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About Nicolas I, comte de Salm
- Nicolas de Salm... - en.wikipedia.org
Nicholas, Count of Salm (Vielsalm, Belgium 1459 – Salmhof, Marchegg, Lower Austria, May 4, 1530) was a Holy Roman Empire Imperial senior military commander (German: Feldherr).
His greatest achievement was the defense of Vienna during the first siege by the Turks in 1529.
At the age of 17 in 1476, Nicholas participated in the Battle of Morat against Charles the Bold. In 1488 he fought in Flanders and was made an Imperial Colonel three years later.
In 1509 he fought in Italy under Georg von Frundsberg and conquered Istria. In the Battle of Pavia in 1525 Nicholas of Salm played an important role in taking King Francis I of France prisoner. The following year he crushed the Peasants' Revolt in Tirol and conquered Schladming.
In 1529 aged 70, he was asked to organize the defense of Vienna during the first siege by the Turks, which he did with great skill and success.
During the siege, he was wounded by a falling rock, and died a few months later from his wounds.
He had two sons :
- Nicholas II, count of Salm-Neuburg
- Wolfgang of Salm, Bishop of Passau
His tomb sculpture, made by Loy Hering, can still be seen in the Votive Church in Vienna.
Salm is the central figure in the modern era German author Wolfgang Hohlbein's novel Die Wiederkehr.