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About Pepin II, King of Aquitaine
Pepin II, called the Younger (823 – after 864 in Senlis), was King of Aquitaine from 838 as the successor upon the death of his father, Pepin I. Pepin II was eldest son of Pepin I and Ingeltrude, daughter of Theodobert, count of Madrie. He was a grandson of the Emperor Louis the Pious.
From MedLands: AQUITAINE, DUKES v3.0 Updated 29 May 2014
2. PEPIN (-Poitiers 13 Dec 838, bur Poitiers, église collégiale de Sainte-Radégonde) ... became PEPIN I King of Aquitaine. m (Sep 822) RINGARDIS, daughter of THEODEBERT Comte de Madrie & his wife. Their first child was
- a) PEPIN (-[Senlis] after 864). The Miraculis Sancti Genulfi names "Pipinum et Karolum liberos totidemque filias" as children of "Pipinus" & his wife. He is named as eldest son of Pepin by Nithard, when recording that he was "seized" after his father's death and "set up an unlawful regime". He was proclaimed PEPIN II King of Aquitaine after the death of his father in Aquitaine, but not recognised as such by his grandfather Emperor Louis I "le Pieux". The Chronicle of Adémar de Chabannes records that "Emeno…comes Pictavinus" declared "filium Pipini [rex Aquitanie filius imperatoris]" as king of Aquitaine after his father's death, in opposition to the emperor, who invaded Poitou and expelled Emeneon "et fratrem eius Bernardum". When his grandfather died, Pepin supported his uncle Emperor Lothaire I and besieged Empress Judith at Poitiers in 840, but was defeated at Fontenoy 25 Jun 841. He returned to Aquitaine and captured Toulouse in [842/43]. Although Aquitaine was given to Charles II "le Chauve" King of the West Franks under the partition Treaty of Verdun in 843, Pepin II remained virtual ruler in Aquitaine and was recognised as such by his uncle at Saint-Benoît sur Loire in Jun 845. The Annales Xantenses record that "Bernhardus comes" was killed "a Karolo" in 844, after which "filio Bernhardi" and "Pippinus rex Aquitainiæ, filius Pippini" defeated the king's army. His subjects deposed Pepin in 848 and recognised Charles "le Chauve" as ruler of Aquitaine. Pepin was shut in the monastery of Saint-Médard de Soissons in 852, escaped in 854, and was restored in Aquitaine for a few months. The Annales Bertiniani record that "Pippinus" joined with "Rotberto comiti et Britonibus" in 859. He was finally captured in 864, and condemned to death, although the sentence was commuted to imprisonment which he served at Senlis.
- His marriage is referred to in documents relating to his trial, in which he was accused among other things of incest by having married a relative within the prohibited degrees. No other information on Pepin's wife has been found in the primary sources so far consulted.
- Adelle de Thuringe
- Mahaut d'Aquitaine
The kingdom of Aquitaine was first created by the Carolingians in 781, when the future Emperor Louis I was crowned king, when still a small child, by Pope Hadrian I in Rome. Under the Ordinatio Imperii promulgated by Emperor Louis in 817, his son Pepin was installed as king of Aquitaine. The Ordinatio specifies that the kingdom consisted of "Aequitaniam et Wasconiam et markam Tolosanam totam, et…comitatos quatuor…in Septimania Carcassensem, et in Burgundia Augustudunensem et Avalensem et Nivernensem". Viewed from our current perspective, this may seem a small prize compared with the extensive territories in southern Germany which were awarded to the emperor's third son Louis, but it gives some idea of the strategic importance of south-western France at the time, particularly as the gateway to the Iberian peninsula. The kingdom of Aquitaine became one of the pawns in the series of rebellions by the sons of Emperor Louis against their father, parts of the territory being transferred back and forth between Pepin and his younger half-brother Charles during the 830s. Aquitaine was awarded to Charles II "le Chauve" King of the West Franks under the 843 Treaty of Verdun, which partitioned the Carolingian Frankish territories between the three surviving sons of Emperor Louis, although this allocation was challenged by the son of the deceased brother Pepin, who was proclaimed Pepin II King of Aquitaine and was recognised as such by his uncle in 845. Pepin II was deposed by his subjects in 848, and Aquitaine reverted to King Charles. Aquitaine was combined with the French crown from the accession of Louis II "le Bègue" King of France in 877.
- English Wikipedia
- 1. Also called Engelberga, Rigarde, Hringard, or Ringart.
- 2. "Pepin II of Aquitaine," The Routledge Companion to Medieval Warfare, Jim Bradbury, ed. (Routledge, 2004), page 72
- 3. Archibald Ross Lewis (1965), The Development of Southern French and Catalan Society, 718–1050 (Austin: University of Texas Press), 100–101, mentions Pepin's Viking alliance without reference to paganism. Edward Peters (1970), The Shadow King: Rex inutilis in Medieval Law and Literature, 751–1327 (New Haven: Yale University Press), 67–8, cites criticism of Pepin from the Annales Bertiniani under the year 843.
-  Miraculis Sancti Genulfi 6, MGH SS XV.2, p. 1206.
-  Scholz, B. W. with Rogers, B. (2000) Carolingian Chronicles: Royal Frankish Annals and Nithard's Histories (University of Michigan Press) (“Nithard") I.8, p. 139.
-  Adémar de Chabannes III, 16, p. 132.
-  Annales Xantenses 844, MGH SS II, p. 227.
-  Annales Bertiniani 859, MGH SS I, p. 453.
-  Settipani (1993), pp. 281-2.
-  Hincmar, Consilium de pœnitentia Pippini regis (Migne, Patrologiæ, series latina, CXXXV, col. 1119-1122, cited in Settipani (1993), p. 283 footnote 638.