About Oswald Norman Tugwell
1889, June - OSWALD NORMAN TUGWELL born Royal Tunbridge Wells - youngest child of the Rev.Lewen Street Tugwell and his second wife, Annie Emily Pierce. His father was vicar at King Charles the Martyr, Royal Tunbridge Wells, UK and former missionary to Spain and Western Canada.
1891 England Census
5 Montecute Gardens, Tunbridge Wells, Kent., Registration District Ticehurst, Parish of King Charles the Martyr where he was the incumbent vicar.
- Lewen S. Tugwell 55 (transcription lists him erroneously as Leman)
- Annie E Tugwell 41 - born Stepney, London
- Beatrice M Tugwell 19 - born Barnsbury, London
- Hilda C Tugwell 14 - born Barnsbury, London
- Gordon H Tugwell 6 born Tunbridge Wells
- Dorothea J Tugwell 4 born Tunbridge Wells
- TUGWELL Oswald N Son 2 Kent - Tunbridge Wells
His father died on 10th January 1898.
1901 Census Oswald was a student at Christchurch, Newgate St. , London
Became a schoolteacher.
Master at Lindley School, Higham on the Hill, Leicestershire (1910-1914)
(21 to 25 years old) -
Oswald attended St Peter’s Church.
World War I was declared on 4th August 1914.
1914-1916 19th Battalion, Royal Fusiliers
Oswald enlisted in September in the Royal Fusiliers - Lance Corporal No.1006. After serving in France he was injured in September 1915 and invalided home. He was awarded the Star Medal on 14 November 1915.
Special Reserve Officers:
1916, 11 August - From an Officers Cadet Unit, Oswald was assigned to be a 2nd Lieutenant (on probation) with the 4th (Reserves) Battalion, whic was attached to the 1st Battalion of West Yorkshire Regiment (Prince of Wale's Own)
(See his obituary on "Higham-on-the-Hill's website [http://www.leicestershirevillages.com/highamonthehill/oswald-norman-tugwell.html#top])
Oswald returned to active duty in France in the Spring of 1917.
("The 1st Battalion of the West Yorkshire Regiment were part of 18th Brigade, 6th Division).
- In 1917 they were in action in the Battle of Arras. The 18th were disbanded in France on the 15th February 1918." sourcehttp://www.wartimememories.co.uk/greatwar/allied/westyorkshireregiment-gw.html.
- The Battle of Arras was a British offensive during the First World War. From 9 April to 16 May 1917, British, Canadian, New Zealand, Newfoundland, and Australian troops attacked German defenses near the French city of Arras on the Western Front.
- First Battle of Bullecourt (10–11 April 1917) South of Arras, the plan called for two divisions - the British 62nd Division and the Australian 4th Division - to attack either side of the village of Bullecourt and push the Germans out of their fortified positions and into the reserve trenches. The attack was initially scheduled for the morning of 10 April, but the tanks intended for the assault were delayed by bad weather and the attack was postponed for 24 hours.
The order to delay did not reach all units in time, and two battalions of the West Yorkshire Regiment attacked and were driven back with significant losses. [Source Wikipedia]
One of the casualties was Oswald
- On April 22 1917, Oswald died of his wounds, age 28 at the No. 33 Casualty Clearing Station, Christ's Hospital, Bethune
- Buried - Unknown, Bethune* Town Cemetery, France (see photo)
(*Bethune is a French mining town, near Lille. For much of the First World War, Bethune was comparatively free from bombardment and remained an important railway and hospital centre, as well as a corps and divisional headquarters.
The 33rd Casualty Clearing Station (where Oswald died) was in the town until December 1917.
Bethune Town Cemetery contains 3,004 Commonwealth burials of the First World War. The Commonwealth section of the cemetery was designed by Sir Edwin Lutyens.
[Source: Commonwealth War Graves Commission] Oswald N. Tugwell is listed on the WWI Parish Memorial of Higham-on-the-Hill, Leicestershire.
See photo of certificate. World War I plaque received by Oswald's family posthumously, as well as medals:
1914-15 Star L/Cpl. O.N. Tugwell Royal Fusiliers. B.W.M. and Victory. 2/Lieut. O.N. Tugwell. D.O.W. recipient, aged 28, serving with 4th Bn - Attd. 1st Bn - West Yorkshire R.,