Patrick de Salisbury, 1st Earl of Salisbury

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Patrick de Salisbury, First Earl of Salisbury

Also Known As: "Patrick d'Evreux", "Earl of Salisbury", "Patrice", "d'Evreux"
Birthplace: Salisbury, Wiltshire, England
Death: Died in Battle In Poitou,Poitiers,France
Cause of death: slain at Poitou by Geoffrey de Lusignan
Place of Burial: Abbey of St Hilaire, Poitiers
Immediate Family:

Son of Walter FitzEdward, Lord of Salisbury and Sibyl de Chaworth
Husband of Adela Talvas
Father of William FitzPatrick, 2nd Earl of Salisbury; Phillip Devereux and Ela De Salisbury
Brother of Hawise de Salisbury; Walter Salisbury, Brade; Sibilla Marshall, of Salisbury and Mathilde Brampton

Occupation: 1st Earl of Salisbury, Earl of Salisbury
Managed by: James Fred Patin, Jr.
Last Updated:

About Patrick de Salisbury, 1st Earl of Salisbury

Patrick of Salisbury, 1st Earl of Salisbury

Patrick of Salisbury, 1st Earl of Salisbury (c. 1122–1168) was an Anglo-Norman nobleman, and the uncle of the famous William Marshal.

His parents were Walter of Salisbury and Sibilla de Chaworth. Before 1141, Patrick was constable of Salisbury, a powerful local official but not a nobleman. That year, Patrick married his sister to John fitzGilbert the Marshal, who had been a local rival of his, and transferred his allegiance from King Stephen to the Empress Matilda. This political move gained him his earldom, and the friendship of John the Marshal, who was to send his younger son William to stay with him. It was in his household where the famous Marshal first learned about knighthood.

The Earl of Salisbury also minted his own coins, struck in the county town of Salisbury during the so-called "baronial issues" of 1135-1153. Only four examples have survived, three of which are in the Conte collection. Patrick married twice,[2] his second wife being Ela, daughter of William III Talvas, Duke of Alençon and Ponthieu, whom he married in 1149. They had a son, William in about 1150[1] and three others, including Walter and Philip.

He was killed at Poitiers, France on March 27, 1168 in an ambush by forces of Guy of Lusignan.,_1st_Earl_of_Salisbury


WILLIAM de Warenne ([1119]-killed in battle Laodicea 19 Jan 1148). Guillaume de Jumièges names "Guillaume III" as son of "Guillaume II de Warenne comte de Surrey" & his wife[988]. William de Garenne donated property to St Faith, Longueville by charter dated to [1130], witnessed by "Ysabel comitissa uxor comitis et Willelmo et Radulfo filii eorum"[989]. “W comes de Warenna et Isabella comitissa uxor mea necnon filii nostri Willelmus…et Radulfus” donated property to Castle Acre Priory by undated charter[990]. He succeeded his father in 1138 as Earl of Surrey. An undated charter of ”Johannes comes Warennæ” confirmed earlier donations to Thetford Priory by “Willielmus comes Warenniæ” for the souls of “Willielmi comitis patris mei…matris meæ Isabellæ et fratrum meorum Radulphi Warenniæ et Reginaldi Warenniæ”[991]. He was killed during the Second Crusade. Robert of Torigny records that "tercii Willermi comitis de Guarenna" accompanied Louis VII King of France to Jerusalem and died there[992]. m as her first husband, ELA de Ponthieu, daughter of GUILLAUME [I] "Talvas" Comte d'Alençon & his wife Hélie de Bourgogne [Capet] (-1174). Guillaume de Jumièges records that an unnamed daughter of Guillaume Talvas married "Guillaume de Warenne comte de Surrey"[993]. The primary source which confirms her name has not yet been identified. She married secondly (1152 or before) as his second wife, Patrick Earl of Salisbury. Her second marriage is confirmed by Robert of Torigny who refers to the wife of "comes Patricius" as "filia Guillermi comitis Pontivi, matre comitisse de Warenna"[994].


Sir Patrick of Salisbury [c], Earl of Salisbury, Sheriff of Wiltshire, b abt 1122, of Salisbury, Wiltshire, England, d 27 Mar 1167/68, Battle of Poitou, France. He md Ela Talvas abt 1149, daughter of William III Talvas, Duke of Alencon and Ponthieu, and Alice/Ela of Burgundy.

Child of Patrick of Salisbury and Ela Talvas was:

Sir William Fitz Patrick [d], Earl of Salisbury, Sheriff of Wiltshire, b abt 1150, of Salisbury, Wiltshire, England, d 17 Apr 1196. He md Eleanor de Vitre abt 1184, daughter of Robert de Vitre and Emma de Dinan.

Child of William Fitz Patrick and Eleanor de Vitre was:

Ela Fitz Patrick of Salisbury [e] b abt 1188, Amesbury, Wiltshire, England, d 24 Aug 1261, Lacock Abbey, Wiltshire, England. She md Sir William I Longespee, Earl of Salisbury, 1198, son of Henry II Curtmantle Plantagenet, King of England, and Unknown Mistress.

Poitou is a historic region in west central France. Poitiers, the former capital of the region, is its chief city. Farming is important to the economy; wheat, corn, and cattle are raised. Industries produce machinery, chemicals, and dairy products.

The region's first known inhabitants, the Pictavi, a Gallic tribe, were conquered in 56 BC by the Romans who incorporated the area into Gaul as part of the province of Aquitania. The Visigoths seized the region in AD 418, but it passed to the FRANKS in 507. In 732 or 733, CHARLES MARTEL ended the Muslim invasion of western Europe by his victory in the Battle of Poitiers. From the 10th to the mid-12th century, the counts of Poitou were also the dukes of AQUITAINE, and the city of Poitiers grew in importance. In 1152, Poitou came under English control through the marriage of ELEANOR OF AQUITAINE to Henry II (later king of England). The region was reunited with the French crown in 1416 and was a province of France until the Revolution (1789-95), when it was divided into three departments, Vienne, Deux-Sevres, and Vendee.

Patrick of Salisbury, 1st Earl of Salisbury (c. 1122 - 1168) was an Anglo-Norman nobleman, and the uncle of the famous William Marshal.

Patrick was also called Patricius Comes.

Patrick of Salisbury, 1st Earl of Wiltshire, was created Earl of Salisbury circa 1143, the first in England.

He succeeded his father in 1147.

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Patrick de Salisbury, 1st Earl of Salisbury's Timeline

Wiltshire, England
Age 28
Salisbury, Wiltshire, England
Age 30
Of, Salisbury, Wiltshire, England
April 7, 1168
Age 46
Battle In Poitou,Poitiers,France

Killed in an ambush.

April 7, 1168
Age 46
Abbey of St Hilaire, Poitiers
Age 46
February 10, 1939
Age 46
February 10, 1939
Age 46
February 10, 1939
Age 46