Pavel Alexandrovich Grand Duke of Russia

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Павел Александрович Рома́нов

Russian: Великий Князь Павел Александрович Рома́нов, Великий князь, Lithuanian: Pavelas Aleksandrovičius Рома́нов, Didysis Kunigaikštis
Also Known As: "Paul", "Holstein-Gottorp-Romanov"
Birthplace: Ца́рское Село́, Гатчинский уезд, Санкт-Петербургская губерния, Российская Империя
Death: January 30, 1919 (58)
Петропа́вловская кре́пость, Петроград, Петроградская губерния, Российская СФСР, СССР (shot by the Bolsheviks)
Place of Burial: Санкт-Петербург, Ленинградская область, Росси́йская Федера́ция
Immediate Family:

Son of Aleksandr Romanov, II and Maria Alexandrovna
Husband of Alexandra Georgievna Grand Duchess of Russia and Olga Valerianovna Paley
Father of Maria Pavlovna Holstein-Gottorp-Romanov, Duchess Of Russia Grand; Grand Duke Dmitri Pavlovich of Russia; Prince Vladimir Pavlovich Paley; Princess Irina Pavlovna Paley and Countess Natalia Paley
Brother of Grand Duchess Alexandra Alexandrovna of Russia; Tsarevich of Russia Nikolai Alexandrovich Holstein-Gottorp Romanov; Emperor and Autocrat of All the Russias Alexander Alexandrovich Romanov; Grand Duke Vladimir Alexandrovich Romanov; Grand Duke of Russia Alexej Alexandrovich Romanov and 2 others
Half brother of Mykolas Bogdanas Oginskis; Countess Kladiya Aleksayev-Yavosluski; Olga Alexandrovna Yurievskaya; Boris Alexandrovich Yurievsky; Prince George Aleksandrovich Jurjevsky and 1 other

Occupation: офицер, Grand Duke Paul Alexandrovich of Russia
Managed by: Shirley Marie Caulk
Last Updated:

About Pavel Alexandrovich Grand Duke of Russia

Pavel Aleksandrovich Romanov, Grand Duke of Russia

Grand Duke Paul Alexandrovich of Russia (Павел Александрович) ( 3 October 1860 N.S. – 30 January 1919 N.S.) was the eighth child of Tsar Alexander II of Russia by his first wife Empress Maria Alexandrovna. His birth was commemorated by the naming of the city of Pavlodar in Kazakhstan. He entered the Russian Army and rose to the rank of General, but was known as a gentle person, religious and accessible to people.

On 17 June 1889, in Saint Petersburg, he married Princess Alexandra of Greece, who bore him two children:

  • 1. Grand Duchess Maria Pavlovna of Russia (1890–1958)
  • 2. Grand Duke Dmitri Pavlovich of Russia (1891–1941)

Alexandra died just hours after Dmitri's birth. She had carelessly stepped into a waiting boat, causing premature labour; Dimitri was born in the hours following the accident. Alexandra slipped into a coma and never came out.

Second marriage

In 1893, the young widower became close to a commoner, Olga Valerianovna Karnovich, and years later requested Nicholas II's permission to marry her, but it was refused, and the couple settled in Paris. On 10 October 1902 they were married in an Orthodox church in Livorno, Italy. The Bavarian government granted Olga the title of Countess of Hohenfelsen in 1904, but the marriage caused a scandal in the Russian Court. Paul was dismissed of his military commissions, all his properties were seized, and his brother Grand Duke Sergei was appointed guardian of Maria and Dmitri.

For many years, he lived in exile in France with Olga and the three children they had: Vladimir, who became a remarkable poet, and two girls, Irina and Natalia. Eventually he was pardoned and settled with his family in Tsarskoe Selo. In 1915 the Tsar granted Olga and their children the title of Prince and Princesses Paley with the style of Serene Highness, and their children also became Prince Vladimir Pavlovich Paley and Princesses Irina Pavlovna and Natalia Pavlovna Paley.

World War I

During World War I he was placed in command of the First Corps of the Imperial Guard and later was moved to a new appointment at the Tsar's headquarters. In 1917 he tried to convince the sovereigns to grant a Constitution, but his efforts failed. However, he was one of the few members of the Imperial Family who remained quite close to Empress Alexandra Fyodorovna during the final days of the old régime.

Revolution and death

After the Bolsheviks seized power, he and his family faced a terrible ordeal. Their properties were confiscated, they lived under constant harassment, and in March 1918 his son Vladimir Paley was exiled to the Urals, where he was to be executed on 18 July 1918 in a mineshaft near Alapayevsk.

In August, 1918, he was arrested and taken to prison in Saint Petersburg. His health, already bad, declined sharply, and his wife did all she could to have him released. Her efforts were useless: on 29 January 1919, Paul was moved to St. Peter and St. Paul Fortress, and in the first hours of the following day he was shot there, along with his cousins Grand Dukes Dimitry Konstantinovich, Nikolay Mikhailovich and Georgy Mikhailovich.

They were buried in a mass grave in the Fortress, the Bolsheviks having refused the distraught Princess Paley the right to bury her husband. His body has never been found.


О Pavel Alexandrovich Grand Duke of Russia (русский)

Великий Князь, Генерал от Кавалерии, Кавалер разных орденов.

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Pavel Alexandrovich Grand Duke of Russia's Timeline

October 3, 1860
Ца́рское Село́, Гатчинский уезд, Санкт-Петербургская губерния, Российская Империя
October 3, 1860
- January 24, 1919
Saint Petersburg, gorod Sankt-Peterburg, Saint Petersburg, Russia
November 4, 1860
Saint Petersburg, gorod Sankt-Peterburg, Saint Petersburg, Russia
April 18, 1890
Age 29
St. Petersburg, Russian Federation
September 18, 1891
Age 30
село Ильинское, Звенигородский уезд, Московская губерния, Российская империя
January 9, 1897
Age 36
Russian Federation
December 21, 1903
Age 43
Paris, France
December 5, 1905
Age 45
Boulogne-Billancourt, Departement des Hauts-de-Seine, Île-de-France, France