Otto I, Holy Roman emperor

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Otto I of Saxony (Liudolfinger), Holy Roman Emporer

German: Otto I "der Große" von Sachsen (Liudolfinger), Römischer Kaiser, Lithuanian: Otonas, Holy Roman Emporer
Also Known As: "Emperor Otton I of the Germanic /Empire/", "the Great", "Of The Holy Roman Empire", "The Great", "von Deutschland", "Le Grand", "(Othon I) (Le Grande)", "Kaiser Otto I of Germany", "The /Great/", "King of Germany I /Otto/", "Otto den store", "Der Reich"
Birthplace: Wallhausen, (Present Landkreis Mansfeld-Südharz), Thüringische Mark (within present Sachsen-Anhalt), Ostenfrankenreich (Present Germany)
Death: May 07, 973 (60)
Memleben, (Present Burgenlandkreis), Thüringische Mark (within present Sachsen-Anhalt), Heiliges Römisches Reich (Present Germany) (Ruokamyrkytys)
Place of Burial: Magdeburg, Sachsen, Deutschland(HRR)
Immediate Family:

Son of Henry I "The Fowler", king of Germany and Matilda of Ringelheim
Husband of Eadgyth and Saint Adelaide of Italy
Partner of N von Hevelli
Father of Wilhelm von Sachsen, Erzbischof von Mainz; Liudolf, Duke of Swabia; Liutgarde; Heinrich, duke of Bavaria; Bruno von Sachsen and 2 others
Brother of Gerberga of Saxony; Adelheid Przemyślid; Hedwige of Saxony; Bruno "the Great", Duke of Lorraine and Henry I, Duke of Bavaria
Half brother of Thankmar

Occupation: Kaiser des Heiligen Römischen Reiches, Holy Roman Emperor, Rei da Alemanha e da Itália e 1o Imperador do Sacro Império Romano Germánico (962 - 973), Duke of Saxony, Duque da Saxony, Emperor of the Holy Roman Empire, Emperor, Duke of Saxe, Emperor I.R.
Managed by: Private User
Last Updated:

About Otto I, Holy Roman emperor


  • Wikipedia English Deutsch
  • King of Germany (formally King of East Francia, auf deutsch "Ostfränkischer König") Reign 2. July 936 – 7. May 973 Coronation 7. August 936 Aachen Cathedral

Predecessor: Henry "the Fowler" Successor: Otto II

  • King of Italy (formally King of the Lombards, auf deutsch "König von Italien") Reign 10. October 951 – 7. May 973

Predecessor: Berengar II Successor: Otto II

  • Holy Roman Emperor or "Römischer Kaiser " (auf deutsch) Reign 2. February 962 – 7 May 973 Coronation 2. February 962 St. Peter's Basilica, Rome

Predecessor: First Roman-German Emperor Successor: Otto II

  • Duke of Saxony, (auf deutsch "Herzog von Sachsen") Reign 2. July 936 – 7. May 973

Predecessor: Henry "the Fowler" Successor: Herman I

OTTO, son of HEINRICH I "der Vogelsteller/the Fowler" King of Germany & his second wife Mathilde --- (23 Nov 912-Memleben 7 May 973, bur Magdeburg Cathedral). Widukind names (in order) "Oddonem, Heinricum, Brunonem" as sons of King Heinrich & his second wife[217]. Associate King of Germany, with his father, in 930. He was elected as OTTO I "der Große" King of Germany 7 Aug 936, crowned at Aachen. After his accession, the Bohemians and the Abotrites withheld payment of tribute. A revolt in Bavaria was led by Duke Eberhard, whom King Otto deposed and banished. Otto's half-brother Thankmar rebelled in Saxony with other magnates dissatisfied with the king's distribution of offices. His brother Heinrich rebelled in 939, was joined by Louis IV King of the West Franks and Giselbert Duke of Lotharingia, but was defeated at Birten and Andernach[218]. Thietmar records that he founded the monastery of Magdeburg (later Magdeburg Cathedral), encouraged by his first wife, to which the relics of St Innocent were brought[219]. He sent armed forces which were unsuccessful in taking reprisals against Rouen in 945, after members of the local nobility had arranged the escape of Richard I Comte [de Normandie] from his captivity by Louis IV King of the West Franks, his brother-in-law, a nepos (unidentified) of King Otto being killed in the battle[220]. Thietmar records that he invaded Italy in 951, using the ill-treatment of his future second wife as an excuse, entered Pavia 23 Sep 951 and proclaimed himself king of Italy. His predecessor Berengario di Ivrea proposed himself as Otto's viceroy in Italy, which was accepted by the Council of Augsburg in Aug 952. King Otto's son Liudolf rebelled in 953, but was pardoned in 954. Thietmar records that King Otto defeated the Magyars in battle at Lechfeld near Augsburg in 955[221], which marked the end of their marauding in Europe. Berengario King of Italy abused his position, and Otto sent Liudolf to Italy to restore order. After several further years of Berengario's tyrannical rule in Italy, Otto invaded in Aug 961 in response to requests for intervention from Pope John XII and Hubert [de Provence] Duke of Spoleto, one of Berengario's main vassals. King Otto forced Berengario's retreat to the fortress of San Leo near Montefeltro 962, finally capturing him in 963. Thietmar records that he was crowned Emperor at Rome 2 Feb 962 by Pope John XII[222]. The necrology of Fulda records the death "973 Non Mai" of "Otto imp"[223]. Thietmar records his death at Memleben on 7 May in the thirty-eighth year after his consecration and his burial at Magdeburg[224]. The necrology of Merseburg records the death "7 May" of "Otto maior magnus imperator"[225].

m firstly (Sep 929) EADGYTH of Wessex, daughter of EDWARD "the Elder" King of Wessex & his second wife Ælfleda --- (-26 Jan 946[226], bur Magdeburg Cathedral). ...

m secondly (Pavia [Oct/Nov] 951) as her second husband, ADELAIS of Burgundy, widow of LOTHAR King of Italy, daughter of RUDOLF II King of Upper Burgundy [Welf] & his wife Berta of Swabia ([928/33]-Kloster Selz, Alsace 16 Dec 999, bur Kloster Selz). ... ...

Mistress (1): (before 929) --- [of the Hevelli], daughter of [BA%C3%87LABI%C4%8C [Václav] Fürst der Stodoranen & his wife ---]. According to Europäische Stammtafeln[241], she was the daughter of Baçlabić. The primary source which confirms her parentage has not yet been identified. She was a "captured Slavic noblewoman" according to Thietmar, who gives neither her name nor her parentage[242].

King Otto I & his first wife had two children:
King Otto I & his second wife had [five] children:
King Otto had one illegitimate son by Mistress (1):
King Otto had one possible illegitimate son by an unknown mistress:

Henry Project:

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Otto I, Holy Roman emperor's Timeline

November 23, 912
Wallhausen, (Present Landkreis Mansfeld-Südharz), Thüringische Mark (within present Sachsen-Anhalt), Ostenfrankenreich (Present Germany)
Wittenberg, Thuringia (present Saxony-Anhalt), Austrasia, Ostenfrankenreich (Present Germany)
Saxony, Germany
Saxony, Germany
Saxony, Germany