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Otto Eisler

Birthplace: Bystřice nad Pernštejnem, Czechia
Death: July 07, 1968 (75)
Brno, Brno-City District, South Moravian Region, Czech Republic
Immediate Family:

Son of Theodor /Bohdan Eisler and Ernestine Eisler
Husband of Gertruda Kende Eislerová
Brother of Hugo Eisler; Adolf Eisler; Arthur Eisler; Moritz Eisler and Leo Eisler

Occupation: Architect
Managed by: Randy Schoenberg
Last Updated:
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Immediate Family

About Otto Eisler

Otto Eisler (1 June 1893 – 27 July 1968) was a Czech architect, noted for his contributions to International style in architecture.[1][2]

Biography[edit] Eisler was educated at the Deutsche Technische Hochschule Brünn over the course of ten years, with a likely interruption for military service during World War I. During his studies, he worked at studios in Vienna. Upon graduation, he worked in the architectural practices of Heinrich Tessenow and Walter Gropius before founding his own firm. He also took part in managing his family's business, including his brothers' (Artur, Hugo, Leo, and Moriz) construction company.[3]

He was subject to Nazi persecution during the German occupation of Czechoslovakia because he was both Jewish and a suspected homosexual. In April 1939, he was arrested by the Gestapo and imprisoned in the prison at Špilberk, where he was apparently tortured. When furloughed, he fled to Norway, where he arrived on 21 February 1940. After Norway was invaded by Germany, he tried to flee to Sweden but was shot and wounded only a few yards from the border, and then deported to Auschwitz on the SS Donau. There he was reunited with his brother Mořic (Moriz), with whom he survived the death march to Buchenwald.[4][5][6]

He was liberated from Buchenwald and returned to Brno to resume his architectural career; he also took over the woodcutting business his deceased brother left to his heirs. He married his cousin Gertruda Kenderová, née Hermannová, in 1946. The family company was nationalized in 1948, and Eisler found work first in his own business, and subsequently at the Botanical Gardens of Masaryk University.[5] He acted as the chairman of Brno Zoo from 1950 to 1953.[7]

In addition to his professional interests in architecture, Eisler was also an avid painter, gardener, book collector, and horticulturist. Several works of art that were stolen by the Nazis were restored to his estate in the 2000s. He is buried in the Jewish cemetery in Brno.[8][9]

Notable works[edit] Own house, Neumannova 10, 1930 House for two brothers, Brno, 1931 Synagogue in 13 Skořepka street, Brno, 1934 (the only remaining synagogue in Brno)[10] Synagogue, Uherský Brod, 1946 Brno zoo, 1949–1966 References[edit] Jump up ^ Kroupa, Jiří. Otto Eisler a racionální purismus, aneb: problém obytného domu ve 30. letech [Otto Eisler and Rationaly Purism or Questions of the Residential Home in the 1930s]. Výtvarné Brno 1918-1938. ISBN 80-7027-007-1. Jump up ^ Gruber, Ruth Ellen (2008-04-09). "In a Czech city, '30s modernism lives on". The New York Times. Retrieved 2010-04-03. Jump up ^ "Otto Eisler" (in Czech). Archiweb. Retrieved 2010-04-03. Jump up ^ Gibson, Eric (26 December 1994). "Philip Johnson: Life and Work (book review)". Insight on the News. Retrieved 2010-04-03. ^ Jump up to: a b "Otto Eisler". Docomomo. Retrieved 2010-04-03. Jump up ^ "Spørreskjema for jøder i Norge" [Questionnaire for Jews in Norway] (in Norwegian). Oslo: Riksarkivet. 6 March 1942. Jump up ^ "History of the Brno Zoo". Brno: Brno Zoo. Retrieved 2010-04-03. Jump up ^ "Evening programs, March 2009". Prague: Jewish Museum in Czechoslovakia. Retrieved 2010-04-03. Jump up ^ "Ing. arch Otto Eisler". Prague: Osobnosti. 27 July 2009. Retrieved 2010-04-03. Jump up ^ Ethnic minorities in Brno: Jews,, accessed 15 April 2010

Famous Brno architect, Auschwitz survivor, and the first director of Brno zoo.

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Otto Eisler's Timeline

June 1, 1893
Bystřice nad Pernštejnem, Czechia
July 7, 1968
Age 75
Brno, Brno-City District, South Moravian Region, Czech Republic