Pedro I, duque de Cantabria

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Pedro I, duque de Cantabria

Also Known As: ""El Visigodo""
Birthdate: (70)
Death: Died
Immediate Family:

Son of Ervigio, rey de los visigodos and Liubigotona
Husband of Menina "Duque de Cantábria" Gosendes; Múnia Froilaz Gosendes, Condessa da Cantábria and N.N.
Father of Fruela, duque de Cantabria; Alfonso I, Rey de Asturias; Menina "Duque de Cantábria" Gosendes; Alfonso I el Católico, rey de Asturias; Gosendes de Cantábria and 1 other
Brother of Cixilo and Vermundo, duque de Cantabria

Occupation: Duque de Cantabria, Duc de Cantábria, Duque de Cantabria 700, Duque de Cantabria (700), Duque da Cantabria, Duque da Cantábria, Duke of Cantabria, Duc de Cantabrie, duc de Cantabrie, Duque Soberano de Cantábria e Príncipe da Milícia Goda, conde
Managed by: Erica "the Disconnectrix" Howton
Last Updated:

About Pedro I, duque de Cantabria

He was Duke of Cantabria, and Señor de Biscay. He was a Visigothic leader, associated with King Pelayo in founding Asturias (or alternatively, in reestablishing the Visigothic kingdom in a significantly reduced territory). According to a late tradition, he was descended from Leovigildo and Reccared, Visigothic kings of Toledo. Some sources call him a son of King Ervigio and his wife Liubigotona, others call him a step-son of Ervigio.


http://es.wikipedia.org/wiki/Pedro_de_Cantabria

Pedro de Cantabria (Latin: Petrus de Cantia-Brae) fue Duque de Cantabria. Probablemente nació en algún lugar de la Cordillera Cantábrica y murió el año 730. Su hijo, Alfonso I el Católico (yerno de Don Pelayo), y varios nietos suyos fueron elegidos reyes de Asturias por la nobleza asturiana.

Antepasados y descendientes [editar]

Hasta el siglo XIX, basándose en los antiguos cronistas, se creyó que fue hijo del rey visigodo Ervigio, pero algunos historiadores y genealogistas de hoy en día lo ponen en duda. Se desconoce el nombre de su o sus esposas.

El hijo mayor del Duque Pedro de Cantabria, Alfonso I el Católico, fue el tercer rey de Asturias y padre del rey Fruela I de Asturias. Su segundo hijo, Fruela, fue padre de los reyes Aurelio y Bermudo; y dio origen, a través de su hijo Bermudo, a uno de las principales linajes de los que provinieron los monarcas de los reinos de Asturias, León, Navarra, Castilla y Aragón, que posteriormente darían origen a los reinos de España y Portugal.

Actuación [editar]

Según antiguas crónicas musulmanas, en el año 714 Musa ibn Nusair toma y saquea por segunda vez Amaya, la capital del ducado de Cantabria, lo que obliga a Pedro y a los suyos a refugiarse tras la cordillera. Allí combina sus fuerzas con el líder astur Pelayo para combatir a los invasores musulmanes, a los que derrotan en la batalla de Covadonga. Es probable que, siguiendo la costumbre goda, Pedro enviase a su hijo a la corte real de Pelayo en Cangas de Onís. Según el fragmento transcrito a continuación de la Crónica Albeldense, el Duque Pedro y el Rey Pelayo acordaron fusionar sus dominios mediante el matrimonio de Alfonso (hijo de Pedro) con Ermesinda (hija de Pelayo):

Tras la muerte -el 14 de septiembre del año 739, durante una cacería- de Favila (quien había sucedido a su padre Pelayo como Rey de los astures), Alfonso es designado primer Rey de los unificados dominios que en lo sucesivo se conocerían con el nombre de Asturias. La posteridad lo conoce con el nombre de Alfonso I el Católico.


Su filiación aquí consignada, está tomada de antiguos historiadores y genealogistas; los historiadores actuales la cuestionan.

FUENTES:

-http://www.abcgenealogia.com/Godos00.html


Peter or Pedro (died 730) was the duke of Cantabria. While various writers have attempted to name his parentage, (for example, making him son or brother of King Erwig), early sources say nothing more specific than the chronicle of 'Pseudo-Alfonso': that he was "ex semine Leuvigildi et Reccaredi progenitus" (descended from the bloodline of Liuvigild and Reccared I). He was the father of King Alfonso I and of Fruela, father of Kings Aurelius and Bermudo I.

According to the Moslem chroniclers, in the year 714, Musa ibn Nusair sacked Amaya, capital of Cantabria, for the second time. Peter, the provincial dux, led his people into refuge in the mountains and then joined with Pelayo of Asturias against the invaders. After the Battle of Covadonga, in which Pelayo defeated an invading force, it seems likely that Peter sent his son to the court of Pelayo at Cangas de Onís. It had been a Visigothic practice to send noble children to the royal court, this was thus a tacit admission of Pelayo's regality. According to the Crónica Albeldense, the territories of the two leaders were united by marriage between Peter's son Alfonso and Pelayo's daughter Ermesinda:

   Adefonsus, Pelagi gener, reg. an. XVIIII. Iste Petri Cantabriae ducis filius fuit; et dum Asturias venir Ermesindam Pelagii filiam Pelagio proecipiente, accepit.

Alfonso later succeeded to the Asturian throne and was the first to use the title of king. While Iberian Muslim scholars would call his descendants the Beni Alfons (Arabic: بن إذفنش‎ (Beni Iḍfunš)) after his son, some modern authors refer to the family as the Pérez Dynasty for Peter.

[source: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Peter_of_Cantabria]


http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Peter_of_Cantabria
Peter or Pedro (died 730) was the duke of Cantabria. While various writers have attempted to name his parentage, (for example, making him son or brother of King Erwig), early sources say nothing more specific than the chronicle of 'Pseudo-Alfonso': that he was "ex semine Leuvigildi et Reccaredi progenitus" (descended from the bloodline of Liuvigild and Reccared I). He was the father of King Alfonso I and of Fruela, father of Kings Aurelius and Bermudo I.

According to the Moslem chroniclers, in the year 714, Musa ibn Nusair sacked Amaya, capital of Cantabria, for the second time. Peter, the provincial dux, led his people into refuge in the mountains and then joined with Pelayo of Asturias against the invaders. After the Battle of Covadonga, in which Pelayo defeated an invading force, it seems likely that Peter sent his son to the court of Pelayo at Cangas de Onís. It had been a Visigothic practice to send noble children to the royal court, this was thus a tacit admission of Pelayo's regality. According to the Crónica Albeldense, the territories of the two leaders were united by marriage between Peter's son Alfonso and Pelayo's daughter Ermesinda:

   Adefonsus, Pelagi gener, reg. an. XVIIII. Iste Petri Cantabriae ducis filius fuit; et dum Asturias venir Ermesindam Pelagii filiam Pelagio proecipiente, accepit.

Alfonso later succeeded to the Asturian throne and was the first to use the title of king. While Iberian Muslim scholars would call his descendants the Beni Alfons (Arabic: بن إذفنش‎ (Beni Iḍfunš)) after his son, some modern authors refer to the family as the Pérez Dynasty for Peter.


Peter of Cantabria

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

Peter or Pedro (d. 730) was the duke of Cantabria. While various writers have attempted to name his parentage, (for example, making him son or brother of King Erwig), early sources say nothing more specific than the chronicle of 'Pseudo-Alfonso': that he was "ex semine Leuvigildi et Reccaredi progenitus" (descended from the bloodline of Liuvigild and Reccared I). He was the father of King Alfonso I and of Fruela, father of Kings Aurelius and Bermudo I.

According to the Moslem chroniclers, in the year 714, Musa ibn Nusair sacked Amaya, capital of Cantabria, for the second time. Peter, the provincial dux, led his people into refuge in the mountains and then joined with Pelayo of Asturias against the invaders. After the Battle of Covadonga, in which Pelayo defeated an invading force, it seems likely that Peter sent his son to the court of Pelayo at Cangas de Onís. It had been a Visigothic practice to send noble children to the royal court, this was thus a tacit admission of Pelayo's regality. According to the Crónica Albeldense, the territories of the two leaders were united by marriage between Peter's son Alfonso and Pelayo's daughter Ermesinda:

Adefonsus, Pelagi gener, reg. an. XVIIII. Iste Petri Cantabriae ducis filius fuit; et dum Asturias venir Ermesindam Pelagii filiam Pelagio proecipiente, accepit.

Alfonso later succeeded to the Asturian throne and was the first to use the title of king. While Iberian Muslim scholars would call his descendants the Beni Alfons (Arabic: بن إذفنش‎ (Beni Iḍfunš)) after his son, some modern authors refer to the family as the Pérez Dynasty for Peter.


http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Peter_of_Cantabria
Pedro, duque da Cantabria

  • c. 0660

Padres Padre: Ervigio Favila * c. 0630 Madre: Liubigotona Baltes * c. 0630 Matrimonios c. 0690 N

Hijos

   Alfonso I, rey de Asturias * c. 0690 Ermesinda de Asturias
   Fruela, Duque de Cantabria * 0700 N

Titulos y Señorios

   Duques de Cantábria 

in: GeneAll.net <http://www.geneall.net/H/per_page.php?id=8164>


Duque de Cantábria
Hasta el siglo XIX, basándose en los antiguos cronistas, se creyó que fue hijo del rey visigodo Ervigio, pero algunos historiadores y genealogistas de hoy en día lo ponen en duda. Se desconoce el nombre de su o sus esposas.

El hijo mayor del duque Pedro de Cantabria, Alfonso I, fue el tercer rey de Asturias y padre del rey Fruela I de Asturias. Su segundo hijo, Fruela, fue padre de los reyes Aurelio y Bermudo; y dio origen, a través de su hijo Bermudo, a uno de las principales linajes de los que provinieron los monarcas de los reinos de Asturias, León, Navarra, Castilla y Aragón, que posteriormente darían origen a los reinos de España y Portugal.


Pedro de Cantabria (Latin: Petrus de Cantia-Brae) fue Duque de Cantabria. Probablemente nació en algún lugar de la Cordillera Cantábrica y murió el año 730. Su hijo, Alfonso I el Católico (yerno de Don Pelayo), y varios nietos suyos fueron elegidos reyes de Asturias por la nobleza asturiana.


Antepasados y descendientes [editar]


Hasta el siglo XIX, basándose en los antiguos cronistas, se creyó que fue hijo del rey visigodo Ervigio, pero algunos historiadores y genealogistas de hoy en día lo ponen en duda. Se desconoce el nombre de su o sus esposas.


El hijo mayor del Duque Pedro de Cantabria, Alfonso I el Católico, fue el tercer rey de Asturias y padre del rey Fruela I de Asturias. Su segundo hijo, Fruela, fue padre de los reyes Aurelio y Bermudo; y dio origen, a través de su hijo Bermudo, a uno de las principales linajes de los que provinieron los monarcas de los reinos de Asturias, León, Navarra, Castilla y Aragón, que post...


image: site of the medieval castle in Amaya, one of the two main cities in the Duchy of Cantabria. The walls that defended the castle at the top are the only vestiges of the imposing fortress. https://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Pe%C3%B1aAmaya005.JPG

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Duchy_of_Cantabria

The Duchy of Cantabria was a march created by the Visigoths in northern Spain to watch their border with the Cantabrians and Basques. Its precise extension is unclear in the different periods, but seems likely that it included Cantabria, parts of Northern Castile, La Rioja, and probably western areas of Biscay and Álava.

The two main towns of Cantabria before its conquest by the Goths were Amaya, in northern Burgos and the City of Cantabria, believed to have been near modern Logroño. Both towns were destroyed in 574 by Liuvigild, who massacred many of their inhabitants. The legend of this destruction remained for long in the memory of the affected peoples. Bishop Braulio of Zaragoza, 631-651, wrote in his Life of St. Emilianus how the saint prophesied the destruction of Cantabria because of their alleged sins. It is held in popular belief that the converted refugees from the City of Cantabria founded the monastery of Our Lady of Codés in Navarre.

A Senate of Cantabria mentioned in the Saint Aemilianus' work bears witness to a local nobility and a governing diet that may have been of the last independent Hispano-Roman provincial authorities. Archaeological discoveries in the last decades around the millennium have brought to light that the cultural and economic influences, and even small groups of people in the near Basque territory once part of the duchy or limiting with it, came from way beyond the Pyrenees during this time gap of political vacuum or at the best, uncertain authority.

In 581, right before major Frankish expeditions against the Basques and the establishment of the Duchy of Vasconia in the Kingdom of the Franks, the count of Bordeaux Galactorius is cited by the poet Venantius Fortunatus as fighting both the Basques and the Cantabrians, while the Chronicle of Fredegar brings up a shadowy Francio duke of Cantabria ruling for a long period.

In the late Visigothic period, at a second stage after the 6th century Cantabrian defeat, the Duchy of Cantabria is attested as being a buffer zone during the continuous fighting between Visigoths and Basques. Notice of a certain duke Peter of Cantabria, father of Alfonso I of Asturias, is attested on 9th century Asturian documents for the first years of the Umayyad conquest of Hispania, from 711-718.

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Umayyad_conquest_of_Hispania

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Pedro I, duque de Cantabria's Timeline

680
680
693
693
Age 13
Principality of Asturias, Spain
698
698
Age 18
Espanha
720
720
Age 40
Cantabria, Spain
730
730
Age 50
Cantabria, Spain
750
750
Age 70
????
Cantabria, España
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