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Ozias Goodwin

Birthdate: (87)
Birthplace: Braintree, Essex, England
Death: April 3, 1683 (87)
Hartford, Hartford County, Connecticut Colony
Place of Burial: Hartford, Hartford County, Connecticut, United States
Immediate Family:

Son of Ozeas Goodwin and Nancy Goodwin
Husband of Mary Goodwin
Father of Ozias Goodwin; William Goodwin of Hartford; Nathaniel Goodwin and Hannah Pitkin
Brother of Martha Goodwin and William Goodwin

Managed by: (D) James Richard Marsh
Last Updated:

About Ozias Goodwin

Relationship Notes:

The Town Records of Hadley, MA for Dec. 19, 1661 includes an entry in which a grant to Osias GOODWIN is renewed under certain conditions, and that William GOODWIN performed these conditions "for his brother."

Source: Unknown


Ozias Goodwin immigrated on 16 Sep 1632 to Boston, Suffolk Co., MA. He died in Apr 1683 in East Hartford, Hartford Co., CT. He arrived on the ship Lyon.

SOURCE: Unknown

Biographical Summary #1:

"...Ozias Goodwin (1596-1683) [was an early settler of Hartford, Connecticut.] Materials for a sketch of the life of Ozias Goodwin, brother of Elder William Goodwin, are very scanty. He was born in 1596, as appears by some proceedings in court in September, 1674, when he testified that he was seventy-eight years old, and it has been assumed that he was younger than his brother. He married, in England, Mary the daughter of Robert Woodward, of Braintree in the county of Essex. This is shown by the will of said Woodward, made May 27, 1640, in which is the following: "Item I give & bequeath unto my daughter Mary Goodwin the wife of Ozias Goodwin now in New England tenne shillings."

It is not known when Ozias Goodwin came to New England. His name is not found among the passengers in the ship Lion, which arrived at Boston September 16, 1632, and brought Elder William and several others, who established themselves first at Newtown, now Cambridge in Massachusetts, and subsequently at Newtown, now Hartford in Connecticut. Governor Winthrop tells us that the Lion brought one hundred and twenty-three passengers, whereof fifty were children; of the seventy-three adults we have the names of thirty-three, all males. It is hard to believe that the forty others were all females, or that even one half of the adult passengers were of that sex, considering the newness of the plantations. Whether he immigrated in that ship or not, no trace of him has been found at Cambridge, or elsewhere in Massachusetts.

His first appearance in Hartford is as a landholder among "such inhabitants as were granted lots to have only at the town's courtesie, with liberty to fetch wood and keep swine or cows by proportion on the common." And there was recorded to him, February, 1639/40:


1. One parcel on which his dwelling-house now standeth, with yards or gardens therein being, containing by estimation four acres more or less; abutting upon the highway leading from Seth Grant's to the Centinal (Hill) on the east, and the highway leading from the cow-pasture to Mr. Allen's land on the west, and on Tho. Burchwood's land and on Rich. Lord's land on the south, and on Tho. Hale's land on the north.

2. One parcel of swamp on the east side of the great river, containing by estimation four acres more or less, abutting upon the great river on the west, and on the land now common on the east, and on Nich. Disborowe's land on the south, and on John Bydle's land on the north.

The home lot, or first parcel above described, was on what is now Trumbull Street, near Church Street. It does not seem to have been in his possession at the time of his death, or in 1668. Between 1640 and 1655 there was recorded to him:

One parcel on which a tenement now standeth, which he bought of widow Ketcherell, containing by estimation two roods, be it more or less, and was her dwelling-house; abutting on the highway leading from the mill to the old ox-pasture on the southwest, and on the burying-place on the east, and on Jeremy Adams his land on the northwest.

It may be conjectured that he removed his dwelling to the lot last named, partly from what is said above as to his former home lot having passed out of his possession, and partly because at a town meeting, February 15, 1655/66, it was voted, that Jasper Gunn and Ozias Goodwin should have liberty to make and maintain a stile in the burying lot, for their use to go the next way to meeting. The meeting-house was situated on the old State-house square, and it would be much more convenient for him to go to it from the Trumbull Street lot through what is now Pearl Street, then the road from the meeting-house to the mill, than it would be to go through the burying lot.

To this lot he bought a small addition, December 13, 1661. Some other small parcels of land were from time to time recorded to him, which it does not seem necessary to specify here.

Ozias Goodwin was one of the company from Hartford, Windsor, and Wethersfield, who on the 18th of April, 1659, signed an agreement to remove to Hadley in Massachusetts, "therein to inhabit and dwell, by the 29th of September come twelve months, which will be in the year 1660." That he sympathized with his brother and others who removed on account of the troubles in the church in Hartford is quite likely, but that he did not go to Hadley to dwell is evident from the following vote on the records of that town, under the date of December 19, 1661: "The towne have renewed Ozias Goodwin's former grant, provided he be here as a resident by the middle of May next, discharging all just dues and demands, else liable to forfeit his allotments with all expense to the toune," to which is added this significant clause, "Mr. Goodwin ingages the conditions in the premises for his brother."

So far as appears by the records, Ozias Goodwin never held any town office in Hartford, nor took part in public affairs. His name appears on the list of freemen of the Colony of Connecticut dwelling on the north side of the river at in Hartford, which list was made October 13, 1669.


Except in her father's will, no reference has been found to the wife of Ozias Goodwin. It is quite evident that she died before her husband.

Death & Probate

Ozias Goodwin died in the spring of the year 1683, as shown by an inventory in the Hartford Probate Records, Book IV, taken the 3d day of April 1683, signed by Wm. Goodwin Senr., Nathaniel Goodwin, and Wm. Pitkin.

The inventory was exhibited at the adjourned county court at Hartford, April 4, 1683, and the agreement for distribution approved, and both ordered to be recorded.

Although Mr. Goodwin was never a wealthy man, the meagerness of the inventory of his personal belongings may perhaps be explained in this way. He was an old man, about eighty-seven at the time of his death, and had been a widower for we know not how long. He may have divided his household effects among his children during his lifetime, reserving only what was necessary for his personal use; and it is not unlikely that one of his sons lived with and cared for him.


Of the number of his children we know nothing but what the agreement for the division of his estate reveals to us; that is, that three survived him. The eldest son, William, was born about 1629, for in 1674 he testified that he was about forty-five years old; Nathaniel is supposed to have been born about 1637; Hannah is thought to have been born about 1639, and in 1661 married to William Pitkin, Esq., who had come to Hartford from England about two years previously; and by him she became the ancestress of many who have attained distinction. She survived her husband about thirty years.

Source: <>

Biographical Summary #2:

Ozias Goodwin was born circa 1596 (he testified that his age was 78, in 1674). He was a brother of Elder William Goodwin. He married Mary, daughter of Robert Woodward, of Braintree, County Essex, and very probablyly came from that region himself.

He was one of the proprietors of Hartford "by courtesie of the town," and his home-lot was on the west Side of the highway leading from Seth Grant's to Centinel Hill, now Trumbull St., containing four acres.

He signed the agreement to remove to Hadley in 1659, but did not go. A home-lot of eight acres was assigned to him at Hadley, and Dec. 19, 1661, the grant was renewed, provided that he should take up his residence by the middle of May ; “and Mr. Goodwin (Wm.) engages for his Brother.” He died prior to April, 1683. Inv. April 3, £129. 4.


  1. William, born circa. 1629; married Susanna -; who she was is unknown, excepting the fact that she had a sister, Sarah Freon, who was betrothed to Thomas Greenhill ; freeman, May 21, 1657; chimneyviewer, 1672 ; d. in Hartford, Oct. 15, 1689. In his will, dated June 25, 1689, he gives to his Son, William, land "formerly belonging to my uncle, John Morris, of Hartford," but just what the relationship was is unknown. His widow, Susanna, married circa Aug., 1691, John Shepard, Sr., of Hartford, as his Second wife.
  2. Nathaniel, born circa 1637 ; freeman, Oct., 1662 ; married (1) Sarah daughter of John and Hannah Cowles, of Hatfield, Mass., afterward of Farmington; d. May 8, 1676, aged 29; he married (2) Elizabeth, den. of Daniel Pratt. Chosen townsman, 1670, 1677, 1682, 1695, 1706; his will is dated Aug. 21, 1712; inv. Jan. 29, 1713-14.
  3. Hannah, born circa 1639; married circa 1660-1, William Pitkin, of Hartford ; d. Feb. 12, 1723-4, in her eighty-fifth year.

Ozias Goodwin has a numerous posterity, and his descendants have been prominent among our best citizens. The late Judge Nathaniel Goodwin, the distinguished antiquarian and genealogist, was a great-great-grandson of Nathaniel, above. In the line of Nathaniel, by his second wife, were his great-grandson, George Goodwin, of the firm of Hudson k Goodwin, for many years



Osias was buried in Ancient Burying Ground. Map Identifies Grave Marker Om Area 14, Marker #891.

SOURCE: Unknown

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Ozias Goodwin's Timeline

Braintree, Essex, England
Age 31
Bocking, Essex, England
Age 33
Braintree, Essex, England
Age 41
Hartford, Hartford County, Connecticut Colony
Age 41
Hartford, (Present Hartford County), Connecticut Colony
April 3, 1683
Age 87
Hartford, Hartford County, Connecticut Colony
April 5, 1995
Age 87
November 18, 1995
Age 87
August 18, 2001
Age 87