
I giue vnto my son Samuell all the rest of my meadow lands and uplands on the west side the great riuer in Harttford and to his Heires foreuer.....
I giue vnto my son Joseph Olmsted and his Heirs foreuer all that diuision of up land and the swamp lands belonging to the same uppon which he hath bult on the east side the great riuer....
I giue unto my son Joseph all my meadow lands on the east side the great riuer att my desease hee paying twenty shillings vnto his sister Gates and forty shillings p annum to his mother....
I giue my farme of land lying in the woods ajoyning to Jerremyah Addams land in the roade to New London unto my son Samuell and my son Thomas to bee equally deuided betwene them....
I giue to my dagter Sarah Gates twenty shillings to bee payed her within three yeares after my desease:
I giue all my right and title to that lands purchased of Joshua son of Vncas by the towne of Harttford on the east side the great riuer to my son Sam'll Butler my daughter Rebeccah Biglo and to my daughter Mabell Butler to bee equally deuided betwene them:....
I giue unto my daughter Biglo forty shillings in stock or housall goods after my desease....
I giuve unto my daughter Butler three pounds in stock or housall goods after my desease....
I do make my son Thomas Olmsted executor of this my last will and Testament giuing him my seuant lad if his time be not expired and all the remainder of my stock housall goods and moueable estate whatsoeuer not otherwayes disposed of by this my last will and testament: I do order all my sons Samuell Joseph and Thomas carefully to performe what I haue respecktiuely giuen vnto my louing wife as itt is aboue expressed: and do furder order all my estate giuen vnto my son Samuell be improued by my son Thomas vntill my son Sam'll come to liue att Harttford the said Tho. paying what Samll should do to his mother vntill Samuell doeth injoy the same I do request ordaine and appoynt my louing freinds Mr William Pitkin and Caleb Stanly to bee my ouerseers haue set my hand and seale this 20th of Agust in the yeare of o'r Lorde One Thousand Six Hundred Eighty and Three:
Nicho: Olmstead (Seal)
Signed sealed and declared to be my last will and Testament in presence & witnes of us
Caleb Stanly Timothy Cowles
Source: Copy of will published in Genealogy of the Olmsted Family in America pg 14-15.
CHILDREN OF Nicholas:
Sarah - b. 1641, Hartford, CT; d. Nov. 7, 1709, East Haddam, Middlesex Co., CT. Married 1661/2 Capt. George GATES (b. about 1634, England; d. Nov. 12, 1724, East Haddam, Middlesex Co., CT) of Hartford and East Haddam, CT. He was town clerk in Haddam, CT in 1698. Both Sarah and George were buried in Cove Burial Ground, East Haddam, CT. Children of Sarah and George GATES: Sgt. Samuel married Esther HUNGERFORD; Thomas married Hannah BRAINERD; Joseph married Elizabeth HUNGERFORD; John; Mary; George; Daniel; and Sarah married Timothy FULLER. Elizabeth - b. Nov. 20, 1642, Hartford, Hartford Co., CT; d. Oct. 12, 1681, Wethersfield, Hartford Co., CT. Married by 1665 Samuel BUTLER (b. 1639; d. Dec. 31, 1692), son of Richard BUTLER and his first wife (unidentified). They lived at Haddam and Wethersfield, Hartford Co., CT. Samuel's will, dated Dec. 30, 1692, names his children. Children of Elizabeth and Samuel BUTLER: Samuel; Elizabeth; James; Jonathan married first Mary EASTON, and second Elizabeth CADWELL, widow of Jonathan EASTON (Mary, daughter of Jonathan and Mary, married Richard EDWARDS, nephew of Rev. Timothy EDWARDS); George; Mary married Ebenezer HOPKINS (son Ebenezer became great grandfather of Pres. Millard FILLMORE); Dorothy; and Sarah. Mabel - b. about 1645, Hartford, Hartford Co., CT. Her father's will, dated Aug. 20, 1683 and proved Nov. 25, 1684 names "son Samuel BUTLER" and "daughter Mabel BUTLER." Married first Sgt. Daniel BUTLER (d. Mar. 28, 1692), son of Richard BUTLER and Elizabeth BIGELOW; and second at Windsor, Hartford Co., CT on Aug. 26, 1697 Michael TAINTOR. Children of Mabel and Daniel BUTLER: Sarah married John EASTON; Mabel married Ebenezer KELLOGG; Elizabeth married Daniel CLARK; Mary; and Hannah married Israel NEWTON. Mary - b. Nov. 20, 1646, Hartford, CT; d. there before year end. Rebecca - b. Mar. 12, 1647/8, Hartford, CT. Married John BIGELOW (b. Oct. 27, 1643), son of John BIGELOW and Mary WARREN. No known children. John - bap. Feb. 3, 1649/50, Hartford, CT. Died young. Samuel - b. 1653, Hartford, Hartford Co., CT; d. Jan. 13, 1726, East Haddam, Middlesex Co., CT; bur. there in Old Cove Burial Ground. Married Mary LORD (b. May 1649, Saybrook, CT; d. Sep. 14, 1736), daughter of William LORD and Dorothy, and granddaughter of Thomas LORD and Dorothy BIRD. Children of Samuel and Mary OLMSTED: Samuel married Mary ROWLEY; John married Susannah BRAINERD; Sarah married Jared CONE; and Elizabeth married John CHURCH. Joseph - b. 1654, Hartford, Hartford Co., CT; d. Oct. 5, 1726, East Haddam, Middlesex Co., CT. Deacon. His grave marker reads: HERE LIETH THE BODY OF DEC JOSEPH OLMSTEED WHO DEPARTED THIS LIFE OCTOBER THE 5 ANNON DOM 1726 IN THE 73 YEAR OF HIS AGE. Married Elizabeth BUTLER (b. about 1651; d. Apr. 28, 1729), daughter of Richard BUTLER and Elizabeth BIGELOW. Her grave marker reads: HERE LIES THE BODY OF ELISEABETH THE WIFE OF DEACON JOSEPH OLMSTED WHO DIED APRIL 28 IN THE 78 OF HER AGE 1729. Children of Joseph and Elizabeth OLMSTED: Joseph married Hannah MARSH; James married Mary BULL; Nicholas married Mary HOSMER; Elizabeth married Joseph SKINNER; Richard married Deborah HOSMER; Nehemiah married Clemence HOSMER; Rebecca died young; Hannah married Zachariah SEYMOUR; and Rebecca married Jonathan HILLS. Thomas - b. Jun. 25, 1657, Hartford, Hartford Co., CT; d. 1741, West Hartford, Hartford Co., CT.
Captain of the Dragoons in King Phillip's War
Lieutenant. Served in the Pequot war.
(f/g) Capt Nicholas Olmstead Birth: Feb. 15, 1612 Fairstead Essex, England Death: Aug. 31, 1684 Hartford Hartford County Connecticut, USA
f/o Sarah OLMSTEAD GATES h/o Mary ----- LORD Nicholas OLMSTEAD was Captain of the Dragoons raised in Hartford, Hartford Co, CT for active service in King Philip's War, 1675.
Parents: James Olmstead (1580 - 1640) Joyce Cornish Olmstead (____ - 1621) Spouse: Sarah Loomis Olmstead (1617 - 1689) Children: Joseph Olmsted (____ - 1726) Elizabeth Olmstead Butler (1642 - 1681) Samuel Olmsted (1653 - 1726)
Burial: Unknown Created by: Carol STEVENS Record added: Apr 09, 2009 Find A Grave Memorial# 35680049 -tcd
Nicholas came to the America in 1632 on the ship "Lyon" with his father James, his brother Nehemiah, and cousins Richard, Rebecca, and John. They were among the original settlers of Hartford which was officially founded in 1636 along with the colony of Connecticut (also called the River Colony).
Capt. Nicholas Olmsted's Timeline
February 15, 1611
Fairstead, Essex, England
February 15, 1612
Fairsted, Essex, England
Hartford, Connecticut Colony
November 20, 1642
Wethersfield, Connecticut Colony
November 21, 1642
Hartford, Connecticut Colony
March 12, 1647
Hartford, Hartford, CT, USA
December 30, 1649
Hartford, Hartford County, Connecticut