Peregrine Bertie, 13th Baron Willoughby de Eresby
|Also Known As:||"Lord Willoughby de Eresby", "13th Baron Willoughby /de Eresb/"|
|Birthplace:||Wesel, Cleves, Germany|
|Death:||Died in Berswick, Berwickshire, Scotland|
|Place of Burial:||Spilsby, Lincolnshire, England|
Son of Richard Bertie, MP and Catherine Willoughby, Duchess of Suffolk
|Occupation:||Soldier, General, Peregrine, Sir|
|Managed by:||Private User|
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About Peregrine Bertie, 13th Baron Willoughby de Eresby
Peregrine Bertie, 13th Baron Willoughby de Eresby (12 October 1555 – 25 June 1601) was the son of Catherine Willoughby, 12th Baroness Willoughby de Eresby, and Richard Bertie. Bertie was Lady Willoughby de Eresby's second husband, the first being Charles Brandon, Duke of Suffolk. Peregrine Bertie's half-brothers, Henry and Charles Brandon, died as teenagers. His sister Susan married the Earl of Kent and then the nephew of Bess of Hardwick. Owing to religious politics, the parents had to move outside England and the boy was born at Wesel on the River Rhine.
Born on 12 October 1555, he was baptized at the church of Saint Willibrord on 14 October. On Elizabeth I's accession to the throne in 1558, his parents returned to England and applied for a patent of naturalization for him. He formally became English on 2 August 1559. He married Mary de Vere, daughter of John de Vere, 16th Earl of Oxford, between Christmas 1577 and 12 March 1578. When his mother died in 1580, he succeeded to her barony and he took his seat in the House of Lords on 16 January 1580.
In 1582, he was commissioned to escort the Duke of Anjou from Canterbury to Antwerp. The French royal duke had arrived as a suitor of the un-married Elizabeth. In the same year he was sent to Denmark to invest Frederick II with the Order of the Garter. Lord Willoughby de Eresby arrived at Elsinore on 22 July and left on 27 September 1582. His ulterior purpose was to obtain an understanding whereby English merchant ships would not be molested while in Danish waters. In 1585, he returned to Denmark on behalf of Elizabeth in support of Henry III of Navarre and to obtain Danish help for England's efforts on behalf of the independent Netherlands.
These journeys were made at Bertie's expense as his correspondence with Francis Walsingham made clear; he was becoming desperate to be paid or to escape from the diplomatic duties. After two and a half months of working on the Danish king, Bertie got him to offer to try to persuade the Spanish king to retire from the Low Countries. Frederick also agreed to send 2,000 horse to back up the English force already in the Netherlands. On achieving this much, Peregrine set off for England by way of Hamburg, Emden and Amsterdam. From March 1586 Bertie served in the Netherlands as governor of Bergen-op-Zoom under Robert Dudley, 1st Earl of Leicester, who was Governor-General of the United Provinces. After Leicester's departure for England in December 1586, he was made general of the English forces. He suffered a major defeat at the Battle of Zutphen but his victory at the Siege of Bergen redeemed himself. Subsequently, he fought for the Huguenots under Henry of Navarre. He commanded the English contingent at Heny's Siege of Paris in 1590.
Bertie's final appointment was Governor of Berwick upon Tweed on the Scottish border and Warden of the East March in 1598, displacing Robert Carey. At the request of Robert Cecil he organised the kidnapping of Edmund Ashfield, an Englishman visiting James VI of Scotland. Peregrine died on 25 June 1601 at Berwick and was buried at Spilsby, Lincolnshire.
He had married (and separated from) Mary de Vere, the daughter of John de Vere, 16th Earl of Oxford. They had at least one son, Robert Bertie, 1st Earl of Lindsey.
From: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Peregrine_Bertie,_13th_Baron_Willoughby_de_Eresby ____________________
- Peregrine Bertie, 13th Baron Willoughby de Eresby1
- M, #12937, b. 12 October 1555, d. 25 June 1601
- Last Edited=12 Apr 2011
- Peregrine Bertie, 13th Baron Willoughby de Eresby was born on 12 October 1555 at Wesel, Cleves, Germany.1 He was the son of Richard Bertie and Katherine Willoughby, Baroness Willoughby de Eresby.1 He married Lady Mary de Vere, daughter of John de Vere, 16th Earl of Oxford and Margery Golding, from 25 December 1577 to 12 March 1577/78.1 He died on 25 June 1601 at age 45.1
- He was naturalized as a English subject in 1559.1 He was educated at Gray's Inn, London, England.1 He succeeded to the title of 13th Lord Willoughby de Eresby on 11 November 1580, after his claim was accepted.1 He was Envoy to Denmark in 1582.1 He was Envoy to Denmark in 1585.1 He held the office of Governor of Bergen-op-Zoom from 1586 to 1587.1 He fought in the Battle of Zutphen on 22 September 1586.1 He was invested as a Knight, Order of the Bath (K.B.) on 7 October 1586.1 He was Colonel-General of Infantry from June 1587 to December 1587.1 He was Captain-General of the all English forces in December 1587.1 He was Lieutenant-General of the English forces in France assisting Henry of Navarre from September 1589 to January 1589/90.1 He held the office of Governor of Berwick-on-Tweed in March 1597/98.1 He held the office of Warden of the East Marches in March 1597/98.1 He was member of the Council of the North in 1599.1 He has an extensive biographical entry in the Dictionary of National Biography.2
- Child of Peregrine Bertie, 13th Baron Willoughby de Eresby and Lady Mary de Vere
- 1.Robert Bertie, 1st Earl of Lindsey+1 b. 16 Dec 1582, d. 23 Oct 1642
- 1.[S37] BP2003 volume 2, page 2348. See link for full details for this source. Hereinafter cited as. [S37]
- 2.[S18] Matthew H.C.G., editor, Dictionary of National Biography on CD-ROM (Oxford, U.K.: Oxford University Press, 1995), reference "Bertie, Peregrine". Hereinafter cited as Dictionary of National Biography.
- From: http://www.thepeerage.com/p1294.htm#i12937
- Richard Bertie, Esq.1,2,3,4
- M, #80658, b. circa 25 December 1516, d. 9 April 1582
- Father Thomas Bertie5 d. 1555
- Mother Alice5 d. a 5 Jun 1555
- Richard Bertie, Esq. was born circa 25 December 1516 at of Hampshire, England.1,2,6,3,4 He married Katherine Willoughby, daughter of Sir William Willoughby, 11th Lord Willoughby and Maria de Salinas, circa February 1553; They had 1 son (Sir Peregrine, 13th Lord Willoughby), & 1 daughter (Susan, wife of Reginald Grey, Earl of Kent, & of Sir John Wingfield).1,2,6,3,4 Richard Bertie, Esq. died on 9 April 1582; Age 64 or 65. Buried at Spilsby, Lincolnshire.1,2,6,3,4
- Family Katherine Willoughby b. 22 Mar 1519, d. 19 Sep 1580
- Susan Bertie7 b. c 1554, d. a 8 Dec 1602
- 1.[S11568] The Complete Peerage of England, Scotland, Ireland, Great Britain, and the United Kingdom, by George Edward Cokayne, Vol. XII/2, p. 674-675.
- 2.[S16] Douglas Richardson, Magna Carta Ancestry, 2nd Edition, Vol. I, p. 298-299.
- 3.[S4] Douglas Richardson, Royal Ancestry, Vol. I, p. 506-507.
- 4.[S4] Douglas Richardson, Royal Ancestry, Vol. V, p. 206-207.
- 5.[S11568] The Complete Peerage of England, Scotland, Ireland, Great Britain, and the United Kingdom, by George Edward Cokayne, Vol. XII/2, p. 674, notes.
- 6.[S16] Douglas Richardson, Magna Carta Ancestry, 2nd Edition, Vol. IV, p. 227-228.
- 7.[S11568] The Complete Peerage of England, Scotland, Ireland, Great Britain, and the United Kingdom, by George Edward Cokayne, Vol. VII, p. 171-172; Vol. XII/2, p. 674, notes.
- From: http://our-royal-titled-noble-and-commoner-ancestors.com/p2684.htm#i80658
- BERTIE, Sir Peregrine (c.1584-1639), of Belton in Axholme, Lincs. and The Barbican, London
- b. c.1584, 2nd s. of Peregrine Bertie, 13th Lord Willoughby de Eresby (d.1601), and Mary, da. of John de Vere, 16th earl of Oxford.1 educ. Corpus, Camb. 1594; travelled abroad (France) 1599; M. Temple 1605.2 m. by 1615, Margaret (bur. 31 Mar. 1642), da. of Sir Nicholas Saunderson, 1st bt.*, of Fillingham, Lincs., 3s. 3da.3 cr. KB 2 June 1610.4 bur. 13 Nov. 1639.5
- From: http://www.historyofparliamentonline.org/volume/1604-1629/member/bertie-sir-peregrine-1584-1639
- BERTIE, Richard (1517-82), of Grimsthorpe and Stamford, Lincs.
- b. 1517, 1st s. of Thomas Bertie (or Bartie) of Bearsted, Kent, capt. of Hurst castle, Hants, by a da. of one Say of Salop. educ. Christ Church, Oxf. 1534, BA Magdalen Coll. 1537. m. c.1553, Katherine, da. and h. of William, 11th Lord Willoughby, wid. of Charles Brandon, 1st Duke of Suffolk, 1s. 1da. suc. fa. 1555.1
- .... At the accession of Elizabeth, Bertie was in Poland, where King Sigismund Augustus had offered him welcome hospitality, for, after spending some time at Wesel and Strasbourg and almost being murdered on their way to Frankfurt (where Bertie was invited to be a member of the committee on the ‘new discipline’), he and the Duchess were in serious want. Their son, who was born during this period, was christened Peregrine in memory of their wanderings. Bertie having ignored ....
- .... his most pressing pursuit at this time was the attempt to have recognized his wife’s claim to the barony of Willoughby (de Eresby). He sent Cecil a collection of court rolls and other documents, asking him to obtain the judges’ opinions, and professing to be willing to forego his own share in the honour if exception should be taken to him personally. In the end it was their son Peregrine who was granted the peerage after his mother’s death in 1580.
- Bertie himself had still not been employed in other than a local capacity by 1579 when he was listed as fit to serve in ‘foreign messages’ but never so employed. When he was sent to Denmark, a friend wrote to Peregrine ‘the disorder of that country, by all probable conjecture, first drew your honourable father into his irrecoverable sickness’, from which, it may be inferred, he died at Bourne, Lincolnshire, 9 Apr. 1582. The will he had made the previous February is not known to have survived, but a summary of its clauses concerning land is included in the inquisition post mortem.6
- From: http://www.historyofparliamentonline.org/volume/1558-1603/member/bertie-richard-1517-82
- Mary de Vere (died circa 24 June 1624), whose married names were Bertie and Hart, was a noblewoman of the sixteenth century.
- In 1577 Peregrine Bertie, 13th Baron Willoughby de Eresby, successfully courted Mary, sister of Edward de Vere, 17th Earl of Oxford. Mary de Vere and Peregrine Bertie, 13th Baron Willoughby de Eresby, had one child:
- Robert Bertie, 1st Earl of Lindsey (16 December 1582 - 23 October 1642)
- After Lord Willoughby's death in 1601, she married Sir Eustace Hart.
- From: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Mary_de_Vere
- Robert Bertie, 1st Earl of Lindsey (17 December 1583 – Edge Hill 24 October 1642) was an English peer, soldier and courtier.
- Robert Bertie was the son of Peregrine Bertie, 13th Baron Willoughby de Eresby (b. 12 October 1555, d. 25 June 1601) and Mary de Vere, daughter of John de Vere, 16th Earl of Oxford, and Marjory Golding. Queen Elizabeth I was his godmother, and two of her favourite earls, whose Christian name he bore, were his godfathers. He had been in her Essex's expedition to Cambridge, and had afterwards .... etc.
- From: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Robert_Bertie,_1st_Earl_of_Lindsey
- The historic peerage of England: exhibiting, under alphabetical arrangement ... By Sir Nicholas Harris Nicolas, William Courthope Pg.511
Peregrine Bertie, 13th Baron Willoughby de Eresby's Timeline
October 12, 1555
Wesel, Cleves, Germany
October 14, 1555
Wesel, Cleves, Germany
December 17, 1583
Badlesmere, Kent, , England
June 25, 1601
Berswick, Berwickshire, Scotland