Oswald Constantine John 4th Marquess of Normanby

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Oswald Constantine John 4th Marquess of Normanby

Death: Died
Immediate Family:

Son of Constantine, 3rd Marquess of Normanby and Gertrude, Marchioness of Normanby
Husband of <private> Phipps (Guinness)
Father of <private> Kornicki (Phipps); Private User; Private User; <private> Phipps; Private User and 2 others
Brother of Elizabeth Davis and Lady Katherine Harding

Managed by: Douglas John Nimmo
Last Updated:
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Immediate Family

About Oswald Constantine John 4th Marquess of Normanby

Oswald Constantine John Phipps, 4th Marquess of Normanby, KG, CBE (29 July 1912–30 January 1994) was a British peer and philanthropist for blind people.

Styled Earl of Mulgrave from birth, he was the eldest son of Constantine Phipps, 3rd Marquess of Normanby and was educated at Eton College and Christ Church, Oxford. He inherited his father's titles in 1932 and joined the Green Howards as a Lieutenant in 1939. In 1940, Lord Normanby was captured at the Battle of Dunkirk and was a prisoner of war at Obermassfeldt in Thuringia until 1943. During his captivity, Lord Normanby (a member of St Dunstan's) persuaded his captors to allow him to teach braille to the blind prisoners and constructed an alphabet with matchstick heads and cardboard.


On his release, Lord Normanby was appointed a MBE and was Parliamentary Private Secretary to the Secretary of State for Dominion Affairs, Viscount Cranborne from 1944-45 and briefly to the Lord President of the Council, Lord Woolton in 1945. That year, Lord Normanby was also made appointed a Lord-in-Waiting, but the appointment was brief due to him crossing the floor, becoming the only Labour marquess (he later left the Labour Party also and became a crossbencher).

Later years

Lord Normanby was Chairman of King's College Hospital from 1948 (for which he was promoted to a CBE in 1974) until his death and as well as a member of St Dunstan's council, he was also Chairman of the National Library for the Blind from 1946 until his death and its President from 1977-88. In 1985, he was made a Knight of the Garter and died in 1994, when his titles passed to his eldest son.

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Oswald Constantine John 4th Marquess of Normanby's Timeline

July 29, 1912