Orkney Mixed-Blood Woman

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Orkney Mixed-Blood Woman

Immediate Family:

Wife of Chief Okanase (aka Michel Cardinal)
Mother of Chief Keeseekoowenin; Chief Baptiste Bone and William Cardinal

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About Orkney Mixed-Blood Woman


According to Peter Lorenz Neufeld, Chief Okanase (aka Michel Cardinal) married an Orkney mixed-blood woman, whose surname was probably Burns, and they had with others a son named Keeseekoowenin who was baptised as Moses Burns. Dictionary of Canadian Biography: Keeseekoowenin

The Whitford Connection


According to Clan MacFarlane and associated clans genealogyl Michel 'Chief Okanase' Cardinal married Sarah Whitford-Chepay, a daughter of James Whitford and his wife Sarah, but this is quite wrong.


James Whitford and his wife Sarah did have a daughter named Sarah "Sally" Whitford, and she is said to have married an Indian named Michel, Red River Ancestry: James Peter Whitford but her husband was Michel Okanins Michel Okanis is identified as Michel ‘Saulteaux’ by Mothers of the Resistance, 1869-1870 but he is not the same person as Chief Okanase (aka Michel Cardinal)


According to oral tradition, Chief Okanase was a cousin of George Flett, whose mother was Margaret (Peggy) Whitford. In Flett's own words, his mother was “an English Half-breed.” Her father, James Peter Whitford, came from the parish of St. Paul’s, London and entered the HBC service in 1788, working in the York Factory district. Whitford married Sarah, an Indian woman, doubtless Cree, sometime before 1795, probably at Severn. From 1813 until he retired, he worked at Carlton House on the Saskatchewan. Manitoba History Society: George Flett

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Orkney Mixed-Blood Woman's Timeline

Bow River Region, Manitoba, Canada
Manitoba, Canada