Nicolaas Loggenberg

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Nicolaas Loggenberg

Death: 1829 (Killed by the Qwabe.)
Immediate Family:

Husband of "Sarah" Lochenberg, Khoikhoi
Father of Hans Lochenberg, Fingo chief
Brother of Willem Lochenberg

Occupation: Frontiersman.
Managed by: Leoné Gardner
Last Updated:

About Nicolaas Loggenberg

Contribution by David Abraham Swanepoel subject to disclaimer in my profile. Information may be used under license Attribution-NonCommercial-NoDerivatives 4.0 International unless another legal entity's copyright is indicated

A full article on him appeared as follows:

Holt, B. 1953. Nicolaas Lochenberg: freebooter, elephant-hunter and fugitive from justice. Africana Notes and News" 11(1) pp 3-9. I did not have access as it is not online and I cannot bear the cost of going to a library for passing interests.

He appears very anecdotal in the travel report by the missionary Kay and other literature. The profile creator has declared a brickwall on him, but he is likely to be:

b1c2 Nicolaas baptised 1.2.1767

Married to:

9.1.1791 Alberta Maria JOUBERT v.d.K. (Loggenberg surname and variants in SAF2018)

This is in conflict with one Sarah said to be his wife and assumingly a pure Khoikhoi, while Alberta Maria seems to be halfcaste with her European surname.

However, Nicolaas did not worry about custom and also had a harem of "native" concubines. Alberta Maria Joubert could have been simply deserted, or alternatively died early.

Nicolaas made a living as elephant hunter, meaning ivory trader. He seems to have committed some crimes in the Cape Colony and that is why he resided with the Xhosa (broader sense). He was a confidant of Hinza, as spelled by Kay, better known as Hintsa. Butterworth seems to have been his base, but he also visited mPondoland. He probably traveled widely.

Somebody rallied against a mission station, called a “school”, near Hintsa’s kraal. “This communication was immediately made known by the Chief to his old Dutch counsellor, (Lochenberg,) whom he frequently consulted in matters of moment. The latter, not having much confidence in his countrymen, and fearing they might sooner or later betray him into the hands of justice for his delinquencies in former days, gave his decided opinion against their proposals. The men he knew, and scrupled not to represent them as a dangerous plotting band; " while the school," said he, "though by them denounced as accursed, is a tree, under which Hinza and his children may sit securely!"

This is somewhat incoherent, but Kay continues: “Such were the sentiments of an ungodly old man who had little more sincere regard for the Mission than the party against whom he was exclaiming; but he had a purpose to serve.”

However, later on he was involved with the desires of the “white chief” to set up a mission in mPondoland. This was actually the half caste son Mdepa, of the legendary white queen Bessie ‘Gquma’, whose burial location was also known to him. Lochenberg guided the missionary Shrewsbury to Mdepa.

The Amaquabi were followers of Quabi or Quetoo, a chief who was one of the Shaka's principal captains. He had to flee when Dingane took over. They came south to Faku, probably in honest search for protection. Dingane however sent a message to Faku to kill them. “Lochenberg, who happened to be hunting in their neighbourhood at the time” became involved in the conflict. The lengthy history more complicated than reported here, can be read on p 382-385 of Kay. Earlier, on p 284, it is stated " He “was literally cut to pieces by the Amakwabi about the middle of 1829”. If he was correctly identified from SAF 2018 he was about 63.


Travels and Researches in Caffraria Describing the Character, Customs and Moral Condition of the Tribes Inhabiting that Portion of Southern Africa (etc.) / Kay, Stephen. London: John Mason, 1834

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