Peder Severin "P.S. Krøyer" Krøyer

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Peder Severin "P.S. Krøyer" Krøyer

Also Known As: "P.S. Krøyer", "Severin Krøyer"
Birthdate: (58)
Birthplace: Fattighuset i Stavanger, Rogaland, Norway
Death: November 21, 1909 (58)
Vesterby, Skagen, Nordjylland, Danmark
Place of Burial: Assistents Kirkegård, Skagen, Danmark
Immediate Family:

Son of Niels Iversen Hjorth and Ellen Cecilie Pedersdatter Gjesdal
Husband of Maria Krøyer
Father of Vibeke Krøyer
Half brother of Morthen Christensen Solberg Hjorth and Marthe Christine Hjorth

Occupation: Painter
Managed by: Bjørn Erik Erik Berentsen
Last Updated:

About Peder Severin "P.S. Krøyer" Krøyer



Peder Severin Krøyer (23 July 1851 - 21 November 1909), known as P.S. Krøyer, was a Norwegian-Danish painter. He is one of the best known and beloved, and undeniably the most colorful of the Skagen Painters, a community of Danish and Nordic artists who lived, gathered or worked in Skagen, Denmark, especially during the final decades of the 19th century. Krøyer was the unofficial leader of the group.

Growing up and early training

Krøyer was born in Stavanger, Norway on 23 July 1851 to Ellen Cecilie Gjesdal. He was raised by Gjesdal's sister, Bertha Cecilie (born 1817) and brother-in-law, the Danish zoologist Henrik Nikolai Krøyer, after his mother was judged unfit to care for him. Krøyer moved to Copenhagen to live with his foster parents soon afterward. Having begun his art education at the age of nine under private tutelage, he was enrolled in Copenhagen's Technical Institute the following year.

In 1870 at the age of 19 Krøyer completed his studies at the Royal Danish Academy of Art (Det Kongelige Danske Kunstakademi), where he had studied with Frederik Vermehren. In 1873 he was awarded the gold medal, as well as a scholarship.

Early career

His official debut as a painter was in 1871 at Charlottenborg with a portrait of a friend, painter Frans Schwartz. He exhibited regularly at Charlottenborg throughout his life.

In 1874 Heinrich Hirschsprung bought his first painting from Krøyer, establishing a long-standing patronage. Hirschsprung's collection of art forms the basis of the Hirschsprung Museum in Copenhagen.


Between 1877-1881, Krøyer travelled extensively in Europe, meeting artists, studying art, and developing his skills and outlook. He stayed in Paris and studied under Léon Bonnat, and undoubtedly came under the influence of contemporary impressionists -- Claude Monet, Alfred Sisley, Edgar Degas, Pierre-Auguste Renoir and Edouard Manet.

He continued to travel throughout his life, constantly drawing inspiration from foreign artists and cultures. Hirschsprung provided financial support during the early travels, and Krøyer continued exhibiting in Denmark throughout this period.

Krøyer comes to Skagen

In 1882 he returned to Denmark. He spent June–October at Skagen, then a remote fishing village on the northern tip of Denmark, painting themes from local life, as well as depictions of the artistic community there. He would continue to be associated with the developing art and literary scene at Skagen. Other artists at Skagen included writers Holger Drachmann, Georg Brandes, and Henrik Pontoppidan, and artists Michael Ancher and Anna Ancher.

Krøyer divided his time between rented houses in Skagen during the summer, a winter apartment in Copenhagen where he worked on his large commissioned portraits, and travel outside of the country.

Krøyer and Marie

On a trip to Paris in 1888 he ran into Marie Martha Mathilde Triepcke, whom he had known in Copenhagen. They fell in love and, after a whirlwind romance, married on 23 July 1889 at her parents' home in Germany. Marie Krøyer, who was also a painter, became associated with the Skagen community, and after their marriage was often featured in Krøyer's paintings. The couple had one child, a daughter named Vibeke, born in January, 1895. They were divorced in 1905 following a prolonged separation.

Krøyer died in 1909 at 58 years of age after years of declining health caused by advanced syphilis. He had also been in and out of hospitals, suffering from bouts of mental illness.

His eyesight failed him gradually over the last ten years of his life until he was totally blind. Ever the optimist, Krøyer painted almost to the end, in spite of health obstacles. In fact, he painted some of his last masterpieces while half-blind, joking that the eyesight in his one working eye had become better with the loss of the other eye.

[edit] Works

"Summer Evening on the Skagen Southern Beach with Anna Ancher and Marie Krøyer, P.S. Krøyer, 1893 Krøyer's best known and best-loved work is entitled "Summer Evening on Skagen's Southern Beach with Anna Ancher and Marie Krøyer" (Sommeraften ved Skagen Sønderstrand med Anna Ancher og Marie Krøyer), 1893. He painted many beach scenes featuring both recreation life on the beach (bathers, strollers), and local fishermen.

Another well-loved work is "Saint John's Eve Bonfire on Skagen's Beach" (Sankthansbål på Skagen strand), 1903. This large-scale work features a great crowd of the artistic and influential Skagen community gathered around a large bonfire on the beach on Saint John's Eve (Midsummer Eve).

Both of these works are in the permanent collection of the Skagens Museum which is dedicated to that community of artists, including those who gathered around Krøyer, a great organizer and bon vivant.


Min tipp . tipp olderfar var hans olderfar

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Peder Severin "P.S. Krøyer" Krøyer's Timeline

July 23, 1851
Rogaland, Norway
August 24, 1851
Domkirken, Stavanger, Rogaland, Norway
January 5, 1895
Age 43
Nordjylland, Danmark
November 21, 1909
Age 58
Vesterby, Skagen, Nordjylland, Danmark
November 28, 1909
Age 58
Assistents Kirkegård, Skagen, Danmark