Panah-Ali Khan - SARIJA ALI - Jarchi Bashi sous Nader Shah Afshar - Head of Karabakh - Javanshir

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Panah-Ali Khan - SARIJA ALI - Jarchi Bashi sous Nader Shah Afshar - Head of Karabakh - Javanshir

Persian: پناه علـي بيـگ ساريجالي از قبيلة جوانشير قره باغ - «جارچي پناه» Head of Karabakh - Javanshir
Birthdate:
Birthplace: Azarbaijan, Sarijali, Agjabadi, actual Aghdam Region, Azerbaijan
Death: 1761 (68)
Shiraz, Fars Province, Iran (Feigned death and was consequently murdered , embalmed and sent with honors to Karabakh by Karim Khan Zand )
Place of Burial: Aghdam, in his own estate
Immediate Family:

Father of Ebrahim Khalil Khan of Karabagh - Javanshir; Mehr Ali Beg Javanshir and Il-Talibkhan Bey Javanshir
Brother of Fazl Ali Javanshir

Occupation: Head of the Karabakh from 1747 to 1759
Managed by: Private User
Last Updated:

About Panah-Ali Khan - SARIJA ALI - Jarchi Bashi sous Nader Shah Afshar - Head of Karabakh - Javanshir

1437- Qarabagh, originally a part of the Ganja Qanate, was ruled by 5 families of Armenian maliks, local princes who had been assigned to the governorship of the territory by the Turkoman lord Jahan-Shah (1437-1467) when it was a frontier region of his empire. The province became the hereditary fief of the Turkish clan of Javanshir. Its chiefs were called from father to son alternatively Panah and Ibrahim Khalil. In 1747 Panah Javanshir, a local Turkoman chieftain, a town crier fugitive from Persia, who had put himself at the head of the Javanshir Turkomans and who was tyrannizing the Armenian Maliks of Qarabagh, seized control of the region after the death of Nadir Shah Afshar.


Les khans de Ganja ont reigne sur le Karabakh de 1748 a 1822, en commençant avec Shah Verdi Khan Zyad Oghlu Qajar, Shahverdi Khan Ziyad-oghlu Qajar First Khan of Ganja (reign 1747-1760).

Dzhevanshiry , Dzhavanshiry [2] ( Azeri. Cavanşirl дr ) - dynasty of Turkic [3] khans, who ruled in 1748 - 1822 .


http://azkurs.org/azerbaycan-milli-elmler-akademiyasi-a-a-bakixanov-adna-tarix-i.html?page=3 . According to Mirza Jamal, Panahali bey escaped from Khorasan to Karabakh in 1738.


ref:https://ru.wikipedia.org/wiki/Джеванширы

[... In the following year Taymurazi took Shahverdi-Khan of Ganja (r.1747-1760) Shahverdi Khan Ziyad-oghlu Qajar First Khan of Ganja (reign 1747-1760) under his protection; and defeated the truculent Sharji-Panah, a town crier, fugitive from Persia [Il était crieur de la cour de Nader Shah Afshar, et on l'y appelait ( «جارچي پناه» ) Jartchi Panah] , who had put himself at the head of the Jevanshir Turkomans and who was tyrannizing the Armenian meliks of Karabagh.] ref. William Edward David Allen. A history of the Georgian people: from the beginning down to the Russian conquest in the nineteenth century. — Taylor & Francis, 1971. — С. 197.

George A. Bournoutian «Qarābāghʹnāmah Jamāl Javānshīr Qarābāghī» from the Javanshir tribe of Dizak, from the of Sarijalu, which was a group within the Bahmanli, tribe, who, in olden days, had come, from Turkestan. They were a part of the famous Afshar tribe.

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Azeri:https://az.wikipedia.org/wiki/P%C9%99nah%C9%99li_xan

http://karabakh.org/karabakh-history/karabakh-during-the-xviii-cc/karabakh-as-independent-khanate-rise-of-karabakh-khanate/

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Panah_Ali_Khan https://ru.wikipedia.org/wiki/%D0%94%D0%B6%D0%B5%D0%B2%D0%B0%D0%BD%D1%88%D0%B8%D1%80-%D0%94%D0%B8%D0%B7%D0%B0%D0%BA%D1%81%D0%BA%D0%B8%D0%B9_%D0%BC%D0%B0%D0%B3%D0%B0%D0%BB#%D0%98%D1%81%D1%82%D0%BE%D1%80%D0%B8%D1%8F

According to Mirza Jamal Dzhevanshir Karabagsky , in his “History of Karabakh” (1850) , “the family of Panah Khan comes from Dizak Dzhevanshir from Oimak of Saryjalli, one of the branches of the Bahmanly tribe” [3] .


Panah-Ali Khan Javanshir (Persian: پناه‌علی‌ خان جوانشیر , Azerbaijani: Pənah Əli Qarabağlı) (1693, Sarijali, Safavid Empire – 1761, Shiraz, Zand dynasty) was the founder and first ruler of Karabakh Khanate under Persian suzerainty.
SOLEIMAN SOLTAN - Sarija Ali - Panah Ali Bek (Ebrahim Khalil Agha) Participates in Nader Shah Afshar's 1730 war with the Ottoman empire. (page 26 of http://www.yknews.az/kitablar/kitab20100105085019742.pdf)

Il était crieur de la cour de Nader Shah Afshar, et on l'y appelait ( «جارچي پناه» ) Jartchi Panah. https://ru.wikipedia.org/wiki/%D0%9F%D0%B0%D0%BD%D0%B0%D1%85_%D0%90%D0%BB%D0%B8-%D1%85%D0%B0%D0%BD


Maragheh Qanat - On the side of the lake is Urmia , and on the other Tabriz i Maragha. The dimensions of this lake are such that riding a horse is hardly possible to turn around in 10 days. " .... In 1725, Ottoman troops reconquered Maragha, which was ruled by Abd-al-Aziz Pasha, who divided the Khanat into 5 sanjaks. In 1729, Nadir Shah defeated the Ottoman army and Maragha returned under the authority of the Muqaddam tribal Khan.

After Nadir's murder, he brings back the Turkish Moslem population of Qarabag whom Nadir had exiled, strengthening the Karabag Qanat for the future khan of Qarabag, the 15 year old Ebrahim Khalil.

Building of the Bayat castle in 1748

In 1748, Adil Shah grants him the title of Khan and ruler of Karabagh, although Panah Ali's true power had been gained before the shah's decree and regardless of him.

In 1750, he is amongst the Azarbaijani chiefs who were defeated by Azad Khan.(ref page 114 of Frontier Nomads of Iran: A Political and Social History of the Shahsevan By Richard Tapper). Panah Ali finishes the building of Shahbulag castle in Tarnakut, along with mosques, houses, charsu (squares, bazar squares), bathouses made of stone and lime. He makes the place his abode.

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[The third mahal is Khachin. Their malik is Hasan Jalalyan's son. (They) made the bride of power beautiful and (became rulers). After this family was deprived of the rank of malik, this mahal had no independent malik. Finally, the deceased Panah khan Javanshir's "Sun of statehood" and "flag of majesty" raised on the horizon of power and lighted all parts of the Garabagh district with splendor and luxury. At the order of officials of this eternal state Malik Mirza khan from Khinziristan (modern name – Khindiristan – Y.M., K.Sh.)… minted the coin of the rank of malik with his name. Further, his son Allahverdi and grandson Malik Gahraman… raised the flag of maliklik to the skies.

===

The coalition of meliks in Southern Armenia was not a lasting one. In 1750, due to the selfish ambitions of one of the meliks, Turkic tribes were finally able to gain a foothold in Artsakh. Melik Joseph Shahnazarian of Varanda was murdered and his family slaughtered by his half-brother Shahnazar Bek, who seized control of Varanda as Melik Shahnazar III. Melik Joseph's wife was a Hasan-Jalalian. The massacre provoked an armed response from the Hasan-Jalalids whom the other three melik houses supported. The usurper sought the aid of a Turkic chieftain from the Javanshir tribe named Panah-Ali. The plains of Artsakh were of great importance for the nomadic Javanshir, for generations they paid the meliks tribute for the right of summer pasturage and always attempted to gain a permanent foothold, acting in concert, the meliks managed to keep the nomads in check. Shahnazar accepted Panah-Ali's suzerainty and ceded the fortress of Shosh (site of modern Shushi) and made it the capital of the newfound Karabakh Khanate. He forced the meliks of Jraberd and Gulistan to flee and severely weakened the melik of Dizak.26 Throughout this period, incessant wars between the meliks and Panah, ruined Artsakh and exhausted both sides. A truce was reached in 1760 which left the meliks in possession of their lands in return for recognition of Panah as Khan of Karabakh. Panah's son Ibrahim married Shahnazar's daughter and retained his services.] The Meliks of Eastern Armenia by Aspet Emin.

====

The achievements of Panah khan in subordinating the maliks, was continued by his son Ibrahim khan. The Maliks of Garabagh, Yesay from Dizag, Majnun from Chilerbird and Baylaryan from Gulustan refused to subordinate themselves to Ibrahim khan. However, Malik Shahnazar from Varander and Mirza khan from Khachin accepted his power and joined the patriotic alliance of forces he had created]. ..... According to most sources, during this period Maragha was ruled by Muqaddam Mohammed Khan, who in 1738 participated in the Nadir Shah campaign in India and directed the Nadir Shah troops' center at the Battle of Karpale . According to sociologist Professor Delvechio, the social aspects of the Khanat of Maragha existed, in the Indian campaign of Nadir Shah with the Maragha army under Muqaddam Ali Khan, father of Ahmed Khan.

ref:https://ca.wikipedia.org/wiki/Khanat_de_Maragha

Selon Ahmad Beg, Panah Khan aka Soleiman Soltan descendait de Argun Shah, un des petits fils de Hulegu. Un de ses ancetres, Mohammad Khan (Panah Ali Beg, le pere de Panah Ali Khan Sarija Ali) vivait a Alagark , sur les rives de l'Arax, pres du village de Bahmanli. Il etait en possetion d'un acte de propriete,redige sur une peau de daim, disant qu'il avait achete tout le Qarabag, soit un territoire de 200 vestres (environ 125 miles) sur 200 vestres, borde par le Kurek, le Kur, l'Arax et l'Alinja et le lac Gokcha (Sevan). Il en fit l'heritage de ses 3 fils pendant qu'il etait en vie (ref. Karabakhskogo Khanstva page 69-70) Lire A History of Qarabagh par Mirza Jamal Javanshir Qarabaghi.page 45 et 46.

Sous Shah Abbas II, il descend du Turkestan au Qarabag. Il est "crieur du roi" sous Nader Shah Afshar (r.1736 a 1747) et devient un de ses favoris. Mais vers la fin de son regne, Nader Shah, ne l'aime plus et Panah Ali se réfugie dans les montagnes du Qarabag. A l'annonce du meurtre de Nader Shah, Panah Ali fortifie son pouvoir dans le Qarabag avec le retour de la tribu Javanshir qui avait été deplacee par Nader Shah dans le Khorasan. Il devient vassal de Adel Shah Afshar et en 1161/ 1750, il obtient le titre de Khan et de gouverneur du Qarabagh.

Prise de possession de Erevan, Nakhjavan et Ardebil. Après la fin du règne de Adel Shah et le debut du regne de Shahrokh Afshar (1161-1210/1750-1799), Panah Khan prend Ganja, Erevan, Nakhjavan et Ardebil et obtient la soumission des khans de ces régions. Il fit alors construire les forteresses de Bayat et Ternavat. Vers 1170/1759, a la demande de Malek Shah Nazarvarandeh, l'un des gouverneurs anti arméniens du Karabagh, il fit construire la forteresse de Panah Abad. Cette forteresse sera par la suite connue sous le nom de la Forteresse de SHOUSH. Un an apres sa construction, Mohammad Hassan Khan Qajar, le pere de Agha Mohammad Khan, attaqua la forteresse sans réussir a la prendre.

Il accompagne Karim Khan Zand: Dans la dispute pour la couronne entre Mohammad Hassan Khan Qajar et Karim Khan Zand, Panah Khan prit le parti de Karim Khan et aida a la defaite de Mohammad Hassan Khan. Apres quoi, Fath Ali Khan Afshar vint de l'Azarbaijan pour défaire Panah Khan et assiégea la forteresse de Shoush. Mais en vain. Il prit alors la décision d'arrêter les animosités et proposa de donner sa fille en mariage a Ebrahim Khalil Khan, le fils de Panah Khan. Ainsi, Fath Ali Khan Afshar obtint la soumission de Ebrahim Khalil Khan et dirigea son armee vers Urumyeh. Panah Khan, decidant de liberer son fils, se joignit a l'armee de Karim Khan Zand qui se dirigeait vers Urumiyeh. Avec la defaite de Fath Ali Khan Afshar, Ebrahim Khalil Khan fut libre. Karim Khan alors emmena Panah Khan avec lui a Shiraz et nomma Ebrahim Khalil Khan gouverneur du Qarabaq. Panah Khan mourut peu apres a Shiraz. Son corps fut envoye a Qarabaq pour y etre enterre.

[... It is necessary to say a few words about the death of Panach Khan. We know that Fatah Ali Afshar, united with the Armenian meliks, fought against Panah Khan and, having beaten him, took his son Ibrahim-agu with him to Persia as a hostage. This Fatah Ali Khan subsequently fought against Askar Khan (brother Karim Khan Zend) and killed him. When Karim Khan grew stronger and conquered many areas of Persia, he decided to take revenge on Fatah Ali Khan for the murder of his brother. Returning from Shiraz, he laid siege to Fatah Ali Khan's fortress of Urmia (1762) and, seizing him, sent him to Shiraz. At the same time, Karim Khan freed the son of Panah Khan Ibrahim-agu, who was kept in the same fortress, and also took him to Shiraz.

Panah Khan, having heard about this, with rich gifts went to Persia to Karim Khan, hoping to get his son. For two years he remained in Shiraz, but, seeing that his son was not returned and was not released, he started the game with his usual cunning in order to save himself at least. Since Karim Khan, who considered himself the ruler of all Persia, did not want to release the troublemaker in Karabakh for the sake of peace in the country, Panah Khan pretended to be dead and was placed in a coffin. The people of Panah Khan, turning to Karim Khan, were asked to be allowed to do the will of the deceased — to take his body to his homeland and bury him there. Karim Khan guessed the trick. “I have to,” he said, “with honour to bury the departed ... And in order not to stink the body on the way, it is necessary to embalm it”.

By order of Karim Khan, the executioners gutted the insides of a living dead man, as is usually done when embalming corpses, and then handed it to people with the words: "Now you can carry." The body of Panah Khan was transported to Karabakh.

Panah Khan (1763) died of such a death. After that, Karim Khan, assuming that his son would serve Persia more loyally than his cunning father, granted him the title of Khan and sent him to Karabakh. Ibrahim-aga became Ibrahim Khan and replaced his father ... [4]] ref :https://ru.wikipedia.org/wiki/%D0%9F%D0%B0%D0%BD%D0%B0%D1%85_%D0%90%D0%BB%D0%B8-%D1%85%D0%B0%D0%BD

Panah Ali Bek Javanshir of Dizak from the Sarijally oymak married a woman from Javanshir clan of Karabakh. He has a son: Sarija Ali

Dans The frontier Nomads of Iran de R. Tapper, il est ecrit que Panah Ali etait l'hotage de Nader Shah, puis etant libre a la mort du Shah, il fuit, est confirme khan du Qara Bagh par le successeur de Nader Shah, Adel Shah. En 1750, il est battu avec plusieurs chef azarbaijanais, par Azad Khan. Vers 1752, il fortifie Shush et l'appelle Panah Abad.En 1757, il resiste a Mohammad Hassan Khan. Quelques annees plus tard, c'est Fath Ali Khan Afshar qui fait le siege de Panah Abad. Panah Ali rachete sa liberte en offrant son fils Ebrahim Khalil en otage. Ce dernier est emmene a Urumiyeh.

En 1762, Karim Khan Zan prend le trone et demande a Panah Ali de l'accompagner a Shiraz. Il y mourra, otage parmi d'autres. Son fils Ebrahim Khali Khan devient gouverneur du Qara Bagh.


[Nader Shah had sent large numbers of Otu-Ziki, Javanshir and Kebirli tribes people of Qara Bagh to Khorasan, but he kept Panah Ali with him at court as hostage (...) ref: page 114 Frontier Nomads of Iran, Richard Tapper

https://books.google.ca/books?id=uAzGTtWlp7gC&pg=PA305&lpg=PA305&dq=richard+tapper+the+nomad+frontiers&source=bl&ots=6N5pO1nH1k&sig=pkNFz1XtLwHFQGJ4GCgMtnuqP3Q&hl=fr&sa=X&ved=0ahUKEwjb_OPL8tvSAhVI6IMKHY6qCM0Q6AEIQzAH#v=snippet&q=ebrahim%20khalil%20khan%20panah%20ali&f=false

[... in 1750... a breach took place due to the ambitions of one of the (four) meliks who broke the union and allowed a Turkish chief to gain a foothold in mountainous Qarabagh for the first time. In the melikate of Varanda, the murder of Malek Ovsep Shahnazarian by his younger brother Shahnazar, who took power, provoked armed opposition by the other four meliks. The usurper needed the help of an outside force which he found in the Turk Panah Ali, chief of the Jivanshir tribe. This tribe which was nomadic in the plain of Qarabagh of Mughan, had set its sights on the pastures of the Karabagh plateaux and valleys. But until now the meliks had been successful in keeping Panah Ali's desires in check. In 1722, the Jivanshirs were opposed by the Armenian militias and defeated by them. The situation changed with the death of Nadir Shah in Persia in 1747. The ensuing disorders allowed Panah to impose his authority in the plains and to take the title of Khan of Karabagh. The split among the meliks presented an unforeseen opportunity to complete his penetration of the plateau country. Panah brought melik Shahnazar into his service and installed himself in the melik's domain of Varanda, forcing him to cede the fortress of Shosh, the future city of Shushi or Shusha. In the early 1750s, in the heart of the mountainous Armenian retreat, the Khanate of Shushi Karabagh was created. Having taken Varanda, Panah Ali Khan soon took control of the melikate of Khachen. He forced the meliks of Gulestan and Jraberd to flee to Gandzak, and he considerably weakened the melik of Dizak. He also extended his authority to all of Siunik up to the border of Nakhichevan. The resistance of the meliks was not, however, totally broken and they increasingly looked to Russia.

With the death of Panah Ali in 1763, his son Ebrahim continued the politics of his father with energy, finesse, deceit and cruelty....]

ref page 75 of The Caucasian Knot: The History & Geopolitics of Nagorno-Karabagh By Levon Chorbajian, Patrick Donabédian, Claude Mutafian

[... Fath Ali Khan Afshar, the governor of Urumiyeh, who was claiming kingship and who besides Azarbaijan had gained control over Erevan, Qarabagh and Sheki. Hoseyn Bey of Sheki was son of Hasan Aqa, son of Hajji Chelebi, in whose family the governorship of Sheki was hereditary until the year 1221/1806, had given him the title of Khan and rose to fight him.

Panah Ali Javanshir, the governor of Qarabaghi, who at first was the herald of Nader Shah (Afshar), while at the end of the reign of Nader Shah, he had taken refuge in Qabaleh and Qarabagh. After Nader Shah's death, in many fights, he had taken the province of Qarabagh and had built the city of Shushi. His son was Ebrahim Aqa, who was hostage in the hands of Fath Ali Khan (Afshar). He went to see Karim Khan (Zand) and helped him in taking Urumiyeh and killing Fath Ali Khan and he freed his son. Karim Khan sent the son Ebrahim Aqa with the title of Khan ro Qarabagh. He kept Panah Khan all the time at his court until he died in Shiraz...] ref. page 137 of The Heavenly Rose Garde - A history of Shirvan and Daghestan - by Abbas Qoli Agha Bakikhanov.

voir egalement http://xan.musigi-dunya.az/file.pl?id=120&lang=en


Panah Ali, Khosrow Soltan (Armani Jadidol Eslam) Javanshir [Gov. des Javanshir puis promu Amir Shekar Gari par Shah Safi SAFAVI r.1629-1642) Il sert les Ziyad Oglu Qajar, a la cour de Ganja puis revient chez lui, fait fortune par lui même et se marie. Son premier enfant est un garçon blond qu'on appellera Ali Sarija Ali : Ali Jaune. Sarija Ali cree sa propre tribu : Sarijali. Les chefs se nommeront dès lors Panah Ali puis Ebrahim Khalil, a tour de role.


Sarija Ali cree sa propre tribu : Sarijali. Les chefs se nommeront dès lors Panah Ali puis Ebrahim Khalil, a tour de role. Ainsi, Ebrahim Khalil II envoya son fils Fazlali Beg au service de Nader Shah; il sera tué en servant le Shah peu apres. Alors Ebrahim Khalil envoya son autre fils Panah Ali III a la cour de Nader. Panah Ali III devint le khan du Qarabagh.

About پناه علـي بيـگ ساريجالي از قبيلة جوانشير قره باغ - «جارچي پناه» Head of Karabakh - Javanshir (Persian)

پناه‌خان‌ جوانشیر[ویرایش] مشهور به‌ پناه‌ علی‌بیگ‌ ساروجلوی‌ جوانشیر، [۱] در زمان‌ شاه‌عباس‌ دوم‌ صفوی‌ (حک:۱۰۵۲ـ۱۰۷۷) از ترکستان‌ به‌ قره‌باغ‌ آمد. [۲] وی‌ در زمان‌نادرشاه‌ (حک: ۱۱۴۸ـ ۱۱۶۰) جارچی‌باشی‌ بود. [۳] او ابتدا بسیار مورد لطف‌ نادرشاه‌ قرار داشت‌، اما نادر در اواخر حکومتش‌ به‌ وی‌ خشم‌ گرفت‌ و پناه‌خان‌ ناگزیر در ۱۱۵۶ به‌ کوهستانهای‌ قره‌باغ‌ گریخت‌. [۴] وی‌ با شنیدن‌ خبر قتل‌ نادرشاه‌، در ناحیه قره‌باغ‌ دعوی‌ حکومت‌ کرد و با بازگشت‌ ایلات‌ جوانشیر، که‌ نادرشاه‌ آنان‌ را به‌ خراسان‌ کوچانده‌ بود، قدرتش‌ افزون‌ گشت‌. [۵] پناه‌خان‌ از عادل‌ شاه‌ افشار اطاعت‌ کرد و در ۱۱۶۱ از وی‌ لقب‌ خانی‌ گرفت‌ و به‌ حکومت‌ قره‌باغ‌ منصوب‌ شد.

← تصرف‌ ایروان‌، نخجوان‌ و اردبیل‌ پس‌ از برکناری‌ عادل‌ شاه‌ و به‌ حکومت‌ رسیدن‌ شاهرخ‌ افشار (حک: ۱۱۶۱ـ۱۲۱۰)، پناه‌خان‌ گنجه‌، ایروان‌ ، نخجوان‌ و اردبیل‌ را تصرف‌ کرد و خانهای‌ آن‌ مناطق‌ را به‌ اطاعت‌ خود در آورد [۶] و سپس‌ قلعه‌های‌ بیات‌ و تِرناوِت‌ را بنا کرد. او در حدود ۱۱۷۰، به‌ درخواست‌ ملک‌شاه‌ نظرورنده ‌، یکی‌ از حاکمان‌ ارمنی‌ نواحی‌ قره‌باغ‌، قلعه پناه‌آباد را بنا کرد. این‌ قلعه‌ بعدها به‌ قلعه شوشی‌ شهرت‌ یافت‌. [۷] [۸] یک‌ سال‌ پس‌ از احداث‌ قلعه شوشی‌، محمدحسن‌خان‌ قاجار (پدر آقامحمدخان‌) به‌ آنجا حمله‌ کرد ولی‌ موفق‌ به‌ تصرف‌ آن‌ نشد. [۹]

← همراهی با کریم‌خان‌ زند در رقابت‌ گسترده‌ میان‌ محمدحسن‌خان‌ قاجار و کریم‌خان‌ زند برای‌ تسلط‌ بر حکومت‌، پناه‌خان‌ جانب‌ کریم‌خان‌ را گرفت‌، که‌ به‌ شکست‌ و کشته‌ شدن‌ محمدحسن‌خان‌ قاجار انجامید. پس‌ از آن‌ فتحعلی‌خان‌ افشار از آذربایجان‌، به‌ قصد مطیع‌ کردن‌ پناه‌خان‌، به‌ سوی‌ قلعه شوشی‌ لشکر کشید، اما کاری‌ از پیش‌ نبرد، از این‌رو تصمیم‌ به‌ مصالحه‌ گرفت‌ و پیشنهاد کرد که‌ دخترش‌ با ابراهیم‌خلیل‌ خان‌، پسر پناه‌خان‌، ازدواج‌ کند. وی‌ با این‌ حیله‌ ابراهیم‌خلیل‌خان‌ را به‌ اسارت‌ خود در آورد و با سرعت‌ به‌ سوی‌ ارومیه‌ حرکت‌ کرد. [۱۰] پناه‌خان‌، به‌ قصد آزاد کردن‌ پسرش‌، به‌ لشکر کریم‌خان‌ زند ــ که‌ برای‌ سرکوبی‌ فتحعلی‌خان‌ به‌ طرف‌ ارومیه‌ حرکت‌ کرده‌ بودند ــ پیوست‌. [۱۱] [۱۲] [۱۳] با شکست‌ فتحعلی‌خان‌، ابراهیم‌ خلیل‌خان‌ آزاد شد. کریم‌خان‌ پناه‌خان‌ را با خود به‌ شیراز برد [۱۴] و پسرش‌، ابراهیم‌ خلیل‌خان‌، را به‌ حکومت‌ قره‌باغ‌ منصوب‌ کرد. [۱۵] پناه‌خان‌ پس‌ از مدت‌ کوتاهی‌ در شیراز درگذشت‌. پیکر وی‌ را به‌ قره‌باغ‌ فرستادند و در همان‌جا به‌ خاک‌ سپردند. [۱

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بنيانگذار خاننشين قرهباغ، مردي شجاع و زيرك به نام پناهعلـيبيـگ ساريجالي از قبيلة جوانشير قرهباغ بود. او با سوارهاي جوانشير، عثمانيها را از قرهباغ رانده و در هندوستان در ركاب نادرشاه جنگيده بود. او در دربار 1 نادرشاه جارچي بود. روزي شاه بر او خشمگين شد. چندي بعد نيز شاه، به برادر او بهبودعلي بيگ بدگمان شده و دستور قتل او را داد. پناهعليبيـگ كه بر جان خود بيمناك شده بود با 6 نفر از نزديكانش از دربار گريخـت. به فرمان شاه، گروهي براي يافتن و دستگيري آنها اعزام شدند. شاه كه بـه اين مسائل بسيار حساس بود، تأكيد كرده بود كه حتماً فراريان دستگيرشده و به مجازات برسند تا ماية عبرت ديگران شود. افرادي كه مأمور دستگيري فراريان بودند، موفق به اين كار نشـدند. دو مـاه بعـد خبـر رسـيد كـه پنـاه عليبيگ در قرهباغ است. به فرمان شاه جستجو براي دستگيري آنان ادامـه يافت. پناهعليبيگ كه خود را در خطر ميديد، به جاربـالاكن در داغسـتان گريخت. او در آنجا سواراني دور خور جمع كرده و به مبارزه با كارگزاران در اين زمان پسر15 سالهاش ابراهيمخليلبيگ 1 نادرشاه در قفقاز پرداخت. نيز كه در خراسان بود، به او پيوست. 3 سال طول كشيد تا اينكه خبر قتـل نادرشاه به قفقاز رسيد. پناهعليبيگ بيدرنگ با 200 نفر از سواران خود به قرهباغ بازگشت و خود را خان ناميد. او با توجه به نسبش خـود را در ايـن

2 كار محق ميدانست 

pages 146 & 147 file:///home/chronos/u-3aee9e93dd168931eff71ff99c2a73e8c9317d8b/Downloads/1019-_Turkoloji_Tarix_Qarabaghname_Perviz_Zere_Shahmeresi_Fars_Ebced_Urmu_Turuz_2014.pdf

خان نشینی قرا باغ

پایه های خان نشینی قرا باغ از سوی پناه علی خان (١٧۶٣-١٧۴٨) از طایفه جوانشیر گذاشته شده است. این خان نشینی در نتیجه مبارزه بر علیه حاکمیت ایران تشکل و تقویت یافته است. پناه علی خان با استفاده از درگیریهای موجود بین وارثین نادرشاه توانست گستره نفوذ خود را تا اردبیل تسری دهد. ضمن مداخله در امور خان نشینی گنجه، پناه علی خان موفق شده بود تا یکی از نزدیکان خود یعنی فردی از خاندان زیاداوغلوها را روی کار بیاورد. پناه علی خان با گسترش سرزمینهای خود محالهای تاتئو، سیسیان، مغری را نیز جزو کرسی نشینی های خود قرار داده بود. پناه علی خان قلعه با شکوه پناه آباد را در بالای صخره های کوه مرتفع بنا و در سالهای ١٧٥۶-١٧٥٥ پایتخت خود را به آنجا منتقل کرده بود. این قلعه بعدها به نام روستای شوشا کند واقع در نزدیکی آن نامیده شد. ابراهیم خلیل خان که بعد از پدرش پناه علی خان زمام امور را بدست گرفته بود تلاش میکرد تا سرزمینهای آذربایجان را متحد کند. ابراهیم خلیل خان موفق شده بود در مقاطع مختلفی نفوذ خود را تا خان نشینی های نخجوان، گنجه و تبریز گسترش دهد.

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Panah-Ali Khan - SARIJA ALI - Jarchi Bashi sous Nader Shah Afshar - Head of Karabakh - Javanshir's Timeline

1693
1693
Sarijali, Agjabadi, actual Aghdam Region, Azerbaijan
1732
1732
Age 39
Arazbar, Karabakh Khanate, Alagarghu - 1721?
1761
1761
Age 68
Shiraz, Fars Province, Iran
????
????
????
Aghdam, in his own estate